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The most important stations of "Desert Storm" ... 30 years since Saddam's invasion of Kuwait
Shafaq News / These days mark the 30th anniversary of the "Desert Storm" war led by the United States to expel Iraqi forces from Kuwait, which was occupied by former President Saddam Hussein in August of 1990, and today, Friday January 15th, is the 30th anniversary of the end The date of the deadline given by the UN Security Council as a warning for Saddam Hussein to withdraw, but he did not.
On this occasion, "Air Force Magazine" published a chronology of events, translated by Shafaq News Agency, which preceded the end of the international deadline and the beginning of the international military attack led by former US President George W. Bush, which the Americans called "Desert Storm" and called it Saddam Hussein. " Mother of battles. "
It is known that the Iraqi forces, specifically units of the "Republican Guard" and after financial and political disputes between Saddam Hussein and both Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, submitted orders from the ousted president to occupy Kuwait on the second of August and took control of it within hours.
A few weeks before the start of the invasion, specifically in June 1990, Saddam Hussein met with the US ambassador April Glaspie, who indicated that Washington was not interested in the conflict between two Arab states, which was explained that the United States will remain neutral.
On January 12, 1991, after heated debate, the US Congress opened the way to the war in Iraq. While the House of Representatives approved the approval by 250 votes to 183 votes against, the Senate approved by 52 votes to 47 votes.
The resolution allowed the elder Bush to use military force to implement Resolution 678 issued by the UN Security Council, to force Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait.
On January 13th, former UN Secretary-General Javier Perez Decouilar met Saddam Hussein in Baghdad, after which he declared that there is limited hope for peace.
On January 15, the international deadline for Saddam Hussein to leave Kuwait peacefully expired. The US Department of Defense announced that the US forces now have 415,000 soldiers in the Gulf, compared to 545,000 Iraqi soldiers.
On January 16, the US Central Command announced that it had 425,000 soldiers in the theater of operations in the region, with the support of ground forces from 19 countries, and naval support from 14 countries. The first batch of US Air Force planes moved from Ramstein Air Base in Germany to the Incirlik base on Turkish soil, and B52G bombers from the United States set out towards the region to start carrying out the first air strikes in the context of "Desert Storm."
George Bush Sr. also sent a televised address to the Americans announcing the decision to start the American attack. On January 17, the US Air Force launched "Desert Storm" at 3 am local time, and 7:00 pm local time, that is, on January 16, with B-52 bombers that came directly from the United States to the Saudi sky to hit many Iraqi sites. Before returning to its Barksdale Air Force base in Louisiana, covering a distance of 14,000 miles with a flight that lasted 35 continuous hours, considered the longest in the history of military air missions.
The first wave of air and missile strikes by cruise missiles was aimed at achieving air superiority over the Iraqi army, destroying its military capabilities and striking command and control centers.
An American military aircraft shot down the first Iraqi "MiG-29" at 3:10 am, in the first air clash between the two sides.
While 750 sorties were carried out from bases in the region in the early hours of the morning and during the first day, the US Navy participated in air missions that included 228 sorties from six aircraft carriers in the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf.
As for Turkey, it has given permission for the US Air Force to use Incirlik and the Turkish sky base to open a front against Iraqi forces from the north.
In total, the raids and air strikes included all of Iraq from north to south, where the International Coalition Air Force carried out nearly 109,867 air strikes within 43 days, at a rate of 2,555 raids per day, during which more than 60,000 tons of bombs were thrown.
On January 17, Saddam Hussein announced on the radio that "the mother of all battles has begun."
The war ended in disaster on Iraq, Kuwait, of course, and the countries of the region, and led to the destruction of the Iraqi army's strength and economy, and opened the door to years of sanctions that affected millions of Iraqis and later paved the way for the invasion of Iraq in 2003, by George Bush Jr.
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