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Security Council Committee Concerning Iraq Removes Entity From Sanctions List DinarDailyUpdates?bg=330099&fg=FFFFFF&anim=1

Security Council Committee Concerning Iraq Removes Entity From Sanctions List

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Security Council Committee Concerning Iraq Removes Entity From Sanctions List Empty Security Council Committee Concerning Iraq Removes Entity From Sanctions List

Post by claud39 on Thu Dec 17, 2020 10:42 am

Security Council Committee Concerning Iraq Removes Entity From Sanctions List


DECEMBER 16, 2020





Security Council Committee Concerning Iraq Removes Entity From Sanctions List SC%20slide







On December 16, 2020, the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution  [url=https://undocs.org/fr/S/RES/1518 (2003)]1518 (2003)[/url] approved the removal of the following entity from the list of persons and entities subject to the assets freeze provided for in paragraphs 19 and 23 of Security Council resolution  [url=https://undocs.org/fr/S/RES/1483 (2003)]1483 (2003)[/url] , adopted under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations: 


B. Entities and other groups 

IQe.003 Name: RAFIDAIN BANK   Other known name (s): AL-RAFIDAIN BANK   Previously known as : nd   Address: Rashid Street, Baghdad, Iraq  Registration date: Nov 21 2003  Miscellaneous information: Activity: general bank     

     
The names of individuals and entities removed from the list by decision of the Committee are published under the “Press Releases” section of the Committee's website at the following address: https://www.un.org/securitycouncil/en/ sanctions / 1518 / press-releases 

To access the updated version of the list of persons and entities subject to sanctions, Member States are invited to regularly consult the Committee's website at the following address: https://www.un.org/securitycouncil/en / sanctions / 1518 / materials 

The Committee's sanctions list is available in HTML, PDF and XML formats. 


The Consolidated List of Sanctions Imposed by the United Nations Security Council is also updated whenever changes are made to the list maintained by the Committee. The most recent version of the Consolidated List can be found at: https://www.un.org/securitycouncil/en/content/un-sc-consolidated-list .


IRAQ





https://www.un.org/press/fr/2020/sc14390.doc.htm
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Security Council Committee Concerning Iraq Removes Entity From Sanctions List Empty Security Council: Despite COVID-19, the Investigative Team to Hold Daesh to Account for its Crimes in Iraq has made progress in its work

Post by claud39 on Thu Dec 17, 2020 10:49 am

Security Council: Despite COVID-19, the Investigative Team to Hold Daesh to Account for its Crimes in Iraq has made progress in its work




DECEMBER 10, 2020





Security Council Committee Concerning Iraq Removes Entity From Sanctions List SC%20slide





Coming to the Security Council to present his fifth semi-annual report , the Special Adviser and Head of UNITAD - the United Nations Investigative Team tasked with helping bring Daesh / Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant to account for its crimes - reported on the continuation, in recent months, of work to collect evidence of its entity, despite the difficulties caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Mr. Karim Asad Ahmad Khan indicated that “innovative solutions” have made it possible to resume excavation of mass graves, but also to collect testimonies through a digital platform and to conduct remote interviews. In addition, the Team has partnered with technology companies like Microsoft to incorporate cutting-edge analytical tools into its work. She hopes to be able to finalize in the first half of 2021 the thematic files dealing with the crimes committed against the Yazidi community in Sinjar and the massacre of air cadets in Tikrit. 


At the same time, Khan said, the Team has continued to expand its scope of investigation, now with six dedicated units in the field, resulting in rapid progress in the investigation of crimes against communities. Christian, Kaka'i, Shabak, Sunni and Turkmen Shiite. 


According to the Head of UNITAD, cooperation with the authorities of Iraq and the Kurdistan Region has led to a common national strategy for excavating mass graves, aligned with the priorities of the criminal investigations of the Iraqi authorities and the Team investigators. At the same time, he said, a major evidence digitization project is underway in order to make the documentary archives held by Iraq fully accessible in criminal proceedings. 


Khan said he was encouraged by the efforts of the Iraqi Chamber of Deputies to advance legislation that would allow Daesh's crimes to be prosecuted as war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. 


The Special Adviser also welcomed the agreement reached by UNITAD with the Iraqi justice system, under which the Investigative Team will provide support to Iraqi investigating judges in the compilation of cases for the prosecution of ISIS operatives. , while deeming promising the potential adoption of a law authorizing the prosecution of Daesh members suspected of international crimes.


Applauded by the United States and France, the prospect of such an "extraordinary law" aroused the disapproval of the Russian Federation, which was surprised that UNITAD had not yet provided the Iraqi authorities with evidence. allowing terrorists to be prosecuted while “other states” use the elements of the Investigation Team.




China, for its part, hoped that UNITAD will maintain its impartiality and continue to exercise its functions "within the strict framework of its mandate", while Belgium and Tunisia argued that, in accordance with resolution 2379 ( 2017), the Iraqi authorities must remain the primary beneficiaries of the evidence gathered by UNITAD.




First concerned, Iraq reaffirmed its commitment to cooperate with UNITAD, with full respect for its sovereignty and its competence to try crimes committed on its territory. He recalled, in this yardstick, that any use of forensic evidence outside the scope of Iraqi jurisdiction must be done with the approval of the Government and the country's judicial authority.




On this same point, France and Germany have both stressed the constant position of the United Nations, opposed to the transmission of elements within the framework of legal proceedings involving the possibility of a death sentence. The United Kingdom preferred to encourage UNITAD, the Iraqi Government and the regional authorities of Kurdistan to work together to find a mechanism for the application of this penalty. 




More broadly, the delegations praised the constructive cooperation between UNITAD and the Iraqi authorities, a “strategic priority” according to Estonia, which has notably resulted in technical support for investigating judges. South Africa welcomed this opportunity for Iraq to modernize its criminal justice system, with Viet Nam hailing an “important milestone”. 



The Dominican Republic, for its part, pleaded for the perpetuation of this "spirit of collaboration" which, as Niger noted, has enabled significant progress in investigations. 

For Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, these confidence-building measures are essential to strengthen stability and security in Iraq and, by extension, in the region. The success of UNITAD, however, will depend on its ability to gain the confidence of the Iraqi people, Indonesia ruled, calling for the involvement of all sections of the country's society in the Team's activities. 




The Head of UNITAD, for his part, assured that, only two years after his arrival in Baghdad, the Investigative Team expected to be able to satisfy from next year the legitimate demands for justice of the survivors, thanks to the “Innovative model of criminal liability” developed in 2017 by the Security Council. 




Mr. KARIM ASAD AHMAD KHAN, Special Adviser and Head of the United Nations Investigative Team to Help Bring Daesh / Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant to Account for its Crimes (UNITAD) , presented his fifth report(S / 2020/1107) on the activities of the Team, recalling that it is now three years since the Government of Iraq proclaimed the liberation of all the territories of the country "from the shadow of Daesh". 



Hailing the strength and resilience of Iraqi communities, he said he could testify after visiting the “mothers' grave” last month at Solagh Institue in Sinjar province, a site containing the remains of adolescent girls and women executed because they were not or no longer of childbearing age. Speaking with relatives of victims, he said he was struck by "the painfully present legacy of trauma that Daesh has left in its wake." In this regard, he pledged that, during the excavations planned for the beginning of next year in Zagaroutia, Anbar and Mosul,



The resumption of mass grave excavations a month ago illustrates how the Team has developed innovative solutions to address the unprecedented challenges posed by COVID-19 over the past six months, Khan continued. 



The collection of testimonies continued thanks to the development of new protocols facilitating the conduct of remote interviews. In addition, the development of a new online portal for submitting evidence directly to the Team provides a safe, secure and user-friendly platform to collect testimonials from members of affected communities. Thanks to the collaboration with the Iraqi security services, we were able to develop improved procedures for the movement of investigators in Iraq, ensuring that the highest priority field activities can continue, he said. At the same time, the Team has partnered with leading technology companies to integrate cutting-edge analytical tools into its work. In particular, an initiative led with Microsoft has enabled the Team to strengthen its capacity to use facial detection and recognition.


 In doing so, the Team was able to progress in its main lines of investigation, which offers it the possibility of finalizing in the first half of 2021 the thematic files dealing with its investigations into the crimes committed against the Yazidi community in Sinjar and the massacre. unarmed air cadets and other personnel at Tikrit. The Team has partnered with leading technology companies to incorporate cutting-edge analytical tools into its work. In particular, an initiative with Microsoft has enabled the Team to strengthen its capacity to use facial detection and recognition. In doing so, the Team was able to progress in its main lines of inquiry, which offers it the possibility of finalizing in the first half of 2021 the thematic files dealing with its investigations into the crimes committed against the Yazidi community in Sinjar and the massacre.


unarmed air cadets and other personnel at Tikrit. The Team has partnered with leading technology companies to incorporate cutting-edge analytical tools into its work. In particular, an initiative with Microsoft has enabled the Team to strengthen its capacity to use facial detection and recognition. In doing so, the Team was able to progress in its main lines of inquiry, which offers it the possibility of finalizing in the first half of 2021 the thematic files dealing with its investigations into the crimes committed against the Yazidi community in Sinjar and the massacre. unarmed air cadets and other personnel at Tikrit. 



At the same time, Khan said, the Team has continued to expand its scope of investigation, now with six dedicated units in the field, including three new ones created with financial contributions from the United States and the United Kingdom. United. As a result, investigations into crimes committed against Christian, Kaka'i, Shabak, Sunni and Shiite Turkmen communities are now progressing rapidly, he said, noting that this diversification of investigative work represents the achievement of commitment made to the Council at the start of the work, namely "to ensure that there is no hierarchy of victims in our approach to the execution of our mandate". 




Faced with the challenges posed by COVID-19, UNITAD has strengthened its cooperation with the Iraqi authorities and those of the Kurdistan Region, further underlined the Head of UNITAD, before thanking the National Coordination Committee of the Government of Iraq. for his support during the period. This cooperation translates, according to him, into a common national strategy of excavation of mass graves. It provides a unified and coherent framework guiding action in all mass grave excavation work in Iraq, he said, explaining that the excavations are now clearly aligned with the priorities of the criminal investigations of the Iraqi authorities and the United Nations. 'UNITAD. 



Top priority is given to the prompt return of the remains to the families of the victims, which should now begin before the end of this year. Moreover, He added that a major evidence digitization project is currently underway in order to make the documentary archives held by the Iraqi authorities fully accessible in criminal proceedings. 


According to Khan, this initial work highlighted the sheer breadth of evidence that will ultimately be collected, stored and made available in criminal proceedings through this initiative. Through its recent engagement with a counterterrorism tribunal in northern Iraq, the Team has identified tens of thousands of pieces of evidence, including a wide range of internal Daesh files potentially relevant to the ongoing cases, a he specified.


 a major evidence digitization project is currently underway in order to make the documentary archives held by the Iraqi authorities fully accessible in criminal proceedings. According to Khan, this initial work highlighted the sheer breadth of evidence that will ultimately be collected, stored and made available in criminal proceedings through this initiative. Through its recent engagement with a counterterrorism tribunal in northern Iraq, the Team has identified tens of thousands of pieces of evidence, including a wide range of internal Daesh files potentially relevant to the ongoing cases, a he specified. 


a major evidence digitization project is currently underway in order to make the documentary archives held by the Iraqi authorities fully accessible in criminal proceedings. According to Khan, this initial work highlighted the sheer scale of evidence that will ultimately be collected, stored and made available in criminal proceedings through this initiative. 


Through its recent engagement with a counterterrorism tribunal in northern Iraq, the Team has identified tens of thousands of pieces of evidence, including a wide range of internal Daesh files potentially relevant to the ongoing cases, a he specified.


 this initial work has highlighted the considerable extent of evidence that will ultimately be collected, stored and made available in criminal proceedings through this initiative. Through its recent engagement with a counterterrorism tribunal in northern Iraq, the Team has identified tens of thousands of pieces of evidence, including a wide range of internal Daesh files potentially relevant to the ongoing cases, a he specified. 


this initial work has highlighted the considerable extent of evidence that will ultimately be collected, stored and made available in criminal proceedings through this initiative. Through its recent engagement with a counterterrorism tribunal in northern Iraq, the Team has identified tens of thousands of pieces of evidence, including a wide range of internal Daesh files potentially relevant to the ongoing cases, a he specified. 



Noting that this commitment to meaningful accountability for Daesh's crimes has also extended to recent actions taken by the Iraqi authorities, Khan said he was encouraged by the efforts within the Iraqi House of Representatives to do so. 



advance legislation that would allow the prosecution of Daesh crimes as war crimes, crimes against humanity and crimes of genocide, under Iraqi domestic law. This would, in his view, be "an important step forward in responding to survivors' calls for prosecution to reflect the true nature and gravity of the crimes inflicted on them by Daesh". 


He welcomed the fact that this legislation envisages a modality by which UNITAD can support such prosecutions, 
Over the past six months, Khan said, UNITAD's cooperation with Iraqi justice has entered a new phase, with an agreement whereby the team will provide training and support to Iraqi investigating judges. in the constitution of files for the prosecution of members of Daesh for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. He stressed that this arrangement represents an “important moment” in the implementation of the Team's mandate.



 Combined with the potential adoption of legislation allowing the prosecution of international crimes, it allows us to consider the fulfillment of the promise made by the Security Council to the survivors and to the affected communities three years ago thanks to the resolution. 2379 (2017). This commitment is not honored only by collecting and preserving evidence, he argued.


 It will only be when this evidence is presented in court and the survivors of Daesh atrocities will be able to see their attackers held responsible, he insisted. During this same period, UNITAD increased its partnerships with non-governmental organizations through the creation of the UNITAD-NGO Dialogue Forum, which aims to ensure that all components of Iraqi civil society benefit from a dedicated space. 


in which they can engage openly with the Team. Referring to the work carried out by UNITAD with the country's religious authorities, he said he was delighted that His Holiness Pope Francis was visiting Iraq next year. 


he argued. It will only be when this evidence is presented in court and the survivors of Daesh atrocities will be able to see their attackers held responsible, he insisted. During this same period, UNITAD increased its partnerships with non-governmental organizations through the creation of the UNITAD-NGO Dialogue Forum, which aims to ensure that all components of Iraqi civil society benefit from a dedicated space.




 in which they can engage openly with the Team. Referring to the work carried out by UNITAD with the country's religious authorities, he said he was delighted that His Holiness Pope Francis was visiting Iraq next year. he argued. It will only be when this evidence is presented in court and the survivors of Daesh atrocities will be able to see their attackers held responsible, he insisted. 


During this same period, UNITAD increased its partnerships with non-governmental organizations through the creation of the UNITAD-NGO Dialogue Forum, which aims to ensure that all components of Iraqi civil society benefit from a dedicated space. in which they can engage openly with the Team. Also referring to the work carried out by UNITAD with the country's religious authorities, he said he was delighted that His Holiness Pope Francis is visiting Iraq next year. 


It will only be when this evidence is presented in court and the survivors of Daesh atrocities will be able to see their attackers held responsible, he insisted. During this same period, UNITAD increased its partnerships with non-governmental organizations through the creation of the UNITAD-NGO Dialogue Forum, which aims to ensure that all components of Iraqi civil society benefit from a dedicated space.


 in which they can engage openly with the Team. Referring to the work carried out by UNITAD with the country's religious authorities, he said he was delighted that His Holiness Pope Francis was visiting Iraq next year. It will only be when this evidence is presented in court and the survivors of Daesh atrocities will be able to see their attackers held responsible, he insisted. During this same period, UNITAD increased its partnerships with non-governmental organizations through the creation of the UNITAD-NGO Dialogue Forum, which aims to ensure that all components of Iraqi civil society benefit from a dedicated space.


 in which they can engage openly with the Team. Referring to the work carried out by UNITAD with the country's religious authorities, he said he was delighted that His Holiness Pope Francis was visiting Iraq next year. UNITAD has increased its partnerships with non-governmental organizations through the creation of the UNITAD-NGO Dialogue Forum, which aims to ensure that all components of Iraqi civil society benefit from a dedicated space in which they can participate. '' engage openly with the Team. Referring to the work carried out by UNITAD with the country's religious authorities, he said he was delighted that His Holiness Pope Francis was visiting Iraq next year.


 UNITAD has increased its partnerships with non-governmental organizations through the creation of the UNITAD-NGO Dialogue Forum, which aims to ensure that all components of Iraqi civil society benefit from a dedicated space in which they can participate. '' engage openly with the Team. Referring to the work carried out by UNITAD with the country's religious authorities, he said he was delighted that His Holiness Pope Francis was visiting Iraq next year. 

Two years after the arrival of the initial team in Baghdad, the progress made in the investigative work allows, according to Mr. Khan, to begin to reflect on "the ultimate fulfillment" of his mandate. UNITAD looks forward to the coming year with the hope that survivors' legitimate demands for justice will be met, he concluded, saying that the “innovative model of criminal accountability” developed by this Council three years ago, now offers the opportunity to institute a paradigm shift in the investigation and prosecution of crimes committed by Daesh. 


The United Kingdompraised the flexibility of Mr. Khan's Team during the pandemic. The country has notably provided assistance in investigations related to crimes against minorities, and within the framework of the “Shuhud” platform, the purpose of which is to allow witnesses and victims to give statements in complete safety. Anxious to find a solution allowing effective use of the evidence gathered following Daesh's crimes, the United Kingdom said it was aware of "the enormity of the mission" to bring those responsible to justice. 



It welcomed the progress made in developing an Iraqi national legal basis for the prosecution of perpetrators of crimes under international law. Likewise, the delegation encouraged collaboration between UNITAD, the Iraqi Government and the Kurdistan Regional Government, in order to find a mechanism for the application of the death penalty. The delegation also commended the work of the Investigative Team providing witness assistance and psychosocial services for families. Finally, the United Kingdom provided aid to UNITAD amounting to £ 2 million. 


The delegation reported maintaining a constructive dialogue between New York, Baghdad, London and Erbil, hoping that enough evidence is gathered for Daesh to account for its crimes. the United Kingdom has provided aid to UNITAD amounting to £ 2 million. The delegation reported maintaining a constructive dialogue between New York, Baghdad, London and Erbil, hoping that enough evidence is gathered for Daesh to account for its crimes. the United Kingdom has provided aid to UNITAD amounting to £ 2 million. The delegation reported maintaining a constructive dialogue between New York, Baghdad, London and Erbil, hoping that enough evidence is gathered for Daesh to account for its crimes.



the Chinanoted that Iraq had made a lot of progress since the Government took office in terms of national procedures, on the socio-economic and cooperation fronts, as well as on many other fronts. However, the delegation observed, terrorism remains a threat to peace and stability in Iraq. This is why the international community must continue to support Iraq in its fight against terrorism and in the consolidation of gains. The work of UNITAD must lead us to fulfill these promises, said China, which has taken note of the report submitted by UNITAD. She commended her approach in fulfilling her mandate despite the constraints posed by the pandemic.



 
The delegation of Niger expressed its conviction that establishing accountability for crimes committed by Daesh is an “important pillar” in the fight against terrorism. His wish is that no crime committed by fighters of Daesh terrorist groups in Iraq, Syria and anywhere in the world goes unpunished. It is for this reason that Niger hosted, from April 30 to May 2, 2019, the mission of the Investigative Team led by Mr. Khan. During this mission, a cooperation agreement within the framework of the implementation of the mandate of UNITAD was signed between the Government of Niger and the investigation team. 




Niger commended the progress made by the Investigative Team with regard to the strategy for collecting and storing evidence. He welcomed the innovative approach adopted in the context of the pandemic, which consists of using remote interviews and allowing survivors and witnesses to communicate directly to the Investigating Team the evidence relating to crimes committed by Daesh. 



With regard to the establishment of responsibilities, the delegation noted with satisfaction the good collaboration that exists between the Investigative Team and the Iraqi executive and judicial authorities. It has enabled significant progress to be made in investigations, particularly in Sinjar, Tikrit and Mosul. Likewise, training provided by UNITAD to Iraqi judges assists them in compiling cases to prosecute members of Daesh. The delegation also took note of the consideration by the Iraqi Parliament of a bill with a view to instituting proceedings on Iraqi soil against Daesh members for war crimes, crimes against humanity and crimes of genocide. . 



According to Viet NamDaesh still represents a significant threat in Iraq: its repeated attacks against civilians and foreign diplomatic premises are worrying. In this context, Viet Nam recalled the essential conditions to bring justice to the victims and prevent the terrorist group from committing new crimes. He praised the “hard work” of UNITAD and the progress made by Mr. Khan's team since the start of his tenure. The Special Adviser's report showed progress in almost all areas, including the gathering of evidence related to Daesh crimes. Welcoming the increased cooperation of the Government of Iraq with UNITAD, Viet Nam appreciated that the Team had secured support not only from central, regional and local authorities, but also from leaders of religious communities. 



The agreement reached between UNITAD and the Supreme Council of the Judiciary of Iraq to help Iraqi investigating judges prepare cases with a view to prosecuting Daesh members for war crimes, crimes against humanity and crimes of genocide, is also an important milestone. However, the work of the Team remains difficult. To fulfill its mandate, the mission must focus on its strategic priorities, the delegation advised; it must strengthen cooperation not only with the Iraqi authorities, but also with religious leaders, local communities, survivors, witnesses and families of victims.



the Francein the first place, welcomed the fact that the Investigative Team is fully able to carry out the mission entrusted to it by the Council in its resolution 2379 (2017). Despite the difficult context linked to the health crisis, interviews with witnesses and survivors continued via videoconference and, thanks to digital technology, secure tools were developed such as the platform for witnesses and survivors to submit information. remotely, which is "very positive," she applauded, deeming the continued digitization of evidence equally crucial. She also hoped that the exhumation work of mass graves can continue, after the suspension of activities at the beginning of the year due to COVID-19. 




The French delegation then welcomed the good cooperation between the Investigating Team and the Iraqi authorities and hoped that this would enrich the Team's database. Likewise, she noted, progress in national legislation to allow the prosecution of ISIS suspects for international crimes is essential and testifies to the commitment of the Iraqi authorities, the objective being, in the long term, use of evidence in trials involving Daesh members. In this regard, she recalled the UN's constant position of non-transmission of material in the context of legal proceedings involving the possibility of a death sentence.



 In addition, she described cooperation with the relevant United Nations mechanisms as crucial, including the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), which has a broad mandate in strengthening the rule of law and protecting human rights. Finally, reaffirming France's commitment alongside the Iraqis, including within the International Coalition against Daesh, France called on Iraq to integrate the fight against impunity for all perpetrators of crimes in its efforts to stabilization, reconstruction and reconciliation. 


It also invited the Council to continue its support for the efforts undertaken by the Iraqi authorities to meet these challenges and to help UNITAD to make its work sustainable. reaffirming France's commitment alongside the Iraqis, including within the International Coalition against Daesh, France called on Iraq to integrate the fight against impunity for all perpetrators of crimes into its stabilization efforts, reconstruction and reconciliation. 


It also invited the Council to continue its support for the efforts undertaken by the Iraqi authorities to meet these challenges and to help UNITAD to make its work sustainable. reaffirming France's commitment alongside the Iraqis, including within the International Coalition against Daesh, France called on Iraq to integrate the fight against impunity for all perpetrators of crimes into its stabilization efforts, reconstruction and reconciliation. It also invited the Council to continue its support for the efforts undertaken by the Iraqi authorities to meet these challenges and to help UNITAD to make its work sustainable.



The dominican republiccommended the significant progress made so far and the ingenious way in which the Team has adapted the research work to work restrictions and disruptions due to the COVID-19 pandemic. “We greatly appreciate his efforts in this difficult task. 



She underlined the Team's harmonious collaboration with the Iraqi authorities, the Kurdistan Region and local communities, which she said has been decisive for the current results. It welcomed the agreement between the Investigative Team and the Supreme Judicial Council of Iraq to provide technical assistance and training to investigating judges in order to facilitate domestic judicial proceedings. “We hope that this spirit of collaboration will continue and be strengthened in a sustainable manner. "



The delegation also noted the strong will of the Government of Iraq to fight terrorism and to facilitate the processes aimed at bringing to account those responsible for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide perpetrated by the Islamic State. on its territory. She also welcomed the willingness shown by other states, in particular European states, to initiate proceedings. In this regard, she appreciated the development of the digital platform, which will allow victims and witnesses to provide information and documents relating to crimes, while ensuring the protection of their identity.




The USsupported the "critical" work of UNITAD in collecting, archiving and preserving evidence of atrocities committed by Daesh. Encouraged by the fact that the Parliament of Iraq is considering legislation allowing the prosecution of ISIS members suspected of international crimes, the United States has deemed it "imperative" that these heinous crimes be indeed qualified for what they are, namely crimes of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity, so that "no one doubts what happened, and thinks about what the Iraqis had to overcome".



 The United States also commended the growing cooperation between the Government, including the justice system, and the Investigative Team, which can only contribute to more successful prosecutions against Daesh members both in Iraq and abroad. Likewise, the partnership of the Government of Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government with the Investigative Team will help to achieve positive results for Iraq and for the victims of these heinous crimes.



Despite complications from COVID-19, which have made conditions on the ground even more arduous, the United States is pleased to note that forensic teams, in cooperation with the Investigative Team, continue to build the capacity of national teams conducting evidence-based investigations and exhumations, especially in Solagh known as "the mass grave of mothers" where dozens of elderly Yazidi women were executed by Daesh because they were deemed "too old to be sold as sex slaves ”. 



In this context, the United States applauded the Government's plan to exhumation of all mass graves and to honor the memory of all victims of Daesh brutality. They further indicated that support to victims and survivors is just as critical as evidence-based trials, including through psychosocial support and ensuring victims' rights. In support of this critical task, the United States has contributed $ 2 million for the first exhumations in the Sinjar region. 


They finally urged Member States to repatriate, prosecute, rehabilitate, reintegrate, if necessary, their nationals and citizens who have joined Daesh, because Iraq should not, on its own, continue to bear the responsibility of these foreign terrorist fighters. and members of their families. the United States contributed $ 2 million for the first exhumations in the Sinjar region. They finally urged Member States to repatriate, prosecute, rehabilitate, reintegrate, if necessary, their nationals and citizens who have joined Daesh, because Iraq should not, on its own, continue to bear the responsibility of these foreign terrorist fighters. and members of their families. the United States contributed $ 2 million for the first exhumations in the Sinjar region.


 They finally urged Member States to repatriate, prosecute, rehabilitate, reintegrate, if necessary, their nationals and citizens who have joined Daesh, because Iraq should not, on its own, continue to bear the responsibility for these foreign terrorist fighters. and members of their families.

the Belgiumrecalled the need to bring justice to the victims of all atrocity crimes and congratulated the Investigative Team for the considerable progress made during their tenure, notably through their exchanges with all components of Iraqi society, their efforts to diversify its lines of investigation and take an interest in the various communities that are victims of Daesh, "whether they are Christians, Sunnis, women or members of the LGTBT community".



 The delegation welcomed the fact that the Investigative Team had also “rigorously” structured the results of its investigations to allow the opening of multiple criminal proceedings, which will contribute to reconstruction and reconciliation between the different communities in Iraq, for which the fight against impunity is essential. Belgium also noted with satisfaction the support provided by the Team to the national authorities of third countries in response to requests for assistance, “essential support for the procedures underway in Europe”. 


She recalled that according to resolution 2379 (2017), the Iraqi authorities must remain the primary beneficiaries of the evidence gathered by UNITAD and welcomed the support for legislative work and Iraqi investigating judges aimed at enabling prosecutions. for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. It also welcomed the collaboration with the authorities on the definition of modalities for sharing evidence in accordance with good UN practices, procedural guarantees, witness protection and the non-application of the death penalty,



The Germanypraised the “compassion” of the Investigative Team working with survivors and their families and stressed that Mr. Khan's presentation is a reminder of what communities have suffered in Iraq: crimes against humanity , crimes of genocide and war crimes. She assured that she will continue her financial, political and personnel support. During her presidency of the Council in April 2019, Germany recalled, she had invited Nadia Mourad, Nobel Peace Prize winner and Yazidi woman who survived the violence committed by Daesh.



 The Council was then confronted with the reality on the ground. The perpetrators of these heinous crimes must answer for them, insisted the delegation. It considered it essential that the Investigative Team work in concert with the local authorities, in particular the Kurdistan Regional Government, and with affected communities, noting in passing that the Team promotes a spirit of partnership with non-governmental organizations. Equally essential is the training of the Iraqi judicial system so that the necessary legislation is finally adopted, with the aim of ensuring that criminal proceedings are fair and independent, in accordance with applicable international law. She stressed, however, that this must include the prohibition of the death penalty. in accordance with applicable international law. She stressed, however, that this must include the prohibition of the death penalty. in accordance with applicable international law. She stressed, however, that this must include the prohibition of the death penalty.

The Estoniacommended the fruitful work accomplished by UNITAD during the reporting period, despite difficult political and security circumstances, and restrictions due to the COVID-19 pandemic. After expressing her concern at the recent outbreak of violence in Sulaymaniyah, which threatens the stability of northern Iraq, she welcomed the recent renewal of the mandate of UNITAD and the efforts of the Team. investigators to contribute to ongoing accountability in Iraq. Likewise, the Estonian delegation supported UNITAD's strategic priority of building the capacity of the Iraqi authorities and commended the significant progress made by the Team, in collaboration with the Iraqi authorities, in identifying and collecting evidence. . 




Recognizing the impact of COVID-19 on the work of UNITAD, especially on its field activities, Tunisiacommended the Investigative Team's efforts to find innovative ways to counter the repercussions imposed by the pandemic, including through advanced technologies. The delegation praised the “tangible results” achieved, including the adoption of a common strategy on mass graves, the construction of a forensic laboratory and support for ongoing procedures in third Member States. As the specific needs of vulnerable groups affected by atrocities are not always fully taken into account during investigations and reparations, Tunisia commended the Investigative Team for its gender-based and survivor-based approach. . With regard to the implementation of resolution 2379 (2017), in which the Council recognizes the gravity of the crimes committed by Daesh,


Tunisia noted that the report under review highlights the contribution of the Iraqi authorities in collecting evidence related to crimes committed by senior Daesh terrorist officials. She finally recalled that these authorities are the first recipients of the evidence gathered and that the Investigative Team must operate "with full respect for the sovereignty of the country and its jurisdiction" for crimes committed on its territory.


For the Russian Federation, the fight against terrorism is the key to stabilizing the situation in Iraq. This is why, said the delegation, "it is essential that the external actors remain attached to Iraqi sovereignty and coordinate their actions with Baghdad". To this end, the delegation welcomed the reports of cooperation between UNITAD and the Iraqi authorities. 



This cooperation is a central element of UNITAD's mandate, the delegation stressed. This international mechanism was created to support Iraq's efforts to bring Daesh terrorists to justice within the framework of its national justice. 


For the time being, the delegation continued, the Investigative Team has not provided the Iraqi authorities with evidence enabling the terrorists to be prosecuted. Now, she wondered, other states, according to the report, use elements of UNITAD. “If we understand correctly, UNITAD is awaiting the adoption by the Iraqi Parliament of an extraordinary law on international crimes. This expectation, argued the Russian Federation, should not negatively impact the implementation of a central part of UNITAD's mandate.


 She recalled, in this regard, resolution 2379 (2017) which does not oblige Iraq to penalize any particular act but clearly stipulates that the Iraqi authorities must be the first to receive evidence. In this regard, the Russian Federation wished to see in future reports information on the transmission to the local justice system of evidence gathered by UNITAD in the framework of the legislative and judicial processes in force. According to her, it is not fair to give the advantage to other jurisdictions simply for a so-called "delay" of the legislation of the state concerned. “There is no ideal legal system,” she insisted.

Saint Vincent and the Grenadineswelcomed the strengthening of cooperation between the new Iraqi Government and UNITAD, noting that it had resulted in important agreements concerning in particular the excavation of mass graves, support to the authorities for the protection of witnesses and the implementation of the evidence digitization project. 



The delegation also commended the constructive engagement of UNITAD with the national authorities, which resulted in an agreement for the provision of support to Iraqi investigating judges in the constitution of cases for the prosecution of members of Daesh. . These confidence-building and capacity-building measures are, in her view, essential for maintaining peace and enhancing stability and security in Iraq and, by extension, the region. "A stronger Iraq can only be built from within", she argued, before encouraging the Iraqi Government to adopt a victim-centered approach as it strives to ensure accountability for the crimes of Daesh and its affiliates. In this regard, she welcomed the fact that Iraqi MPs have officially started reviewing a law aimed at establishing a legal basis for prosecuting Daesh crimes as war crimes. 

Favorable to the continuation of this dynamic, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines also welcomed the engagement of UNITAD with various parts of Iraqi society, in particular religious actors, groups of survivors, NGOs. and community leaders. 



Noting that witnesses play an important role in facilitating the work of UNITAD, she commended the measures taken to ensure their protection as well as the trauma-informed approach of the Investigative Team in all interviews. Before concluding, the delegation wished to stress that unless the perpetrators are held accountable and justice is served to the victims, a lasting peace in Iraq will not be possible. While the primary responsibility rests with the Iraqi authorities, all States and actors, 

The Indonesia was encouraged by the progress made by the Investigation Team in particular for the collection of evidence for its cooperation with the Iraqi national authorities and capacity building of judicial and executive bodies.



 The delegation congratulated UNITAD for its commitment and efforts in sharing information as well as in providing technical assistance and training to the Iraqi authorities, also underlining UNITAD's partnership with non-governmental organizations, religious actors. , survivor groups and community leaders.

The delegation underlined, with regard to future investigations, that the success of the UNITAD mission will depend on its ability to gain the confidence and support of the Government of Iraq and especially the people of the country.



 This implies that all elements of Iraqi society are invested and given responsibility in the activities of UNITAD, she recommended. Noting significant progress over the past two years, Indonesia said it believes that despite the work that remains to be done, it has no doubt that we are near the time when the perpetrators of these atrocities will be held to account. Finally, she applauded Iraq's commitment to prosecute the perpetrators of these crimes and to strengthen national unity with all components of Iraqi society.

The South Africa noted that unitad was forced to adjust its operations to ensure continuity of its operations and the continued implementation of its mandate. It welcomed the training and support for Iraqi investigating judges for the constitution of cases with a view to the prosecution of Daesh members for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide; considerable efforts to create a digital exhibits repository; and the development of the digital platform “Shuhud”, to securely host relevant information by witnesses and survivors.

 
The delegation noted significant progress in formulating a common approach with the Government of Iraq on the sensitive issue of the excavation of mass graves and, most importantly, psychosocial care for survivors and their families. She also welcomed the new strategic vision of UNITAD to ensure that the evidence gathered can be used effectively in national courts. 


The close cooperation and collaboration developed with the Government of Iraq to help the country close this terrible chapter in its history is of paramount importance for the success of UNITAD, the delegation said; it is clear that this partnership also brings an important additional benefit to Iraq, helping it to strengthen and modernize certain aspects of its criminal justice system. For South Africa, the collaboration between UNITAD and the Government of Iraq could serve as a model for other similar situations. 


The IraqWelcomed the endorsement of resolution 2544 (2020) of his government's request to extend the mandate of the Investigative Team for one year in order to strengthen accountability for crimes committed by Daesh. 



We look forward to making more efforts to prosecute those involved, supporters and financiers of this terrorist organization, and bring to justice the crimes of oil and antiques smuggling perpetrated by Daesh during its occupation of Iraqi territories, the statement said. delegation. According to her, speeding up the detection of criminals will do justice to Iraqi victims, ensure that these terrorist organizations do not return and thwart any terrorist plan aimed at undermining international peace and security.



Reaffirming the commitment of his government to cooperate with the Investigative Team and to assist it in the execution of its mandate, with full respect for Iraq's sovereignty and its competence to try crimes committed on its territory, the delegation considered that any use of forensic evidence outside the scope of Iraqi jurisdiction should be done with the coordination and approval of the Government of Iraq and the Iraqi judicial authority, in accordance with paragraph 5 of resolution 2379 (2017).


The delegation also stressed the need to quickly complete the investigation and provide evidence to the relevant Iraqi authorities. She also said she looked forward to the appointment of Iraqi experts to the Investigative Team, warning that any delay in completing this process will lead to the suspension of the provisions of resolution 2379 (2019).



 Finally, she considered it important to separate the mandate of the Team from that of the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, advocating cooperation within the framework of their respective mandates.


IRAQ







https://www.un.org/press/fr/2020/sc14379.doc.htm
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