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The World Bank: One out of every five people in the region currently lives near conflict hotspots
Sunday March 1 2020
Amman - Hala Abu Hijleh
The World Bank Group launched a new strategy to help people and economies in countries affected by fragility, conflict and violence. This strategy helps to update the bank's policies, improve its expertise, and diversify financing instruments designed to address the challenges of low- and middle-income countries facing fragility, conflict and violence.
This strategy was guided by the lessons learned from the Bank's recent contributions in countries during and after the conflict, especially the pioneering operations in countries such as Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Yemen. The strategy fully supports the bank's overall approach that tackles fragility, conflict and violence at the heart of its development mission and that peace and stability are a prerequisite for reducing poverty and increasing growth.
The new strategy is contained in a World Bank report that shows that two-thirds of the world's extremely poor will live in fragile and conflict-affected countries by 2030. The number of people living close to conflict areas has almost doubled in the last ten years. Currently, one in every five people in conflict areas lives in the Middle East and North Africa region. The strategy also stresses that conflict and fragility situations are beginning to spread to middle-income countries where institutional weaknesses and social exclusion lead to violence.
“The best way to prevent countries in the MENA region from slipping into fragility is to ensure the strength of their institutions in the first place,” said Farid Belhadj, World Bank Vice President for MENA Region. The international community must link its response to fragility, conflict and violence to achieving inclusive and sustainable development. I also bet on youth in the region and their ability to create opportunities and open new windows of hope for growth and integration to replace conflict and tensions in the region. ”
The Bank stresses that, given the complex nature of operating in difficult environments experiencing fragility, conflict and violence, development actors must engage early to prevent violence, continue to work in ongoing conflict situations, and prevent indirect impacts from further destabilizing the region. This requires working with a variety of partners and accepting higher economic risks.
Development policies must be adjusted to suit the conditions in which environments that are characterized by fragility, conflict and violence are distinguished, with specific programs formulated to address the root causes of these situations.
Throughout the implementation of this strategy, the World Bank will help countries emerge from vulnerability by strengthening their institutions and their ability to cope with economic shocks.
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