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Security Council called to address persistent Daesh threat and respond to challenges posed by prisoners in Syria DinarDailyUpdates?bg=330099&fg=FFFFFF&anim=1

Security Council called to address persistent Daesh threat and respond to challenges posed by prisoners in Syria

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Security Council called to address persistent Daesh threat and respond to challenges posed by prisoners in Syria Empty Security Council called to address persistent Daesh threat and respond to challenges posed by prisoners in Syria

Post by claud39 on Sat Feb 08, 2020 9:04 am

[size=36]Security Council called to address persistent Daesh threat and respond to challenges posed by prisoners in Syria[/size]


FEBRUARY 7, 2020





Security Council called to address persistent Daesh threat and respond to challenges posed by prisoners in Syria SC%20slide






Defeated militarily last year in Syria after having been in Iraq in 2017, deprived of its leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, killed in October 2019, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL / Daesh) nevertheless continues to represent a transnational terrorist threat, warned the Assistant Secretary General at the United Nations Counterterrorism Office (BLT) this morning before the Security Council, noting a reconstitution of the organization into clandestine networks and an extension of its influence in West Africa and the Sahel. 


The meeting was also an opportunity to question the legalization of foreign fighters associated with Daesh and the fate of women and children detained in the same way in Syria. 
Vladimir Voronkov, who came to present the tenth report of the Secretary-General on this issue, said that the situation is all the more worrying given that the group “West African Province of Islamic State”, an active ally of Daesh in the Lake Chad basin is strengthening its ties with the Islamic State of the Greater Sahara, which is adopting the same harassing tactics with regard to the defense and security forces in Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger. The latter country has moreover mentioned an intensification of terrorist attacks in the Sahel region, with an increase in the threat from the north of Mali to the so-called “three-border zone” countries and a potential risk of contagion of the threat to coastal countries. In the space of three years, said the Nigerien delegation, 


Likewise, Voronkov continued, while the group affiliated with Daesh in Afghanistan suffered a major setback last November, it nevertheless remains active, ambitious and threatening, having established informal contacts with other terrorist groups. Faced with this risk of implantation in Central Asia, the Russian Federation asked that the sanctions regime be applied to the Afghan subsidiary of Daesh. She was also concerned about the situation in Libya, following the arrival in this country of foreign terrorist fighters from the Edleb region (Syria).


Beyond these alarming movements, the "most pressing" challenge is, in the opinion of the Under-Secretary-General, the "unsustainable" situation of more than 100,000 people in detention and displacement facilities in the north-eastern Syria, 70,000 of them children and women placed in Hol camp. There is an urgent need to address the humanitarian crisis on the ground and to prevent the risks of escape, radicalization and violence in these camps, he argued, before calling on Member States to assume their primary responsibilities vis -to their nationals, with regard to protection, repatriation and criminal proceedings, in accordance with their obligations under international law.

 
Another senior UN official heard by the Council, Ms. Michèle Coninsx, Head of the Executive Directorate of the Counter-Terrorism Committee (DECT), agreed, believing that abandoning the thousands of women and men to their fate children associated with ISIL, now crammed into makeshift camps and faced with the threat of radicalization, would be "not only contrary to the principles of humanity but also counterproductive for efforts to combat terrorism" . In fact, it welcomed the measures taken by Member States to repatriate all or part of their nationals associated with Daesh, adding that other impacted States should also develop repatriation strategies with respect international law, including the principle of non-refoulement. "The longer we wait, 


Many delegations reacted to this question, with France stating, for example, that it attached particular importance to the care and monitoring of minors who returned or were repatriated from the Syrian-Iraqi zone. The United States has insisted on the need to reinsert and rehabilitate the children of terrorist fighters in order to avoid creating "a new generation of terrorists". This is why they intend to repatriate their nationals present in Syria so that they are accountable in their country. 


More reserved in this regard, the United Kingdom considered that individuals prosecuted for crimes committed on behalf of Daesh should be held accountable for their acts in the appropriate jurisdiction, which is "often the one where the crimes were committed". A view partially shared by the Russian Federation, according to which foreign terrorist fighters should either be extradited to their country of origin, or tried on the spot but in no way left in detention. 


Faced with the threat posed by terrorist or radicalized prisoners, ghosts, “frustrated travelers” who have failed to rally Daesh abroad and those who have committed, supported or planned attacks, Indonesia has , for its part, advocated a global approach, recalling that, last November, together with Belgium and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), organized a session according to the Arria formula devoted to management strategies terrorist prisoners and violent extremists. 


The meeting also allowed Council members to hear the testimony of Ms. Mona Freij, a Syrian victim of Daesh who has become a civil society activist. In her city of Raqqa, she explained, Daesh's military defeat gave way to "the tyranny of the Assad regime". She therefore urged the Council to support the Syrian people in their quest for a political solution and to support a process of transitional justice to end impunity in Syria. 


Finally, the question of Xinjiang, a region in China where numerous cases of arbitrary imprisonment of dissidents, journalists or members of religious groups and ethnic minorities are reported, has once again pitted the United States against China, that Ci categorically rejecting these accusations and claiming to have taken measures “rooted in law” to eliminate on the spot the factors of terrorism and violent extremism. 




THREATS TO INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY RESULTING FROM ACTS OF TERRORISM
Tenth report of the Secretary-General on the threat posed by ISIL (Daesh) to international peace and security and on the work of the United Nations to assist Member States in countering this threat ( S / 2020 / 95 )
declarations




Mr. VLADIMIR VORONKOV, Under-Secretary-General, United Nations Counter-Terrorism Office (BLT), recalled that Daesh had lost its last stronghold in Syria last May and saw a change of leadership with the death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in October. However, as the Secretary-General's report shows, the group remains at the center of the transnational terrorist threat. “We must remain vigilant and united in the fight against this scourge. Daesh seeks to stay current, especially on the Internet, and to restore its ability to launch complex international operations, while regional groups affiliated with it pursue a strategy of rooting in conflict zones by exploiting local claims . 



The large number of foreign terrorist fighters who have visited Syria and Iraq will continue to pose an acute threat in the short, medium and long term. Mr. Voronkov estimated that the number of these combatants is between 20,000 and 27,000. The situation of these combatants and their families detained in Iraq and Syria continues to worsen, he said, adding that their fate remains a major challenge. Most Member States have failed to assume responsibility for the repatriation of their nationals, he complained.

Continuing his presentation, Voronkov noted that in the Middle East, the reconstruction of Daesh as an underground network in Syria mimics what has happened in Iraq since 2017. North-eastern Syria has seen an upsurge attacks against the international anti-Daesh coalition and local armed groups. The most pressing challenge is the "unsustainable" situation of more than 100,000 people in detention and displacement facilities in north-eastern Syria, 70,000 of whom are children and women placed in Hol's camp. There is an urgent need to address the humanitarian crisis on the ground and to prevent the risks of escape, radicalization and violence in these facilities, said Mr Voronkov. He recalled that children, including those with links to terrorist groups on the United Nations list, should be treated primarily as victims, any prosecution should meet international standards. 



The best solution is to remove these children from all violence and to repatriate them to their countries of origin, with their families, as soon as possible, he recommended. “I call on Member States to once again assume their primary responsibilities vis-à-vis their nationals with regard to protection, repatriation, prosecution taking into account the dimensions of age and gender, in accordance with their obligations under international law. He also commended those States that have repatriated, or are about to repatriate, 
He said the situation has worsened in West Africa, while the "Islamic State of West Africa Province" is strengthening its ties with the Islamic State of the Greater Sahara .



 In Europe, there are concerns about the early release of around 1,000 terror convicts, including "frustrated fighters" and foreign terrorist fighters who have returned. These concerns are compounded by doubts surrounding the effectiveness of rehabilitation programs. While the group affiliated with Daesh suffered a major setback in Afghanistan last November, it nevertheless remains active, ambitious and threatening, having established informal contacts with other terrorist groups. 

Voronkov said the fight against terrorist financing must remain a priority, as Daesh has financial reserves of more than $ 300 million. The United Nations Counter-Terrorism Center, in consultation with the Executive Directorate of the Counter-Terrorism Committee (DECT), has increased its capacity-building efforts by developing a comprehensive program against the financing of terrorism. He said the UN multi-agency program to combat the movement of terrorists, led by his office, has gained momentum, being implemented in several pilot countries, including Ghana, Sudan, Togo and Azerbaijan. 




Mr Voronkov recalled that counter-terrorism cooperation is essential, without forgetting civil society, which has a role to play. The Madrid Guidelines recall the importance of the participation of civil society in overcoming the phenomenon of foreign terrorist fighters and working for the effective reintegration of them and their families. In conclusion, the Under-Secretary-General of the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Office urged the Council and the Member States to reaffirm their unity in the face of the persistent threat posed by Daesh, Al-Qaida and their affiliated groups and in the face of terrorism in all its forms. its forms and manifestations. "I urge the international community to maintain the urgency and solidarity necessary to save lives and help the victims and survivors of terrorism. "




Ms MICHELE CONINSX, Head of the Executive Directorate of the Counter Terrorism Committee (DECT), began his remarks with a warning: despite its military defeat in the Syrian Arab Republic and the death of its main leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL / ISIS) ) continues to adapt and evolve. Fighting against its activities continues, in fact, to be an important challenge, she underlined. While the extent of the problem is well known, the solutions are not simple and "inaction is not a possibility," added the senior official. Noting that several thousand women and children associated with ISIL are now crowded into makeshift camps, she felt that abandoning them to their fate, and the threat of radicalization, would not only be contrary to principles of humanity but also counterproductive for efforts to combat terrorism. 


According to Ms. Coninsx, understanding the motivations and factors for radicalization among individuals associated with ISIL, especially women, is a complex task. Stereotypes, generalizations and simplifications should be avoided by developing appropriate responses, in particular because women are often both victims and perpetrators. This therefore requires a gender response, appropriate prosecution and reintegration strategies that meet international human rights standards, she said. Yet, she observed, the return rate of women associated with ISIL remains significantly lower than that of men and children. The latter, she said, are mainly victims and should be treated as such. 


Continuing, Ms. Coninsx welcomed the measures taken by Member States to repatriate all or some of their nationals associated with this group. Other impacted states should also develop and implement repatriation strategies that respect international law, including the principle of non-refoulement. The longer we wait, the more the chances of success diminish, she warned, before stressing the importance of bringing the perpetrators of ISIL to justice, an effort for which the Committee works in concert with the States Members and UN agencies. The Committee is also working to facilitate the provision of technical assistance to States to strengthen their response to terrorism and violent extremism, she said. 


Ms. Coninsx also indicated that, during recent evaluation visits to Africa, the Committee noted the lack of mechanisms capable of dealing with the problem of radicalization in penal establishments, the ineffectiveness of training for the treatment of extremist prisoners violence and the absence of rehabilitation and reintegration programs for released prisoners. At the same time, she noted, terrorists continue to use the Internet to disseminate their propaganda and ideology, which was the subject of open debate in the Committee last week. 



This made it possible to underline the need for an approach involving the whole of society to counter terrorist accounts. Based on its visits and exchanges with Member States, the senior official also noted the legal challenges related in particular to the lack of admissible evidence, the lack of a guarantee of a fair trial and the difficulty of determining criminal responsibilities. All of these problems undermine efforts by states to prosecute and try those associated with ISIL. In an effort to remedy this, the Committee published guidelines on military evidence last December to facilitate the collection, processing, preservation and use of evidence gathered by the military for the prosecution of terrorist activity . This measure is in addition to the joint initiative of the Committee and UNODC on electronic evidence, said the Head of DECT, 

The Head of DECT then emphasized the institutionalization by ISIL of sexual violence and slavery. In this regard, she declared herself "deeply troubled" by the lack of progress in bringing the perpetrators of sexual violence to justice. In addition, she observed, women and children abducted by ISIL have still not been reunited with their families, while children conceived by rape still lack legal recognition. In fact, she noted, impunity for sex crimes persists, which requires "decisive action" by Member States focused on survivors and a human rights-based approach. In this regard, Ms. Coninsx welcomed the launch of a global fund for survivors of sexual violence committed in times of conflict. Today, she concluded, the international community has the opportunity to try perpetrators, rehabilitate victims and facilitate the reconstruction and development of communities in places destroyed by ISIL. The repatriation of women and children will speed up this process, as will the bringing to justice of ISIL combatants and their affiliates, in accordance with international human rights law, will help bring justice to the victims. 




Ms MONA FREIJ, a civil society activistand English teacher, who worked by videoconference from Istanbul, shared her experience in her city, Raqqa, in northeastern Syria. In September 2014, elements of Daesh broke into her home, but thanks to a distraction from her neighbor, Ms. Freij managed to escape miraculously, she said. The fact that a woman managed to flee was seen by ISIS elements as an attack on their reputation, and they subjected her family to intimidation, many of whose members were arrested and tortured. Raqqa was freed from the tyrannical regime, she continued, emphasizing the role of civil society which took over in March 2013. She herself is one of the first women to work in local councils in Syria. 


Ms. Freij, who said that she remained outside of Raqqa until the fall of ISIL and did not return there until the end of 2017, noted at that time that civilians had been deprived of education, especially the women and girls who have often been forced to marry Daesh elements and bear their children. These women were hostage and "forced to obey monsters," said Freij, adding that they are now struggling to prove their parentage.


Her experience with tyranny did not end with Daesh, she said. Upon her return, she sought to create a safe space for women, especially those living in the camps. She asked them not to give up and to work, which some of them did in textiles, in the markets or in dispensaries. In addition, informal courses have been set up. 


ISIS's defeat was military, said Freij, but tyranny was embodied in Assad's regime. Women still demand their political, economic and social rights and the international community has forgotten them. “As I speak to you, international law is ignored. Civilians in Edleb are under bombardment, much like what happened in Raqqa. Therefore, Ms. Freij asked the Security Council to stay by the side of Syrian civilians to uphold the ceasefire and reach a political solution and a process of transitional justice to end impunity. We need a political transition that meets the expectations of Syrians, she concluded.


Mr. MICHAEL BARKIN ( United States) recalled that last year, the collective efforts of the coalition led to the loss of the territory and of the leader of ISIL. However, the coalition must continue its efforts in its four priority areas. Each ISIL affiliate must be sanctioned and targeted, he urged. After the United States requested the inclusion of new groups on the Security Council 1267 Sanctions Committee, including the "Islamic State of West Africa Province" and the Islamic State of Greater Sahara, the representative encouraged other Member States to do the same. 



Furthermore, the representative added, the United States calls for ensuring that prisons do not become terrorist incubation centers. Mr. Barkin also stressed the need to reinsert and rehabilitate the children of terrorist fighters in order to avoid creating a new generation of terrorists. That is why the United States will repatriate its nationals present in Syria to make them accountable in its country, the representative explained, adding that the justice of the victims of the crimes committed by ISIL must be guaranteed. . Speaking also of thousands of innocent people targeted by ISIS's barbaric attacks in Iraq, he said the United States is a staunch supporter of the United Nations Investigative Team to promote accountability for the crimes committed by Daesh. 


That is why the United States will repatriate its nationals present in Syria to make them accountable in its country, the representative explained, adding that the justice of the victims of the crimes committed by ISIL must be guaranteed. . Speaking also of thousands of innocent people targeted by ISIS's barbaric attacks in Iraq, he said the United States is a staunch supporter of the United Nations Investigative Team to promote accountability for the crimes committed by Daesh. That is why the United States will repatriate its nationals present in Syria to make them accountable in its country, the representative explained, adding that the justice of the victims of the crimes committed by ISIL must be guaranteed. . Speaking also of thousands of innocent people targeted by ISIS's barbaric attacks in Iraq, he said the United States is a staunch supporter of the United Nations Investigative Team to promote accountability for the crimes committed by Daesh.

The representative stated that counterterrorism operations should not be used as a pretext for the arbitrary imprisonment of dissidents, journalists or members of religious groups and ethnic minorities. Counterterrorism actions must be carried out with respect for fundamental and individual rights, and any possible violation of these rights must be reported through existing mechanisms, said the representative. The representative expressed deep concern over the situation in Xinjiang, where more than one million Uighurs and other Muslims are being held in internment camps under the guise of counterterrorism. He denounced this confinement, based on ethnicity and religion, as incompatible with international law. In addition to violating individual rights, such actions can be counterproductive, generating deep and lasting grievances, he warned. The fight against terrorism cannot justify silencing minorities, he concluded.


M. JUERGEN SCHULZ ( Allemagne) wished to welcome the intervention of Ms Mona Freij, believing that the fight against terrorism largely depends on the involvement of civil society. In the current context, he expressed concern over the imminent threat posed by ISIL despite its military defeat and the death of its leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. He was particularly concerned about the upsurge in the group's activities in the Sahel, in the Lake Chad basin. Faced with this ever-present threat, he said, there is a need for international cooperation and a comprehensive approach to the fight against terrorism. We can only overcome our difficulties by taking comprehensive action, he insisted, judging that the Security Council has a duty to provide an approach ensuring the balance between prevention and repression. It is also important adopt a common approach with regard to the return of foreigners associated with ISIL, their reintegration and their rehabilitation. At the same time, argued the delegate, we must stem the financing of terrorism, and this, notably by building on the work of the Financial Action Task Force. 


However, continued Mr Schulz, any action against terrorism must also respect our values, this attitude being the only way to remain credible. He argued that the fight against terrorism should never be a pretext for violating fundamental rights. The exclusion of ethnic or religious minorities can make these marginalized people extremists and easy prey for terrorists, he warned. He also underlined the importance of developing international due diligence mechanisms and taking into account gender issues linked to terrorism, particularly in view of the twentieth anniversary of resolution 1325.


Ms. HALIMAH AMIRAH FARIDAH DESHONG ( Saint Vincent and the Grenadines ) noted that ISIL has financial reserves between $ 100 and $ 300 million and encouraged Member States to fully adhere to the obligations arising from the resolution 2462 (2019). It noted, however, that "well-intentioned but ill-conceived" regulatory attempts to combat the financing of terrorism had had unintended consequences on the banking systems of the small islands. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines has put in place mechanisms to combat this "scourge", she said, citing in particular the creation of the Financial Intelligence Unit.


Ms. DeShong then supported the Accra Initiative, as well as the launch of a joint project of the United Nations Counter-Terrorism Center and INTERPOL to facilitate the exchange of information on foreign terrorist fighters between the 'Europe, Central Asia and the Middle East. She also insisted on the importance of acting taking a gender perspective and adopting a gender perspective. Operational plans should emphasize the participation of women, promote actions that focus on survivors and who combat sexual and gender-based violence, and also take into account the different impact that terrorism has on women, men and children. She then recalled the creation, in 2018, of the CARICOM Counter-Terrorism Strategy.


M. ADEL BEN LAGHA ( Tunisie) called for the fight against terrorism to be carried out according to a participatory and inclusive approach, notably including women. Despite its stinging defeat, ISIL has been able to absorb its territorial losses in Syria and Iraq, he noted, noting that it is organizing systematic attacks taking advantage of the deteriorating security environment. in some countries. As for some 40,000 foreign terrorist fighters from ISIL, he called for action to bring them to justice and ensure their reintegration, failing which they will join sleeping cells or local terrorist groups. They represent a direct threat to their countries of origin and neighboring countries, the representative insisted, calling for concerted action by the international community, 


Tunisia is following with concern the reports of the relocation of a large number of ex-combatants to Libya, the representative continued, stressing this direct threat to neighboring countries. He called for the continued efforts of the international coalition against Daesh until its complete elimination, based on the relevant resolutions, particularly with regard to the financing of terrorism. The representative also recommended increasing bilateral and multilateral cooperation in terms of information exchange and in the field of civil aviation to prevent the relocation of veterans to other countries. 



Countries must also be empowered to protect their places of worship, as well as archaeological and cultural sites that have become vulnerable targets for attacks by isolated terrorist elements. Noting that internal and interstate conflicts are fertile ground for extremist and terrorist groups, the representative hoped that the Security Council would play a decisive role in resolving these conflicts and effectively combating arms trafficking.
The success of the fight against terrorism depends largely on the responses to the root causes of terrorism, the representative continued, citing in particular poverty and obstacles to development, which push young people into the arms of radicalization. Furthermore, the international community must promote mechanisms to bring to justice those who participate in, encourage or finance terrorist acts, in particular through the provisions of resolution 2462 (2019). While concerned about freedom of expression, Tunisia is also concerned about the increasing use of social networks to disseminate terrorist messages and recruit young people. 


Mr. MARTHINUS VAN SHALKWYK ( South Africa ) said he was very concerned, in the light of the report of the Secretary-General, to note the resilience of ISIL and its toxic ideology despite the devastating setbacks suffered. He said that the adaptive capacity of the terrorist group calls for the total determination of the Member States to counter ISIL's actions and ideology. Faced with this finding, he welcomed the contribution of the United Nations Investigative Team responsible for helping to bring Daesh / Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant to account for its crimes (UNITAD). 


He was particularly alarmed by the expansion of ISIL on the African continent due, in particular, to the pressures suffered in the Middle East and elsewhere in the world. He cited the activities of the “West African Province of the Islamic State” in the Lake Chad Basin, and its links with the Islamic State of the Grand Sahara which harasses the security forces in Burkina Faso , in Mali and Niger. He also noted that ISIL in Puntland acts as a command center for ISIL affiliates in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Mozambique. He said his country's determination to "stand by its African brothers and sisters to fight terrorism across the African continent". In this context, he stressed the added value of the arrival on the Security Council of two African countries, 


Finally, the representative welcomed the cooperative efforts between regional bodies, including the African Union, to improve joint capacities to fight terrorism. He welcomed the holding of a series of high-level regional conferences on the issue, including a high-level African conference on countering terrorism and preventing the spread of violent extremism that can lead to terrorism that s was held in Nairobi, Kenya in 2019. 


Mr. SVEN JÜRGENSON ( Estonia) first stressed the importance of cooperation, arguing that terrorism is a global phenomenon that no state can solve alone. He therefore encouraged the involvement of stakeholders other than governments, including the private sector, civil society, academia and religious organizations. The representative then defended a two-dimensional approach: security operations, on the one hand, and efforts to address the underlying causes of radicalization and terrorism, on the other. If not directly affected by the phenomenon, Estonia, said the representative, nevertheless contributes to international efforts. It has deployed troops to Iraq, Afghanistan and Mali and is doing its part to root out the causes of instability, as evidenced by its aid to Syrian refugees from Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey. We teach them new information technologies and entrepreneurship, while offering them psychosocial support, said the representative. The restoration of justice and the fight against impunity, he continued, are an essential part of the fight against terrorism.



 This is why, he said, Estonia strongly supported the United Nations Investigative Team tasked with holding ISIS / Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant to account for its crimes. and the International Mechanism, impartial and independent. All counter-terrorism measures must be taken in strict compliance with international law, including humanitarian and human rights law, said the representative. from Jordan and Turkey. We teach them new information technologies and entrepreneurship, while offering them psychosocial support, said the representative. The restoration of justice and the fight against impunity, he continued, are an essential part of the fight against terrorism. 


This is why, he said, Estonia strongly supported the United Nations Investigative Team tasked with holding ISIS / Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant to account for its crimes. and the International Mechanism, impartial and independent. All counter-terrorism measures must be taken in strict compliance with international law, including humanitarian and human rights law, said the representative. from Jordan and Turkey. We teach them new information technologies and entrepreneurship, while offering them psychosocial support, said the representative. The restoration of justice and the fight against impunity, he continued, are an essential part of the fight against terrorism. This is why, he said, Estonia strongly supported the United Nations Investigative Team tasked with holding ISIS / Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant to account for its crimes. and the International Mechanism, impartial and independent. All counter-terrorism measures must be taken in strict compliance with international law, including humanitarian and human rights law, said the representative. We teach them new information technologies and entrepreneurship, while offering them psychosocial support, said the representative.


 The restoration of justice and the fight against impunity, he continued, are an essential part of the fight against terrorism. This is why, he said, Estonia strongly supported the United Nations Investigative Team tasked with holding ISIS / Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant to account for its crimes. and the International Mechanism, impartial and independent. All counter-terrorism measures must be taken in strict compliance with international law, including humanitarian and human rights law, said the representative. We teach them new information technologies and entrepreneurship, while offering them psychosocial support, said the representative.


 The restoration of justice and the fight against impunity, he continued, are an essential part of the fight against terrorism. This is why, he said, Estonia strongly supported the United Nations Investigative Team tasked with holding ISIS / Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant to account for its crimes. and the International Mechanism, impartial and independent. All counter-terrorism measures must be taken in strict compliance with international law, including humanitarian and human rights law, said the representative. said the representative. The restoration of justice and the fight against impunity, he continued, are an essential part of the fight against terrorism. This is why, he said, Estonia strongly supported the United Nations Investigative Team tasked with holding ISIS / Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant to account for its crimes. and the International Mechanism, impartial and independent. All counter-terrorism measures must be taken in strict compliance with international law, including humanitarian and human rights law, said the representative. said the representative.


 The restoration of justice and the fight against impunity, he continued, are an essential part of the fight against terrorism. This is why, he said, Estonia strongly supported the United Nations Investigative Team tasked with holding ISIS / Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant to account for its crimes. and the International Mechanism, impartial and independent. All counter-terrorism measures must be taken in strict compliance with international law, including humanitarian and human rights law, said the representative. Estonia strongly supported the United Nations Investigative Team tasked with bringing Daesh / Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant to account for its crimes and the International Mechanism, impartial and independent. All counter-terrorism measures must be taken in strict compliance with international law, including humanitarian and human rights law, said the representative. Estonia strongly supported the United Nations Investigative Team tasked with bringing Daesh / Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant to account for its crimes and the International Mechanism, impartial and independent. All counter-terrorism measures must be taken in strict compliance with international law, including humanitarian and human rights law, said the representative.

Mr. WU HAITAO ( China ) admitted that the current situation in the fight against terrorism was "not ideal", as the attacks perpetrated by ISIL had caused great damage in the countries concerned. In fact, he noted, the threat remains acute despite the defeats inflicted on ISIL, which is reconstituting in clandestine networks. For the representative, the terrorist financing networks represent major challenges, as well as efforts to raise public awareness of this threat and the strengthening of international cooperation. This requires building on the central coordinating role of the United Nations in this area, in accordance with human rights and the Organization's global counter-terrorism strategy, the delegate argued.


He also recommended researching the root causes of terrorism, encouraging dialogue among civilizations on an equal footing and countering the influence of extremist ideologies, while helping states build capacity in the fight against terrorism and radicalization. It is also important to adapt to the terrorist threat and help States to cope with the use of information technology by ISIL. Judicially, China believes that the relevant United Nations departments should facilitate the collection of evidence and prosecution, while respecting the principle of territoriality. She has been actively involved in the Counter-Terrorism Forum and cooperates with many Member States on these issues, including the fight against cybercrime, 


He then protested the "unfounded accusations" made by the United States about Xinjiang. Rejecting categorically these allegations, the delegate assured that the question of Xinjiang is not for the Chinese authorities a religious stake but a question of fight against terrorism. Faced with the terrorist elements which endanger the populations of this region, China has taken measures rooted in law to eliminate the factors of terrorism and violent extremism, which has given "good results", as evidenced by White paper published by Beijing on this action, said the representative. He considered it an interesting example for the international community since the region is prospering, that ethnic groups live in harmony and that the region has not experienced any attacks for three years. According to the representative, "the United States, which is at the origin of the war in the Middle East, where the populations have known so much suffering, has no lessons to teach in terms of defense protection of minorities ”. Before concluding, he urged the United States to stand by the facts, to renounce "double standards" and propaganda, and to stop undermining the unity of the Council. 


M. NIANDOU AOUGI (Niger) welcomed this debate, which comes at a time when the populations of several countries in the Sahel, including Niger, are faced with the resurgence of particularly deadly terrorist acts. He recalled the remarks made by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for West Africa and the Sahel before the Security Council on January 8. The latter spoke of an unprecedented intensification of terrorist attacks in the Sahel region, with an increase in the threat from northern Mali to the so-called "three-border area" countries (Burkina Faso-Mali-Niger), and a risk potential for threat contagion to coastal countries. In the space of three years, the number of victims of terrorist attacks in these three countries has increased five-fold, from around 770 in 2016 to 4,000 dead in 2019. 


The Nigerian delegate recalled that a month ago, his country had successively suffered three deadly attacks which claimed the lives of 179 soldiers. Attacks that have all been claimed by the Islamic State branch in West Africa. Mr. Aougi said that these repeated attacks in the sub-region have resulted in the forced displacement of hundreds of thousands of people, thus increasing the already worrying food insecurity in the region, as well as the closure of thousands of schools and centers health. This situation has led the governments of the region to make enormous efforts and sacrifices to protect their population and the integrity of their territory. This is how the Nigerien government grants more than 25% of the national budget for this purpose,


In addition, to be even more effective against this transnational enemy, these countries have regrouped their forces around the G5 Sahel (Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Chad) and the Multinational Joint Force (FMM) which includes Benin, the Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria and Chad. The representative affirmed that the actions of these forces are having convincing results, particularly in the Lake Chad basin where they triumph over the Boko Haram fighters who are now entrenched in the Sambisa forest sector. He noted that despite the determination of these governments and the bravery of their soldiers, the means available to these countries to defeat this transnational enemy are clearly insufficient, and sometimes even unsuitable for the situation. With this, Mr. Aougi called, "In the name of collective security and before it is too late", to a more active and effective international solidarity to eradicate all security threats in the Sahel, as well as in other affected parts of Africa, such as this is moreover mentioned in the Secretary-General's report. This solidarity would result in a rapid settlement of the Libyan problem; the financing of the Joint Force of the G5 Sahel or its assumption of responsibility by Chapter VII of the Charter; broad membership of the international coalition for the Sahel created on January 10, 2020 in Pau, France; strengthening MINUSMA's mandate to be more offensive; as well as the effective implementation of the United Nations Integrated Strategy for the Sahel. more active and effective international solidarity to eradicate all security threats in the Sahel, as well as in other affected parts of Africa, as mentioned in the Secretary-General's report.



 This solidarity would result in a rapid settlement of the Libyan problem; the financing of the Joint Force of the G5 Sahel or its assumption of responsibility by Chapter VII of the Charter; broad membership of the international coalition for the Sahel created on January 10, 2020 in Pau, France; strengthening MINUSMA's mandate to be more offensive; as well as the effective implementation of the United Nations Integrated Strategy for the Sahel. more active and effective international solidarity to eradicate all security threats in the Sahel, as well as in other affected parts of Africa, as mentioned in the Secretary-General's report. This solidarity would result in a rapid settlement of the Libyan problem; the financing of the Joint Force of the G5 Sahel or its assumption of responsibility by Chapter VII of the Charter; broad membership of the international coalition for the Sahel created on January 10, 2020 in Pau, France; strengthening MINUSMA's mandate to be more offensive; as well as the effective implementation of the United Nations Integrated Strategy for the Sahel. as well as in other affected parts of Africa, as mentioned in the Secretary-General's report.


 This solidarity would result in a rapid settlement of the Libyan problem; the financing of the Joint Force of the G5 Sahel or its assumption of responsibility by Chapter VII of the Charter; broad membership of the international coalition for the Sahel created on January 10, 2020 in Pau, France; strengthening MINUSMA's mandate to be more offensive; as well as the effective implementation of the United Nations Integrated Strategy for the Sahel. as well as in other affected parts of Africa, as mentioned in the Secretary-General's report. 


This solidarity would result in a rapid settlement of the Libyan problem; the financing of the Joint Force of the G5 Sahel or its assumption of responsibility by Chapter VII of the Charter; broad membership of the international coalition for the Sahel created on January 10, 2020 in Pau, France; strengthening MINUSMA's mandate to be more offensive; as well as the effective implementation of the United Nations Integrated Strategy for the Sahel. broad membership of the international coalition for the Sahel created on January 10, 2020 in Pau, France; strengthening MINUSMA's mandate to be more offensive; as well as the effective implementation of the United Nations Integrated Strategy for the Sahel. broad membership of the international coalition for the Sahel created on January 10, 2020 in Pau, France; strengthening MINUSMA's mandate to be more offensive; as well as the effective implementation of the United Nations Integrated Strategy for the Sahel. 

Given that the threat persists in particular in Syria and Iraq, where Daesh is defeated but not definitively defeated, Mr. ANTOINE MICHON ( France) considered that the collective priority should be the continuation of the coalition's efforts against Daesh to prevent any resurgence of the terrorist group. France, he said, wishes to remain militarily engaged in Iraq, at the request of the Baghdad authorities and with respect for their sovereignty. The question of foreign fighters must be answered, said the representative, by preventing radicalization in Europe and elsewhere. The involvement of all actors is necessary, including social networks on the Internet, the use of which can be diverted to disseminate terrorist propaganda. France is proud to have launched with New Zealand the Christchurch Appeal which already brings together some fifty countries and organizations with major Internet companies. It also supports the draft European Union regulation for the removal of terrorist content within an hour; the goal is not to let the Internet become a sanctuary for terrorist groups.


It is also necessary, continued the representative, to adapt the laws and the mechanisms to bring to justice and take charge of those who allow themselves to be attracted by the false promises of terrorist groups. France, he said, has taken many measures for several years and attaches particular importance to the care and monitoring of minors who have returned or who have been repatriated from the Syrian-Iraqi zone. The fight against the financing of terrorism being an absolute priority for France, the efforts undertaken for 20 years to dry up resources must be continued, in particular thanks to the provisions of resolution 2462 (2019), said the representative. 


DIAN TRIANSYAH DJANI ( Indonesia ) noted that ISIL has become a growing threat beyond Iraq and Syria, particularly in West Africa, Central Africa - in the Greater Sahara area - in Central Asia and South-East Asia. "Because we know that this threat is evolving quickly and in different forms," ​​it is urgent to adapt our prevention and response measures to this scourge, he launched. He said that Indonesia, together with DECT, held a regional meeting in Jakarta last week on rehabilitation and reintegration strategies for people associated with terrorist groups. 


He highlighted the threat posed by terrorist or radicalized prisoners, ghosts, "frustrated travelers" who have failed to rally ISIL abroad, and those who have committed, supported or planned terrorist attacks, as well as others who were radicalized during detention. Faced with this observation, the representative of Indonesia called for a comprehensive approach. He explained that Indonesia, in concert with Belgium and UNODC, with the support of Group of Friends of Victims of Terrorism, organized in November 2019, a session according to the Arria formula, devoted to strategies for managing prisoners terrorists and other violent extremist prisoners, to discuss best practices and persistent issues related to radicalization in prisons and the promotion of policies for the rehabilitation and reintegration of prisoners. In addition, the representative stressed the need for flexible measures that would counter terrorist discourse and help people to distance themselves from terrorism. 


Mr. WELLINGTON DARIO BENCOSME CASTAÑOS ( Dominican Republic) welcomed the significant progress made in the fight against terrorism, highlighting the loss of Daesh's territorial control in Syria, but said it remained concerned about the ability of terrorist groups to change their modalities to inflict suffering and fear. The number of foreign terrorist fighters poses a threat that deserves special attention, he continued, noting that the terrorists are taking advantage of the porous terrain and borders to carry out attacks that have claimed the lives of soldiers and civilians. The representative reaffirmed his firm condemnation of acts of terrorism by expressing concern at the increasing number of attacks perpetrated against members of the Security and Defense Forces of Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso.


The representative said that the issues of protection, repatriation, treatment, rehabilitation and reintegration of the most vulnerable, in particular women and children affiliated with terrorist groups, must be addressed urgently and holistically. using best practices and collaborating between Member States. Concerned about the deteriorating humanitarian situation, Mr. Bencosme Castaños highlighted the challenge facing Member States to assess it comprehensively and determine potential criminal responsibility, while ensuring respect for international law. There is therefore a need, he urged, to continue to improve the development of evidence-based, gender-sensitive, age-sensitive, people-centered policies.


M. DANG DINH QUY ( Vietnam) was concerned that ISIL had continued to increase its activities and that the group's threat to international peace and security had not diminished. He stressed the paramount need to strengthen international cooperation to respond to the threat of terrorism. Terrorism cannot be restricted by borders, he said, and cooperation between the authorities concerned is essential to collect, analyze and share information on imminent attacks, networks, recruitments, training, the funding, as well as evidence for criminal prosecutions. Equally important is the strengthening of national capacities and the creation of institutional counter-terrorism mechanisms at the national and regional levels, he added.


Dang also stressed the importance of tackling the roots of terrorism, citing unresolved conflicts, poverty, inequality and injustice in particular. He then expressed concern about the presence of ISIL terrorist groups in Asia, including the movement of foreign terrorist fighters in Southeast Asia. At the regional level, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has spared no effort to combat the terrorist threat, he said.


Mr. GENNADY V. KUZMIN ( Russian Federation) found that ISIS members maintain their position in Syria and Iraq by organizing themselves into decentralized networks. In addition, the group is trying to set up elsewhere, including in Asia, in particular in Afghanistan and other Central Asian states. Russia therefore requests that the sanctions regime be applied to the Afghan subsidiary of ISIL. With regard to Libya, the representative expressed his concerns following the arrival of foreign terrorist fighters from the Edleb region (Syria). He regretted the collapse of the state in Libya as well as in the Sahel region. Denouncing the situation of people living in Hol camp, the representative called for more cooperation with the legitimate authorities. The efforts of the international community must be aimed at preventing ISIL from rising from the ashes and creating a new "terrorist international", warned Mr. Kuzmin. In the process, he denounced attempts to "play the terrorist card" for political ends, which worsens the situation in some countries. However, he noted, "we prefer to be concerned about these situations after the number of victims is in the thousands". Yesterday, we explained the facts and gave figures relating to the latest activities of the HTS group in Edleb, said the representative, ensuring that any emerging threat will be eradicated.



 he denounced attempts to "play the terrorist card" for political ends, which is worsening the situation in some countries. However, he noted, "we prefer to be concerned about these situations after the number of victims is in the thousands". Yesterday, we explained the facts and gave figures relating to the latest activities of the HTS group in Edleb, said the representative, ensuring that any emerging threat will be eradicated. he denounced attempts to "play the terrorist card" for political ends, which is worsening the situation in some countries. However, he noted, "we prefer to be concerned about these situations after the number of victims is in the thousands". Yesterday, we explained the facts and gave figures relating to the latest activities of the HTS group in Edleb, said the representative, ensuring that any emerging threat will be eradicated.

As for the question of what to do with foreign terrorist fighters, Russia believes that it is up to the countries of which they are nationals. The representative clarified that, in his country's view, the international community should strictly adhere to the principle that these combatants should either be extradited or tried. Indeed, Russia opposes their detention. Protection or guardianship in a context of impunity promotes a rise in terrorist power, warned the representative, "what we are witnessing today in Edleb". He added that the women and children of these fighters must be repatriated without delay to their countries of origin. Finally,


Mr. JONATHAN GUY ALLEN ( United Kingdom ) noted, in turn, that despite its military defeats on the ground, ISIL / Daesh remains an extensive threat, from West Africa to Southeast Asia. In this context, said the representative, the United Kingdom believes that individuals prosecuted for crimes committed on behalf of ISIL must be held accountable for their actions in the appropriate jurisdiction, which is often the jurisdiction where the crimes were committed. The delegate also welcomed the unanimity surrounding the renewal of UNITAD, which is responsible for collecting essential evidence. Addressing the issue of repatriation of people associated with ISIL, he assured that his country is working to facilitate the return of its nationals, who are treated on a case-by-case basis. 


After welcoming the many initiatives taken by the United Nations in the fight against terrorism, he encouraged the Counter-Terrorism Committee to continue developing new tools. He also believed that civil society, represented by the courageous testimony of Ms. Freij, cannot be ignored. According to him, it is necessary not only to provide a security response but also to propose an action to strengthen the resilience of the populations. It is important to win back hearts and minds, otherwise the threat will reappear, he added. The representative then congratulated the DECT on its assessment visits before inviting the members of the Security Council to facilitate them. 


The delegate was pleased that the Secretary General's report highlights the need to respect human rights in the fight against terrorism. He commended the relevant United Nations entities for their many initiatives incorporating a human rights-based approach. He was also concerned about the situation in Xinjiang, where reports indicate the extrajudicial detentions of Muslims in re-education camps. These measures by the Chinese authorities are, in his eyes, counterproductive in the long term because they create ethnic tensions and conducive to radicalism. He therefore encouraged China to renounce it and to offer unhindered access by United Nations representatives to the Xinjiang region, including the High Commissioner for Human Rights, Ms. Michèle Bachelet. He was also surprised that his Chinese counterpart felt that the Security Council was not the place to raise these issues. Finally, he addressed his Russian colleague to remind him that the fight against terrorism is not an excuse to carry out military actions against the civilian population, in defiance of international law. 


M. MARC PECSTEEN DE BUYTSWERVE ( Belgium) noted with concern that despite Daesh's military defeat in Iraq and Syria, the group continues to operate in an underground network and carry out attacks. Hence the importance, according to him, of continuing efforts within the coalition, with a view to a total defeat of the group and its ideology. Belgium is also concerned about the development of affiliates and supporters of Daesh and Al-Qaida in other conflict zones, notably in the Sahel, Somalia and the Arabian Peninsula. The harmful influence of these terrorist groups, their instrumentalisation of local conflicts as well as the appropriation of competences normally devolved to the States have disastrous consequences for these regions, he stressed, adding that even in Europe the threat has not not gone. The bombing last Sunday in London,


So how best to counter this constantly evolving threat? he asked himself. First, the ongoing work must be continued through the development and implementation of appropriate international security measures. Major results have already been reaped, he noted, citing passenger records (PNR and API) and information and communications technologies. Then, continued the delegate, there is a need to continue to focus on addressing the underlying factors of violent extremism and terrorism. 


Anxious to make progress on these subjects, Belgium co-organized with Indonesia and UNODC an Arria formula meeting on radicalization in prison. Detention and rehabilitation can only succeed if the necessary attention is given to the implementation of appropriate prison standards as well as to individualized monitoring programs, including after the period of detention, said the representative. . Belgium encourages DECT to continue examining this matter with the Member States visited, and UNODC to give priority to this subject in its capacity-building programs. It also calls for enabling civil society to play fully and without hindrance its role in combating the spread of terrorism. Before concluding,


The representative of China , speaking again in response to the accusations made by the United Kingdom against his country, firmly rejected them, arguing that they are entirely unfounded. "The United Kingdom is once again blindly following in the footsteps of the United States," he said. 
Regarding Xinjiang, he said he had explained his position beforehand and hoped that the United Kingdom had taken note. China urges the United Kingdom to stop using the Security Council to destabilize relations and to interfere in China's internal affairs, he said. Recalling that the United Kingdom had been the object of recent attacks, the representative advised him to abandon his attitude of double standards, and to cease all hypocrisy, to rather face his own problems. China's position on Xinjiang has not changed, reiterated its representative: it is opposed to this question being raised in the Security Council.


https://www.un.org/press/fr/2020/cs14102.doc.htm

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