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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China

Post by claud39 Fri Apr 26, 2019 1:15 pm

Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China


Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China %D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%8A%D9%86-696x522


The second international forum "The Belt and the Road" began in the Chinese capital of Beijing on Thursday with the attendance of delegations from 110 countries. 
The International Forum "Belt and Road" is held with the participation of five thousand foreigners in 12 sections and for three days at the Chinese National Dialogue Center in the capital of Beijing. 
According to the media center of the Belt Forum and the Second Way of International Cooperation, 40 heads of state and about 120 foreigners from different countries participate in the forum's activities.Ending / 25

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty Chinese president makes reassuring promises at New Silk Roads Summit

Post by claud39 Fri Apr 26, 2019 1:20 pm

[size=30][ltr]Chinese president makes reassuring promises at New Silk Roads Summit[/ltr][/size]

26 April 2019

Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China 07528840

Chinese President Xi Jinping speaks at the opening of the New Silk Roads Summit (EPA)

[ltr]Beijing: Middle East Online[/ltr]

[ltr]Chinese President Xi Jinping said here Friday that he supports "transparent" and "viable" projects of the countries involved in the "New Silk Road" initiative. In a speech to the heads of about 37 countries and governments and representatives of some 60 other countries, Shi promised "zero tolerance" for any corruption in the project, which faces charges of non-transparency. 

The Chinese president was speaking at the opening of the second summit of the "New Silk Road" in Beijing, which aims to build infrastructure in developing countries needed in Asia, Europe and Africa. But his critics accuse him of encouraging, above all, China-based companies and setting up a "debt trap" for countries benefiting from loans granted by Chinese banks. 

"Everything must be done transparently and we should never tolerate corruption," Xi Jinping said. He said Beijing wanted to promote environmental projects, while some plans under its initiative for dams and coal-fired power stations face charges of damaging the environment. 

The Chinese president pledged to strengthen intellectual property protection measures and curb unnecessary forced transfer of technology, referring to international companies that have to operate in China through a local partner. 

Among those attending the meeting were Russian President Vladimir Putin, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte, whose country joined the initiative last month and became the first member of the Group of Seven to take the move. Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras and Swiss President Oli Morer will also attend the meeting. 

But most Western European countries wary of the Chinese project have only sent ministers, while Washington has not sent any official. The Chinese president has certainly responded by saying that "the new Silk Road" is not a "club" for some. 

Since its launch in 2013, China has invested 80 billion euros in various projects, while Chinese banks have provided loans ranging from 175 billion to 265 billion dollars, said Chinese official in charge of the program Qiao Wiming.[/ltr]

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty 62 milliards de dollars américains dans "One Belt, One Way"

Post by claud39 Sat Apr 27, 2019 12:09 pm

[size=36]US $ 62 billion in "One Belt, One Way"[/size]


Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China 122742019_5cc432c295a597656a8b462c

Reuters) - Chinese President Xi Jinping has announced that more than 62 billion dollars worth of projects have been signed in Beijing. 
"The event was attended by many representatives of international companies and on the sidelines of the forum, signed agreements worth more than $ 62 billion," Shi said at the final press conference of the forum. 
The Chinese leader did not name the companies and countries that signed the agreements, nor the economic areas to invest in.  
The "One Belt, One Way" forum was launched in Beijing on the 25th of this month in the presence of leaders and leaders of 37 countries, including Russian President Vladimir Putin, while the forum will continue until the 27th of the month.

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty Chinese foreign policy takes the road of silk

Post by claud39 Sat Apr 27, 2019 12:33 pm

[size=70]Chinese foreign policy takes the road of silk[/size]
Frederic Martel -March 29, 2015 at 1:39 pm

[size=31]China wants to recreate a "Silk Road" between Asia and Europe. It will build thousands of bridges, roads, railways and ports across Central Asia and the Middle East. 40 billion dollars of investments have just been released. Is it an economic or diplomatic weapon? Commercial expansionism? Is it a new Marshall plan or a mirage?[/size]

Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Road_0

Hong Kong (China), New Delhi (India)

How to boost the economy while strengthening a political influence? How to help Southeast Asia and, at the same time, curb the American and Indian influence? How to do something new with old? Beijing has found the solution: the new Silk Road.

The project has been imagined for several years. Chinese President Xi Jinping officially launched it in September 2013 during a visit to Kazakhstan. Since then, the Central Committee of the Communist Party has made it one of its priorities. And in early March 2015, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang announced the creation of "Silk Road Company Ltd", the private investment fund that will carry the project. He also detailed its magnitude, giving the figure: 40 billion dollars! More than the disproportionate investment and the Chinese dream, what is striking is the name of the project. An effective communication plan. A logo. A brand. A new road of silk!

"For China, it is a strategic plan that aims to reorient its geopolitics towards the interior of the continent, especially towards Central Asia and Europe, rather than towards the East and its Pacific coast. It is also a project to thwart Russian and American influences in the region. It's kind of like a new Chinese diplomacy, which we can call "institutional realism," which is about building new infrastructure abroad to influence global politics [color:bb99=rgba(0, 0, 0, 0)], " says Simon Shen, director of the Global Studies Program. , interviewed at the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

The official name of the project is: "One belt, one road" (a belt, a road). But everyone has the code name: "New Silk Road" or the "New Silk Road". Nothing less.

[size=52]The Silk Road or the symbol of a mythical China[/size]

The Silk Road must be imagined in the plural. Historically, there have been several.

Mythical symbol of the East, these were the different paths taken by traders to transit goods from Asia to Europe, since ancient times.

Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China 640px-Transasia_trade_routes_1stC_CE_gr2
The main silk roads between 500 BC J.-C. and 500 AD J. - C. (in Latin) via Wikipedia

The orthodox version presents it as a decision of a Chinese emperor of the Han dynasty, before our era, who sent his emissary to Europe, a route re-borrowed since by all Eastern merchants. With its caravans of spices, Persian carpets, precious stones, fabrics and silk first, the route was taken by the Romans as well as by the Ottomans, by the Arabs and the Indians, among many peoples. A real caravanserai!

With nearly 6,500 kilometers, the road starts from the east of China (the country it crosses for nearly 4,000 kilometers), before branching off to countries now called India, or Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, to join the Mediterranean. The lines vary according to the empires.

There is not a single road of silk; there are as many as there are times. The writer Pierre Loti, among others, described his fairy tales, his bazaars and vertigo. For the road crosses wars, borders, and physical boundaries - and for starters it crosses the Himalayas.

[size=52]The two new silk routes[/size]

Beijing has chosen to revive today two silk roads. The first will be terrestrial. Its course remains in debate, but it should leave the Chinese province of Xinjiang (which has many ethnic tensions ), reach Kazakhstan, Central Asia, northern Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey and from there, reach Europe. The route would continue in Bulgaria, Romania, the Czech Republic and Germany, before joining - we do not know how - Venice. All a symbol.

This new Silk Road will consist of thousands of bridges, railroads, railway stations and pipelines linking East to West.

More or less avowed, one of the objectives of this route is to reintegrate Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Central Asia - and eventually Iran - into the global trading economy by rebuilding countless infrastructures, defective for years of tensionClearly, succeed with the economy where the Americans have failed with the military.

Officially, however , Washington approves of an initiative that would pass through Afghanistan and Pakistan, because it would reintroduce trade and peace, into an area threatening regional security.

But unofficially, Americans have understood that this "new Silk Road" was intended to thwart their own multilateral treaty of free economic exchange, called TPP (Trans-Pacific Partnership, or TTP). They now say they are ready, in order to strengthen the economic ties of Central Asia and the Middle East, to extend this treaty and even to facilitate the entry of Afghanistan and Kazakhstan into the World Trade Organization. One way to respond to the Silk Road.

Increased trade and clear trading borders are for both Chinese and Americans a way to control the transit of arms and drugs. In the background, Central Asia's vast energy resources, including oil and gas, are also targeted.

The second Silk Road, called "21st Century Maritime Silk Road" will take the seas.

China has rarely been a great maritime power, but it is trying its luck. From Asia to Europe, the route would depart from the major ports of the China Sea (in particular Guangzhou / Canton), follow Thailand and Vietnam, Malaysia, cross Singapore and follow Indonesia, before join, via the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka, then the Red Sea, the Gulf, and finally the Suez Canal and the Mediterranean. Another route could be detoured by Africa, especially Kenya.

The two roads, that of the seas and that of the lands, would meet in Venice.

The map published on the website of the official agency of China's new national propaganda

China plans to invest heavily in container ports - the alpha and omega of global shipping now. And it plans to secure this sea route to fight piracy off the coast of Africa. "The project is aimed at securing China's supplies , "said a diplomat based in New Delhi.

Suddenly, the Chinese project evolves. At the mercy of international crises and political changes, he proposes to include - or not - Sri Lanka and Afghanistan, the risk of crossing conflicting Muslim countries. In any case, it is a question of circumventing the Himalayas and-perhaps-India.

[size=52]Bypass India or trade with it[/size]

The new Silk Road is a more complex project than it seems. More modern too.

It is primarily an expansionist project that does not say its name. By the road as by the "belt" maritime, he bypasses India, the great rival hated. What has not escaped anyone in New Delhi, where the obsession with the old story of "China encircling India" remains strong.

"China will have to abandon its expansionist state of mind , " warned Narendra Modi during the election campaign last year. If, having become Prime Minister, the same Modi moderated his speech, he has nevertheless just made a historic visit to the Indian Ocean to strengthen ties with Mauritius, the Seychelles and especially Sri Lanka (no head of government Indian had not visited this country for 28 years).

India is determined not to abandon the Indian Ocean to the Chinese. She plans to revive her own "Spice Route". "This is Modi's project, but for the moment it is only cultural and tourist," commented Faizal Khan, a journalist in New Delhi.

The threats have been analyzed; but the opportunities too. Hence a more ambivalent position of India on this new "Silk Road".

Jairam Ramesh, the former Indian Minister of Environment, and a key figure of the Congress Party, tells me in New Delhi:

"We are looking at this new silk route with suspicion. If it's economical and to secure shipping, that's fine. But if it's a way to impose Chinese hegemony, the Indians will not be fooled. "

Still, India needs China's expertise to build infrastructure. It depends largely on her for products and goods, as well as for hardware. "The Chinese have a surplus of liquidity, they must invest it. In India, we have expressed our reservations. But I think eventually we will end up joining the Silk Road, " says Prem Ja, a renowned Indian editorialist.

Beyond the relationship with India, it is about creating a kind of single market in Asia, reducing tariff barriers, tariffs, by multiplying the working facilities for the Chinese labor force. abroad. Basically: facilitating the crossing of borders by the economy. A multilateral trade agreement (the Asian-Pacific Free Trade Area) should complement the strategy. It is, as it were, seen from Beijing, the establishment of a genuine OMC with an Asian face.

For China, whose heavy infrastructure production is saturated at home, it is a means of deploying large-scale know-how throughout Eurasia and using large investment capacities. The Chinese Prime Minister has just said that the Silk Road Fund, private, would operate according to the rules of the market and would aim at profitability.

It is also a banking project. The new silk route will be backed by the new Asian investment bank that Beijing has just launched with around twenty other countries (Asian Investment Bank for Infrastructure, or AIIB ). India has chosen to join this bank, as the United Kingdom.

In the long term, do the Chinese hope to erect their currency, the yuan, in the currency of reference for the countries of the Silk Road? It's possible. We know that the renminbi is already heavily used in Mongolia and Kazakhstan, for example.

[size=52]Environment, cultural influence and telecommunications[/size]

To stick to the time, the project of new silk road is also ecological. The Chinese insist on the "green" dimension of their silk roads and aim to actively participate in future climate conferences with strong arguments that they will present in Paris in December at Cop 21, the climate conference.

"The" green "dimension of the project is put forward by China but no one is fooled. It's just communication, " relativizes a diplomat stationed in New Delhi.

For their part, the Americans are ready to finance more than 1,000 regional power grids, for $ 1.6 billion in investments, and modern hydroelectric power plants, as part of this new silk route.

Finally, the new Silk Road is a project of cultural influence, communication and the Internet: a weapon of soft power.

"The new Silk Road aims to rely on Chinese hard power to feed the country's influence and soft power. But, for now, nothing has been announced on the cultural side, in addition to the construction of railways and the sale of products. Eventually, it is possible that this project generates animosity locally, when investments and Chinese products will land, out of any local concern and without social responsibility, " said Simon Shen (interviewed in Hong Kong).

Telecommunications is one of the project's priorities. The Guangzhou-based supplier Huawei is on the line and is planning to expand into Central Asia and the Middle East through the prism of the Silk Road. Like China's telecoms and digital competitors, he hopes to get on the train and build infrastructure in all countries along the Silk Road. Connectivity will not be limited to land and sea: it will also be in the air with waves and the cloud.

On paper, the new Silk Road thus appears as a clever project coupled with a frighteningly effective communication policy. Combining the economy with influence, ecology and telecommunications is great art. The change in Chinese strategy, long focused on internal growth, which would open up to continental investments, is also relevant. However, the project appears so catchy all, bringing together Russia and Africa, that it becomes incoherent because of too much wanting to embrace.

Some point to the nostalgic nature of Chinese leaders who dream of returning to an age before Western domination and American power. Is it realistic? It's to do. The most skeptical add that the very expression "Silk Road" is a modern invention. And a Western invention!

In the end, the art of the Chinese will have been to find a good slogan for a disjointed foreign economic policy. And which is being built little by little, on the seas as on the land, without necessarily having a course or coherence, to the vagaries of ideas and diplomatic alliances. After the recent announcement of the Prime Minister, China must make its project known in detail, in the form of a communist document called "Blueprint", before the end of 2015.

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty Re: Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China

Post by claud39 Sat Apr 27, 2019 12:48 pm

[size=52]InfraAsia - AIIB approves 13 new members[/size]
Published on 2017 M03 29

Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China 0?e=1561593600&v=beta&t=dGBZ96RM8q6Gbm9snUarQyFWB8rDXya1woqncDg5XQU

Tommy WongFollow

Relationship Manager - Mergermarke

23 Mar 2017 | Darren Wee
The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) has approved 13 new members, which will expand the Beijing-based multilateral development bank's membership from 57 to 70.
The new members include five regional prospective members - Afghanistan, Armenia, Fiji, Hong Kong and Timor Leste - along with Belgium, Canada, Ethiopia, Hungary, Ireland, Peru, Sudan and Venezuela.
This is the first time that the AIIB has approved new applicants since its launch in January 2016.
The 13 prospective members will officially join the AIIB once they ratify the bank's articles of agreement domestically and make the first installment of their capital contribution.
The new members will pay USD 579.5m combined over five years, around 0.6% of the bank's capital base. The agreement also includes the option to increase the new members' shareholdings in the future (see table below).
The largest shareholders among the new batch of members will be Canada, Hong Kong and Belgium.
According to the AIIB's articles of agreement, the bank's 57 founding members were allocated 600 founding member votes each. The new members will not be entitled to these.
At the bank's first annual meeting in July last year, AIIB President Jin Liqun said 24 non-member countries had expressed interest in joining the bank and had attended as observers.
Other potential new members at that time included: Chile and Colombia in Latin America; Algeria, Iraq, Libya, Nigeria and Senegal in Africa and the Middle East; and Cyprus, Czech Republic, Greece and Romania in Europe.
"The interest in joining AIIB from around the world affirms the rapid progress we have made to establish the bank as an international institution," Jin said in a statement today (23 March).
"I am very proud that AIIB now has members from almost every continent, and we anticipate further applications being considered by our board of governors later this year."
The AIIB has approved USD 1.73bn of loans to nine infrastructure projects in seven countries, including Pakistan, Bangladesh, Tajikistan, Indonesia, Myanmar, Azerbaijan and Oman.
Another 11 projects have been proposed by member countries.
Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China 0?e=1561593600&v=beta&t=G8xpe51kPRvxyp9nMYxytd6JpxdQP5CxxZoJZkSbZR8

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty Parliament resumes its sessions Wednesday by voting and reading six bills

Post by claud39 Sat Apr 27, 2019 12:53 pm

[rtl]Parliament resumes its sessions Wednesday by voting and reading six bills[/rtl]


Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Story_img_5caafc1ade828

[rtl](Baghdad: Al-Furat News) The House of Representatives will resume its regular sessions on Wednesday.[/rtl]

[rtl]The agenda of the session includes "voting on the draft financial management bill, the first reading of the draft law of the media and communications authority, the first reading of the draft law of the Supreme Iraqi Maritime Authority, and the first reading of the draft law of accession of the Republic of 
 to the agreement of the Asian Investment Bank for infrastructure." 
It also includes the report and discussion of the draft industrial cities law, and the report and discussion of the draft law of the first amendment to the Integrity Commission Act No. 30 of 2011. 
The session begins at 1 pm.[/rtl]

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty Chinese Silk Road and its Impact on Iraq

Post by claud39 Thu May 02, 2019 7:11 am

Chinese Silk Road and its Impact on Iraq

4 hours ago

Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China 5ccaa3f5d398b

In 2013, China announced its initiative to establish the New Silk Road, a network of ports and railways linking around 65 countries around the world.
To understand its impact on the Iraqi economy, it is necessary to know a quick introduction to this project, its causes, and maps!
Several explanations have been put forward, to identify the underlying causes of this China initiative, probably two reasons.
External reason: US naval fleets control the world's waterways, threatening to close Chinese corridors (energy and trade) in the event of military tensions (see the waterway map of the Pakistani port of Gwadar)
Second, the internal reason: the government aims to support the domestic and western areas of China, with low growth.
To understand the two reasons above go back to the maps a bit.
The east of the country is China's trade gateway with the world, where labor and capital are concentrated, reflected in high growth rates, while western regions such as Xinjiang province, Xinjiang, suffer from slow economic growth.
Traditionally, goods are transported from all parts of China to the eastern ports for export, with the arrival in the Middle East and Europe 60 days. According to the map, the vessels will proceed according to the following sequence: (East China Sea ports - South China Sea - Malacca Strait - Gulf of Aden - Suez Canal - ending in the Mediterranean Sea and Aruba). (See map of traditional passages)
So the Chinese economy has a lot of costs and risks because of the sea corridor.
What alternative?
This initiative will solve the dilemma (cost and risk) faced by the Chinese economy, where a network of roads that pass through friendly countries will be built, dividing the network into two main tracks:
The northern route: which aims to reach Europe from the west of China in the following sequence: (Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, Poland, Germany, France), this way could shorten the time from 60 days to 18 days! (See Northern Route Map).
Second: The southern route: which also starts from the Chinese west and passes through the countries (Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey)
The other part of the southern route, and perhaps the most important in the Chinese strategy, is the route of the port of Gwadar in Pakistan. See the map of the Gwadar path of Pakistan. In addition to its role in trade with the Gulf, it will transport the oil of the Arabian Gulf, which accounts for 40% , This route will shorten 70% of the time, cost and away from the eyes of the US Navy.


The main tracks of the Silk Road project:
1 Northern route will cover Russia and northern Europe.
2 Southern route will cover Central Asia, Iran, Turkey, Iraq and Syria.
3 The route of Gwadar Port, which will cover the Gulf countries, in addition to bringing the distance of China to Europe!


These giant projects will need funding and capital to create the necessary infrastructure, especially as the countries that will follow these routes are often countries with modest growth rates. China has established several investment banks, including the Asian Investment Bank, Join him, to obtain the necessary funding for the construction of railways and infrastructure necessary to take advantage of the treasures and blessings of the Chinese dragon.
What are the potential risks of funding that the Iraqi government intends to obtain?
What are the positive and negative effects of the Chinese project on the Iraqi economy ?!
This is what we will talk about in a subsequent article, after this brief introduction on the basics of the Chinese silk project.

Love and borrowing

The enthusiasm of the Chinese road project can be seen as a gamble rather than a calculation. The reason for their enthusiasm and impulse are assumptions rather than figures, and until the enthusiasts have proved their view of calculations and figures, it is wise to adopt the pessimists' view of the project.
In general, Iraq faces two problems: (borrowing risks, economic challenges)
First: Borrowing Risks:
As the former Iraqi government has declared, the team of enthusiasts continues to seek funding from the Asian Investment Bank to build and develop Iraqi railways.
The country faces three sequential risks, resulting from Iraq borrowing from the Asian Investment Bank to develop its railway structure:
1 Risk of corruption: In a country that occupies advanced ranks in the ladder of administrative corruption! The government's completion of projects according to the required specifications is questionable - the government - which has failed to accomplish dozens of simple projects such as street paving. Therefore, there are many doubts about the efficiency of implementation, calculations and expenses, of course if this is actually accomplished.
2 - Low risk returns: The team of enthusiasts believes that the financial returns of the project will be high, and here they answer the following questions:
The first question: Will Chinese trade pass through Iraq? Where competitors are betting that Iraq - and as historically - is the point of the east to the west, intersect and meet the corridors of world trade, and this will be a large amount of money on Iraq; and from the reality of maps in the previous article, we saw the opposite: Chinese goods will not have to pass During Iraq to reach the West, this may reduce the returns of the project that is reliable in repaying its loans!
The second question: Will China's trade pass revenues be sufficient to repay the loans and their benefits? Chinese trade and goods may actually pass through Iraq, but will Iraq be allowed to collect customs duties on goods passing through its territory ?! The economic rationale says that China's goal of financing this project is to facilitate and reduce the costs of transit of its trade, and will often have its own requirements for charging fees Customs on their goods through Iraqi territory!
So we need to know (the amount of goods that will pass, and the amount of revenue that will be generated, as a result of the passage of these goods through Iraq?) To judge the bet of the enthusiasts.
3. The risk of non-payment: The basis is that the Chinese lender will bear the loss if the Iraqi borrower fails to repay its loans.
This project can be excellent and provide real opportunities and not deceptive to the Iraqi economy, if able to provide enthusiasts:
- Guarantees about the completion of the project, and efficiently.
- Accounts that show that the project will be profitable and generate returns that cover its costs.
In the case of the failure of enthusiasts to answer the above questions, the alternative would be better and less risky for Iraq's finances and economy and sovereignty, to open the way for companies, whether Iraqi or foreign, to invest and build the rail network across Iraq, and thus the government can ensure that these companies Will bear the risk of borrowing and the risk of misperceptions, and that these projects will not only pay the costs of their establishment, but will be profitable and sustainable and employ thousands of individuals.

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty Chinese Ambassador: Iraq's entry into the "Silk Road" can achieve five important axes

Post by claud39 Mon May 06, 2019 7:43 am

Chinese Ambassador: Iraq's entry into the "Silk Road" can achieve five important axes


Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China 14985

The Iraqi 

ambassador to Iraq, Zhang Tao, said that Iraq is one of the first Arab countries to follow the project of the belt and the road, noting that his participation in the Silk Road will enable him to achieve five important axes. 

In an interview with the official newspaper Al-Sabah, Al-Sabah said that the first axis concerns the "coordination of policies. For example, Iraq signed an agreement in this field with China, through which we can progress in various fields, In infrastructure, in this area, China is keen to help Iraq build infrastructure according to the belt and road, and will not be linked to facilities on the sea and land, but extends to the Internet.

He pointed out that "China is now an electronic trading interdependence with 17 countries, and I see the need for Iraq to participate in this important new economic facility, which is the« belt road in the Internet ». 

"The third is the continuation of business between Iraq and China, and on the FAO port project, the Chinese side is contacting to establish a zone for economic cooperation."

He added that "the fourth is the circulation of funds, and we have established two institutions, the first is the Asian Bank for infrastructure investments, capital will reach 100 billion dollars, and to participate so far 90 countries, and see the need to participate and join Iraq, and China welcomes the accession of Iraq in this bank, There are 26 projects in the management of this bank, the size of the projects exceeds 4 billion and 200 million dollars. The second is the Silk Road Fund. The capital of this project will exceed 40 billion dollars. It focuses on the implementation of 19 projects and each government can apply to join Projects ".

The Chinese ambassador said that the fifth axis "is the understanding of the people, and the importance of strengthening communication and exchange, which helps the acquaintance of different peoples, and we believe that Iraq enjoys a very important strategic location, especially in the project belt and roads, and see the importance of activating cooperation in these areas, Practical cooperation between the two countries is in a very good stage. "

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty Iraq keen to join China’s Belt and Road Initiative

Post by claud39 Tue Jun 18, 2019 9:43 am

Iraq keen to join China’s Belt and Road Initiative

18th June 2019 

Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China ScreenHunter-4317-623x346

18th June 2019 in Construction & Engineering In IraqInvestmentIraq Banking & Finance NewsIraq Industry & Trade NewsIraq Transportation News

By John Lee.
Iraq’s Minister of Transport, Abdullah Luaibi [Abdul Allah al-Leibi], has said that Iraq is actively seeking to join China’s Belt and Road Initiative [“One Belt, One Road (OBOR)“].
In statements on Monday, the Ministry confirmed that the Minister met with China’s Ambassador to Iraq, Zhang Tao, to discuss the plan.
It added that Iraq wants to accelerate the process of joining the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
(Source: Ministry of Transport)

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty The Initiative to Participate in Building the "Belt and Road": Progress, Contribution and Look

Post by claud39 Tue Jul 16, 2019 8:38 am

[size=36][rtl]The Initiative to Participate in Building the "Belt and Road": Progress, Contribution and Look[/rtl][/size]

Monday, 15 July 2019

Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Alsabaah-15881

Agencies / follow-up morning

The smoothness of commercial channels is an important content to share in the construction of the Belt and Road. Sharing the construction of the "belt and the road" has promoted the liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment in countries and regions along the "belt and the road", reducing transaction costs and the costs of trade practice, opening up the development potential, and deepening and deepening the degree of participation of various countries in economic globalization.

1. The continuous rise of liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment.

 China launched the initiative to push forward the smooth flow of trade channels under the "Belt and Road", with 83 countries and international organizations actively involved. China has signed more than 100 cooperative documents with countries along the "Belt and Road" since the first session of the "Belt and Road" Forum for International Cooperation in May 2017. More than 50 species From agricultural products and food, to access after quarantine. The "Green Corridor" for rapid customs clearance of agricultural products between China and Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan has been positively promoted. The time of customs clearance of agricultural products has dropped by 90%.

China has expanded the scope for increasing foreign investment, creating a high-standard international environment for trade and has set up 12 free-trade pilot zones open to the world and exploring ways to build free trade ports to attract state investment along China's "belt and road". The average level of Chinese tariffs fell from 15.3% when it joined the WTO to 7.5% currently. China has signed free trade agreements with many countries and regions such as ASEAN, Singapore, Pakistan and Georgia, and has signed an economic and trade cooperation agreement with the Eurasian Economic Community (EEAEC). The FTA system is gradually formed along the "Belt and Road".

2. Continuous expansion of trade volume

China's total import and export trade with countries along the "Belt and Road" exceeded US $ 6 trillion between 2013 and 2018. The annual increase in this value is higher than China's foreign trade growth in the same period, accounting for 27.4 percent of China's total trade value For goods. In 2018 alone, China's total import and export trade with countries along the "belt and road" totaled US $ 1.3 trillion, up 16.4 percent over the previous year. Service trade between China and countries along the "belt and road", from small to large, is growing steadily. China's imports and exports of goods and services along the "belt and road" reached 97.76 billion US dollars in 2017, an increase of 18.4 percent over the previous year. This represents 14.1 percent of China's total value of services, up 1.6 percentage points from 2016. .

3. Accelerating the process of inventing commercial means 

New forms and patterns, such as cross-border e-commerce, are an important emerging force to drive commercial channels smoothly. 

The total value of import and export of goods through the cross-border electronic trade management platform of Chinese Customs amounted to US $ 20.3 billion in 2018, an increase of 50% over the previous year, including US $ 8.48 billion for export, up 67.0% over the previous year and 11.87% Billion US dollars for imports, up 39.8% over the previous year.

Cooperation in "e-commerce on the Silk Road" is flourishing. China has established a bilateral cooperation mechanism in e-commerce with 17 countries. Cooperative documents for e-commerce have been reached under multilateral mechanisms such as the Brix, accelerating the real-world meeting between companies and branding.

Money trading

Money trading is an important support for the construction of the "Belt and Road". Explore and innovate multilateral international financial institutions and commercial banks of all types, continuously invest and finance patterns, and actively expand diversified channels of financing, to provide stable, transparent and high-quality financial support to partner in the construction of the "Belt and Road".

1. Exploring new international investment and financing patterns.

There is a huge potential for building infrastructure and cooperation in production capacity along the "belt and the road", and the funding gap urgently needs to be addressed. Sovereign funds and investment funds of various countries play an increasingly important role. In recent years, sovereign wealth funds, such as the Abu Dhabi Investment Authority (ADIA) and the China Limited Investment Corporation, have increased significantly in the major emerging economies along the Belt and Road. The Sino-European Joint Investment Fund (JTF) began operating in July 2018 and was jointly funded by the Silk Road Fund and the European Investment Fund. The total investment is € 500 million, which has enhanced the convergence of the "Belt and Road" initiative and the European Investment Plan.

2. The role of support for multilateral financial cooperation 

China's Ministry of Finance has adopted the "Belt and Road" funding guideline with finance ministries from 27 countries such as Argentina, Russia, Indonesia, the UK and Singapore. According to this guideline, these countries support financial resources that serve the development of the real economy in the countries and regions concerned, and strengthen financial support in the areas of infrastructure interconnectivity, trade, investment, cooperation in production capacity and others. The People's Bank of China, together with the International Finance Corporation (IFC) of the World Bank Group, the American Development Bank, the African Development Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and other multilateral development institutions, have been involved in joint financing activities, investing in more than 100 projects in more than 70 countries and regions by 2018 .

The Association of China - Central and Eastern Europe Banks was founded in November 2017, and includes ASEAN financial institutions from 14 countries such as China, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Croatia. 
The China-Arab Banking Association and the China-Africa Association of Banks for Financial Cooperation were established in July and September 2018 respectively. The first multilateral mechanism for financial cooperation between China and Arab and African countries was established.

3. The continuous rise in the level of cooperation between financial institutions

During the process of building the "belt and the road", the policy of export credit insurance is widely covered, playing a unique role in supporting the construction of infrastructure and basic industries. Commercial banks are superior in attracting various types of deposits, financing companies, financial products, trade agency, . 
By the end of 2018, the value of China's exports and investments in countries along the "Belt and Road", which the Chinese Export Credit Insurance Company had provided in support of it, exceeded US $ 600 billion. 
Chinese banks, such as Bank of China, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, Agricultural Bank of China and China Construction Bank, have established correspondent bank relations with countries along the "Belt and Road", on a large scale.

The Commercial Bank of Germany signed a memorandum of understanding on cooperation with the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, becoming the first German bank to participate in the regular mechanism of cooperation between the "belt and the road" between 

4. Complete and improve the construction of financial markets system day by day

 The countries along the "belt and the road" continuously deepen their long-term, mutually beneficial and mutually beneficial financial cooperation and win-win relationships. Innovative financial products of all kinds are constantly flowing, greatly expanding the financing channels to share the "belt and road". China is opening up the interbank bond market uninterruptedly and by the end of 2018, foreign financial institutions have issued some 200 billion yuan of renminbi denominated bonds within China. The Chinese import and export bank issued green bonds "Chai Quan Tong" worth 2 billion yuan to investors around the world, and the new Brixian Development Bank issued its first green bond payment of 3 billion yuan to support the construction of the Green Silk Road. Equity, business and technology co-operation between stock exchanges and futures contracts is steadily advancing. 

The Shanghai Stock Exchange, the German Stock Exchange Group and the China Exchange Futures Exchange jointly contributed funds to the establishment of the China-Europe International Exchange in 2015. The Shanghai Stock Exchange and the Astana International Financial Center in Kazakhstan signed a joint investment cooperation agreement to establish the Astana Stock Exchange International.


5. Continuous deepening of financial interconnectivity and communication

Eleven Chinese banks have established 76 first-rate systems in 28 countries along the "Belt and Road". Fifty banks from 22 countries along the "Belt and Road" have established 7 legal banks, 19 branches and 34 representative offices in China. Two Chinese securities firms have set up Chinese and foreign joint venture companies in Singapore and Laos. China has set up a bilateral local currency exchange arrangement with more than 20 countries along the "Belt and Road" and has set up a renminbi arrangement with 7 countries along the "Belt and Road" and has signed cooperative documents with financial regulators in 35 countries along the " Belt and Road ". 

The renminbi functions of payment, investment, trade and international reserve have been steadily strengthened. The range of trans-border payment services of the renminbi has covered some 40 countries and regions along the "Belt and Road". The China-IMF Joint Capacity Building Center and the "Belt and Road" Center for Financial and Economic Development Research have been established.

Understanding peoples

The people's understanding is a humane basis for sharing the "belt and road". The enjoyment of peace, stability, prosperity and a better life is one of the common dreams of the people of different countries. For more than five years, various countries have conducted extensive and broad-based public and cultural diplomatic exchanges to promote understanding and mutual recognition, which has laid a solid foundation for sharing the "belt and road" between different peoples.

1. Multiple forms of cultural exchange

Along with the "Belt and Road" countries, China has established festivals of art, film, music, exhibitions of historical monuments, books and other events in a reciprocal manner, creating creativity, mutual translation and mutual transmission of books, radio, film and television. International Silk Road links have been established for theaters, museums, art festivals, libraries and art museums in succession. China has set up cultural events with Central and Eastern Europe, ASEAN, Russia, Nepal, Greece, Egypt, South Africa and other countries and regions. It has made more than 10 cultural exchange signs such as "Silk Road Trip" and "Chinese and African Cultural Focus". The Silk Road (Dunhuang) International Festival of Cultures, the Silk Road International Festival of Art and the International Silk Road International Silk Festival. China has established 17 Chinese cultural centers in countries along the "Belt and Road". 

China, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan jointly applied for the inclusion of the "Silk Road: Chang'an-Tianshan Road Road System" on the World Cultural Heritage List, and succeeded. The construction of the Belt and Road Association for Media Cooperation is proceeding actively. The network of members of the People's Organization Cooperation Network along the Silk Road has reached 310 members. This network has become an important platform for promoting friendly cooperation among different peoples.

2. The abundant results of education and training 

China has established the "Silk Road" project for the Chinese government grant, and has signed agreements to recognize the academic qualification and degree of higher education with 24 countries along the "Belt and Road". 38.7 thousand people from countries along the "Belt and Road" received the Chinese government's scholarship to study in China in 2017, accounting for 66.0% of all applicants. The Hong Kong and Macao Special Administrative Regions have established scholarships to jointly build the "Belt and Road" separately. China has established 153 Confucius Institutes and 149 Confucius halls in 54 countries along the "Belt and Road". The Chinese Academy of Sciences awarded scholarships to master and doctoral students and science and technology training courses in countries along the "Belt and Road", with 5,000 personnel trained.

3. Gradual expansion of tourism cooperation

China has set up tourism activities with many countries and established tourist cooperation mechanisms such as the Silk Road Tourism Marketing Alliance, the Silk Road Maritime Marketing Alliance and the International Thousand Kilometers Tea Tourism Alliance. China and 57 countries along the "belt and road" have concluded agreements on mutual visa waiver, including passports of all kinds, and reached 15 agreements with 19 countries or measures on streamlining visa procedures. In 2018, the number of Chinese tourists out of the border reached 150 million people. The number of foreign tourists to China reached 30.54 million people. Russia, Myanmar, Vietnam, Mongolia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and other countries became major export destinations to China.

4. Continuous deepening of health cooperation

Since the first session of the "Belt and Road" forum for international cooperation, China has signed 56 agreements to promote health cooperation in parallel with Mongolia, Afghanistan, other countries, the World Health Organization and other international organizations, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and other non-governmental organizations. The high-level seminar on "Belt and Road" and Silk Road in Beijing was held in August 2017. The Beijing Bulletin was issued. China has cooperated in the prevention, control and control of AIDS, malaria, dengue, flu and tuberculosis with the Lansang-Mekong River countries and has collaborated in the prevention and control of zoonotic diseases, such as fevers and plague, with Central Asian States and has collaborated in the prevention and control of diseases such as poliomyelitis With West Asian countries. China has consecutively sent eye medical teams to Cambodia, Myanmar, Laos, Sri Lanka and other countries to carry out the "Journey of Light" and sent short-term medical teams to Fiji, Tonga, Micronesia, Vanuatu and other Pacific island States to carry out the "Medical Care for the Islands" operation. Traditional Chinese medicine and drug centers abroad have been established in 35 countries along the "Belt and Road" and 43 bases for international cooperation in traditional Chinese medicine and medicine.


5. Continued progress of disaster relief, assistance and poverty alleviation

Since the first session of the "Belt and Road" forum for international cooperation, China has provided emergency food aid worth 2 billion yuan to developing countries along the "Belt and Road". It has invested more than 100 projects in the South- "100 projects to" help the poor "and 100 projects for" rehabilitation "and other projects in states along the" Belt and Road ".

China conducted cooperative protection activities for historical monuments to assist foreign countries and joint archaeological study with foreign countries. It conducted 8 cooperative projects of historical monuments to assist foreign countries with six countries and conducted 15 joint archaeological research projects with 12 countries. 

China has provided seismic monitoring equipment and equipment to Laos and other countries to improve their earthquake protection and disaster control capacity. China has conducted 24 projects for the cooperation of social organizations in Cambodia and Nepal to help improve people's livelihood

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty Al-Attar calls on the government to include the Iraqi economy for the initiative "Belt and Road"

Post by claud39 Tue Jul 16, 2019 9:53 am

Al-Attar calls on the government to include the Iraqi economy for the initiative "Belt and Road"

Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Doc-P-208526-636988764959306173

A member of the National Business Council Ghadir Al-Attar, on Tuesday, called for the government's pursuit of Iraq's accession to the Convention on the Belt and Road.

Al-Attar said in a press statement received by Al-Ghad Press that "the project of the Belt and Road Initiative aims at reviving the ancient Silk Road, which was spread across Asia and Europe to transport goods from those areas to China and vice versa." "He said.

Al-Attar pointed out that "Iraq's accession to the belt and road agreement will benefit the national economy and infrastructure as well as it aims to converge economic visions among the countries participating in the project."

He added that "the new government's program should emphasize the need to open up to all countries, especially in the field of major economic investments and constructions, which concern transport and trade, which contribute to the strengthening of Iraq's economy."

The Iraqi government signed with the Chinese side at the end of 2015 agreements and memorandums of economic cooperation and to participate in the construction of the economic belt of the Silk Road land and sea, but things are still going very slowly until today.


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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty Deputy: Collect signatures of more than 100 deputies to link the Silk Road in the ports of Basra only

Post by claud39 Thu Jul 25, 2019 3:33 pm

[size=35]Deputy: Collect signatures of more than 100 deputies to link the Silk Road in the ports of Basra only[/size]


[size=35]Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Doc-P-312686-636995824771264757

The deputy of the province of Basra, the revolution Halafi, on Wednesday, the collection of signatures more than 100 deputies to link the Silk Road in the ports of Basra, warning of the termination of ports if the road was linked to the Gulf.

Al-Hilfi said in an interview with Alsumaria News that "the decision to connect the railway or the Silk Road, which is supposed to link China and Europe through Syria or Turkey if invested correctly in the direction of Iraq will have significant economic returns to the country, but this link should be in the ports of Basra Only, if linked to the ports of the Gulf Arab Gulf will make Iraq a corridor only and ends the ports of Basra.

She called on Iraqi politicians to "pay attention to this decision and to be purely Iraqi decision, and should be the signing of the rail link only between the ports of Basra and the Silk Road," noting that "the Chinese government is adopting this project and want a short road and low cost, so we can be A state with national sovereignty and that our decision is purely Iraqi and that the link is only with the ports of Basra and the Silk Road. " 

"We adopted this subject and signed it more than 102 deputies agreed to link the Silk Road in the ports of Basra," she said, saying, "We will insist on this subject and offer it to vote as soon as possible in order to adopt the parliament's national opinion and that this agreement in favor of Iraq without taking into account Other countries ".


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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty Southern Silk Road

Post by claud39 Mon Jul 29, 2019 9:16 am

[size=36][rtl]Southern Silk Road[/rtl][/size]

 28 July 2019

Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China 980-Alsabbaq

Mohamed Sherif Abu Maysam

Despite what is said about international laws and conventions, the economic interests of any country are no longer immune to the damage caused by what other countries seek.

In the light of the so-called economic globalization, it is not strange to say that the style of competition between countries is prevailing today in the domination of opportunities and possibilities, the state goes to the interests of another country, and thus all countries seek to protect their economic interests within the means available Giving it an umbrella that is consistent with what is said about international laws and agreements, and therefore 
Invest the energies and time and activate the possibilities according to the opportunities created by the variables and data resulting from the movement of the global economy.

In this context, despite the fait accompli imposed by international preparations to revive global trade through the Southern Silk Road passing through the Arabian Gulf through Iraqi territory, repeated claims of non-attachment to any non-Iraqi port overlooking the Persian Gulf may fall under claims Which can not be waived. 

This link is limited to the ports of Basra only to achieve the largest economic returns to the country through the dry channel, which is supposed to link the ports of East Asia and Europe through Syria or Turkey within the so-called Southern Silk Road.

From this point came the statements of some 
The deputies last Wednesday on what could be exposed to the ports of Basra damage if it was approved to give a tie to any of the ports overlooking the Arabian Gulf, went to more than one hundred deputies to sign the request to link the Silk Road in the ports of Basra exclusively, warning of serious damage, If the rail link is approved for the countries bordering the Gulf.

This demand is legitimate and legal by all standards, despite the nature of the changes taking place in the Middle East and the Gulf region in the context of the changes in the global trade movement, which led to the unprecedented bottleneck in the corridor, "Khawr Abdullah water" after the start of neighbor Kuwait to build a new port on The head of the waterway, despite the vast areas of the beaches of Boubyan island, which will cause significant damage to the navigation traffic in that corridor with the testimony of all national specialists in this regard. Which will make the port of Faw large out of its navigational capabilities, which rely heavily on it.

As a result of what is being said about the right of others to invest what they want from their shores to build giant ports that monopolize traffic between the countries of East Asia and Europe, Iraq has the right not to give the railway link to ensure the flow of goods through its territory through other ports of Basra to Europe to achieve the greatest returns. 

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty Abdul Mahdi paves the Silk Road with new paths

Post by claud39 Wed Sep 11, 2019 3:34 pm

[size=36][rtl]Abdul Mahdi paves the Silk Road with new paths[/rtl][/size]

Wednesday 11 September 2019

Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China 980-Alsabbaq

Baghdad / Farah al - Khuffaf

When Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi sets foot in China at the end of this month, it will be the first step to revive the Silk Road with new paths, which may go beyond all aspirations between the two countries, which celebrated 61 years ago relations and cooperation. China is one of the most important countries on which Iraq depends to import a lot of products, especially electronics, household and construction materials, spare parts, etc., and China is the largest importer of oil in the world, especially Iraqi oil.

The Prime Minister is scheduled to start a historic visit to Beijing at the end of this month, as it is hoped that many agreements will be signed, mostly on economic cooperation and investment, as well as participation in the reconstruction of Iraq.

Abdel Mahdi's visit marks a "new era" in partnership between the two countries, according to financial expert Thamer al-Azzawi, who expressed optimism about its success.

Global level

Al-Azzawi explained this optimism, for several reasons, the most important of which are: "Iraq and China enjoy a weight on the global level. For most of the events in the region, as well as they feel the importance of reviving the so-called Silk Road, which will be achieved after the presence of the Prime Minister to sign the minutes of agreements between
 The two countries. "

This week, the Department of Asia and Australia at the Foreign Ministry organized a consultative meeting of a number of representatives of Iraqi ministries and institutions, focusing on the memorandums of understanding and agreements, which are expected to be signed during Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi's visit to the People's Republic of China at the end of this month. On the issues that the Iraqi side would like to discuss with the Chinese side during
 the visit.

Abdul-Mahdi's visit comes at a time when Iraq seeks to remove the specter of war from the region, and Azzawi says in this regard: "The dimensions of the war, has economic benefits may outweigh any other files, which contributes to keep the region prosperous, and cooperation between Iraq and China remains effective, and therefore This file will not miss the head 
Ministers. "

Wu Sike, a former Chinese special envoy to the Middle East, believes that the establishment of diplomatic relations between Iraq and China is of great importance.

The basic principle

"Since then, despite the dramatic changes in the Middle East and Iraq, China-Iraq relations have progressed steadily thanks to the basic principle of bilateral relations, which is mutual respect and non-interference in internal affairs," Ke said. "Iraq is a country with great potential and its overall internal situation has improved, and China can play a major role in its reconstruction."

"The Chinese side attaches great importance to the development of relations with Iraq, and looks forward to investing the opportunity of this visit to make joint efforts hand in hand with the Iraqi side, in order to consolidate and deepen Sino-Iraqi political mutual trust," said Chinese Ambassador to Iraq Zhang Tao. 

He expressed his hope that the visit of Prime Minister Adel Abdul-Mahdi will contribute to "upgrading the level of mutual beneficial cooperation in various fields and enhancing human and cultural communication between the two friendly countries in the framework of building (belt and road), and to participate in drawing future plans for partnership relations." Chinese - Iraqi strategy. "

$ 30 billion

The financial expert, that "the large trade exchange between the two countries, which has exceeded the barrier of 30 billion dollars a year, will contribute to the launch of a new phase of cooperation between the two countries, especially as the Iraqi government has set the goal of attracting investment among its priorities, and is working to start a major campaign for reconstruction, And encourage investors to participate, in addition to the revival of industries and agriculture, China is one of the leading countries in most of these areas, so Abdul-Mahdi's visit will exceed all barriers and borders, to be a "business" and "results", which will be touched by the Iraqi citizen in the coming months.

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty Iraq decides to join China's "Belt and Road" initiative

Post by claud39 Tue Sep 24, 2019 7:14 am

Iraq decides to join China's "Belt and Road" initiative


Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Rc_156930707426_23

Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi said on Monday that his country would join China's huge infrastructure project known as the "Belt and Road" initiative. The announcement was made during a meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping.

Mehdi, in remarks broadcast by the network «CCTV» of China expressed his country's gratitude for Beijing's support, stressing that Iraq is ready to cooperate with China within the framework of the «belt and road».

In turn, Xi stressed that the two countries will cooperate in projects related to oil and infrastructure, AFP reported. "From a new starting point with Iraq, China would like to support the China-Iraq strategic partnership," he said.

Trade between China and Iraq reached more than $ 30 billion last year, according to the official Xinhua news agency. Beijing is Baghdad's biggest trading partner, while Iraq is the second largest oil exporter to China.

The Belt and Road initiative encompasses major global projects from ports, railways and industrial parks stretching across Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Europe, where trillions of dollars will be invested.

 The Chinese project has been criticized for accumulating debt on poor countries, while Washington is worried that it sees an attempt by China to expand its influence.

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty Iraq to join China’s Belt and Road Initiative

Post by claud39 Tue Sep 24, 2019 8:39 am

Iraq to join China’s Belt and Road Initiative
24th September 2019 

Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Adil-Abdul-Mahdi-with-Chinas-Xi-Jinping-230919-623x346

By John Lee.
Prime Minister Adel Abdel Mahdi has reportedly said that Iraq will join China’s “Belt and Road” [One Belt One Road] initiative.
According to AFP, he made the announcement in a meeting with Chinese President Xi Jinping during a state visit to the country.
President Xi said that China would like “to push forward the China-Iraq strategic partnership.
(Source: AFP)

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty The "Belt and Road" project ignites the ports war in the Gulf

Post by claud39 Wed Nov 13, 2019 7:47 am

The "Belt and Road" project ignites the ports war in the Gulf


Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Rc_157362897895_23

The Gulf region has witnessed a series of rapid and unprecedented events and developments over the past ten years.

On the economic front, it has tremendous economic potential and the value of GCC exports and imports in the international economy is more than $ 1 trillion annually.

Approximately 43 commercial, industrial and secondary ports in 9 countries (Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Iran, India and Pakistan) compete for navigation in the Arabian Gulf. This huge amount and the large number of ports will determine the shape and size of the future competition for maritime navigation in the Gulf, as well as that all ports are close to each other, making the competition between them more fierce.

All countries are striving to secure a foothold in the world's most important shipping lane, winning a share of this giant market and boosting their economic position, as is known who controls major ports controls international trade. This led the competing countries to seek partnerships or alliances to join them in order to ensure their presence within the framework of competition. Supports the Indo-Iranian axis. The other pole, Russia, supports China and Pakistan, and there are media reports indicate that Russia has offered Iran to invest the Iranian port of Bandar Abbas, but Iran denied that.

Emirates Ports

UAE ports have dominated maritime and commercial navigation for three long decades without competition or competition from any of the nearby countries in the vicinity. (2019). The UAE's superiority is due, among other things, to its geographical location in the center of the Gulf, the first country to build a port and infrastructure and advanced technology linked to a free zone and good transport links connected to airports and roads, as well as the large capacity of containers. In contrast, the Gulf states did not pay any attention to this sector.
Belt and road

As soon as China launched its initiative and started practical steps towards realizing the Belt and Road Project, India and Iran took proactive steps towards the project and later joined the UAE. For example, the UAE may be the biggest loser of the project, and it is increasingly concerned that it may lose its commercial navigation position as a transit point. Scruples them with Pakistan, and the region will be under Chinese protection. As for Iran, the project threatens its trade with Afghanistan, which is totally dependent on its ports in imports and exports, and at the same time, aiming to benefit from this economic alliance, politically and loosen economic isolation.

Gwadar Port (Pakistan)

The port is a 45-year partnership between China and Pakistan, estimated at $ 45 billion. Without any hindrances, as well as consolidating its position as a major economic power.[/rtl]
[rtl]With the launch of the project, China has set new rules for the game in the region as a whole, and sparked fierce competition among the countries bordering the Gulf, especially the UAE, India and Iran.

The biggest beneficiary of this Chinese project is Pakistan, where Gwadar area is located in Balochistan province which is a very remote region and will in the near future be the most important maritime and commercial center in the region and the world and it will add great value to the Pakistani economy and will bring to it large foreign investments worth billions. Prior to that, Qatar announced its intention to invest 15% of the project value.

Duqm Port (Oman)

The Sultanate of Oman occupies a privileged strategic position on the Arabian Sea and the entrance to the Arabian Gulf and has a network of ports along the shores of the Sultanate of seven ports, including the Sultan Qaboos Port in Muscat, Salalah Bazfar Port, Duqm Port in the Central Governorate, Sohar Industrial Port in North Al Batinah and Shinas Port North of Al Batinah also, Khasab Port in Musandam, and Mishna and Masirah Port.

One of the most important ports of the Sultanate is the port of Duqm and occupies a strategic position overlooking the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean, and has a geopolitical advantage making it the most important and largest port in the Middle East in the near future.

The Omani government has made investments in the port of Duqm estimated at 1.7 billion riyals ($ 4.4 billion). The Sultanate of Oman aspires to develop the port of Duqm to become an integrated center for logistics and multi-service, and sea ports are among the top ten countries in the logistics performance at the international level by 2040 and the transport and communications sector to become the second source of national income of the country.

Jebel Ali Port - Dubai

The UAE has seaports that are among the most important international and regional centers in the world. Jebel Ali Port is the best sea port in the Middle East, the Arabian Gulf and the world for over 30 years since it was opened in 1979.It is ranked among the top ten container ports in the world. Over the past decades, the UAE has been able to achieve the throne of navigation, port services and maritime trade. In the Middle East and the Arabian Gulf, Dubai Ports World, which is linked to 150 ports around the world, is helping to provide premium logistics services.The port generated revenues of $ 3.46 billion in the first half of 2019.

Seaports in the UAE account for about 60% of the total volume of container and cargo handling destined for the GCC countries.

But finally, the UAE was not the only player in the sector in the region, but several modern ports have emerged and become competitive. What worries her most is that she is losing her position as a commercial shipping center. Before the announcement of the Gwadar-Pakistan project, Doha and Oman found themselves with the ingredients to be a strong competitor to Dubai, each setting up its own modern port like Jebel Ali, Hamad Port. In Qatar, which opened in 2016 and the port of Duqm - Oman in 2013 and actually began to be affected especially when the Gulf crisis began.

Hamad Port - Qatar

It is the newest port in the Arabian Gulf, located in the south of the country.It is one of the most important infrastructure projects planned by the State of Qatar to be completed in accordance with Qatar Vision 2030.It was officially inaugurated in December 2016 as a first phase at a cost of $ 7.4 billion. An integrated infrastructure of road, sea, air and rail networks to become a regional logistics hub in the region, which will help achieve Qatar's vision. With a state-of-the-art system and technology, the port has enhanced its competitiveness in the region with a capacity of 6 million TEUs per year, and Hamad Port receives all types of vessels and vessels of all sizes and weights, with an area of ​​26 km2.

The opening date came in time for Qatar to coincide with the crisis.

Qatar has other ports such as Doha, the oldest port with a capacity of one million containers per year, in addition to the ports of Ras Laffan, Mesaieed, Halul and Ruwais, which are managed by Qatar Ports Company.
This makes Hamad Port the strongest and most important competitor after the ports of Oman for the UAE, which always seeks to maintain its dominance of navigation in the region, and with the strong and rapid expansion of Hamad Port and joining the China-Pakistan alliance, the competition between Dubai and Doha has become very intense.

Port of Chabahar - Iran

The port of Chabahar in Iran is located in Baluchistan province in southeastern Iran and is close to the Oman Sea, the Arabian Gulf and the Indian Ocean.It is 72 kilometers away from the Pakistani port of Gwadar.The port of Chabahar is of great importance to the three countries (India, Iran and Afghanistan) and will become a new trade route for the exchange of goods between them. For India, it is a major rival to the Pakistani port of Gwadar and a corridor between Iran and Afghanistan to Central Asia, the Middle East and Russia for the exchange of goods and goods, while Afghanistan is totally dependent on the port of Chabahar exports and imports of grain, rice and commodities that come from India, because of the lack of seaport Her is the closest and least expensive for her. In 2014, an agreement was signed between the parties

Port of Mubarak - Kuwait

Mubarak Al-Kabeer Port is part of the Kuwait Development Plan 2035. It is under construction and is in its final stages, located in the east of Bubiyan Island in northern Kuwait. Political and technical work has been delayed and operational work is expected to begin next year. According to the future plan of the port and its three stages, the number of berths will reach 60 berths to be one of the largest ports in the Arabian Gulf. It will be linked to the Gulf railway to be built in 2023 and there is talk and plans to extend the railway to Iraq and Iran. The port is connected to the Sabiya area in northern Kuwait with a water bridge (Jaber Bridge) and other highways. The project aims to increase the number of commercial ports in Kuwait and contribute to making Kuwait a commercial center and increase trade with neighboring countries, especially Iran and Iraq, and restore its role as a transit point.

Saudi Ports

Saudi Arabia has three commercial ports overlooking the Arabian Gulf: King Abdul Aziz Port in Dammam, Jubail Commercial Port and Ras Al Khair Industrial Port, but for years the Kingdom's ports have been far from competitive, and its performance was not commensurate with the size of its domestic market, which is one of the largest markets The region is comparable with neighboring markets, knowing that its population constitutes 60% of the total population of the Gulf, due to lack of competition for several reasons, including the lack of focus on this sector, secondly infrastructure is relatively integrated and customs inspection procedures are rather long, in addition to the lack of logistic areas Near Ports connected to lines and transportation routes, making the weak demand for Saudi ports, where the majority of companies prefer the port of Jebel Ali, because of the high efficiency and advanced technology and provide all the services, and then being re-exported to the rest of the Arabian Gulf ports Bboakhar smaller.

Since 2017, GPC has adopted a comprehensive strategic plan in line with the objectives of the Kingdom's Vision 2030 and the National Transformation Program 2020 in the Ports Sector.
Following this, the Saudi Ports Authority announced the development and implementation of 33 projects in various ports in the Kingdom with a total value of 2.7 billion riyals equivalent to 750 million dollars.

Faw Grand Port - Iraq

Iraq is also planning to build the Gulf's largest port, linked to a free zone, a railway, electricity infrastructure, a container area and service buildings. In order to take advantage of its geographical location close to Iran, Syria and Turkey, it will be of great importance to the Iraqi economy and a corridor of goods among its neighbors, in addition to attracting foreign investment, and is expected to achieve substantial financial revenues for the Iraqi economy. In southern Iraq (Basra), there are four commercial and industrial ports overlooking the Arabian Gulf, such as Umm Qasr, Khor Al-Zubair, Al-Maqal and Bawaflous. 80% of Iraq's oil is exported through these ports.

The large port of Faw to be located is located in the southern province of Basra at the mouth of the Shatt al-Arab in the Persian Gulf on an area of ​​12 square kilometers and then the scheme was revised to 54 square kilometers. During other Korean and foreign companies to build breakwaters, but the project faced many obstacles due to the internal political and economic conditions that Iraq has gone through, which could not be continued and led to interruption during intermittent periods since laying the foundation stone nine years ago. In April 2019, the Iraqi Ministry of Transport announced that the process of completing it in the final form needs three billion dollars. If the budget is provided for the project, it is expected that the first phase will be completed by 2022.

Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Rc_157362900124_23

Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Rc_157362901479_23

Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Rc_157362902468_23

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty Unveiling a US quest to control the Silk Road through Iraq and Syria to the Mediterranean

Post by claud39 Sun Nov 17, 2019 9:07 am

[size=30]Unveiling a US quest to control the Silk Road through Iraq and Syria to the Mediterranean[/size]


Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Thumbnail.php?file=16_790806806

Ahd News - Baghdad
Security expert Ahmed al-Sharifi revealed that there is an American attempt to control the Silk Road that passes through Iraq and Syria to the Mediterranean Sea.
"America is trying to control the strategic contract and the Silk Road on the basis of which China is contained," Sharifi said in an interview with Al-Ahd television.

He added, "The tribal power that America intends to form, will exercise an effective activity to achieve a security patch that may reach the extent of contact with Baghdad, meaning that there is an expansion of the power of this force at the expense of the federal force."
Sharifi said that "this force is different from the Awakening and will go towards wide powers to hold the land and draw the features of borders and security lines will be entrusted to the security functions of this force, guaranteeing the protection of roads, for example."
He stressed that "the strategic land transport lines have become, today, an integral part of the equation of containment in regional and international balances, especially the Silk Road," noting that "the Silk Road will be forced through Iraq, specifically from the western region through Syria to the Mediterranean."
"The United States will try to control the strategic node in Iraq and put Syria under pressure from the balance and the control of the United States," the security expert stressed. "China can only go through negotiations with America to go this way." Finished 2

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Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China Empty THE DIGITAL SILK ROAD ... RISKS AND REWARDS TO THE MIDDLE EAST

Post by claud39 Wed Jul 08, 2020 9:48 am



Launching the activities of the second international forum "Belt and Road" in China %D8%B7%D8%B1%D9%8A%D9%82-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AD%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D9%82%D9%85%D9%8A..-%D9%85%D8%AE%D8%A7%D8%B7%D8%B1-%D9%88%D9%85%D9%83%D8%A7%D9%81%D8%A2%D8%AA-%D8%A5%D9%84%D9%89-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%82-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D9%88%D8%B3%D8%B7

China's digital and satellite developments offer new regional opportunities and challenges for the United States in facing Beijing's economic clout in the Middle East region.

With the launch of the final BeiDou-BDS satellite navigation satellite into orbit in late June, China finally completed its quest to become a space power, after the BeiDou satellite navigation network was introduced in 2015, which is part of the Digital Silk Road (DSR), a corridor My number is for the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)., According to Al-Monitor's website.

The system was completed six months ahead of schedule, and is an alternative to the US GPS, Russian GLONASS and European Galileo.

In the Middle East region, eight satellites from the satellite navigation network system were already providing navigation services to Arab countries, according to a report presented at the second China-Arab Cooperation Forum on the final satellite for the satellite navigation system held in Tunisia last year.

The final satellite coverage of the satellite navigation system was provided to the countries participating in the Digital Corridor Project of the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative, and the Arab countries were among the first countries to gain access to the facility, as they are also members of the China-Arab Cooperation Forum and the Strategic Dialogue between China and the Council Gulf Cooperation. Basically, according to Beijing, "any kind of bilateral cooperation with China can be considered part of the belt and the road."

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was one of the first countries to officially join, and Riyadh and Beijing signed a memorandum of understanding to implement the Digital Silk Road and the establishment of technical exchange platforms in three cities in each of the two countries. The Silk Road also coincides with some future projects for the UAE.

Emirati economist Nasser Al Saeedi, speaking at Harvard Kennedy School in 2018, also noted that the digital corridor or space station project would complement the national space program for the United Arab Emirates and help move economic sectors to the next level. The cooperation in these innovative technological fields was also described in detail in the pattern of cooperation «1 + 2 + 3» stipulated in the Arab policy paper for the year 2016.

Meanwhile, many countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council such as the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Egypt have become part of the Digital Silk Road initiative, which was launched last year. Including artificial intelligence, smart cities, nanotechnology and other related fields, this program has the potential to dramatically change the digital landscape of these countries. Optical fiber cable networks and data hubs are some other key components of the digital silk road infrastructure.

Serious risk

The Digital Silk Road has some gray areas, and its risks are not limited to the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council only.

1- Monitoring

First of all, surveillance may become the main issue, as Beijing can monitor Internet traffic or even sever links with other regions, if desired, as Chinese companies place a total of 36,964 miles of undersea fiber-optic cables in more than 95 projects, 98% of global connections are relayed through these cables.

Cables are located in international waters, and are still vulnerable and security breaches in underdeveloped countries cannot be monitored.

In addition, the navigation in the final satellite for the satellite navigation system is used by many large-scale commercial applications and its features are integrated into the famous smartphone brands, where most countries want to upgrade the security of their Internet data.

Any accumulated data and information from users can help provide insight into acquiring significant market shares, at least. However, during the ongoing epidemic, artificial intelligence and diagnostic technology could be better spread in the Middle East along the Digital Silk Road.

It should be noted that, according to research conducted by the Chinese Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, China could become "one of the most important international telecentres over the submarine cable within a decade or two".

2- Influence and influence

The widespread use of Chinese digital technology could give Beijing more influence and influence. Having only had an economic presence in the Middle East, China has never been involved in any security aspect, but with this comprehensive network of optical fiber cables on the ground, undersea internet connections and the final satellite satellite navigation system in space, Beijing has introduced the concept of power.

With this multi-dimensional digital network, China has more options, and it is also binding on partner countries in the digital corridor of the China Belt and Road Initiative within its exclusive zone of influence. At least, there will be more diplomatic opportunities and China will have more standing and influence in international organizations. And a recent Chinese TV program explained the spread and concept of the final satellite for the satellite navigation system, "The navigation system is like the golden key to your home that should remain in your hands only, and not others."

3- Dependency

Depending on China for internet and satellite navigation, many countries will conduct their operations through the Digital Silk Road, and may include civilian and military uses. Currently, most of the countries that are covered by the final satellite navigation system for the satellite navigation system participate in the digital corridor of the China Belt and Road Initiative, but many related services such as port traffic monitoring and disaster mitigation have been provided to nearly 120 countries worldwide.

According to a report issued by the US-China Economic and Security Review Committee in 2019, any services within the "space silk road" could deepen dependence on China for space services at the expense of American influence.

4- Complicating matters with America

Since most of the features of the final satellite navigation system satellite are inherent in nature, the digital corridor has the potential to further complicate matters between Washington and Beijing. There are concerns that the space technology project could have implications for US interests in the security, economic, and diplomatic fields.

According to a report by the Council on Foreign Relations in 2018, Chinese technology companies could introduce back-up mechanisms that could increase intelligence and publicity operations for Beijing in the partner countries of the Belt and Road Initiative. System users can also be tracked once technology is widely used.

5- Military uses

Certainly there are some military uses of the satellite system, and Beijing-based military analyst Zhou Qinming said: “With our highly accurate navigation and location system, missiles, drones and other Chinese vehicles can rely on our technology without worrying. On signal loss, this could help our army improve coordination of force deployment and logistical support. ”

In order to balance and neutralize the situation, spending in the digital sector must be increased and GPS accuracy can be further improved. Restrictions on technology purchases may reduce the heavy dependence on supply chains from China. In fact, the US semiconductor industry has made a $ 37 billion proposal to keep the United States ahead of China in producing semiconductor chips, which are essential in defense technology, artificial intelligence and 5G networks.

According to the report, “China’s Aspirations of Competition for the Final Frontier,” to counter China's military operations in space, the US space command will maintain appropriate deterrence with training, exercises, and new policies, as well as active participation in international space management institutions to ensure its global leadership.

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