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Iraqi youth reality and treatments
Iraqi youth reality and treatments
Ninth axis: Youth and Sports Sector
Brief Study Paper: Mr. Sami Al-Faris is a
writer and researcher-president of the Arab Supplementary Schools Association in the United Kingdom
writer and researcher-president of the Arab Supplementary Schools Association in the United Kingdom
Young people are the potential human energy and the reserve and the nation's vibrant and ambitious nation and the hope of peoples to change the reality towards a better future.
The people pride themselves on the high percentage of young people in the composition of their population who are responsible for advancing the implementation of the country's development plans.
As the needs of young people throughout the world are similar, governments vary by the type of policies they take to address youth issues.
Investing young people's energy in the process of construction and ages can be in two ways:
The negative investment is based on waste of this energy and becomes disabled without taking advantage of its potential capabilities and potential and becomes a threat to the nation and become later a major reasons to break the wheel of the economy and instability and security and result in all other life facilities paralyzed completely if not remedied reform movements to provide services Needed to address the reality and reform the value system.
Second: Positive investment of the youth sector and dealing with them as they are the main axis in the wheel of sustainable development of peoples through the development of human resources right become the main source and the driving force that has the ability to age and construction and progress in all areas of life and reawakened by the peoples and the economy and the spread of security and security And stability, countries will meet the youth and minds of the youth by employing their future ambitions and their ability to challenge in the face of difficulties in the process of construction and reconstruction.
Iraq and for decades and the result of many circumstances, including the complex political in particular dealing with young people through the first form in the waste of this energy and Iraq in particular and for decades the power of repelling the competencies of young people and did not put plans to take advantage of their actual development, Of the countries that did not know investment in human energy, but invested by the former regime and for decades only in wars and battlefields.
Iraq has not benefited from the experiences of other countries that have positive and pioneering experiences and witnessed a similar reality of Iraq's economic and political crises and wars. However, these countries have overcome all difficulties and obstacles. Their experience has become one of the world's leading experiences in investing human energy and youth in particular. Which led to the development of its development plans and became an advanced position after the emergence of fierce wars and for many years exhausted economically and made them suffer many economic crises and later turned out to have a significant impact on the global economy and international decision and international economic groupings Yeh influential globally as a result of successful policies in addressing youth issues.
In diagnosing the reality of the Iraqi youth, which has suffered from difficult dilemmas and faced intractable problems over the past decades through an analytical and realistic study of the current situation in the country we need to study the Iraqi reality and diagnose it and find the appropriate solutions accurately,
The real problem for Iraqi youth is the problem of a disabled people and human power that has suffered injustice and persecution for decades and poor policies as a result of the complex circumstances experienced by the people.
The Iraqi reality is sometimes similar to many problems and dilemmas experienced by Arab youth and neighboring regional states, which are similar problems and problems in general but differ in particular.
However, there are many major dangers that have resulted in aggravated and complex problems. The problem of the Arab and Iraqi youth in particular has been the result of several main reasons:
First: wars and battles
War of all kinds is one of the most deadly weapons in the destruction of human energy in general and young people in particular and is a major cause of the backwardness of peoples and their retreat from the movement of global progress and development and is working to abort the capabilities and energies of the country material and human, making these countries suffer from worsening crises, And the depletion of human energy and young people in the nature of the situation are those who face the risk of war in defense of the country to understand the human fuel of these wars, most of them are killed and others emerge from the war physically handicapped or mentally and mentally disabled, making the nation unable to lose its energy Which depends on the process of construction and ages.
The recent Iraqi history witnessed the suffering of a people and for decades it has witnessed wars of aggression for many years. For example, in the 1980's, the 1980 Iraqi-Iranian war, which ate green and land, as it is said, and for eight years, the Iraqi people were under the dictatorial dictatorship. A bloody bloody war that claimed the lives of a large number of young people, at a rate of one million martyrs and 1 million disabled and prisoners, most of them young people between 18 and 40 years of age.
The war affected young age groups of women who had lost their husbands, children and widowers at an early age. The war naturally left large numbers of orphans in dire need of integrated family care. Consequently, these large numbers of orphans became part of the future youth preparation of the country. Despite its severe suffering from war.
The Gulf War of 1991, in which Iraq also suffered heavy losses, mostly young people, was accompanied by severe suffering, mental and mental health, other diseases and physical disabilities, as well as frustration and despair, while in public institutions almost complete destruction of infrastructure.
The year 2003 witnessed the fall of the dictatorial regime and Iraq entered a new phase of the political struggle for power and escalation of the sectarian and racial fighting and religious intolerance that reached its peak, making Iraq a scene of sectarian fighting, killing on identity and settling international, regional and local accounts.
The danger of civil war looms over the Iraqi reality, which has lost security stability, the spread of identity killings, bombings and improvised explosive devices, the division of cities on a sectarian and ethnic basis, and the state of panic and terrorism in most of Iraq's provinces until all days of the week have become bloody. As a result of that violence, terrorism and security instability, large numbers of young people from all parts of Iraq and its provinces at a time when Iraq desperately needs all of them to the young energies in the process of construction and the ages expected by the people after the fall of the regime.
In 2014, Iraq entered a new phase of fighting, namely, the war against the criminal gangs that occupied the cities, destroyed the infrastructure of the country, looted the monuments and exposed during this critical period the youth of Iraq in general and in the occupied provinces primarily to displacement and indiscriminate killing and killing on the identity of women and the return of ignorance and fanatical ideas And the sale of women and most of them at the age of young people.
As well as the mass executions of young people, for example the massacre of Spyker, which killed 1700 young people within a few hours.
Iraq suffered severe and bitter suffering from this bitter stage, which lasted almost four years. The Iraqi youth have resisted the armed forces and security forces and the people of popular mobilization to defend the homeland in a fierce confrontation with these criminal gangs, during which Iraq lost large numbers of young people in these fierce battles.
The Iraqi youth were the first to respond to the danger facing the country, which led to the disruption and paralysis of the construction and reconstruction as a result of violence, terrorism and security instability.
Second, the economic recession
The wars that are usually the result of wars of austerity and economic stagnation that result from all kinds of regional, local or international wars or sectarian fighting. The Iraqi-Iranian war left us with the destruction of the infrastructure It suffered an unjust economic blockade that claimed the lives of thousands of young people as a result of lack of treatment and food.
During the period of economic siege, Iraq experienced the worst economic situation in all areas of life, and the industrial and urban development projects of the public and private sectors were disrupted.
The sectarian fighting and the war on the post-2014 scramble have left economic clogged all life facilities in education, health and shrinking the labor market.
The first victims were the young men who were the fuel of the grinding war and it became the suffering of the survivors to search for a living or to find a job with bitter suffering in the treatment of their chronic wounds and physical disabilities, many of them with poor care and care and the difficulty of providing the necessary treatment and services due to the condition of hospitals generally.
Unemployment is one of the consequences of the economic recession, and the lack of suitable and inappropriate job opportunities, which makes young people feel frustrated, broken and disappointed, which leads to disastrous results and becomes a disabled force may take a path that makes this angry energy of the bitter economic reality, The country by taking illegal methods including drugs, theft, murder and working with criminal gangs in order to provide a living, which makes them seriously considering immigration after feeling the crisis of identity.
In spite of the increase of civil society organizations after 2003 and its work in all fields, in order to support youth, women and children, some of them work in cooperation with international organizations supporting and supporting the development of youth and finding solutions and appropriate proposals Because of the lack of a culture of voluntary work with the former foreign institutions because of the policies of the prevailing state at the time.
The State institutions concerned with youth, led by the Ministry of Youth and Sports, worked to find appropriate solutions through workshops for youth and sports fields and lifting the siege on many sports competitions and activating the role of youth.
However, Iraqi youth have been frustrated by the fact that they are abandoning their identity and are looking for ways to migrate because of wars, sectarian strife, social injustice, and the difficulty of finding suitable employment opportunities for decent living.
And the inability of other institutions, namely, the school, the family and the community to provide for their needs. All research confirms that the problems of young people at the present time is a real crisis community, reflected by the loss of identity and lack of belonging to the homeland.
The crisis of identity is one of the most dangerous situations that threaten the country and push the young energy into migration. When monitoring the data of the Ministry of Planning, we find that the high level of per capita income in 2008 reached about three times what it was in 2003, but the social indicators indicate that the per capita income has not increased Iraqi demands their own as a result of unemployment and high inflation rates.
As well as the plans developed by the Iraqi Ministry of Planning within the (National Development Plan) for years and the result of instability and war on the Daash did not achieve this plan the optimal balance between the protests of the State and youth protests, knowing that the share of young people in the national development plans is very large but did not achieve much and disbursed Money away from the needs of young people because of the abnormal and complex circumstances surrounding the country, which made young people feel desperate and neglect the state deliberately to provide the needs and requirements, which made young people lose confidence in government institutions responsible for planning and direct implementation.
Globalization is a name that means a lot in our world and it also means openness to the other. The world becomes a small village through the means of social and technological communication and the transfer of quick information to serve the development and progress in all sciences and knowledge.
Globalization is the melting of the public and facilitates the loss of identity and the abandonment of young people in particular after they have the causes of migration, as dreamed by the young and aspire to a chance to live decorated and free work, which facilitates the process of abandoning the identity and the homeland, after opening the doors of the future, Globalization is a big challenge for governments in the third world and is actively considering how to maintain and maintain identity without confrontation or confrontation with globalization.
The openness of the media is, of course, one of the means of globalization in the delivery of its vocabulary and the media is a dangerous weapon that can exploit the worst exploitation through satellite channels that carry their own agendas hostile to science and knowledge, some of which intentionally broadcast the poison of underdevelopment and ignorance and works to destroy young people programs aimed at their minds and ideas and directed them We will have large numbers of young people with intellectual disabilities who are unable to develop and advance the development movement in the country and take the initiative in the work and construction.
When education is derailed as a result of many causes, problems, obstacles and multiple ways of corruption, education becomes a heavy burden on the people and the state, and education in Iraq since the days of the former regime suffers many of the obstacles that have been reflected on the future of young people.
The former regime sought to kill and displace the minds and scientific energies that dreamed of saving from the bitter reality of the people because of the dictatorship and its sick dreams and abhorrent goals. Most of the doctors, scientists and thinkers emigrated to escape the educational reality, and the educational curricula were arbitrarily arbitrary. In particular, of free thinking and independent will. The prisons and detention centers were crowded with many school and university students and intellectuals who possessed a national awareness and sense.
The freedom of young people in many fields of science, knowledge and culture has been confiscated and Iraq has been blocked from communicating with most of the world with great control of what is published in newspapers, magazines and periodicals.
After the fall of the regime, education has suffered and continues to suffer from large and complex obstacles and problems in the educational curricula, most of which have become below the academic level and reached the hands of corruption, as well as the increasing dropout rate due to poverty and deprivation, .
The weakness of the academic and professional aspects of the teachers who graduated from the fast courses, most of them are not qualified to lead the community and education generation.
And university education is the other has its own suffering, but most of them do not differ from the problems of education in general, but some of the more complex because of some laws that are issued without study or knowledge of the effects that will be followed by these laws.
If the universities suffer after the adoption of the civil education unequal opportunities with students of public universities and suffered from students who do not have the possibility of material, which made the state of frustration and despair among most university students, in particular the difficulty of job opportunities after graduation
One of the main causes of higher education in particular is the unequal output of education with job opportunities available in the labor market, and the lack of absorption of many government institutions for graduate students and finding jobs suited to their specialization.
This corresponds to the deficit in the private sector, which suffered many of the problems left by the former regime and the current situation and not being able to take its role effectively to receive graduate students and benefit from their academic experience in the work has led to the emergence of large unemployment among young university graduates and Primary university degrees.
The state then put in place many plans and programs that have no parallel to rescue education, but they remained ink on paper and were not activated because of the harsh conditions experienced by the country mentioned above and also because of administrative corruption.
Solutions and Recommendations:
Finding solutions and treatments is not difficult for a variety of reasons, including:
Iraq is a country with a distinguished geographical position and a human capacity that has a deep cultural and cultural heritage, making it a people capable of change and building and overcoming obstacles, especially if we know that the proportion of young people make up two-thirds of the population in Iraq with growing population and continuous human development.
I. Strengthening the factors of citizenship among young people through:
1 - Equal opportunities in study and work in all areas of life and for both sexes without sectarian or partisan allocation.
2 - Tolerance and rejection of sectarianism and racism and instilling a culture of love and peace among young people
3 - To strengthen the adherence to identity through the participation of young people in cultural, political and social life and give them the mechanisms of social interaction and leadership of civil society organizations with respect for all identities and intellectual, ethnic and political affiliation and allow them to practice their activities provided they do not conflict with national objectives Young people feel that they belong to the homeland and are keen to provide the basic needs they lack, which makes them hold onto the homeland and abandon thinking about immigration.
4. Promote and disseminate a culture of volunteerism and help others through conscious youth groups and benefit from European and Asian experiences in this field.
Volunteer work instills patriotism in young people and makes them proud and proud of their achievements, which increase social bonds, remove class and ethnic differences, and make young people look forward to communicating with leading global experiences in volunteering.
5 - benefit from the experiences of other peoples in containing globalization and to benefit positively through the programs of youth development plans and develop their expertise and facilitate the process of communication with the other world to transfer useful experiences and successful instead of fighting globalization and enter into a losing conflict with them.
Secondly, there must be a balance in the development of the state's development plans, in which priority should be given to the needs of young people and not be lenient in applying them or canceling them or taking them as mere electoral propaganda. Rather, integrated development plans, strategies and policies must be developed and implemented in full. And strengthens ties to hold on to the homeland.
Thirdly, it is important to establish new social and rehabilitation care centers for young people with advanced tools to deal with many situations that they suffer from war, violence and terrorism and to study and deal with cases of religious intolerance and extremist ideology.
And direct supervision of these training centers by the Ministry of Youth and its affiliated institutions to become centers for the rehabilitation of young people according to the needs of the labor market and provides opportunities for the participation of young people with the availability of many privileges for disabled persons and provide their care according to human rights provided for in the Iraqi Constitution.
Fourth: Attention to education and the adoption of educational policies successful and useful and benefit from the experiences of peoples who have a similar experience with the Iraqi reality away from ideal in the application and the preparation of modern educational curricula commensurate with the spirit of the age and development and taking into account the current generations or the so-called digital generation through the rehabilitation of educational bodies and raise professional competence For specialized administrative and educational bodies.
And to include in the educational curricula lessons in human development as well as work on curricula that spread the language of love and peace and acceptance of the other and adopt the concept of the homeland for all and strengthen the national spirit among young people.
Fifth: Developing, supporting, supporting and activating the private sector in all its forms and plans, and developing comprehensive development plans that are effective and economical and benefiting from the experiences of the peoples in this field. The experiments have made the private sector a leader and a catalyst for advancement through many of the directors. Their academic experience and vocational qualification and employment in the labor market, which makes the private sector participate actively in achieving the sustainable development of the country and supports the youth plans to promote the Iraqi economy to take the lead in leading industrial projects.
Sixth: Enhancing the role of the family and the school in the upbringing of young people and supporting these basic community institutions in building the society by means that enable them to play their influential role in preserving the society and building the young people who hold the identity and the country to be able to take responsibility.
Seventh: Giving adequate support to the sports movement and expanding the construction of local and regional sports venues and competitions to enhance the spirit of dedication and sincerity of the youth to achieve sports achievements and achievements.
As well as to take advantage of the potential of young people in sports group and individual useful to create them heroes and leaders of the future are confident of their abilities as well as reduce the reality of crime among young people and to go to cafes and whereabouts of the unemployed. And to combat social and economic factors that encourage young people to drop out of school.
Eighth: Organizing youth conferences and educational forums focusing on cultural dialogue among youth and removing the accumulated barriers to instilling the national spirit and the principles of democracy. It works to communicate with the Iraqi expatriate youth and to benefit from their experiences and energies in the process of construction and reconstruction. To encourage them to return to the mother country.
Ninth: Raise scientific efficiency and technical and creative skills and enhance the spirit of scientific discovery among young people and support educational programs that develop from education in universities and institutes and interest in scientific missions outside the country and provide possible means of study them through the instructions and laws of a university commensurate with their needs and work to communicate with international universities and work To exchange experiences and mutual scientific benefit.
Tenth: Activating the role of the Ministry of Youth and its affiliated institutions in the governorates, away from quotas and sectarianism and with the support of civil society organizations and public and private universities to attract young people and achieve programs that work to develop their scientific and professional capacities. There should be special offices in each ministry to support youth and improve the services provided. Them and facilitate their access.
To activate the work of the cultural, scientific, sports and artistic youth camps inside and outside Iraq, exchange experiences and participate in popular and international precedents, which will gain young people experiences, knowledge and strengthen cooperation between youth.
11. Support the national media, which instills a sense of responsibility, develops the ability to challenge and disseminates the language of love and peace, instills the love of the homeland and upholds the identity without contradicting globalization. It simulates the energies of youth in work, construction and ages; it broadcasts intellectual and scientific programs in a modern civilized manner closer to their souls. During its programs.
* invites the General Secretariat of the Iraqi Advisory Authority for Reconstruction and Development (ICADP), which was founded in 2010 Dear Sisters, Dear colleagues, Iraqi academics and experts in various fields and scientific and cultural fields from inside and outside Iraq, to present their vision for reforming the situation in Iraq by: Assessing the experience of governance, the political process and the state administration after 2003 and finding effective solutions to its failures by participating in their studies scientific proposals , each according to its competence, and evaluate the following manner:
first , identify the problems and obstacles on the subject tastier It is selected.
Second, providing realistic scientific solutions and proposals without going into details.
And send them by e-mail: E-mail: email@example.com
d. Raouf Mohammed Ali Al Ansari / Secretary General
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