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Security Council: the situation in the Middle East DinarDailyUpdates?bg=330099&fg=FFFFFF&anim=1

Security Council: the situation in the Middle East

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Security Council: the situation in the Middle East Empty Security Council: the situation in the Middle East

Post by claud39 on Tue Oct 29, 2019 6:55 am

[size=36]Security Council: the situation in the Middle East[/size]

(Due to cash flow issues affecting our Organization, the full meeting summary will be available later.)

OCTOBER 28, 2019

Security Council: the situation in the Middle East SC%20slide


Mr NICKOLAY MLADENOV, United Nations Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process , 

speaking via videoconference from Jerusalem, said that the present meeting was taking place as the rapidly evolving situation in the Middle East continued to highlight the growing threat to international peace and security. As new hot spots emerge in the region, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict also remains one of the drivers of extremism and instability, he said. Thus, the occupation continues and no progress has been made in view of the negotiated solution of the two States. For Mladenov, this is a multigenerational tragedy for the peoples of this land.

The Special Coordinator recalled that on 26 September at the United Nations General Assembly, President Abbas announced his intention to set a date for the Palestinian elections. If this decision were to materialize, it would be the first Palestinian elections since 2006, giving new legitimacy to national institutions, said Mladenov. He felt that the international community should support this process if by chance it strengthened national unity and not division. 

For him, this includes an agreement for the elections to be held in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, in accordance with applicable legislation, international best practices and an agreed national political platform, based on existing agreements.
Last month also highlighted the further deterioration of the situation on the ground, Mladenov said. In the absence of prospects for final status negotiations on the horizon, he warned, the events on the ground are moving us further and further away from a viable two-state solution, he said. -he analyses. 
Mr. Mladenov then described a number of these facts, including the new housing projects by the Israeli authorities in the Zone C settlements of the Occupied Territories, already in excess of 2019 in 2018, then that these settlements are illegal under international law, remain an important obstacle to peace and must therefore cease immediately. He also mentioned the continuing demolitions and seizures of Palestinian-owned structures in the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem, with occupation authorities citing the lack of building permits - issued by Israel and almost impossible to obtain. for the Palestinians. These demolitions and confiscations also concern humanitarian projects financed by the international community,

Violence continues to be an integral part of the daily reality of the conflict, Mladenov said. Certainly, in recent weeks, there has been a welcome reduction in violence in Gaza and rocket fire. In addition, the peace agreements negotiated by the United Nations and Egypt continue to hold and, for the first time in a month, no fire has been caused by incendiary balloons. Despite this overall improvement, three Palestinians were killed by the Israel Defense Forces and more than 500 wounded in protests around Gaza's fence, while in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, two Palestinians were killed. , including a child following the inhalation of tear gas, and 88 Palestinians, including 11 children, were injured in various incidents, 

The Special Coordinator expressed particular concern at the disturbing settler attacks in the occupied West Bank, which occur in the context of the annual olive harvest. As the olive harvest begins, he called on the Israeli authorities to guarantee Palestinian farmers unimpeded access to their land and to protect farmers and their property from attack. 

Mr. Mladenov once again called on the Israeli Security Forces to exercise the utmost restraint and use lethal force only when strictly necessary and as a last resort. He also reiterated his call on Hamas to fulfill its responsibility to ensure the safety of children in Gaza, including preventing them from being used and exposed to the risk of violence. 

The Special Coordinator then recalled that the Special Liaison Committee for the Coordination of International Assistance to Palestinians held its semi-annual meeting in New York on 26 September. The United Nations has emphasized the crucial need to support the Palestinian people, the Palestinian Authority and advance the two-State solution as the only viable option for a peaceful resolution of the conflict. 

The United Nations also reported on progress made in the implementation of all urgent humanitarian and economic interventions for Gaza, approved by the Special Liaison Committee for the Coordination of International Assistance to Palestinians in September 2018. These interventions have had a significant impact in many areas, including more than doubling the daily availability of electricity, which has, among other things, improved water and wastewater treatment and reduced demand for water and wastewater. fuel from hospitals, the private sector and households. Similarly, nearly 450,000 people in Gaza have received emergency health care, 

Despite these vital efforts, however, Mladenov said, the humanitarian situation in Gaza remains dramatic. By the end of September, almost half of essential medicines and about one-third of essential medical supplies were missing. Severe restrictions on movement and access persist, especially for people requiring treatment outside Gaza and national staff of United Nations agencies and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) working in Gaza.

"Although the humanitarian crisis must remain a priority, I repeat that the heart of the crisis in Gaza is political," said the Special Coordinator. It is not possible to truly and sustainably improve the socio-economic situation in Gaza without significantly easing restrictions on the movement and access of goods and persons, with a view to lifting them in accordance with resolution 1860 (2009). ) of the Security Council and to bring Gaza and the West Bank under a unique and legitimate Palestinian national authority. We can not continue to respond to the critical humanitarian needs of Gaza every month, without addressing the wider political reality, including the tightening of closures, violence and lack of unity, he said. still explained.

In this regard, Mr. Mladenov again called on all Palestinian factions to engage with Egypt in reconciliation efforts. He said he was encouraged by the October 3 agreement between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, which resulted in the transfer of $ 425 million in clearance revenue to the Palestinian Authority. Despite the relative normalization of the Palestinian Authority's budgetary situation, both sides needed to engage constructively in order to restore full income transfers, in line with the Paris Protocol on Economic Relations. 

Broadening the picture to the general situation in the Middle East, the Special Coordinator noted the popular protests that continue to unfold in several countries, including Iraq and Lebanon, calling for improvements in daily life and the end of corruption. . He noted that about 1.5 million Lebanese took part in essentially peaceful demonstrations, obtaining a series of reforms. He also cited the figure of 157 killed during the anti-government protests across Iraq during the first week of October, and recalled that new large-scale demonstrations began on 24 October and continued, with a record of at least 74 dead and 3,654 wounded in three days.

On Syria, Mr. Mladenov recalled that the Secretary-General and the Security Council had been clear: a lasting solution can only be found through a credible and facilitated political process by the United Nations, in accordance with Security Council resolution 2254 (2015) . He hoped that the launching of the Constitutional Committee in Geneva would be the first step in a broader political process that would meet the legitimate aspirations of Syrians. In the occupied Golan, the situation has remained relatively calm, although violations of the 1974 Disengagement of Forces Agreement, including violations of the ceasefire line, continue to occur.

Mr Mladenov further advocated preventive diplomacy as one of the most important tools we can use to ease tensions before they turn into confrontation. For him, the Middle East can not afford another war and efforts to defuse tensions and create openings for political solutions in the interests of peace must be pursued. In the case of the Israeli-Palestinian question, a political perspective is needed that sheds light on the path to intra-Palestinian unity and, ultimately, a two-state solution. 

Throughout the Middle East, our collective efforts must be guided by the United Nations Charter, summed up Mr. Mladenov. And in every conflict in the region, preventive diplomacy and de-escalation are essential elements of our engagement. Long-term sustainable peace, however, can only be based on justice, human rights and international law, he concluded.

Mr. RIYAD H. MANSOUR, Permanent Observer of the State of Palestine to the United Nations , pointed out that the Security Council was called every month to act by implementing its resolutions on the question of Palestine and heard reports noting the continuing worsening of the situation as a result of the actions of the "occupying Power", which is intensifying the illegal occupation and colonization of Palestine, restricting the horizon of a peaceful solution to this conflict. 

"It is not possible that the role of this august Security Council is to gather information and expressions of sympathy, as important as they are," Mansour said. The Palestinian people and the international community as a whole are waiting for more, "denounced the Observer, adding that the mandate given to the Council by the Charter, namely the maintenance of international peace and security, "Deserve better".

For Mansour, the multiple resolutions of the Security Council, not only resolution 2334 (2016) but all the previous ones, provide a solid basis for action. "The international consensus is firm and all attempts to impose another alternative have failed. There is no need to reinvent the wheel: international law is clear, the parameters of a just solution are clear. There is no alternative to the vision of the two-State solution based on the 1967 borders in accordance with international law, United Nations resolutions, the Madrid Principles, the Arab Peace Plan and the roadmap of the Quartet, "hammered Mr. Mansour. But, he continued, in the absence of "serious" action to implement this consensus, the alternative will be "what is already happening before our eyes, which is an apartheid state that controls the lives of millions of people oppressed and deprived of their basic rights. "

Mr. Mansour also said that after 52 years of illegal occupation and the imposition of forced exile on millions of Palestinians, and in the absence of accountability, the deplorable situation unfolding before our eyes could only, with certainty, continue to worsen, paving the way for even more suffering and insecurity for all. Despite all the attention of the international community on the question of Palestine, none of Israel's actions in the occupied Palestinian territories has been halted, the Permanent Observer denounced. Worse, the de facto colonization or annexation of Palestinian lands, the settlement and construction of the wall have become more "insidious". Added to this is the 12 years of the blockade of Gaza, which consists of collective punishment of two million Palestinians, inflicting suffering, poverty, death and injury on defenseless Palestinians, the destruction of Palestinian property and homes, or the forced displacement of Palestinian families. However, "nothing can be expected in the absence of consequences for these acts. Only accountability can change that, "added Mansour. 

For that reason, the State of Palestine continues to call on the Security Council and all States to act in the straight line of the relevant resolutions, including resolution 2334 (2016) , on the cessation of settlements, the resolution 478 (1980) on Jerusalem and resolution 465 (1980) in which the Security Council calls on all States not to provide any assistance that could be used for colonization purposes outside the 1967 borders. 

The delegation also calls on States to take concrete steps to this end, including cooperation in establishing the list of companies engaged in illegal settlement activities, as requested by the Human Rights Council. It also calls on States to support the right to self-determination of the Palestinian people, "until it is realized". 

Finally, the State of Palestine, which recognizes the great generosity of international support for the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), calls upon other delegations to renew their next mandate, to continue to strongly support it. UNRWA remains a great source of hope and stability until the issue of Palestinian refugees is resolved, on the basis of resolution 194 (II), concluded Mr. Mansour.

Mr DANNY BEN YOSEF DANON ( Israel ) has attacked President Erdoğan of Turkey, whom he has accused of destabilizing the region, driving Turkey to the path of imperialism and being responsible for death of thousands, citing recent attacks against the Kurds. For him, "Erdoğan has always supported terrorism and supported Hamas", allowing him to strengthen his capabilities on Turkish soil. Turkey has become a haven for terrorists and a financial center to finance them, a "pole for international terrorism". 

The Turkish President has shown no restraint against the Kurds, but the Security Council, once again, focuses on Israel, said Dannon, who spoke of shame for this assembly, which "continues to recycle old arguments against Israel rather than condemn Erdoğan ", while Israel warns against the" cleansing "of Kurds and calls on the international community to provide them with help. 

Erdoğan's support for non-state organizations is not new, but these terrorist organizations have been able to develop with the support of many countries, he added. These countries defy the international community, he accused, citing Iran, that he accused of developing nuclear programs, and Turkey, accused of pursuing dangerous ambitions without any responsibility. 

Mr. Dannon then accused Iran of using organizations that "do the dirty work" and allow him to deny these actions. But it is happening in Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Yemen, Libya, Sinai and elsewhere, he said. In Syria, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant was recently reinforced by Erdoğan's offensive against the Kurds; Hezbollah has strengthened its presence in Syria and is arming itself in Lebanon; in Yemen and in the region, the Houthists perpetuate violence, Dannon still accused. 

These terrorist organizations do not all share the same ideology, said the representative, but their goal is the same: to establish a unique religious leadership at the risk of the States, compromising the rights of citizens, contrary to the rights of women, lesbians Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) and freedom of worship. These organizations massacre, rape, plunder and use children as soldiers and human shields. In an already unstable region, their actions can be extremely dangerous and they are.

Many of these organizations are on Israel's borders and Israel will continue to do everything in its power to defeat them, "said Dannon. For him, the lack of stability will have serious consequences for the entire international community: the attack claimed by the Houthis against the Saudi oil terminal has boosted oil prices and the whole world is affected by the outbreak of price, he said. In addition, millions of people are tempted to leave their homes, sometimes to leave the region: more than 2.5 million migrants have arrived on European shores in recent years. In 2018, more than 138,000 people risked their lives in the Mediterranean and many of them perished. For Israel,

The world in which the Security Council was created no longer exists, the game has evolved for a long time, argued Mr. Dannon. Also, if this body wants to play a role it must adapt to a world where non-state organizations proliferate. Israel's experience can be shared with the world: the international community must recognize these organizations as terrorists and condemn them; prevent their funding by using sanctions against the States concerned; support the states that fight against them and carry out military action if all else has failed to stop the terrorist organizations. The Council must understand that these terrorist organizations are the worst threats, so it is its duty to defend the people and to unite against this threat, concluded Mr. Dannon.

Ms. GRACE NALEDI MANDISA PANDOR,  Minister for International Relations and Cooperation of South Africa , described as "a profound and resounding failure" the fact that the Security Council failed to make a significant contribution to the peace process in South Africa. Middle East. This failure reflects the Council's inability to ease tensions in the region, she added. 

Refusing to accept "the normalization of the occupation, the gross violations of human rights and a disregard for international law and other atrocities of the occupation", the Minister recalled that "in South Africa, we have freed ourselves from an insidious regime largely thanks to the pressure exerted by the international community ". The same indignation about Palestine is missing, Mandisa Pandor said. 

The Minister also recalled that Council Resolution 2334 (2016) made it clear that the Council would recognize no borders other than those of 4 June 1967, including with respect to Jerusalem, except in the case of negotiations between stakeholders. These negotiations have been undermined by unilateral decisions, she said.  

Deploring the fate of the Palestinian people, South Africa is gravely concerned by the contempt for the Middle East peace process, particularly the stalemate over the issues of the final status of the borders and the return of the refugees. , and illegal settlements constantly expanding. "How can we expect the parties to trust the peace process when it is despised within this Council? Said the Minister indignantly. 
Ms. Mandisa Pandor proposed that the Security Council regain its credibility by receiving written reports on the implementation of its decisions concerning the region, particularly resolution 2334 (2016), by showing solidarity with the people affected by this long process. the conflict, by finally visiting the occupied territories and taking further action against human rights violations and contempt of international law. 

Partisan of a two-state solution, South Africa condemns the human rights violations against the Palestinian people, as well as the systematic violence directed against the people of Gaza and the West Bank. Ms. Mandisa Pandor called on the Security Council to "encourage hopeful gestures and the restoration of trust between the parties" rather than approve "the construction of barriers and walls, school closures, and killings of civilians ". 

Mrs ANTJE LEENDERTSE, Minister for International Relations and Cooperation of Germanyrecalled his country's commitment to the multilateral order and was convinced that only an agreed solution is sustainable and viable. So the only chance for a lasting solution between Israelis and Palestinians is for the international community to work together on a two-state solution according to the already agreed parameters. Germany will therefore support, with the European Union (EU), all efforts to restart the peace process in line with this commitment, she said, while stressing the urgency of these joint efforts to revive this perspective. . In that regard, she considered that the remaining obstacle was the illegal pursuit of colonization in the Palestinian territories, which undermines the prospect of a two-State solution. Similarly, it expressed deep concern about the demolitions and seizures of Palestinian structures and demanded compliance with resolution 2334 (2016). At the same time, she strongly condemned the attacks on Israel, including rocket attacks by Hamas from Gaza. Finally, she said, faced with the deteriorating humanitarian situation in Gaza, UNRWA remains more than ever indispensable and, as one of the major donors, Germany encourages other countries to continue support it.

Ms. KELLY CRAFT ( United States ) began by speaking about the recent events that led to the death of the leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Daesh), Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. With this operation, led by US soldiers, "the world is now safer," assured the representative.
Returning to the day's debate, Ms. Craft reiterated her government's position that Israel is being "disproportionately focused" on the Security Council. This attention is counterproductive, she said, saying that instead of focusing on Israel, the Security Council should focus on Hamas.

"If we care about peace, we should be interested in this terrorist organization," said the representative, adding that the organization displayed "contempt" for the lives of Palestinian populations, in addition to targeting Israeli civilians with its Rocket fire on schools or homes. Hamas also uses children for acts of violence, Craft accused, dismissing the act as "shameful". The United States condemns such acts and believes that everyone should do the same, she concluded. 

For Mr. NICOLAS DE RIVIÈRE ( France ), the two-State solution that France continues to support is not only fair but also in line with international law and above all, realistic. According to him, it is the only way to meet the aspirations of Israelis and Palestinians and bring lasting peace to the region. The lack of prospects, on the other hand, fuels despair and radicalization in all its forms and the risks of regional destabilization, noted Mr. de Rivière before ensuring that France will continue to defend the existence of a Palestinian state and, in the same way, to defend Israel's right to existence and security.

The international community and the Security Council have endorsed this solution with several resolutions, all of which remain relevant, he said. Also, "the jurisprudence of this Council is a whole, it is not a menu à la carte," he insisted. Despite some progress - including the arrangement reached in October on the transfer of income between Israel and the Palestinian Authority - the situation on the ground continues to deteriorate and makes peace more difficult, with the continuation of settlement in the West Bank and Jerusalem -And in Gaza where the humanitarian situation remains "catastrophic", again noted Mr. de Rivière. In these circumstances, he concluded, collective support for UNRWA remains paramount.

Mr. MANSOUR AYYAD SH. A. ALOTAIBI ( Kuwait ) recalled that, when Member States acceded to the United Nations and the Charter, they recognized the authority of the Council and the binding and binding nature of its resolutions. However, Israel continues to violate dozens of resolutions on the Palestinian issue and the Council remains unable to compel the occupying Power to respect them. No country has the right not to implement these resolutions as they are fundamental pillars for a solution to the conflict, including the two-State solution, he said.

Mr Alotaibi expressed concern that Israel would act as if these resolutions were not concerned and try to change the reality on the ground with expansionist policies and violence, the demolition of Palestinian buildings and violence against civilians. The Council acts on behalf of the United Nations because it is the executive body, recalled the representative, so the members of the Council are responsible for the behavior of Israel which flouts its resolutions and the Charter. The representative recalled that sanctions could be used to compel Israel to comply with international resolutions.

Mr TIEMOKO MORIKO ( Côte d'Ivoire ) urged the two sides to resume negotiations without preconditions and urged the international community to work with them to support the two-State solution. He urged them to refrain from any unilateral action likely to inflame an already deleterious situation and to jeopardize the efforts of appeasement and rapprochement. 

The humanitarian situation on the ground continues to deteriorate in the Palestinian territories, fueling divisions between Fatah and Hamas and Palestinians' resentment of the Israelis, he said. Noting that the situation was further exacerbated by youth unemployment, water and electricity shortages and a context of economic crisis, he urged the international community to provide the necessary assistance to the Palestinian populations and to work towards the recovery of Gaza by the necessary investments.

Mr. JUN ZHANG ( China ) said that the question of Palestine should be kept on the international agenda, given the fact that the situation is not improving, with the continuation of colonization. According to the representative, "what we are missing is not an ambitious plan, but the courage to restore justice". From the point of view of China, justice can only be established after several stages. The first is the realization of the right to self-determination: "The creation of a state of Palestine is a legitimate right that can not be neglected," he said. 

Secondly, it is necessary to stop the actions that make the situation worse, the representative argued. To that end, everything must be done to ensure that resolution 2334 (2016) is implemented and that settlements are stopped. Thirdly, there is a need for dialogue and development in the region, he said, calling for humanitarian aid to return to Gaza. In addition, Israel and the Palestinian Authority must resolve the issue of tax revenues and implement the Paris Protocol for Economic Relations. China, for its part, wants to contribute through cooperation and play a role in the maintenance of peace, said his representative. 

Mr. Obiang JOB ESONO Mbengono ( Equatorial Guinea) lamented the lack of progress in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, despite the many initiatives aimed at finding a peaceful solution acceptable to both sides. According to the representative, only the two-State solution would be able to achieve this. "There is no viable plan B," he insisted. He also advocated direct negotiations between Israelis and Palestinians in a spirit of compromise. "It is possible that a solution involves painful concessions for both sides," he warned. The representative said that these talks should be part of the relevant resolutions of the Security Council and the Arab Peace Initiative. "The final status of Jerusalem will have to be the result of negotiations," he added.

Pending a resumption of peace talks, he condemned acts that could exacerbate tensions on the ground, starting with Israel's policy of building and expanding its settlements. He also called for an end to attacks and provocations against Israel from Gaza. To break the current stalemate, he called on the international community to support Palestinian-led reconciliation efforts as they are led by Egypt. He also urged Member States to continue providing financial support to UNRWA.

JOANNA WRONECKA ( Poland ) called for a revitalization of the peace process, noting that only a return to meaningful bilateral negotiations, based on relevant United Nations resolutions and international law, can bring positive steps to the process and lead to two-state solution. She encouraged the parties to the conflict to take steps not only to achieve reconciliation, but also to safeguard the dignity and sanctity of the holy places, especially in Jerusalem. Poland is convinced that the aspirations of both sides for Jerusalem must be realized, and that a way to resolve the status of Jerusalem as the future capital of the two states must be found through negotiation.

Wronecka also called on all parties to take urgent measures to bring about a fundamental change in the humanitarian, political, security and economic situation in Gaza, including by opening important crossroads for the daily life of Gazans, while at the same time responding to Israel's legitimate security concerns. She also welcomed the agreement between the Palestinian Authority and Israel to restore payment of part of the tax revenue, noting that this additional income would help alleviate the financial crisis and pay part of the wages. Gazan officials. 

Finally, the representative underscored her country's commitment to the unity, stability, independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Lebanon. For Poland, the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) provides the necessary stability in its mandate area. Mrs Wronecka welcomed the return of Poland to UNIFIL.

Mr VASSILY A. NEBENZIA ( Russian Federation ) said that the Israeli-Palestinian settlement lay at the heart of the problems of the Middle East despite the efforts of some to divert attention. For Russia, the recognized basis for settlement in the Middle East is based on the Council's resolutions and the Madrid Guidelines and this is "irrevocable". So it is necessary to take practical steps to break the deadlock, he insisted. Nebenzia expressed concern about any analysis of "containment" of the crises rather than an improvement in the situation because, he warned, such a situation will sooner or later lead to "The erasure of the thin line between instability and chaos".

Stop settlements and demolitions of Palestinian property in the West Bank, Nebenzia said. Both sides must refrain from provocative speeches and the other parties from unilateral decisions. Thus, US decisions on Jerusalem or the Golan are violations of international law. For the Russian Federation, the only solution lies in international consultation with a central role of the UN and the Council, and measures to help the recovery of Gaza. 

The fact that the Palestinian problem is unresolved is fueling the risk of confrontations in the region, Nebenzia said, recalling his country's initiative to resolve the various crisis situations in the region, particularly in Syria. He also called on international partners to consider studying the measures proposed by the Islamic Republic of Iran to guarantee peace in the Strait of Hormuz, or the Syrian proposals. Without consolidating the efforts of all concerned, it will be impossible to stop the bloodshed in the Middle East and move on to dialogue, he warned.

Mr. PAUL DUCLOS ( Peru ) noted that the rigid positions, the lack of dialogue between the parties and the episodes of violence create a highly volatile climate with unforeseeable consequences in the Middle East. He deplored the high number of victims, often minors, even though there is a marked deterioration in the security situation for millions of Palestinians and Israelis. He called for the parties to put an end to the violence and to be accountable for the many serious violations of international law and international humanitarian law. In such circumstances, he continued, the only "viable and consistent" solution is that of two States within the internationally recognized and safe boundaries, directly negotiated by the parties. 

He called for an end to the undermining of confidence, including settlements, demolitions and expulsions in the Palestinian territories occupied since 1967, which are contrary to Security Council resolution 2334. He deemed it essential to reject hate speech, anti-Semitism and all forms of discrimination. Leaders of both sides must show restraint and a commitment to peace, added Peru, also wishing the Council to be able to reach a "minimum consensus" and decide in accordance with international law and the Charter when the situation on the ground requires it. He then expressed alarm at the deteriorating humanitarian situation in Gaza and called on the international community to ensure the provision of basic services in that area and to lift millions of Palestinians out of this isolation. This requires progress in inter-Palestinian reconciliation for the Palestinian Authority to regain control of Gaza, and for stable and predictable funding from UNRWA. 

Mr DIAN TRIANSYAH DJANI ( Indonesia) reiterated its unequivocal support for the Palestinian cause and considered it very significant that this debate took place after Israel had raised worrying new threats of formal annexation of Palestinian land in the occupied territories, including East Jerusalem. He saw "a clear and serious threat" to the two-State solution. Condemning both the intentions of annexation and the expansion of settlements, he called for "Israel to answer for its illegal actions". Citing a recent report by the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the representative said that 547 Palestinians had seen their homes destroyed this year in the West Bank and that "443 structures had been targeted," an increase of 43% over at the same time last year. 

He also worried about the humanitarian situation of the Palestinians, focusing on the blockade of Gaza, the expansion of settlements, as well as the violence and property demolitions in the West Bank. "Collective punishment for all Palestinians", the blockade must be lifted, he said. He also worried about the funding problems of UNRWA, which he described as essential "not only as a humanitarian safety net but also as guardian of the Palestinian right of return". Finally, Mr. Djani highlighted the impact of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict for the peace and stability of the entire region. He encouraged all Palestinian parties to work harder for reconciliation, "because unity is strength". There is no other solution to the conflict than the two-State solution,

Mr JONATHAN GUY ALLEN ( United Kingdom ) urged Israel to fulfill its obligations in accordance with the Geneva Conventions. He recalled that the annexation of territories by force was prohibited by international law and was "disturbed" by settler attacks on Palestinian farmers, particularly at the time of the olive harvest, which began. at the beginning of the month. The Israeli authorities must ensure the protection of the Palestinians recalled the representative, who also condemned the demolitions and expulsions of Palestinians from their homes. Finally, he reaffirmed the "urgent need" to maintain the status quo of the holy places.

Hamas and other terrorist groups must stop indiscriminate attacks against civilians, said Allen, who reaffirmed Israel's right to life and security. In addition, children can not be used or encouraged to use violence. 

As a result, the United Kingdom advocates for a viable peace agreement between the two parties and therefore a genuine commitment on both sides. He called for an end to actions that undermine efforts towards the two-State solution.

Mr. JOSÉ MANUEL TRULLOLS YABRA ( Dominican Republic ) expressed his deep concern about the Israeli plans to annex the Jordan Valley and the North Dead Sea, which would constitute a serious violation of international law and would be "catastrophic" for the resumption of negotiations, according to him. It considered it imperative that the parties redouble their efforts to achieve conciliation, with the support of the international community. While denouncing the destruction and seizure of Palestinian structures by the Israeli authorities, the representative stressed Israel's right to live in peace, within secure and recognized borders, and urged Hamas to stop its attacks. 

He also expressed concern about the grave humanitarian situation in the Gaza Strip and called on the international community to respond to the needs of those affected, particularly refugees. In this regard, he commended the work done by UNRWA, recalling that it needs adequate funding to accomplish its mission. In this context, he said, the Dominican Republic continues to support the international consensus on the two-State solution, based on the 1967 borders, which remains "the only way forward" for both sides. . 

For Mr. MARC PECSTEEN DE BUYTSWERVE ( Belgium ), the continuation of the settlement policy in the West Bank and East Jerusalem brings the international community ever closer to the "point of no return for the two-state solution". He found the policy illegal under international law, including UNSCR 2334, and pointed out that it creates tensions and violence on the ground. The representative also called for acts of violence not to go unpunished. Similarly, he expressed his "deep concern" at the worrying increase in demolitions and confiscations of infrastructure and humanitarian projects in Area C and urged the Israeli authorities to stop them and compensate the Palestinian population. .

In Gaza, while recognizing Israel's right to security, he condemned the disproportionate and indiscriminate use of force. He was also worried about the impact of the demonstrations on the children. The representative concluded by noting that there is no alternative to the two-State solution with the city of Jerusalem as the future capital of both States.

Mr. FERIDUN HADI SINIRLIOĞLU ( Turkey ) denounced the "alarming" increase in violations of international law perpetrated by Israel in the occupied Palestinian territories. "The pursuit of settlement activities with the aim of changing the status quo on the ground is of particular concern," he said, calling on Israel to put an immediate end to these acts, as well as the demolition of buildings and expropriations. of Palestinians. "These practices will only increase their sense of injustice and despair," he warned.

He also deplored the continuing blockade of Gaza, where residents are reportedly insecure and desperate. As if that were not enough, he said, humanitarian workers are struggling to come to the aid of people with severe bone infections caused by Israeli gunfire. 

At the same time, the representative recalled that UNRWA was experiencing the worst financial crisis in its history, to the detriment of 700 schools, 530,000 children and 6 million Palestinian refugees supported by the agency. He therefore called on Member States to support UNRWA so as to give it greater financial visibility.

The representative finally reaffirmed his support for a two-State solution based on the establishment of an independent State of Palestine, based on the pre-1967 borders and with East Jerusalem as its capital. "Any peace plan or initiative should be based on these established parameters," he said.
Mrs. SIMA SAMI I. BAHOUS ( Jordan ) quoted the Abdallah as "ironic" that a holy land for the three monotheistic religions is also a land of conflict and discrimination. But Israel's actions, targeting civilians and the city of Jerusalem in particular, will not bring peace and security to this region, including for Israel itself, she said. 

Ms Bahous said there would be no military solution to the Syrian conflict and that only the intrasyrian political dialogue could put an end to it. She then recalled that Jordan is today the second country in terms of hosting refugees, whether Syrian or Palestinian. For this reason, Jordan calls on the international community to assume its responsibility for the refugees that it receives. In particular, it calls upon Member States to support the renewal of the mandate of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) and to make every effort to create a Palestinian State, so that the Palestinians have their own state and can live there. 

Mr. BASHAR JA'AFARI ( Syrian Arab Republic ) accused "a handful of powerful Western countries" of trying to get their hands on peace, adding that since the establishment of the United Nations, there had been an increase in and wars and aggression. The organization remained a mere spectator in the face of these conflicts and was used to spread false accusations and legitimize invasions, the representative continued. 

For Ja'afari, the peoples of the Middle East have had "the lion's share" of these artificial crises, one of which persists, 70 years after the beginning of the Israeli occupation. The Security Council has indeed been unable to enforce its resolutions calling for the end of these occupations. So what has become of this Organization today incapable of upholding the principles of international law? asked the representative. Will she just cry the victims? to hold debates to confuse and hinder the solution? Is it possible that the Secretariat remains indifferent while its representative systematically ignores the issue of the occupied Golan? Can we admit finally that the UN was a beautiful dream today broken, finished and that it is time to ask the question of its alternative?

Israeli authorities have repeatedly assaulted the Palestinian territories and other territories in the region, such as the Golan, where they are plundering resources, including land, said Ja'afari. Thus, the inhabitants of the Golan are obliged to register their land, inherited from their ancestors, on the Israeli register under penalty of being confiscated. These Israeli violations would not have continued without the indiscriminate support of known governments, who are thus responsible for Israeli crimes, he said, citing US decisions to recognize Israel's annexation of the Golan, or yet to transfer their embassy to East Jerusalem. 

The Syrian Government reaffirms that the occupied Golan is an integral part of its territory and that the return under its administration will remain its priority and reiterates its call to accept Palestine as a full member of the United Nations, said Mr. Ja'afari again.

Ms MONA JUUL ( Norway) expressed its deep concern at the consequences of the Turkish military operation in Syria for the fight against Daesh, noting in particular that the humanitarian situation there is deteriorating. She also recalled the essential nature of protected access to north-east Syria for the delivery of humanitarian aid. Regarding the return to Syria, they should be done on a voluntary, dignified and safe basis, she argued, explaining that her country would not support the return of refugees to northern Syria if these conditions are not met. Anyone who will control the north-east of Syria will face the expectations and surveillance of the international community, warned Ms. Juul referring to the security of detention centers containing Daesh prisoners. 

Norway is also concerned about the humanitarian crisis in Yemen and the lack of funding to deal with it, said Juul, who also called for more women to be engaged in political negotiations. An inclusive policy is the only option for achieving lasting peace and stability in the country.

Ms. Juul also reported that the Special Liaison Committee for the Coordination of International Assistance to Palestinians, meeting on September 26 in New York, had emphasized the international consensus for a two-state solution as the basis for resolving the problem. israelo-Palestinian conflict. The Committee also called for immediate measures to resume transfers of funds raised by Israel to the Palestinian Authority, and urged donors to increase humanitarian assistance to Gaza. He finally called for the end of the Gaza blockade, the resumption of trade, and the opening of Zone C in the West Bank for Palestinians as a precondition for developing the Palestinian economy in a sustainable manner. 

Norway was finally concerned by recent calls by Israel to annex large areas of the West Bank. The Security Council, she said, determined that any future decision by Israel to change the status of the West Bank, or to impose its laws, jurisdiction or administration in the occupied territories, would have no value in international law. "Acts such as settlements, housing destruction, the unilateral use of force and violence, including in East Jerusalem, are unacceptable," said Ms. Juul before calling in conclusion all parties to respect international law.

Mr. RICARDO DE SOUZA MONTEIRO ( Brazil ) said that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict was the main source of instability in the region. He called on the parties to undertake "new and creative diplomatic efforts, in a spirit of openness", to reach a two-State solution. "Only difficult concessions on both sides will lead to peace," he said. 

In Syria, the Representative expressed concern about the escalation of violence in the north-east of the country, where he urged the parties to exercise restraint and provide unhindered humanitarian access to civilians in need. The representative also encouraged members of the Security Council to find common ground for a permanent ceasefire in Edleb province. He called the establishment of the Constitutional Commission "encouraging progress" to reach a political solution based on Council resolution 2254 (2015) and the Sochi Declaration.

In addition, he condemned the attacks on oil installations in Saudi Arabia in September, which he said posed a risk of turning the Yemeni war into regional conflict. He called on the parties to exercise restraint, to fully implement the Stockholm Agreement and to work with the Secretary-General's Special Envoy for Yemen to find a comprehensive political solution. With regard to the Hodeida Agreement, he said he expected the activation of the tripartite ceasefire verification mechanism to prevent any military escalation within the port city.

In Libya, the representative called on the parties to avoid a renewed violence and to commit to a cessation of hostilities, with the support of the United Nations and the African Union (AU). The representative condemned the attacks against Libyan civilians. He reminded the parties of their obligation to protect civilians under international humanitarian law. Finally, the representative called on the parties to work, under the auspices of the United Nations, for the conclusion of a comprehensive political agreement.

Mr KORO BESSHO ( Japan ) said that the issue of the final status of Jerusalem should be resolved through negotiations based on Security Council resolutions and known parameters, before renewing his country's support for the two-State solution . The viability of this solution is, he says, undermined by ongoing colonization and the demolition of Palestinian-owned buildings. Japan once again urges Israel to stop these activities, said the delegate, who said he was "deeply concerned by the ongoing violence in Gaza and the West Bank," before strongly condemning violence and terrorism against innocent civilians. . 

The representative stressed the importance of UNRWA's role, adding that Japan would continue to support the Office "despite the difficult period it is going through". He said his country had already disbursed more than $ 32 million for the agency this year, to which will be added another $ 11 million for education, water and sanitation and food aid. Mr. Bessho recalled that his country had initiated the Conference on East Asian Cooperation for the Development of Palestine in 2013 to support the economic development of Palestine through resources and experience of these countries. According to him, more and more countries and partners from civil society and the private sector have joined this initiative. 
In conclusion, the delegate expressed his "deep concern" at the serious tensions currently affecting a strategic region, both for its energy resources and for its geographical position at the crossroads of the world's major trade routes. 

Ms. MALEEHA LODHI ( Pakistan) remarked, speaking of the Middle East, that the role of external actors adds an additional layer of complexity to an already difficult regional situation. Non-state actors and terrorist organizations seek to exploit the turmoil to gain a foothold in the region, she said. Ms. Lodhi regretted that the activities of these terrorist groups, including those of the PKK and its affiliates, have created legitimate threats to the security of the states of the region.

 However, in this period of precariousness, reconciliation within the region is imperative to avoid greater destabilization, she said, stressing that regional peace must be anchored in mutual respect and peaceful coexistence. It's not just about the principles of international law and the Charter, but also the very essence of Islamic teachings of friendship, goodwill and fraternity, she said. In fact, she said, Pakistan's Prime Minister Imran Khan has consulted with Saudi and Iran's leadership to forge unity within the "Islamic Ummah". 

Pakistan will continue to play its part in the peace and security of the region, she said, stressing that any lasting peace necessarily involves inclusive political solutions. Respect for the dialogue and diplomacy must therefore be preserved and prioritized, said the representative, who also called for measures to de-escalate tensions and reinforce mutual trust. In this regard, Pakistan welcomes recent progress in advancing the political process in Syria, as well as the "openness" achieved by the Secretary-General's Special Envoy to Yemen. 

Pakistan also calls for the renunciation of "narrow national interests" in favor of lasting stability, Ms. Lodhi continued. In this regard, she noted that while the question of the stability of the Middle East has always been a source of global concern, the involvement of the international community must be based on an unequivocal commitment to multilateral solutions and political processes. . The threat or the use of sanctions, embargoes and other kinetic actions represents in his eyes a return to imperial tactics and, as the recent history of the region has proved, only accentuate the suffering of the peoples of the region. On this subject, she referred to the case of the occupied Palestinian territories where international law and Security Council resolutions "are deliberately and systematically flouted". She took the opportunity to reaffirm Pakistan's infallible solidarity with the Palestinian people and to draw parallels between the "tragedy" of the Palestinians and that of the Kashmiris.

Mr. NEVILLE MELVIN GERTZE ( Namibia ) noted that since his last intervention on the topic, "no concrete steps" have been taken to implement resolution 2334 (2016). On the contrary, he lamented, the Israeli authorities announced the construction of 3,000 homes in the occupied West Bank, including 400 in East Jerusalem. These settlements are illegal under international law and represent an obstacle to the two-State solution, said the representative, also expressing concern over the destruction of Palestinian structures and Israeli statements regarding an annexation of the Jordan Valley. . 

For Gertze, UNRWA plays a fundamental role in the region, particularly in the Gaza Strip. As of January 1, 2018, he was supporting more than 272,000 children and youth in 275 schools. He also managed 22 health centers and 16 social service offices, he said. Welcoming the decline in the level of violence in the area, he also welcomed the doubling of household electricity supplies and the easing of restrictions on the import and export of goods. However, he noted, the humanitarian situation remains "extremely worrying", particularly in terms of health assistance, and there is also an urgent need to resolve the Palestinian Authority's fiscal crisis, which is impacting the economy. already fragile Palestinian.

Mr NEVILLE MELVIN GERTZE, Vice-Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People, regretted the Israeli occupation and the deterioration of the situation on the ground, which negatively affects the rights of the Palestinians, but also the security of the Israelis and the prospects of a peaceful, just and lasting solution to the question of Palestine.

 The Committee reiterates in the strongest terms that Israeli settlements are illegal under international law. This is also reaffirmed in Security Council resolution 2334 (2016), a resolution on the implementation of which the Committee requests a report to the Secretary-General. This report should include reports from Member States on how they respect paragraph 5 of the resolution in particular in relation to the concept of differentiation, Mr. Gertz demanded. 

The Committee is deeply concerned at the growing rhetoric and threats by Israeli officials regarding the annexation of settlements and the Jordan Valley, "which represents 30 per cent of the occupied West Bank, where 65,000 people live. Palestinians. Annexation is strictly prohibited by international law and can not be ignored by the international community, said Mr Gertz, who felt that the Security Council should act if such aggression were committed. He called on the international community to ask what this would mean in terms of the viability of the long-standing international consensus on the two-State solution in the 1967 borders. Such an annexation would put an end to it de facto, he said. .

Also concerned about the recurring tensions in East Jerusalem and the holy sites, the Committee urges the Israeli authorities to respect international law and to avoid any action that could undermine the already fragile situation on the ground. He also calls for the respect of the historical and legal status as well as the sanctity of the holy places.

Gertz said he was appalled by the continuing instability in Gaza, with weekly "return marches" and subsequent Palestinian civilian casualties, as well as continued indiscriminate rocket fire into Israel. The Committee also regrets the difficult economic situation in the Gaza Strip, which has led to the near collapse of the health system. He reiterated his appeal to Israel, the occupying Power, to respect international standards for the use of force. The Committee also urges Palestinian militants to stop indiscriminate rocket fire into southern Israel. 

Mr. Gertz also welcomed the measures presented by the Ad Hoc Liaison Committee to assist the people of Gaza through a package of urgent humanitarian and economic interventions. These measures must go hand-in-hand with efforts to address the Palestinian government's fiscal crisis, which prevents it from meeting the basic services of the population, he added. For the Committee, the only way out of the current situation in Gaza is to lift the Israeli blockade that dates back 12 years.

Mr. Gertz also reviewed the difficult financial situation of UNRWA, while noting that the Office had nevertheless managed to reopen the doors of 709 schools in September. The Committee urges all Member States to provide the necessary funding to UNRWA so that it can continue to provide humanitarian services to Palestinian refugees in its five areas of operation and contribute to stability in the region. He also asked them to support the mandate of UNRWA, which should be renewed in November at the General Assembly.
to be continued...


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