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Dr.. Ammar Mahmoud Hamid al-Rubaie *: Establishing the rules of the social market economy in Iraq and its role in the successful accession to the World Trade Organization DinarDailyUpdates?bg=330099&fg=FFFFFF&anim=1

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Dr.. Ammar Mahmoud Hamid al-Rubaie *: Establishing the rules of the social market economy in Iraq and its role in the successful accession to the World Trade Organization

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Dr.. Ammar Mahmoud Hamid al-Rubaie *: Establishing the rules of the social market economy in Iraq and its role in the successful accession to the World Trade Organization Empty Dr.. Ammar Mahmoud Hamid al-Rubaie *: Establishing the rules of the social market economy in Iraq and its role in the successful accession to the World Trade Organization

Post by claud39 on Mon Sep 23, 2019 9:05 am

Dr.. Ammar Mahmoud Hamid al-Rubaie *: Establishing the rules of the social market economy in Iraq and its role in the successful accession to the World Trade Organization


22/09/2019



Dr.. Ammar Mahmoud Hamid al-Rubaie *: Establishing the rules of the social market economy in Iraq and its role in the successful accession to the World Trade Organization Ammar-Mahmoud-image






Iraq's accession to the multilateral international trading system appears to be of great importance, as it allows it to benefit from a clear and transparent trading system and the mechanism for resolving trade disputes on a collective basis away from unilateral trade reprisals, especially with large international actors. Joining the Organization is a state certificate of discipline and the adoption of international standards, which gives Iraq a commercial and economic image of recognition and acceptance, especially as Iraq is living in a state of confusion in laws, instructions and investment and commercial decisions, and this makes it line up within the unified legislative system, which creates an attractive party to deal Based on the trust given by the organization as it takes its agreements and principles towards the possibility of attracting foreign investment and technology as well as the possibility of export and marketing, which is called market access.

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claud39
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Dr.. Ammar Mahmoud Hamid al-Rubaie *: Establishing the rules of the social market economy in Iraq and its role in the successful accession to the World Trade Organization Empty Policies in the relationship between the Iraqi economy and the international economy

Post by claud39 on Mon Sep 23, 2019 9:14 am

Policies in the relationship between the Iraqi economy and the international economy


22/09/2019


Dr.. Ammar Mahmoud Hamid al-Rubaie *: Establishing the rules of the social market economy in Iraq and its role in the successful accession to the World Trade Organization Ammar-Mahmoud-image



G *: Establishing the rules of an economy
Dr.. Ammar Mahmoud Hamid Lord
Successful accession
J

Iraq and its role
J

P
Market
To the World Trade Organization



G *: Establishing the rules of an economy
Dr.. Ammar Mahmoud Hamid Lord
Successful accession
J

Iraq and its role
J

P
Market
To the World Trade Organization


The question of Iraq's accession to the multilateral international trading system looks as much
Important because it allows him to benefit from a clear and transparent trading system,
It is a mechanism for resolving trade disputes on a collective basis away from reprisals
Especially with large international parties.

 Also join
The organization is a state certificate of discipline and the adoption of international standards which gives
Iraq has a commercial and economic image of recognition and acceptance, especially as Iraq lives
The state of confusion in laws, instructions and investment and commercial decisions, and this makes it
Line up within the unified legislative system, creating an attractive party to deal with
On the basis of the trust granted by the organization to him as it takes its agreements and principles towards
The possibility of attracting foreign investments and technology as well as the possibility of export
Marketing, which is called access market

The important issue here, in order to have a successful accession to the WTO
Local mechanisms are fused with international mechanisms in an organic, not
Superficially, there is to be a solid construction in the foundations of a disciplined market economy
Social role through government sterilization and not on the basis of free

A strong private sector that takes the role of initiatives and ventures based on profit opportunities
Short and long-term, not just based on short-term profit opportunities
Seeking government oil revenues in the import trade
And contracting.

The rising private sector and effective market mechanisms provide for the elimination of contradiction and emptiness
That would happen if the WTO were to join without them in terms of:

(I) the export of oil, a commodity not included within,
Commodity totals in WTO agreements, and therefore there will be no role for these
It does not bring any export advantage.

2 - Avoiding the government's inability to finance the salaries and wages of its employees and the entitlements of contractors
And then finance their imports for reasons that may be related to low oil prices or a decline
Quantities demand it.

3 - Avoid government sag and the inability of his compass to recognize the opportunities for profitability
Competitiveness and efficiency in recruitment, operation, production and marketing, and non-devolution of issues
Productivity in industry and agriculture is evident because of its dependence on its revenues
Petroleum in funding its political loyalty.

A market economy finds its social image through government intervention to protect
Competition, regulation and prevention of commercial abuse
Public interest in health and security, strengthening the balance of payments and curbing deficits
Severe crisis. On the one hand, there is no contradiction between these objectives
Accession to the WTO, on the other hand, is found in principles
WTO agreements allow governments to intervene to take account of these issues
The above can be explained as follows:

1. The exception to the MFN principle, under which unions can be established
Customs and free trade zones, the protection of emerging industry to be strengthened
Competition, and the establishment of trade arrangements with neighboring countries within what is known as trade
Trade border-cross, and restrictions on trade considerations
Intervene to impose anti-dumping duties, and benefit from the enabling condition

e Enable Iraq as a developing country through the introduction of developed countries
Induction facilities.

2. The exception to the principle of transparency (which is to use tariffs)
Alone as a regulator of trading) through the use of quantitative quotas and restrictions
This exception relates to agricultural commodities in order to control production
Marketing and disposal of surpluses, or when there is a sharp deficit in the balance
Payments or reserves of foreign assets. Or view the dimensions of the goods
Competition to encourage national industries, as well as to protect public morals
Health, national security and intellectual property are cases of trademark fraud
Commercial and Geographical Indications.

3.The government intervenes to resolve some trade issues by taking advantage of the principle
FAO trade negotiations.

4. The exception to the Agreement on Trade in Agricultural Products on a reduction issue
It allows developing countries, including Iraq, to ​​provide investment-oriented support
Agricultural in general and not on the basis of specific agricultural activity, may also support
Agricultural inputs for low-income producers, support for diversification of production,
Subsidies for a specific agricultural product, provided that the value of subsidies does not exceed 10% of
Product production value, support not directed to a specific product but not exceeding 10%
Value of total agricultural production, and targeted support to reduce the cost of marketing.

5. With respect to the TRIMs Agreement on Prevention
WTO members can use measures in their respective domestic legislation
The relationship with foreign investment is not in conformity with the principles of the organization, as this agreement from
Another aspect does not restrict the government in a Member State from using its authority to regulate matters
Foreign investment within its borders but not contrary to the principles.

6. The WTO support agreement allows for the establishment of a government in the Member State
Targeted support for research and development programs, but not exceeding 75% of
Research cost and 50% of development cost, support for low growth areas,
Support for projects to improve their environmental performance. In the case of developing countries, there is a problem
In accordance with this Agreement, it is available to provide subsidies to encourage exports, if any
The average annual income per capita is less than one thousand dollars per year, or if its share is in


World trade is less than 25.3%

Domestic vs. foreign product for 5 years from the date of accession. Well support
The aim is to encourage privatization programs through the rehabilitation of public projects.

7. The government is allowed to intervene to prevent monopolies and trade practices from being allowed
Competition is restricted by providers of financial, engineering and advisory services
In accordance with the Agreement on Trade-related Services of the WTO
Globalism.

8. The government may intervene in order to preserve public health and promote good
And prevent intellectual property rights holders from arbitrarily exercising their rights
Control practices that may violate fair competition in contractual licenses with
Rights holders, especially those related to patents, affecting the restriction
Trade and international and domestic technology transfer, all of which come under exceptions
Contained in the TRIPs Agreement.

In this way the relationship between the social market economy and the WTO is
It is important to put in place the necessary mechanisms to consolidate the rules of a market economy
Social laws, which mainly relate to the development and adoption of special laws to
The private sector and market economy mechanisms entailed government sterilization and attempted scheduling

Government projects and classified to be privatized successful projects to be the core
For successful privatization, introducing and making competitive mechanisms for other government projects
It operates in the right economic frameworks within the framework of the so-called competition for the market
market the for Competition and to be all in sequential stages.

Authorized sources in writing the article:

1. Bhajerath Ladas, WTO Guide to the General Framework of International Trade, Arabization of Satisfaction
Abdulsalam, Dar Al-Mareekh, Riyadh, 2009.

2 - Amrita Narlikar, brief in the World Trade Organization, translated by Abdullah Al-Maleh, Obeikan Library
Publishing, Riyadh, 2008.

3. Taher Hamdi Kanaan and Hazem Tayseer Rahahleh, State and Market Economy Readings in Policies
Privatization and its Global and Arab Experiences, Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies, Beirut,
.2016

4. Hussein Ali Abdul Karawi, State and Private Sector in Iraq
Iraq Center for Studies, Baghdad, 2018.

(*) Assistant Professor, College of Business and Economics / University of Karbala
Copyright © Iraqi Network of Economists. Republishing is allowed provided that
Source. 22 September 2019
http://iraqieconomists.net/en/



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