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The Security Council kept informed of the damaging power of a Daesh, albeit weakened, and the challenges posed by foreign terrorist fighters DinarDailyUpdates?bg=330099&fg=FFFFFF&anim=1

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The Security Council kept informed of the damaging power of a Daesh, albeit weakened, and the challenges posed by foreign terrorist fighters

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The Security Council kept informed of the damaging power of a Daesh, albeit weakened, and the challenges posed by foreign terrorist fighters Empty The Security Council kept informed of the damaging power of a Daesh, albeit weakened, and the challenges posed by foreign terrorist fighters

Post by claud39 on Wed Aug 28, 2019 8:03 am

[size=36]The Security Council kept informed of the damaging power of a Daesh, albeit weakened, and the challenges posed by foreign terrorist fighters[/size]




AUGUST 27, 2019





The Security Council kept informed of the damaging power of a Daesh, albeit weakened, and the challenges posed by foreign terrorist fighters SC%20slide







The Heads of the Counter-Terrorism Bureau (CTB) and the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (DECT) today presented to the Security Council their ninth report on the threat posed by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (Da'esh) for international peace and security. The two personalities focused particularly on the ever-real harm of the terrorist group and the challenges posed by foreign terrorist fighters returning to their country of origin or relocated elsewhere. 

Mr. Vladimir Voronkov, Head of the BLT first described Daech as an organization that capitalizes on its affiliates on all continents and still has in its coffers some 300 million dollars. The terrorist group, commented Peru, has now taken the form of a "kind of frankness" in which it claims responsibility for attacks by local groups, without maintaining operational and logistical links with them. . The priority, said the Russian Federation, is to prevent Daesh from raising its head, regain strength and try to expand its presence. She called for the abandonment of counterproductive policies of double standards and truly concerted efforts. 


A transnational threat can only be overcome by major international action, Germany agreed, advocating a holistic approach and a balance between preventive and repressive measures and de-radicalization efforts. China must address the root causes of terrorism, including the peaceful resolution of disputes and the fight against poverty. The International Coalition, announced in this context the United States, has pledged $ 1 billion for a stabilization program in Iraq to consolidate military victories and normalize liberated areas. attacking, among others, violent extremism. 


The "total success" against Daesh, added Equatorial Guinea, will depend on our ability to help affected states, while respecting their sovereignty. 



She called for massive investments in sustainable development. The fight against terrorism, warned Côte d'Ivoire, can only produce the expected results if it is accompanied by national and regional strategies to eradicate youth unemployment and transnational organized crime. It is imperative, she insisted, to propose urgent responses to the social demands of the populations and this strategy is particularly relevant for West Africa and the Sahel,
  The BLT leader also focused on the challenges posed by foreign terrorist fighters returning to their home country or relocated elsewhere, ranging from 24,000 to 30,000.



 In the past six months, has explained, thousands of people suspected of belonging to the terrorist group were detained with their families in Iraq and Syria. Many of them are trapped in overcrowded camps and in difficult conditions, causing security and humanitarian problems. Today, some 7,000 people are crammed into the Hol camp in Syria, including women and children, who may have potential links to terrorist groups included in United Nations lists. 

Mr. Voronkov recalled that his Office has developed last April a series of key principles for the protection, repatriation, prosecution, rehabilitation and reintegration of women and children with links to terrorist groups. My Office, he said, is developing a global program to provide tailor-made support to States that request it. On 30 September, the Office plans to launch a manual on the child rights-based approach to address the situation of minors affected by the phenomenon of foreign terrorist fighters. 
Planning for rehabilitation and reintegration programs, warned DECT Head Michèle Conisx, can be a complex task. 



Long periods of pre-trial detention, without a formal guarantee of procedure, can undermine the effectiveness of the measures taken and increase the risk of these individuals becoming radicalized in prison. It is therefore essential, she stressed, that post-repatriation strategies have short, medium and long-term components. Similarly, it is crucial that these strategies are respectful of human rights and sensitive to gender issues, and that they take into account the specific needs of children.


 But this is not easy and there is no universal policy in this area, said the head of the DECT, 
Côte d'Ivoire spoke of the extraordinary summit that the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is scheduled to convene on 14 September on the threats posed by terrorism to regional peace and security. She welcomed the Franco-German position expressed on the sidelines of the G7 Summit in favor of G5 Sahel support. 


THREATS AGAINST INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY RESULTING FROM ACTS OF TERRORISM ( S / 2019/612 )


declarations


Mr VLADIMIR VORONKOV, Under-Secretary-General and Head of the Counter-Terrorism Bureau, presented the ninth report of the Secretary-General on the threat posed by ISIL (Da'esh) to international peace and security and the United Nations efforts to assist Member States in countering this threat (S / 2019 / 612). Despite his territorial losses in Syria, he warned, Daesh still aspires to an international aura.



 Capitalizing on its affiliates, it inspired attacks and maintained its revenues at some $ 300 million. The Deputy Secretary-General also needs to be concerned about the challenges posed by foreign terrorist fighters returning to their home country or relocated elsewhere. Their number varies between 24,000 and 30,000 out of the 40,000 that were counted then. States must also address the threat posed by "frustrated travelers", 

In the Middle East, said the Deputy Secretary-General, the fall of Baghouz in Syria has not been a fatal blow. Daesh continues to operate under cover, increasing attacks in areas controlled by the Syrian Government, as it has done in Iraq since 2017 when its action seems to want to curb efforts of normalization and reconstruction. In Africa, there is a "striking" increase in recruitment and violence perpetrated by Daesh and al-Qaida in the east of the continent. The group "West Africa Province of the Islamic State" is now the most powerful affiliate of Daesh, with about 4,000 fighters. The growing threat posed by Daesh in Central Africa also calls for vigilance. 


In Europe, radicalization in prisons and the risks posed by those who return to their home country after leaving prison remains a source of great concern, raising fears of "local terrorism" and attacks at a time when Daesh is having more and more trouble sending fighters to Europe.


In Asia, the threat posed is very real, despite military pressure. The group would have between 2,500 and 4,000 combatants, including foreigners. In South-East Asia, its affiliates are still capable of launching attacks, with two disturbing trends: the role of women in planning and executing these attacks and the targeting of places of worship as we have seen. seen Easter Sunday in Sri Lanka.

 
In the past six months, thousands of people suspected of belonging to Daesh have been detained with their families in Iraq and Syria. Many of them are trapped in overcrowded camps and in difficult conditions, causing security and humanitarian problems. There are currently some 7,000 people in the Hol camp in Syria, including women and children who may have potential links to the terrorist groups listed in the United Nations lists. States, said the Under-Secretary-General, have primary responsibility for caring for their nationals. Policies and measures that lead to statelessness should be avoided. Several Central Asian countries, but also the Russian Federation, have repatriated children and women, including orphans, 


The Under-Secretary-General said that his Office had prepared a set of key principles for the United Nations system for the protection, repatriation, prosecution, rehabilitation and reintegration of women and children who had links with terrorist groups listed in the United Nations lists. These principles were presented to States to help them develop their own policies and measures, in accordance with international law. It is today, continued the Deputy Secretary General, to implement them. My Office, he said, is developing a global program to provide tailor-made support to States that request it, particularly with regard to control methods, prosecutions, the rehabilitation and reintegration of individuals suspected or convicted of terrorist acts, including their families and associates. On 30 September, the Office plans to launch a manual on the child rights-based approach to address the situation of minors affected by the phenomenon of foreign terrorist fighters. The manual should be seen as a complement to the key principles. 


The Under-Secretary-General then drew the attention of members of the Security Council to some of the initiatives his Office has taken. He cited the launch of the tripartite Counter-Terrorism Program last May to help Member States build their capacity to prevent and detect terrorism-related and other serious crimes, using advance intelligence. concerning passengers and data contained in PNR, in accordance with the relevant provisions of Security Council Resolutions 2178 (2014) and 2396 (2017). He also cited the upcoming launch of a four-year program, focusing on the protection of religious sites increasingly threatened by terrorism. 


Ms MICHELE CONINSX, Head of the Executive Directorate of the Counter-Terrorism Committee (DECT), in turn, said that despite the progress made, most of the military defeat suffered by Daesh in Syria, the challenges remain substantial. In particular, Member States and the international community should pay urgent attention to the plight of thousands of individuals, including many women and children who are currently being held for alleged links to Daesh. In this context, she said, the DECT will continue to support the United Nations efforts to assist States to address this issue in full respect of international law and human rights. In addition to the repatriation of their nationals, States should also, with the support of the United Nations system, prepare themselves for the next phases, namely the issues of accountability;


In this regard, she noted, States have expressed to the DECT their concern about the risk posed to them of the imminent release of imprisoned foreign terrorist fighters, both men and women, in the absence of a rehabilitation program. reintegration. Providing such programs before the release of these people can be a complex task, warned the Executive Director. Long periods of pre-trial detention, without a formal guarantee of procedure, can undermine the effectiveness of rehabilitation measures and increase the risk of these individuals becoming radicalized in prison. 


It is therefore essential, she said, that post-repatriation strategies have short, medium and long-term components related to prosecution, rehabilitation and reintegration. Similarly, it is crucial that these strategies are respectful of human rights and sensitive to gender issues, and that they take into account the specific needs of children. 



However, this is not easy and there is no universal policy in this area, said the Executive Director. Favorable to a case-by-case approach, she assured that the DECT will continue its assistance to States, as it does for example in the Lake Chad Basin, in collaboration with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime ( UNODC), the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and other United Nations entities. The aim is to assist States in implementing programs of prosecution, rehabilitation and reintegration under the Regional Stabilization, Recovery and Resilience Strategy for West African areas affected by Daech.
 
Another challenge is the apprehension and treatment of terrorism and violent extremism, Coninsx said. There is still much to learn about the number and profile of women who have joined and then moved out of a Daesh-controlled territory. It also appears that women are less likely to benefit from rehabilitation and reintegration measures, which places them at greater risk of marginalization and recidivism, she noted, citing the difficulty of collecting evidence that terrorists continue to exploit the Internet, social networks and couriers, not forgetting that they have a propensity to attack civilian targets, including places of worship. The Executive Director advocated a partnership between governments and the private sector, 


Another key issue, she added, is the victims of ter
rorism, who for too long have struggled to be heard. It is imperative to recognize and honor them, and this requires us to hold the perpetrators of terrorist attacks accountable for their actions, she said. In this regard, she said that the United Nations Team of Investigators charged with helping to bring Daesh / Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant to account for its crimes (UNITAD) made considerable progress in less than a year, including carrying out his first searches in mass graves and the exhumation of bodies in Sinjar, northwestern Iraq. In addition, in April 2019,    


As the Secretary-General's report notes, Daech retains considerable financial assets estimated at hundreds of millions of dollars, Coninsx said, insisting that the group should not use the funds to support terrorist acts in the country. the world remains an essential element of the international fight against terrorism. 


That is why, she said, in the past six months, the Security Council has taken a number of measures against the financing of terrorism. Following the Arria formula meeting of January 2019, it adopted Resolution 2462, which is the first to deal exclusively with this issue. In addition, she said, the UN system, including the DECT, has been working to better understand the links between international terrorism, organized crime and the financing of terrorism. Links that Member States must now take into account, in accordance with resolution 2482 adopted last month by the Council.
 
Mr GENNADY V. KUZMIN ( Russian Federation) warned against "transforming the model used by international terrorist groups", particularly in response to the weakening of Daesh on the ground. My country, he said, has made a major contribution to transforming the global landscape of terrorism, especially through its action in Syria. It is now necessary to prevent Daesh from raising its head and regaining strength and trying to expand its presence in other parts of the world. 



To do this, the representative called for avoiding counterproductive policies of double standards. He then proceeded to an overview of the terrorist threat in the world. In Syria, he said, there are currently about 3,000 people affiliated with Daesh, not to mention the other very active terrorist groups in the Edleb region, such as the Al-Nusra Front. 


In Iraq, he added, Despite the weakening of terrorist groups, jihadists are employing new tactics of destabilization, exacerbating tensions between Shiites and Sunnis. The representative estimated that there are currently 2,000 Daesh fighters in Iraq, mainly in the "Sunni triangle". In Libya, he continued, Daesh is increasingly active, especially in the south, where it benefits from the bankruptcy of the state and national fragmentation. In Egypt, the 1,500 fighters of the Ansar Beit el-Maqdes group are very active. 


The representative also mentioned the threat posed by the Islamic State of the Great Sahara and the "West Africa Province of the Islamic State" in the rest of the continent. exacerbating tensions between Shiites and Sunnis. The representative estimated that there are currently 2,000 Daesh fighters in Iraq, mainly in the "Sunni triangle". In Libya, he continued, Daesh is increasingly active, especially in the south, where it benefits from the bankruptcy of the state and national fragmentation. In Egypt, the 1,500 fighters of the Ansar Beit el-Maqdes group are very active. The representative also mentioned the threat posed by the Islamic State of the Great Sahara and the "West Africa Province of the Islamic State" in the rest of the continent. exacerbating tensions between Shiites and Sunnis.


 The representative estimated that there are currently 2,000 Daesh fighters in Iraq, mainly in the "Sunni triangle". In Libya, he continued, Daesh is increasingly active, especially in the south, where it benefits from the bankruptcy of the state and national fragmentation. In Egypt, the 1,500 fighters of the Ansar Beit el-Maqdes group are very active. The representative also mentioned the threat posed by the Islamic State of the Great Sahara and the "West Africa Province of the Islamic State" in the rest of the continent. especially in the south, where it benefits from state bankruptcy and national fragmentation. In Egypt, the 1,500 fighters of the Ansar Beit el-Maqdes group are very active. 


The representative also mentioned the threat posed by the Islamic State of the Great Sahara and the "West Africa Province of the Islamic State" in the rest of the continent. especially in the south, where it benefits from state bankruptcy and national fragmentation. In Egypt, the 1,500 fighters of the Ansar Beit el-Maqdes group are very active. The representative also mentioned the threat posed by the Islamic State of the Great Sahara and the "West Africa Province of the Islamic State" in the rest of the continent. 

In this context, Afghanistan often serves as a "recruiting pole" to send fighters to other parts of the world, said the representative. Daesh is also trying to expand its hold in areas formerly controlled by the Taliban, through charitable and religious associations, or even NGOs, he said. He called for bridging gaps in the international fight against terrorism, in particular to prevent funding for Daesh. The efforts must be truly concerted, he said. 


Mr JURGEN SCHULZ ( Germany) stressed the importance of international and regional cooperation for the success of the fight against terrorism. A transnational threat can only be overcome by major international action. The Security Council must not forget that most of the work is done by women and men on the ground. Law enforcement agencies and border control agencies must be equipped and have the tools to carry out their work. The success of the fight against terrorism requires, the representative added, a holistic approach and a balance between preventive and repressive measures, particularly with regard to the challenges posed by foreign terrorist fighters and their families returning to their home country. 'origin. We must find a common and broad approach, including judicial and police measures as well as de-radicalization and reintegration measures. We must also fight against radicalization in prisons and the financing of terrorism, he said, emphasizing the importance of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). 


At the same time, he continued, we must respect the norms and principles in our responses to terrorism. It is by maintaining our values, he explained, that we will remain credible and overcome the terrorist ideology. We must also address concerns about the adverse and unintended consequences of sanctions and counter-terrorism measures for the delivery of humanitarian assistance. The measures taken must neither hinder nor hinder the humanitarian activities of impartial humanitarian actors, in accordance with international humanitarian law and humanitarian principles. Before concluding, he stressed the importance of including the "gender perspective" in the work of the Council. This gender dimension plays an important role against the terrorist threat. Finally, respect for human dignity is vital in terms of conflict prevention. We need to create jobs and develop an environment in which young people can earn a living and support their families. They must have the chance to participate in social, economic and political life. 


Mr HAITAO WU ( China ) acknowledged that Daesh continues to pose a global threat. He called on the international community to work together against this threat, in accordance with the principles of the United Nations Charter and by giving the Security Council a "central role". This includes the full implementation of Council resolutions, said the representative. The root causes of terrorism must be addressed, including the peaceful settlement of disputes and the fight against poverty. He added that it was necessary to strengthen the capabilities of developing countries in the fight against terrorism.
The representative advocated strengthening judicial cooperation. We must adapt to new terrorist trends, be it the growing collusion between terrorist groups and transnational organized crime or the use of social networks to recruit. In turn, he also called for a better exchange of information between States. The Counter-Terrorism Bureau, he said, should redouble its efforts to cooperate with Member States, in strict compliance with the relevant resolutions of the Council and the procedures in force. 


Mr. JONATHAN R. COHEN ( United States) emphasized that the defeat of Daesh is the result of the work of the International Coalition, which now has 81 members. Beyond this success, the Coalition has tackled the financing of terrorism, propaganda, the question of the detention and repatriation of foreign terrorist fighters and the stabilization of liberated areas. The work is far from over, he said, worried about the concentration of these combatants in IDP camps and the risk of radicalization they represent. He therefore encouraged States to repatriate and prosecute their nationals. The Coalition, he continued, intends to preserve its success. To date, its members have pledged more than $ 1 billion for a stabilization program in Iraq, with the idea of ​​consolidating military gains and stabilizing liberated areas, inter alia by addressing the drivers of violent extremism. In view of the danger posed by Daesh affiliates on all continents, he was pleased with the decision of the 1267 Committee (1999) to include Daesh-Khorasan in the list of entities covered by punishments. He also recalled Council Resolution 2462 (2019), which strengthens the framework for combating the financing of terrorism. Let's not forget al-Qaeda, warned the representative, as we approach the 18th anniversary of the September 11 attacks. Groups affiliated with this terrorist organization continue to threaten stability in Syria, the Sahel and elsewhere. We must work together and harness all available tools to prevent al-Qaida from consolidating its power and threatening the United States, its allies and partners, "he said. The United States, he said, plans to work with their partners to pursue, destroy and defeat Daesh and al-Qaida.


Mr JOSÉ SINGER WEISINGER ( Dominican Republic) noted that there is general agreement on the urgent need to address with as much determination as possible the challenges of prosecution and repatriation of detainees and internally displaced persons. The increase in the number of refugees in the camps also makes us aware of the scale of the problem, continued Singer Weisinger, giving the example of the Hol camp, whose population has increased this year by seven. particularly the plight of adult and young detainees, who are often traumatized, he was concerned about the process of social reintegration and the risk of violence or enlistment in terrorist groups. In this regard, Mr. Singer commended the work of the United Nations in establishing key principles of protection, repatriation, prosecution,
Finally, he highlighted the "perverse link" between terrorism and transnational criminal organizations involved in the trafficking of drugs, people and resources. This makes it necessary to strengthen international cooperation, he said, before expressing his concern over the increase in the number of foreign terrorist fighters. Singer Weisinger urged Member States to continue strengthening the prosecution, rehabilitation and reintegration strategies for suspected terrorists and foreign terrorist fighters returning home.


Ms. AMPARO MELE COLIFA ( Equatorial Guinea ) said that Daesh's military defeat in Syria, exemplified by the fall of Baghouz last March, was one of the highlights of the international community's victory over the terrorist group. However, she warned, "total success" will depend on our ability to assist affected states, with respect for their sovereignty, so that they can cope with their difficult humanitarian situation and take charge of the Daesh affiliates and their families, especially women and children.
The representative also expressed her deep concern over the growing number of foreign terrorist fighters in Africa, where they have swelled the ranks of groups affiliated with Daesh, such as the Islamic State of the Great Sahara. . They are also collaborating with Al-Qaida and affiliated groups in West and Central Africa, where attacks are currently on the rise.


"The African continent is being destroyed by the action of terrorist groups," she said, citing Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Mali and Burkina Faso as examples. These countries are suffering enormous economic damage as a result of terrorist activities, not to mention the destabilizing effects of refugees and displaced persons generated by these groups.


She called for renewed efforts to prevent terrorism, in particular the use of new technologies as a tool for ideological propagation and recruitment. It also called for combating the radicalization of petty criminals in prisons, the illegal exploitation of mineral resources, the trafficking of arms, drugs and people for terrorist purposes and the potential creation of weapons of mass destruction by terrorist groups. She finally stressed the central role of the United Nations in facilitating judicial cooperation and the exchange of digital evidence. She wanted to invest in sustainable development to address the root causes of conflict and terrorism. 


It is necessary to remain vigilant even if Daech and Al-Qaida have lost ground, advised in turn Mr. JONATHAN GUY ALLEN ( United Kingdom). In the face of these challenges, the entire world is awaiting guidance from the Security Council. The representative therefore stressed the importance of the work of DECT, which he encouraged to continue his field visits and to engage with Member States. The United Kingdom should also benefit from such a visit next October. These are visits, the representative said, which should lead to evaluations aimed at strengthening the capacities of States. The fight against terrorism is incumbent on all, stressed the representative who also stressed the importance of the fight against impunity for the crimes of terrorism. The United Kingdom is contributing financially to the work of UNITAD, recalled the representative, before calling for a fierce fight to dry up the sources of financing of terrorism, including online. With regard to radicalization in prisons, he advocated good rehabilitation and reintegration policies. Expressing his concern over far-right ideologies, he hoped that Member States, the UN and the digital industry would fight against these ideologies online. Finally, he highlighted the importance of working with civil society in the fight against terrorism, radicalization and extremist ideologies. 


Mr MARTHINUS VAN SHALKWYK ( South Africa) expressed its concern that Daesh has tried to exploit the challenges of peace and security on the African continent through its affiliates. The crisis in Libya, he was alarmed, offered a breeding ground for this terrorist group. Similarly, the "Province of West Africa of the Islamic State" which has 4,000 combatants is now part, with that of Iraq and the Levant, some of the strongest branches. The representative also expressed concern about reports that Daesh is trying to set up in Central Africa and even in Southern Africa. No country, he said, must fight alone against this scourge, and it is crucial that the United Nations plays a central role in coordinating and facilitating international efforts. The UN, insisted the representative, should assist States that request it. It has encouraged cooperation between UN bodies involved in the fight against terrorism and regional organizations, including the African Union. 


He also said that the causes and manifestations of terrorism must be taken into account in the development of countermeasures, adding that this must be done in accordance with international law, including international humanitarian law. Finally, he requested that States refrain from unilateral coercive measures. Such measures often result in collateral casualties and contribute to the vicious cycle of resentment and hatred that ultimately perpetuates violent extremism and terrorism. 


Mr DIAN TRIANSYAH DJANI ( Indonesia) warned that the dwindling of Daesh resources does not mean the end of the threat. My country, he said, thwarted an attack by the terrorist group last May. The evolution of Daesh from a territorial entity to a clandestine network, the activities of its regional ramifications, the threats posed by foreign terrorist fighters, the complexity of the logistical, judicial and human rights issues related to it acting on detainees in Syria and Iraq, remain daunting challenges. The representative stressed the importance of international cooperation and the implementation of all relevant international instruments to combat the financing of terrorism and to ensure good judicial cooperation to condemn, rehabilitate and socially reintegrate ex-combatants. He considered it essential a holistic approach to achieve long-term success in the fight against terrorism. He did not fail to stress the need to counter extremist rhetoric and promote dialogue and tolerance. The path of moderation is the best approach to counter hate, he concluded. 


Daesh still presents a "huge challenge" for all Member States, said, in turn, Mr. LUIS UGARELLI ( Peru), citing in particular the difficulties related to the return of foreign terrorist fighters and their families, attacks on civilian infrastructure and the use of social networks and the Internet and the use of sexual violence as strategic and ideological tools. In this context, the representative considered it essential for the international community to act in a coordinated manner, with the support of regional and international organizations, starting with the United Nations. In this regard, he welcomed the efforts of the Counter-Terrorism Bureau (CTB) and the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (DECT), as well as the role of the Global Counter-Terrorism Coordination Pact.


The transformation of Daesh into a clandestine organization seems to have favored the action of regional terrorist groups, noted the Peruvian representative. According to him, the group has now taken the form of a "kind of franchise", in which he claims responsibility for attacks by local groups, without maintaining operational and logistical links with them.


The representative considered it essential to combat Daesh's use of information and communications technologies, as well as non-profit shell companies, in order to raise funds and justify its actions. He recalled the importance of implementing Council resolution 2462 (2019) to prevent and combat the financing of terrorism. Finally, he called for appropriate policies to rehabilitate and reintegrate women and children linked to terrorist groups, while ensuring that justice is done for the victims of terrorism.


Mr. MANSOUR AYYAD SH. A. ALOTAIBI ( Kuwait) emphasized the threat of Daesh, which continues to develop clandestinely in Iraq and Syria. He can still make funds transfers to carry out his attacks, warned the representative who worried about the Daesh war treasure estimated at 300 million dollars by the Secretary General. He then stressed the importance of cooperation among Member States to carry out the repatriation and return efforts of foreign terrorist fighters. He acknowledged that drying up the sources of terrorist financing is a difficult task. Recalling Security Council resolutions on the issue, he emphasized the importance of sharing information. It is also necessary to train the police, educate young people on the terrorist threat and conclude bilateral agreements. 


Mrs CHLOÉ BONIFACE ( France) called for continued action by the International Coalition against Daesh in its civilian and military components, in support of political and inclusive solutions in Syria and Iraq. This goal was specified in the Paris Roadmap adopted on June 25, 2019. While Daesh's financial resources are still estimated at $ 300 million, she called for intensifying efforts to drain the sources of funding. She encouraged Member States to implement resolution 2462 and to cooperate closely with the United Nations. The second edition of the "No Money for Terror" conference to be held in Australia in November 2019 will be an opportunity to make a progress report on the implementation of the commitments made in Paris in April 2018 and the obligations imposed by the resolution 2462.


Regarding the treatment of foreign terrorist fighters and their associates through the implementation of resolution 2396, she stressed the need to continue to strengthen the detection, care and follow-up risk, via constant information sharing. It considered it essential at the international level, close coordination between the civil, military and financial intelligence services, but also between the judicial authorities to respond to the threat and provide justice. France, she said, considers that foreign terrorist fighters should be tried closer to the places where they committed their crimes. "France is opposed to the death penalty" and attaches great importance to the care of children, 


She also welcomed the progress made in preventing the use of the Internet for terrorist purposes. She said France and New Zealand, along with several Internet partners and companies, have launched the Christchurch Appeal to deal with online terrorist content and prevent the misuse of the Internet. respect for human rights and the principles of a free, open and secure Internet. This effort is complementary to the measures already taken in other frameworks, be it the European Union, the G20, the G7, the Global Forum on the Internet against Terrorism, the Initiative Tech Against Terrorism or the Aqaba process.

 
Mr MARC PECSTEEN DE BUYTSWERVE ( Belgium) felt that the threat is far from gone, including in Europe. Indeed, a particular risk is posed by individuals who have been prevented by the authorities from joining Daesh and who nevertheless wish to contribute to this terrorist movement through individual action. In the face of these threats, a comprehensive approach that includes the prevention of violent extremism is essential. Sharing the Secretary-General's analysis of the risk of radicalization in prisons, he said that he opted for a tailor-made approach based on individual risk assessment and management.



 He welcomed the attention devoted to human rights, international humanitarian law and refugee rights in counter-terrorism efforts and policies. He encouraged Member States to ensure full implementation of all adopted resolutions and to make them a priority. Resolution 2467 (2019) on sexual violence calls on Sanctions Committees and their monitoring teams to take into account the use of such violence by terrorist movements to advance their strategic objectives. 


At the same time, the space needed for the daily actions of humanitarian workers in a situation polluted by terrorism should be guaranteed. In this perspective, the representative said, Belgium will co-organize a side event with ECHO in the margins of the General Assembly. Resolution 2467 (2019) on sexual violence calls on Sanctions Committees and their monitoring teams to take into account the use of such violence by terrorist movements to advance their strategic objectives. At the same time, the space needed for the daily actions of humanitarian workers in a situation polluted by terrorism should be guaranteed. In this perspective, the representative said, Belgium will co-organize a side event with ECHO in the margins of the General Assembly. Resolution 2467 (2019) on sexual violence calls on Sanctions Committees and their monitoring teams to take into account the use of such violence by terrorist movements to advance their strategic objectives. At the same time, the space needed for the daily actions of humanitarian workers in a situation polluted by terrorism should be guaranteed. In this perspective, the representative said, Belgium will co-organize a side event with ECHO in the margins of the General Assembly. the space needed for the daily actions of humanitarian workers in a situation polluted by terrorism should be guaranteed. In this perspective, the representative said, Belgium will co-organize a side event with ECHO in the margins of the General Assembly. the space needed for the daily actions of humanitarian workers in a situation polluted by terrorism should be guaranteed. In this perspective, the representative said, Belgium will co-organize a side event with ECHO in the margins of the General Assembly. 

Mr ANTONIN BENJAMIN BIEKE ( Côte d'Ivoire ) emphasized that the ideology, rhetoric and scope of Daesh continue to extend beyond the borders of Iraq and Syria, which is a permanent threat to the security and stability of States. Faced with this global threat represented by Daesh, the strategies of struggle must, to be effective, be part of a multilateral approach, based on a reinforced cooperation between all the actors of the fight against terrorism. According to the representative, it is the responsibility of the United Nations, and more specifically of the Security Council, to be at the forefront of "our common action to stop the spread of this scourge". 


To be comprehensive and efficient, he said, the fight against Daesh must take into account issues such as the establishment of responsibilities for crimes committed, the phenomenon of radicalization and the repatriation of children of foreign fighters. The crimes committed by Daesh in Iraq and Syria can not go unpunished. The representative reiterated his support for UNITAD, whose action should ensure the right to justice for victims in fair trials. 


Mr Bieke also said that the fight against terrorism and violent extremism will only be successful if it is accompanied by national and regional strategies to eradicate poverty and youth unemployment, as well as transnational crime. organized. To do this, it is imperative to propose urgent responses to the social demands of the population and to offer better employment opportunities to young people. This strategy is particularly relevant for West Africa and the Sahel, geographical areas of worrying intensification of Daesh activities and its complex network of affidavits that take advantage of the porous borders and capacity weaknesses of States, and which exploits the community antagonisms.

 
For the delegate, the pooling of the means of struggle must be in place. It is in this perspective that the countries of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) decided to organize, on 14 September, an extraordinary summit on the threats posed by terrorism for peace. and regional security. Similarly, the representative welcomed the Franco-German position expressed on the sidelines of the G7 Summit in support of G5 Sahel, as part of a "Partnership for Security and Stability in the Sahel". 


Mr MARIUSZ LEWICKI ( Poland) endorsed the Secretary-General's conclusion that States must remain vigilant because, despite its territorial losses in Syria and Iraq, they must expect Daesh to regain its operational capabilities as soon as circumstances permit. Poland, he said, remains concerned about the problem of foreign terrorist fighters returning to their country of origin or relocated elsewhere. The women and children associated with these returning combatants must be helped and given appropriate attention to the different roles they have played. The representative expressed concern about the deterioration of living conditions in overcrowded camps. If they have limited access to food, health care and other basic rights and services,


He acknowledged that radicalization in prisons is a major concern in Europe, where thousands of foreign terrorist fighters find themselves. It is necessary, he urged, sufficient funds to avoid the propagation of radical ideologies. The prison, warned the representative, remains a place where radical ideologies are disseminated by inmates afflicted by poverty, marginalization, discrimination, bad self-image and violence. Recalling that Resolution 2467 on sexual violence in situations of armed conflict recognizes that survivors of this violence in the hands of terrorist groups are victims, 



https://www.un.org/press/fr/2019/cs13931.doc.htm
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