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The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq DinarDailyUpdates?bg=330099&fg=FFFFFF&anim=1

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The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq Empty The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq

Post by claud39 on Tue Aug 27, 2019 8:39 am

[size=36]The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq[/size]






27/08/2019











The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq 122782019_thumbs_b_c_97f00883327a40d1002a9addc22aff6b









BAGHDAD - 

The UN Security Council will hold a meeting on Iraq on Wednesday to discuss the latest developments in Iraq. 


The UN mission in Iraq (UNAMI), in Yaban received (Mawazine News) a copy, that "the United Nations Security Council, will hold a meeting on the situation in Iraq Wednesday, at 10:00 am New York time 14:00 T. G) ". 


The statement added that "Jenin Hennes Blaskhart Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in Iraq, will brief briefly after the start of the meeting." 


He pointed out that "Balsakhart will provide a briefing on developments in Iraq and UNAMI." 


The Council will also discuss a report of the Secretary-General on Iraq to the Security Council. 


Iraq continues to suffer from instability and lack of public services, particularly in liberated areas that have been severely damaged by the war.


Despite the official announcement at the end of 2017 of the defeat of the terrorist organization "Daesh" in Iraq, but Iraqi military commanders assert that the organization has sleeper cells operating individually in the liberated areas. 


This month, Iraq was bombarded by drones expected to be Israeli, targeting the headquarters and camps of the Popular Mobilization in Salah al-Din, Baghdad, Anbar and other areas.






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The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq Empty The Permanent Representative will address Iraq during the open dialogue session held by the Security Council

Post by claud39 on Tue Aug 27, 2019 2:03 pm

[size=34]The Permanent Representative will address Iraq during the open dialogue session held by the Security Council[/size]


27/08/2019





The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq Image-1-1-2








The Permanent Representative of the Republic of Iraq to the United Nations Ambassador Mohammed Hussein Bahr al-Ulum delivered the speech during the open dialogue session held by the Security Council on Tuesday 20/8/2019. Under the item “Maintenance of international peace and security” to discuss the challenges to peace and security in the Middle East.

He stressed that the region needs stability based on a system of common security, which depends on respect for sovereignty and non-interference in internal affairs, and the renunciation of violence and extremism.

Iraq, which has geopolitical significance and its potential and cultural diversity, can be the centerpiece of building understandings that enhance security and political stability in the region. .




https://www.mofa.gov.iq/2019/08/?p=3383
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The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq Empty Iraq asserts its right to take all measures to defend its territory

Post by claud39 on Wed Aug 28, 2019 4:38 pm

[size=36][rtl]Iraq asserts its right to take all measures to defend its territory[/rtl][/size]


Wednesday 28 August 2019



The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq Alsabaah-18185










Baghdad / morning
 
 

The National Security Council, during a session chaired by the Prime Minister, on Wednesday evening, confirmed the right of Iraq to take the necessary legal and diplomatic measures through regional institutions and the UN Security Council and the United Nations to defend its sovereignty, security and territorial integrity, while agreeing to establish a naval base in the port of Faw Required amounts.



The meeting was preceded by Abdul Mahdi's meeting with the Turkish Minister of Energy and Natural Resources, Fatih Donmez and his accompanying delegation, as well as the Prime Minister, the World Bank's Regional Director for the Middle East Saroj Kumar.



"The prime minister presented a briefing on the latest political and security developments during the meeting of the National Security Council on Wednesday," a statement from the prime minister's office said.



"The Council affirmed the right of Iraq to take the necessary legal and diplomatic measures through regional institutions, the UN Security Council and the United Nations to defend its sovereignty, security and territorial integrity by all legitimate means," it said.



The Council also discussed, according to the statement, the topics prepared for its agenda, where he listened to an updated report presented by the technical committee supervising the criminal justice project and the procedures and steps taken by the parties involved in the project and the most important challenges facing the implementation of the project. In collaboration with UNDP to complete the project.



The statement said, "The Council discussed the request of the Ministries of Defense and Transport in connection with the establishment of the naval base in the port of Faw in conjunction with the construction of the port of Fao to protect Iraqi ships and ports and the allocation of funds for the completion of the project. Ministry of Transport for the years (2020/2021/2022) 



The Council also agreed to proceed with the conclusion of a draft memorandum of understanding for cooperation in combating organized crime and combating terrorism between the Iraqi Ministry of Interior and its Algerian counterpart.



During his meeting with the World Bank's Regional Director for the Middle East Saroj Kumar and his accompanying delegation, Abdul Mahdi discussed the government's vision for the future of the Iraqi economy and its plans to promote non-oil producing sectors and diversify sources of income and ways of cooperation in this area. 



Five million tons of wheat, corn, rice and others achieved this year and offset the imports of foreign wheat currently and provided thousands of jobs and boosted the chances of success of the agricultural sector and the growth of the Iraqi economy, also stressed the importance of supporting productive income-generating investments Rh Iraqi private sector through the Agency for International Development, as well as the contribution of the World Bank to improve the business environment in Iraq and the required standards that help bring foreign investment, and cooperation between Iraq and the World Bank to establish a joint economic work.









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The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq Empty Security Council: Iraq describes as a country with enormous challenges where root causes of Daesh persist

Post by claud39 on Wed Aug 28, 2019 4:43 pm

[size=36]Security Council: Iraq describes as a country with enormous challenges where root causes of Daesh persist[/size]




AUGUST 28, 2019







The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq SC%20slide









Two months after his "historic" visit to Iraq, where he celebrated the freedom and sovereignty recovered, following the military defeat of Daesh, the Security Council this morning heard the Special Representative of the Secretary-General talk about a country with "Huge challenges that are not born overnight and are not the only fact of his actions". As Belgium has summarized, Daesh has been defeated but the causes that allowed it to develop remain. 



The reality is that the Government of Iraq needs time to overcome the various narrow interests and show the fruits of its work, pleaded the Special Representative and Head of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI). Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaerts said that at the highest level of government, discussions focus on improving governance, managing oil revenues, the business climate and the banking sector to pave the way for foreign direct investment and public-private partnerships. She announced "good news": progress in forming the Federal Government and the Kurdistan Regional Government has given impetus to negotiations between Baghdad and Erbil and expectations are high, she said, citing Kirkuk ,




With the consolidation of progress calling for real security sector reform, all delegations welcomed Prime Minister of Iraq's Decree 237, which seeks to bring together all popular mobilization forces under the exclusive control of the Government. The decree provides that armed groups that do not submit to the state will be declared illegal and will be prosecuted, said Iraq. However, warned the Special Representative, the regional context remains "dangerous" and current tensions could be a huge blow to efforts to rebuild a stable and prosperous Iraq. We have always been concerned about Iran's "devilish" activities and its destabilizing impact on the region, including Iraq, the United States recalled, "and recent events have proved us right." Attempts to lure Iraq into an artificial confrontation are counterproductive, countered by the Russian Federation. My territory, warned Iraq, will never again be used by any force to threaten a neighboring state. He preferred to emphasize the importance of relations with Iran, "with whom we share 140,000 km of border". Iraq received the full support of France, which praised its efforts to facilitate regional dialogue and reinforce balanced diplomacy. The country is at a crossroads and everything must be done, urged France, so that it does not become again one of the theaters of a larger regional confrontation. In turn, the Russian Federation stressed the importance of resolving crises through dialogue.




The UNAMI Chief raised another problem, the repatriation of foreign terrorist fighters, including their families, from Syria to Iraq. We still do not know their numbers and we do not know anything about the date of return, control and security arrangements or host sites, she confessed, warning that unresolved, this issue may have an impact not only on Iraq but on the entire region. She advocated a "structured" dialogue to define precisely how the Government should manage the process and the nature of the assistance that the United Nations can provide. 




We know, continued the UNAMI leader, that the frustrations of unfair trials and abuse of detainees are exploited by Daesh to fuel his agenda of violence. Like it or not, right now, many communities feel marginalized in Iraq and therefore sensitive to extremist messages. To consolidate the defeat of Daesh and stabilize the liberated areas, the United States, which operates in Iraq "at the invitation of the Government", said that priority should be given to restoring basic services and infrastructure, including $ 100 million to the Stabilization Financing Facility, to which the Government of Iraq has pledged some $ 33 million. The Mechanism, revealed the Special Representative, still has a deficit of $ 300 million. As for the Humanitarian Assistance Plan for 2019, Côte d'Ivoire emphasized that it received only 41.1% of the 701.2 million requested. Peru, along with others, has welcomed the signing by the United Nations and the Government of Iraq of the Memorandum of Understanding on the Establishment of a Trust Fund for the Reconstruction and Recovery of Iraq.


The big challenge for the international community and UNAMI is indeed to know how best to help Iraq after the defeat of Daesh, admitted the United Kingdom. If this defeat was "a great victory" for the Iraqi armed forces, said Iraq, we must redouble our efforts to completely destroy the remains of this organization and avoid creating fertile ground for a future generation of terrorists. . He denounced the difficulty of managing the issue of foreign terrorist fighters with the embassies concerned, urging the States concerned to repatriate their nationals and children. 


THE SITUATION CONCERNING IRAQ ( S / 2019/632 ) ( S / 2019/660 )


declarations


By videoconference from The Hague, Mrs. JEANINE HENNIS-PLASSCHAERTS, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI)recalled the "historical significance" of the Security Council's 29 June visit. The same day in 2014, she also recalled, Daech proclaimed his "caliphate". A painful memory, but when the Council came, we celebrated, said the Special Representative, the freedom and sovereignty of Iraq and praised the enormous sacrifices made in the fight against the terrorist group. After this introduction, the Special Representative immediately turned to the financial problems of the Stabilization Financing Mechanism and the Humanitarian Assistance Plan for 2019, which have a deficit of $ 300 million and $ 500 million, respectively. Recognizing that donors expect a contribution from the Government of Iraq, 




The Iraqi leadership, she said, is working tirelessly to consolidate the gains made to date. Decades of unrest continue to impact the present. The reality is that the Government needs time to overcome the various narrow interests and to show the fruits of its work. Political parties and other actors must come together to put the interests of the country first. At the end of the day, it's clear that a government can not do it all by itself. It's everyone's business. The good news, continued the Special Representative, is that progress in training the National Government and the Government of Kurdistan has given impetus to the negotiations between Baghdad and Erbil, as evidenced by the establishment of the Joint High-level Committee. Expectations are high, she said, citing Kirkuk, Sinjar and the sharing of oil revenues. The parties must understand that it is better to give up the "annual budget battles" and reach a comprehensive and lasting agreement. 




The Government, she said, has become increasingly aware of the need to expand the revenue base beyond hydrocarbons and to strengthen the role of the private sector in areas such as infrastructure and job creation. . At the highest level, discussions focus on improving governance, managing oil revenues, the business climate and the banking sector to pave the way for foreign direct investment and public-private partnerships. 




Regarding regional policy, the context remains dangerous, warned the Special Representative. We must be clear and recognize that current tensions could be a huge blow to efforts to rebuild a stable and prosperous Iraq. She welcomed the Government's zero tolerance policy towards armed actors. More needs to be done, she acknowledged, in security sector reform and the rapid establishment of the Joint Security Mechanism. The repatriation of foreign terrorist fighters, including members of their family from Syria to Iraq, continues to pose many problems. We still do not know their number, acknowledged the Special Representative. We do not know anything about the date of the return, control and security arrangements or host sites. Not resolved, this issue can have an impact not only on Iraq but on the entire region. Establishment of responsibilities and fair trials can not be limited to the courts. Structured dialogue is needed to define precisely how the Government should manage the process and the nature of the assistance that the United Nations can provide. 




The Special Representative emphasized the importance of safeguards for detention and fair trials. Respect for human rights will not only demonstrate a commitment to justice but also lay the groundwork for national reconciliation and cohesion. We know, she said, that the frustrations of unfair trials and abuse of detainees are exploited by Daesh to fuel her agenda of violence. Like it or not, right now, many communities feel marginalized and therefore sensitive to extremist messages, warned the Special Representative. This is why it is necessary at all costs to establish a permanent presence in Mosul. The Mission will open its office at the beginning of September.



 
Unfortunately, the Special Representative continued, corruption can not be fought at once, and the call for lifting the immunity of parliamentarians accused of indecency is a step in the right direction. With regard to the elections, she expressed concern that the amendment of the law on the provincial elections would disqualify many voters, besides the transparency and accountability of the electoral institutions and processes are not sufficiently guaranteed. The elections scheduled for April 2020 must be free, fair and credible, hammered out the Special Representative who concluded on the breakthroughs in the issue of missing Kuwaiti nationals and third-country nationals and missing Kuwaiti property.




Iraq, she insisted, faces enormous challenges that are not born overnight and are not just the result of her actions. These challenges will not go away tomorrow. Iraqis must be able to move forward in unity with an engaged international community at their side. 


To consolidate the defeat of Daesh and stabilize the liberated areas, all communities in Iraq must feel safe, said Mr. JONATHAN R. COHEN ( United States of America).). Security, he explained, depends on the elimination of armed groups and their replacement, in the liberated areas, by professional security forces that respond to Baghdad and strengthen the rule of law. The representative welcomed Prime Minister of Iraq's Decree 237, which seeks to unite all popular mobilization forces under the exclusive control of the Government. The United States, he said, has always been concerned about Iran's "evil" activities and its destabilizing impact on the region, including Iraq. The latest events have proved us right, said the representative who stressed that US forces operate at the invitation of the Government. We continue to prioritize the restoration of basic services and infrastructure in the liberated areas. We add $ 100 million to the Stabilization Financing Mechanism, to which the Government of Iraq has pledged some $ 33 million. The representative welcomed the improved relations between Baghdad and Erbil but expressed concern over persistent disagreements over power sharing and oil revenues. 




Mr JUERGEN SCHULZ ( Germany) welcomed the cost-sharing agreement signed by the Government of Iraq. Calling on the latter, to strengthen women's participation in the country's management, he welcomed the measures taken against corruption, "essential" to restore the confidence of the public and investors. He welcomed the goal of controlling all armed groups, and welcomed the formation of the Government of Kurdistan and the improvement of relations between Kirkuk and Baghdad. There will be no recovery without justice and there will be a need to report on sexual and gender-based violence in this regard, stressed the representative who stressed the importance of the United Nations Team of Investigators to compete to bring Daesh / Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant to answer for its crimes (UNITAD). We expect fair trials and fair treatment of Daesh members and their families, the representative warned. Noting that Iraq is one of the most climate-vulnerable countries in the region, he called on the UN Mission to address the links between climate change and security. 




Mr. MANSOUR AYYAD SH. A. ALOTAIBI ( Kuwait) commended UNAMI for its work and progress, including developments in the situation of missing Kuwaiti nationals. Noting that bilateral relations have evolved positively in recent years, he said that it is in the direction of cooperation while Kuwait intends to "turn the page of a painful history." Kuwait supports the Iraqi people because it has common interests with this neighboring country that it wishes to promote, the representative said. He also commended Iraq's commitment to honor all international agreements and to implement Security Council resolutions. Kuwait, said the delegate, is ready to help implement these commitments, including those taken on humanitarian grounds and related to missing Kuwaitis in Iraq. In that regard, he welcomed the efforts made to identify the fate of 236 missing Kuwaiti nationals out of a total of 605. We hope that the fate of more missing persons can be clarified and that more burial sites will be unearthed, "he said. On the other hand, he pointed out that, with regard to missing property and archives, "progress is meager". In fact, he said, only 32 of the 120,000 documents that belonged to the University and the National Library of Kuwait were found. We hope that the fate of more missing persons can be clarified and that other burial sites will be unearthed, "he said. On the other hand, he pointed out that, with regard to missing property and archives, "progress is meager". In fact, he said, only 32 of the 120,000 documents that belonged to the University and the National Library of Kuwait were found. We hope that the fate of more missing persons can be clarified and that other burial sites will be unearthed, "he said. On the other hand, he pointed out that, with regard to missing property and archives, "progress is meager". In fact, he said, only 32 of the 120,000 documents that belonged to the University and the National Library of Kuwait were found. 




The representative also felt that progress could be made at all levels in Iraq if the country implemented the necessary reform programs. In terms of security and economic recovery, he said he noted positive progress during the Security Council's visit last June. Finally, he encouraged UNAMI to continue its mandate to contribute to the stabilization of Iraq, also calling on the participants in the Conference on the Reconstruction of Iraq to honor their commitments. 




Mr JOSÉ SINGER WEISINGER ( Dominican Republic) acknowledged the political progress made with several ministerial positions that had been filled, but regretted that no women were selected, while two women candidates were seeking the post of Minister of Education. On the other hand, he welcomed the appointment of three women to the Kurdistan Regional Government and one at the head of the Parliament of that region. He hoped that efforts to improve relations between that Government and the Federal Government would continue particularly with regard to oil revenues and security agreements. Mr. Singer Weisinger also appreciated initiatives to attract investment to the country as an opportunity to improve the quality of life of citizens. 




On the security front, Singer Weisinger praised the nation-wide anti-terror campaign, but called for greater regional and international cooperation to fight terrorism. On the humanitarian front, he called on the authorities to simplify bureaucratic procedures and thus enable humanitarian organizations to work. He also commended the work of coordinating mine action, as well as the participation of women in mine clearance activities, noting in this regard that teams are composed equally of men and women. The representative also welcomed progress in the investigation of missing persons in Kuwait,




Mr TIEMOKO MORIKO ( Côte d'Ivoire ) praised the spirit of compromise that had prevailed among Iraq's political class and helped to fill the vacant ministerial posts of justice, the interior and the defense. He encouraged political actors to continue in this direction, with a view to the appointment of a consensual personality at the head of the Ministry of Education, whose mission is crucial, especially in war-affected areas. He also urged the country's authorities to ensure that the gender dimension is effectively taken into account in their efforts to maintain and consolidate peace. 


The representative then called on the international community to continue its efforts to mobilize the resources needed to fund the United Nations Humanitarian Assistance Plan for 2019, of which only 41.1 per cent of the $ 701.2 million requested has been raised to date . In addition, Mr. Moriko welcomed the cooperation between the Federal Government and the Kurdistan Government, while wishing that the dialogue be maintained, in order to find mutually satisfactory solutions to the issues of the sharing of oil resources and the debt of the country. Kurdistan. With regard to the fight against Daesh, he called for substantial support for Iraqi forces whose capabilities must be strengthened. Finally, he insisted on the imperative of establishing responsibility for the crimes committed by Daesh,



 
Mr MARC PECSTEEN DE BUYTSWERVE ( Belgium) commended progress on the formation of a federal government. To meet the many challenges, Iraq needs a strong and inclusive government supported by strong institutions and a strong public service. The representative called for the appointment of women to decision-making positions. He encouraged the Government to continue its efforts to implement its program. Executive Decree 237, putting popular mobilization forces under the exclusive control of the Government, is an important step forward in the reform of the security sector. Belgium looks forward to a rigorous implementation of this order by all parties concerned, said the representative who encouraged the Government of Iraq to develop, sign and implement an action plan on this issue, 




Other important challenges remain to know the economic situation and the business environment. The provision of basic services to the population and the creation of jobs are important factors in the continued support of the population. In addition, given the strong influence of the effects of climate change on Iraq and its people, it is desirable that UNAMI play a greater role on this issue, the delegate suggested. Reconciliation is of paramount importance in Iraq. It must continue and allow families to return to their communities and resume their lives. Finally, said the representative, the security context and the reform of this sector remain a challenge for the authorities. Although Daesh is defeated militarily, the causes that allowed it to develop remain. 




Mr PAUL DUCLOS ( Peru) commended the political progress achieved with the ministerial posts that had been filled in the Government of Iraq, but expressed concern that the post of Minister of Education had not been filled, woman can occupy it. The political process goes hand in hand with progress in the economic recovery of the country, he said. He welcomed the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding on the Establishment of a Trust Fund for the Reconstruction and Recovery of Iraq, by the United Nations and the Government of Iraq, which will best channel the funds pledged by the international community at the International Conference on Kuwait and attracting new revenues, in addition to the Government's commitment to fight corruption. 




The representative also welcomed the adoption of the decree on the mobilization of popular mobilization forces, in order to make the fight against Da'esh unequivocal, as part of a strong anti-terrorist campaign. He also appreciated the efforts of the Government of Iraq in contributing to regional efforts for stability, as well as progress on the property, archives and missing persons of Kuwait. Finally, he welcomed the work of UNAMI and in particular its contribution to humanitarian action in the country.




Mrs ANNE GUEGUEN ( France) said that the efforts of the Iraqi authorities to open a new page in their history should be welcomed and encouraged. This is why, in the continuity of the elections, the appointment to three of the four vacant ministerial posts is an additional positive step, said the representative. The adoption by the Prime Minister of Decree 237, which aims to strengthen state control over popular mobilization units, also contributes to this stabilization dynamic, she said. The measures in this decree must now be implemented to produce its effects. The consolidation of these achievements is essential today as Iraq is at a crossroads. Everything must be done so that Iraq does not become one of the theaters of a larger regional confrontation, at the risk of calling into question all the progress made in recent months. France, assured the representative, fully supports the efforts of the Iraqi authorities to facilitate a regional dialogue and to reinforce a balanced diplomacy. 




With regard to the threat of Daesh, there is an urgent need to reach security and governance agreements in disputed territories, where the terrorist group takes advantage of the political and security vacuum to rebuild itself. Particular attention should be paid to the liberated areas, but also to the conditions necessary to enable the voluntary, safe and dignified return of IDPs to their place of origin. The international community must stand with the Iraqi authorities in this context. The unanimous support of the Security Council for Iraq is the key to supporting the country at this pivotal moment. Beyond that, the international community must maintain its support, especially to meet the humanitarian, stabilization and reconstruction needs of the country, urged Ms. Gueguen. 




Mr JOB OBIANG ESONO MBENGONO ( Equatorial Guinea ) appreciated the political progress made in Iraq and hoped that the post of Minister of Education would be rapidly filled, considering that the finalization of the formation of the Government was a fundamental step to increase the trust and support of the Iraqi people. It also requires good management of the country's income, he added, welcoming in this regard the attention paid by the Government to the fight against corruption and the improvement of transparency. He recommended further strengthening the Supreme Council against Corruption. The representative also welcomed the appointment of three women as ministers to the Government of the Kurdistan Region. 




In terms of security, he condemned Daesh's asymmetric attacks on the population and national security forces, commending the operations carried out by them to clean up the liberated areas on a large scale. It recommended taking the necessary measures to prevent the return of terrorists to the liberated places and to facilitate the return of displaced persons or refugees. The perpetrators of atrocious crimes must be further prosecuted, he added. He also expressed concern about the persistence of regional tensions, calling on Iraq and its neighbors and international allies to take the necessary concrete measures to appease them. The representative also addressed the issue of insufficient funding for humanitarian assistance, before talking about the case of missing Kuwaiti persons and property, on which he said he looked forward to the results of the DNA tests. Finally, he commended UNAMI for its support to the Iraqi authorities in their efforts to rebuild the country.




Mr. HAITAO WU ( China) welcomed the fact that Iraq is building friendly relations with all neighboring countries in order to ease tensions. At this crucial time of strengthening the fight against terrorism and national reconstruction efforts, the representative urged the international community to support Iraq's efforts against terrorism and for national security. The Iraqi Government's control of the security forces must be encouraged and we must help Iraq to bring terrorists to justice, he insisted. He said the importance for UNAMI to support the process of national reconciliation. He hailed the improvement of relations between the Federal Government and the Kurdish Regional Government. He also welcomed progress on oil revenue sharing and the signing of an oil revenue agreement and the Memorandum of Understanding between UNAMI and Iraq on the establishment of the reconstruction assistance fund. He urged UNAMI to continue to play its role in strict compliance with its mandate.




Mr STEPHEN HICKEY ( United Kingdom) welcomed the signing by the Government of Iraq of a memorandum of understanding to establish a trust fund for the reconstruction of the country. For the representative, this structure should work in collaboration with the World Bank Recovery Fund. The big challenge for the international community and UNAMI, he said, is how best to help Iraq after the defeat of Daesh. The delegate expressed concern that, as the Special Representative has pointed out, there are still 1.7 million internally displaced persons in Iraq. Finding a durable solution to this problem is essential, he said, welcoming the work done by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). This should remain a priority for the Government, with the assistance of UNAMI, the delegate stressed, before encouraging the Iraqi authorities to issue documents to these persons. To facilitate the return of the displaced and avoid the resurgence of terrorism, he stressed the importance of a stable and responsible security apparatus. In turn, he welcomed the decision of the Iraqi Prime Minister to place the popular mobilization forces under state control. The population must feel that the security conditions are met. 




It is also important to establish independent and strong public institutions, he said. In this regard, he welcomed the fact that most Government Ministers had been appointed. However, he deplored the lack of women. In the same vein, he welcomed the election of the President of the Kurdistan Region and welcomed the presence of a representative of the Federal Government in his inauguration. Finally, with regard to missing Kuwaiti persons and property, he described as good news the recent identification of remains exhumed in Iraq after DNA testing. He expressed confidence that the Government of Iraq will continue to work on this issue. 




Mr MUHSIN SYIHAB ( Indonesia) commended the efforts of the Iraqi authorities to strengthen relations with neighboring countries, also wishing that the appointment of Government members be completed soon, and that women be chosen for important posts. He noted that the country's stabilization and rehabilitation challenges remain complex. The situation remains fragile with Daesh forces remaining active and continuing to attack the people and security forces. The representative emphasized international cooperation in the fight against terrorism and its cells. He also said that he supported the Government's effort in the area of ​​security sector reform, including the decree placing the popular mobilization forces exclusively under state control. If these decisions are applied, 




Mr. Syihab also requested that humanitarian assistance be adequately funded, and that the international community continue to pay adequate attention to it. With regard to the return of Kuwaitis and other third-country nationals from Iraq, as well as the remains of the latter, he welcomed the fact that the Iraqi authorities had returned the remains of Kuwaiti citizens of Samawah on 8 August .




Mr XOLISA MFUNDISO MABHONGO ( South Africa ) welcomed the progress made by Iraq in strengthening democracy despite the multiple challenges. National reconciliation is essential to avoid problems and we urge the Federal Government and the Kurdistan Regional Government to improve their relations. On the security side, the representative supported the full consolidation of military control and efforts to eradicate the remains of Daesh. He also expressed his support for Iraq's continued efforts on the issue of missing Kuwaiti persons and property.




Mr DMITRY A. POLYANSKIY ( Russian Federation) considered at the outset that the strengthening of security and stability in Iraq should be defended. According to him, much still needs to be done by the new authorities to consolidate the achievements on the political level. The representative welcomed the designations for the major ministerial posts and hoped that this process would be completed soon. He also commended the economic recovery efforts and the willingness of the Government of Iraq to modernize the banking sector. For the delegate, the stabilization of Iraq is of crucial importance for the entire region, which justifies the international community's support. Welcoming UNAMI's efforts in recovery and reconciliation, he welcomed the willingness of Iraqis to establish good-neighborly relations with the countries of the region, starting with Kuwait. He also welcomed the continuation of the dialogue between Baghdad and Erbil, saying that the warming of relations between these two parties will help to improve the security situation in Iraq. "It is only through the broadest coordination that we can fight the scourge of terrorism," he said, considering it essential that all the actors involved in Iraq respect the sovereignty of the country and consult with Baghdad. . 




The representative said that he was following closely the development of the Iraqi security apparatus, including the integration of the popular mobilization forces. He supported the efforts of the Iraqi security forces to ensure territorial integrity, while expressing concern over escalating tensions in the Persian Gulf. In his view, attempts to lure the country into an artificial confrontation are counterproductive and threaten to further weaken the situation and jeopardize progress made in the fight against terrorism. Reaffirming the importance of resolving crises through dialogue, he assured that his country was ready to work with all regional and international actors, in line with the Secretary-General's mandate for Iraq. 


Welcoming the decisions of the Government of Iraq, including the control of popular mobilization forces, Ms. JOANNA WRONECKA ( Poland) considered that the effective implementation of this measure as well as the sanctions for non-compliance with the decree will be crucial. He also expressed concern about the continuation of Daesh activities in many Iraqi provinces posing significant security threats. After years of conflict, he added, stabilization and reconciliation will take time and require important reforms and institutions. It is essential to meet the needs of all Iraqis including women, youth and members of all religious and ethnic groups. Priority must be given to providing basic social services and creating jobs. Stabilization and reconstruction in the liberated areas of Daesh are equally important. 




Mr. SARHAD SARDAR ABDULRAHMAN FATAH ( Iraq ) said that his Government's objective was to guarantee the freedom and dignity of all Iraqis. He drew attention to the publication on 1 July of a report on the implementation of the Government's 2018-2022 Program. It will be necessary, he acknowledged, structural reforms to take advantage of natural resources, to promote the rights, especially those of women, fight against unemployment and ensure social development and security. 




Iraq deserves the security and the ability to respond to the aspirations of its people after years of war on terror, said the representative. He prided himself on the formation of a government and especially on the appointment of the Ministers of Defense, the Interior and Justice. With regard to national security, he returned to Decree 237, which places the forces of popular mobilization under the exclusive control of the State. The decree, he said, provides that armed groups that do not submit to the state will be declared illegal and will be prosecuted. The representative also recalled that his country had submitted itself to the voluntary review of the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and that it had announced the launch of a strategy to combat poverty,



 
If the defeat of Daesh has been a great victory for the Iraqi armed forces, we must redouble our efforts to completely destroy the remains of this organization, by examining the situation of indoctrinated children and children born of rape, acknowledged the representative who also said the need to alleviate the suffering of the displaced. We must avoid creating a breeding ground for a future generation of terrorists, he explained, particularly concerned about the presence of hundreds of women terrorists in Iraqi camps and prisons. This represents a heavy burden that exceeds Iraq's capabilities. 




We seek to make fairness prevail in the trials of former terrorists, he assured, not to mention the difficulty of dealing with foreign terrorist fighters with the embassies concerned. He urged States to repatriate their nationals and children. For its part, the Government of Iraq has decided to divide "children of Da'esh" into two categories: those who participated in criminal activities and who will be subjected to the law and those who are not old enough. criminal responsibility and will be handed over to the embassies concerned. As of 10 July, Iraq had already repatriated 473 children to their country of origin.




If our chances of success are real, they are also at risk, warned the representative who emphasized the importance of relations with Iran "with whom we share 140 000 km of border". He also talked about Turkey to which his country asked to stop bombing on the national territory. This territory, he insisted, will no longer be used by any force whatsoever to threaten a neighboring state. Concluding on the issue of missing Kuwaiti persons and property, the representative recalled the identification of 46 human remains, including 32 missing Kuwaitis, which were returned to Kuwait on 8 August. Some 160,000 books from the University and the National Library of Kuwait were found and donated yesterday and today. 






https://www.un.org/press/fr/2019/cs13932.doc.htm
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The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq Empty Briefing to the Security Council by SRSG for Iraq Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert 8606th meeting of the UN Security Council (As Delivered)

Post by claud39 on Thu Aug 29, 2019 8:47 am

[size=36]Briefing to the Security Council by SRSG for Iraq Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert 8606th meeting of the UN Security Council (As Delivered)[/size]


Thursday, 29 August 2019


The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq Ab84e3ecd366374ef4940e36c8395e18_L





Madam President,
Distinguished members of the Security Council,


I would like to begin by recalling the historic importance of the Council’s visit to Iraq on June 29. On that day in 2014, ISIL declared their so-called caliphate. A grim memory, but during your visit we instead celebrated Iraqi freedom and sovereignty, and we saluted the enormous sacrifices made in the fight against ISIL. You delivered important, well-received assurances of your continued support to Iraq and its people. And that was highly appreciated - by many! It was.

Now, Madam President, it may be unusual to immediately switch to funding concerns, but with your well-received assurances in mind, I feel the need to – once again – share our concerns regarding the continued underfunding of both the Funding Facility for Stabilization (FFS) as well as the Humanitarian Response Plan, with gaps of over 300 and 500 million dollars respectively.

So, if you will allow me, I would like to use this opportunity to express my sincere hope for the ongoing and generous support of the international community: you know, progress has been made, but the road ahead is long and complex. And right now, due to the continued underfunding I just mentioned, Iraq’s post-conflict humanitarian programming is being hindered. For example: vital health-care services are being suspended, IDP schools shuttered and food distribution cycles interrupted. Moreover, around 1.6 million IDPs are still desperately awaiting better times, are still waiting to return to their homes in safety and dignity.

Now, please don’t get me wrong, as without a doubt, lots of good work has been done. Thanks to the many, many donor contributions, houses, roads, bridges and power lines have been rebuilt - to name but a few examples. And yes, meanwhile, 4.3 million people have returned home, but the pace has slowed, and outstanding needs are most acute in the health, electricity and water sectors.

Now, understandably, donors have been asking the Government of Iraq to demonstrate shared ownership by taking part in the financing of this work and rightly so. And I am pleased to report that - moments ago - the Government signed a cost-sharing agreement to begin making its own contributions to the Funding Facility.

Let me also briefly refer to the Kuwait International Conference for the Reconstruction of Iraq, which took place almost a year and a half ago. The Iraq Recovery and Resilience Programme (the RRP) is being implemented throughout the country, and resource mobilization efforts have yielded almost half of the required funding so far. We will continue to encourage development partners to fund the RRP, particularly through the UN Trust Fund.

Madam President, back to politics

Iraq’s leadership is hard at work building on progress made to date. As discussed during the Council’s visit to Iraq, painting a grim picture is never a goal in itself – more importantly: it’s not justified. Also, we cannot simply judge the current situation without putting it in the context of Iraq’s past. Decades of trouble continue to impact the present, and we have not seen the end of it yet. It is equally important, however, not to sugar-coat the current circumstances: we can all agree on Iraq’s great potential, but perseverance is key to make the most of this potential.

Now, one cannot expect the Iraqi government to create overnight miracles in dealing with the legacy of the past and the many challenges of the present. The harsh reality is that the government needs time to fight the many narrow partisan interests that are out there, it needs time to deliver.

Just as essentially, political parties and other actors need to arrive at a common understanding that the country’s interests should be prioritized above all else. Ultimately, it must be clear that a government cannot go it alone – it is a joint responsibility.

Madam President - as you know, the federal cabinet is now fully formed - aside from the Ministry of Education. And significant progress has been made on senior appointments to parliamentary committees. The Kurdish Regional Government is also up and running – with the critical Natural Resources portfolio still to be filled. I note that 3 Kurdish Regional ministers are women, as is the speaker of the Kurdish Regional parliament. At the federal level, unfortunately, not a single woman has been appointed yet.

Now, the good news is that the progress in both government formation processes in Baghdad and Erbil. This has created a positive momentum to advance negotiations between Baghdad and Erbil, also demonstrated by the establishment of a High-Level Joint Committee.

And I cannot deny: the expectations are high, in particular on key files - including Kirkuk, Sinjar and revenue sharing. On the latter, it is important that all parties acknowledge that - instead of counterproductive annual budget-battles - a comprehensive, lasting agreement is far more productive. And, it goes without saying that I am always ready to offer UNAMI’s good offices in order to advance discussions towards consensus followed by action.

Regarding Kirkuk, I am very encouraged by the goodwill - demonstrated over the past months by all parties involved - to finally address the normalisation of the situation in Kirkuk.

As for Sinjar, I again travelled to the region earlier this month. And I continued, unfortunately, to witness great devastation and slow progress on the ground. Rival security actors and the lack of a unified administration remain the main obstacles for progress. And this situation also greatly restricts humanitarian action. I therefore continue to appeal to all those feeling challenged, the federal and Kurdish authorities in particular. Indeed, it is high time to put aside partisan interests to bridge differences and to place - without further delay - the needs of the people first.

Madam President, turning to the economy

The government is increasingly recognizing the urgency of reform, notably in broadening the revenue base beyond hydrocarbons, and increasing the role of the private sector in areas ranging from infrastructure development to job creation.

Discussions at the senior-most levels focus on enhancing governance, better managing oil revenue, protecting the investment environment from corruption and reforming the banking sector to pave the way for more foreign direct investment and public-private partnerships. That is good as all this is becoming more urgent, especially as a higher budget deficit looms with rising expenditures and oil price volatility. Within this context, we encourage the Iraqi government to accelerate its structural reform, fostering macro-economic and financial stability as well as promoting sustainable, inclusive growth.

Now, in terms of regional politics, Madam President, we continue to operate in a perilous context, yet, the Iraqi leadership must again be commended for its unwavering commitment to multilateral diplomacy. With great dedication, Iraqi leaders are tirelessly engaging regional and international actors to ensure that their country is a meeting ground for stability and not a venue for proxy conflicts. And how right they are. With this in mind, we should be lucid and recognize that current tensions could well deal a huge blow to all national and international endeavours to rebuild a stable and prosperous Iraq. So, we must spare no effort in avoiding this prospect.

I am also very encouraged by the government’s determination to bring all armed actors under state control. Recent orders have been met with broad support across the political spectrum - good news - but we are in the early days of implementation, and the next phase will prove crucial. Clearly, zero tolerance for any armed actor outside state control is the way forward.

And yes, it’s very true that further work on Security Sector Reform will be necessary: an effective, efficient and financially sustainable security sector is critical to protect Iraq against existing and emerging threats. With the Ministers of Interior, Defence and Justice in place, I sincerely hope that the government will now speed up the reconfiguration of its national security architecture – in terms of structure, capabilities and resources.

Also important is the rapid enactment of the Joint Security Mechanism. It will pave the way for joint operations along disputed boundaries. Inadequate coordination will continue to give ISIL a margin of manoeuvre. In other words: enhanced operational performance on the ground between federal and Kurdish regional forces is not a nice to have but a necessity.

Madam President,

Within the context of domestic security, I would like to commend the bravery of Iraqi security forces. In the aftermath of ISIL’s territorial defeat, they continue to hunt down remaining ISIL fighters – for example within the framework of Operation Will of Victory, carried out throughout the country in the past weeks.

The issue of returning ISIL fighters, including their family members, from Syria to Iraq continues to pose major challenges. Unfortunately, as of this time, we still have no clarity on numbers, start date, screening/security arrangements and/or hosting facilities upon return. As I have stressed before, if not suitably addressed, this issue has the potential to impact not only Iraq but also the wider region - and far beyond.

Now, also important to note, is the fact that issues of due process and accountability cannot be limited to the courtroom only. And a structured dialogue is required to precisely define how the government of Iraq will handle this process, which will in turn inform the modalities of UN assistance.

I would also like to emphasize the paramount importance of robust safeguards for detention, due process and fair trials. Complying with human rights obligations does not only demonstrate commitment to justice and accountability, it is also in my view a necessary building block for reconciliation and social cohesion. What is more, it would reduce the risk of history repeating itself. We are well aware that a variety of grievances – including unfair trials and detainee abuse - have been exploited by ISIL to fuel its violent agenda. And whether we like it or not: at this moment in time, too many communities continue to feel marginalized. As a consequence, many people remain vulnerable to extremist messaging.

For me, this is one of the most important reasons…to establish a permanent presence in Mosul, and I am pleased to report that our Mosul office will open its doors in early September.

Madam President,

Unfortunately, as discussed before, rampant corruption is not being wiped out at once. And as I said last time: achieving tangible results is crucial. A recent call to lift the immunity of Members of Parliament accused of corruption, could be a move in the right direction. But again, the final result is what ultimately matters.

On the elections, the Iraqi Council of Representatives recently amended the Governorate Elections Law. And I have to say that certain provisions are of great concern, possibly leading to the disenfranchisement of many - otherwise - eligible voters. Also, the transparency and accountability of electoral institutions and processes are not sufficiently guaranteed at present.

Now, while these elections - expected in April 2020 - are critical and overdue, I have made it clear that free, fair and credible elections are key to the revival of public trust. In other words: UNAMI will continue to highlight the importance of guaranteeing the right of universal suffrage and the need for transparency and accountability of electoral institutions and processes. All key to inclusiveness and credibility of these elections.

Now, Madam President,

With your permission, I would now like to turn to the issue of missing Kuwaiti, third-country nationals and missing Kuwaiti property, including the national archives.

I am pleased to report a (significant) breakthrough. Some samples of human remains, exhumed last March from a burial site in Iraq’s Muthanna governorate, have now been confirmed as belonging to some of those Kuwaitis we have been seeking. DNA analysis is continuing on further human remains. I can also confirm that, earlier today, over 40.000 Kuwaiti books belonging to the Amiri and National Archives were handed over by the Government of Iraq to the Kuwait authorities.

Now, as always, I would like to commend, within this context, the ongoing constructive cooperation between Iraq and Kuwait under the aegis of the International Committee of the Red Cross, with the invaluable assistance of the Tripartite Commission.

I truly hope that the recent discoveries will finally bring some relief to the families of the missing, to whom we extend our deepest sympathies.

Now, Madam President, in closing, a few more words,

I would like to underline that Iraq’s daunting challenges did not arise overnight, nor are they solely the product of Iraqi actions. As such, they will not be resolved tomorrow. In other words: Iraqis must press ahead in unity and with an engaged international community at their side.


Thank you very much.


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The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq Empty UN Representative Hennis-Plasschaert urges continued funding for Iraq’s post-conflict recovery, welcomes government efforts to spare Iraq regional tensions, calls on political actors to work together to face the country’s challenges

Post by claud39 on Thu Aug 29, 2019 8:57 am

[size=36]UN Representative Hennis-Plasschaert urges continued funding for Iraq’s post-conflict recovery, welcomes government efforts to spare Iraq regional tensions, calls on political actors to work together to face the country’s challenges[/size]



Thursday, 29 August 2019 



The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq UNofficiallogosmall



New York / Baghdad, 29 August 2019 – Briefing the UN Security Council on the situation in Iraq, the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General for Iraq, Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, urged the international community to continue its critical support for Iraq’s post-conflict recovery. She welcomed the government’s multilateral diplomacy efforts in the context of regional tensions, and called on Iraq’s political actors to work together to tackle priorities, including placing all arms under state control, strengthening institution-building and enacting reforms.



Ms. Hennis-Plasschaert recalled “the historic importance” of the Security Council’s visit to Baghdad on 29 June 2019, saying the Council members delivered “important, well-received assurances of your continued support for Iraq and its people”. 



The Special Representative said that the underfunding of the post-conflict stabilization and humanitarian response, with gaps of approximately 300 and 500 million dollars respectively, is hindering the country’s recovery. She welcomed the Government of Iraq’s signing of a cost-sharing agreement on 28 August 2019 to begin making its own contributions to the UNDP Funding Facility for Stabilization, expressed sincere hope for the continued and generous support of the international community, and encouraged the development partners to continue their funding to the Recovery and Resilience Programme (RRP), particularly through the UN Trust Fund.



Although 4.3 million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) have returned home, the pace has slowed, and outstanding needs are most acute in the health, electricity and water sectors, she said. “Around 1.6 million Internally Displaced Persons are still desperately waiting to return to their homes in safety and dignity”.

Iraq bears the scars of a heavy past while present challenges continue to slow progress, Ms. Hennis-Plasschaert said. 


“The harsh reality is that the government needs time to fight the many narrow partisan interests that are out there, it needs time to deliver. Just as essentially, political parties and other actors need to arrive at a common understanding that the country’s interests should be prioritized above all else. Ultimately, it must be clear that a government cannot go it alone – it is a joint responsibility”.

She noted that some of the recent amendments to the Governorate Elections Law “are of great concern”. The United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI), she added, will continue to highlight the importance of universal suffrage and the need for transparency and accountability of electoral institutions and processes. All key to the inclusiveness and credibility of these elections”.

The Special Representative said the completion of government formations in Baghdad and Erbil and improved Baghdad-Erbil relations pave the way for deep discussions on the pending issues, citing encouraging signs as a result of the goodwill demonstrated by all the parties to address and normalise the situation in Kirkuk. She offered UNAMI’s good offices to advance discussions towards consensus followed by action. On Sinjar, she again urged the federal and Kurdistan Region authorities to promptly work towards bridging their differences for the sake of the residents of the area.

Ms. Hennis-Plasschaert welcomed government efforts to bring all armed groups under state control, stressing that security sector reform is a necessity. “Zero tolerance for any armed actor outside state control is the way forward”.

The Special Representative commended Iraq’s leadership “for its unwavering commitment to multilateral diplomacy” in their quest to make Iraq “a meeting ground for stability and not a venue for proxy conflict” in a perilous regional context. “With this in mind, we should be lucid and recognize that current tensions could well deal a huge blow to all national and international endeavours to rebuild a stable and prosperous Iraq. We must spare no effort in avoiding this prospect.”

Ms. Hennis-Plasschaert welcomed as a significant breakthrough the recent identification of the remains of a number of Kuwaitis missing since the 1990-1991 Gulf conflict. “I truly hope that the recent discoveries will finally bring some relief to the families of the missing, to whom we extend our deepest sympathies”.
She also reported that on 28 August 2019, over 40,000 Kuwaiti books belonging to the Amiri and National Archives were handed over by the Government of Iraq to the Kuwaiti authorities.

The Special Representative commended the bravery of the security forces who remain locked in a fight with the remnants of ISIL. She noted that the issue of returning former ISIL fighters continues to pose challenges for Iraq. A structured dialogue is required to precisely define how the Government of Iraq will handle this process, which will in turn inform the modalities of UN assistance, she said, stressing the paramount importance of robust safeguards for detention, due process and fair trial.


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The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq Empty UN warns of "massive strike" threatening Iraq

Post by claud39 on Thu Aug 29, 2019 1:50 pm

[size=35]UN warns of "massive strike" threatening Iraq[/size]


2019-08-29 



[size=35]The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq Doc-P-316704-637026709438741012
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The United Nations has warned that existing regional tensions could deal a "huge blow" to efforts to rebuild a stable and prosperous country in Iraq, stressing that the international community should spare no effort to avoid it.


In a briefing to the Security Council on Wednesday, the UN envoy to Iraq, Jenin Hennes Plaschaert, said the Iraqi leadership was reaching out to regional and international players to ensure that its country remained a common ground for stability, not a field of proxy conflicts.






The envoy appreciated Baghdad's commitment to placing all armed factions in the country under the control of the state, adding that the implementation of this is vital. 

For his part, stressed Iraq's deputy to the United Nations Sarhad Fattah, that the opportunity to achieve stability and prosperity in his country is real but in danger, and therefore can not ask Baghdad to tolerate more tension and escalation in the region. 

Fattah also touched on relations between Iraq and its northern neighbor Turkey, pointing out that the Baghdad government has sent almost 54 letters to Ankara, asking for an immediate halt to the bombing of Iraqi territory, as part of the Turkish army operations against the PKK militants.


The diplomat pointed out that the Iraqi government, while facing various economic and social challenges, is obliged to intensify its efforts in dealing with the legacy of "IS", including the issue of hundreds of detained women who supported the terrorist organization as well as their children.


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The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq Empty The obelisk publishes the briefing of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Iraq, Jenin Blachart

Post by claud39 on Tue Sep 03, 2019 9:56 pm

The obelisk publishes the briefing of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Iraq, Jenin Blachart





The Security Council will meet tomorrow to discuss the latest developments in Iraq 136412.jpg.e1d71ea55a3ae9fab2451fa6035e43c0








Baghdad / Obelisk:




Security Council Meeting 8606




Briefing by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Iraq, Jenin Hennes-Blaskhart:




I would like to begin by briefing me on the historical importance of the Council's visit to Iraq on 29 June. On this day of 2014, ISIS announced the establishment of the so-called caliphate of ISIS, a grim memory, but during your visit we instead celebrated the freedom and sovereignty of Iraq and saluted the enormous sacrifices made in the fight against ISIS. You have made important and welcome assurances that you will continue to support Iraq and its people and that has been greatly appreciated by many!




Madam President, now it may be unusual to turn immediately to funding concerns, but with your welcome assurances in mind, I feel the need, once again, to convey our concerns about the ongoing lack of funding for the FFS As well as the Humanitarian Response Plan where there are gaps in the amount of more than $ 300 and $ 500 million, respectively.




If you allow me, I would like to take this opportunity to express my sincere hope for the continued generous support of the international community. Progress has been made, but the road ahead is long and complex. Now, as a result of the continuing lack of funding I have just mentioned, the post-conflict humanitarian program in Iraq faces obstacles. For example, essential health care services are being shut down, IDP schools closed and food distribution cycles disrupted. In addition, some 1.6 million displaced people are still eagerly awaiting improved conditions and returning home in safety and dignity.




Please do not misunderstand me, he has done a lot of good work, no doubt. Thanks to many donor contributions, homes, roads, bridges and power transmission lines have been built - these are just a few examples among many. Yes, at the same time, 4.3 million people have returned home, but the pace has slowed and the remaining needs are more acute in the health, electricity and water sectors.




For now, for understandable reasons, donor countries are asking the Iraqi government to take the lead jointly by co-financing this work, which is right. I am pleased to report that moments ago the Government of Iraq signed a cost-sharing agreement to begin its contributions to the Fund. Allow me to refer briefly to the Kuwait International Conference for the Reconstruction of Iraq, which took place about a year and a half ago. A recovery program and strengthening resilience are being implemented throughout the country. 




Resource mobilization efforts have yielded nearly half the amount requested to date. We will continue to encourage development partners to fund the recovery program and strengthen crisis resilience, in particular through the United Nations Trust Fund.




Image list

Madam President, let us now return to politics

The Iraqi leadership is working hard to capitalize on the progress made so far. As we discussed during the Council's visit to Iraq, drawing a bleak picture is not an end in itself - and, more importantly, it is unjustified. Nor can we simply judge the status quo without putting it in the context of Iraq's past. Decades of trouble continue to affect the present and we have yet to see an end.




 But equally important is not to beautify these current circumstances: we can all agree on Iraq's enormous potential, but perseverance is necessary to make the most of it. Now we cannot expect the Iraqi government to perform miracles overnight in addressing the legacy of the past and the many challenges of the present. The harsh reality is that the government needs time to fight the many narrow and existing partisan interests, and it takes time to deliver on promises.




 Equally necessary, political parties and others need to reach a common understanding by prioritizing the country's interests above all. In the end, it must be clear that the government cannot do it alone - it is a shared responsibility. Madam President, as you know, the entire Federal Cabinet has been formed, except for the Ministry of Education. 




Significant progress has been made in appointments to senior positions in parliamentary committees. The KRG is also working well - with the critical natural resource portfolio still not in place. I would like to point out that three of the KRG ministers are women, as well as the speaker of the KRG parliament. At the federal level, unfortunately, no women have been appointed so far. 




The good news is that the progress that has been made in forming the governments in Baghdad and Erbil has created a positive momentum to move forward the negotiations between Baghdad and Erbil, manifested by the formation of a high-level joint commission. So Kirkuk, Sinjar and revenue sharing. 




On the latter, it is important that all parties realize that - rather than annual futile budget struggles - a comprehensive and lasting agreement will be more useful. As far as Kirkuk is concerned, I am optimistic about the good intentions - demonstrated by all parties concerned over the past months - to finally address the normalization of the situation in Kirkuk. As for Sinjar, I went there earlier this month. Unfortunately, it has again witnessed massive destruction and slow progress on the ground. Competing security forces and a lack of unified management remain major impediments to progress. 




This situation also severely restricts humanitarian action. That is why I continue to appeal to all those who feel that their status is being challenged, especially the federal and Kurdish authorities. It is time to put aside party interests, overcome differences and prioritize meeting people's needs, without further delay.




Madam President, Speaking of the economy, the government is increasingly recognizing the urgency of reform, in particular expanding the base of national income sources to include other sources, not just oil products, and strengthening the role of the private sector in various areas from infrastructure development to job creation. High-level discussions focus on strengthening management systems, better managing oil revenues, protecting the investment environment from corruption, and reforming the banking sector to create a climate for more foreign direct investment and public-private partnerships. 




This issue has become more urgent, especially as a larger budget deficit is looming due to rising expenditures and volatile oil prices. In this context, we urge the Iraqi government to accelerate its structural reforms, promote macroeconomic, financial stability and promote inclusive and sustainable growth.




Well established diplomacy

Now, with regard to the regional political situation, Madam President, we are still working in precarious situations, however, we must once again pay tribute to the Iraqi leadership for its unwavering commitment to multilateral diplomacy. A meeting point for stability, not an arena where proxy conflicts are taking place. 




They are right in this direction. In this sense, we must be far-sighted and recognize that current tensions can simply cause a massive blow to all national and international endeavors to rebuild a stable and prosperous Iraq. Therefore, we must spare no effort to avoid such fate. I am also satisfied with the Government's intention to place all armed parties under the control of the State. 




Recent orders have received widespread support across the political spectrum, which is good news, but we are still in the early days of implementation, and the next phase will prove to be very important. Undoubtedly, a policy of zero tolerance for any armed party outside the control of the state is the way forward. Yes, it is true to say that more effort on security sector reform will be necessary as an effective, efficient and financially sustainable security sector is important to protect Iraq against existing and emerging threats.




With the Ministers of Interior, Defense and Justice, I very much hope that the Government will accelerate the restructuring of its national security structure in terms of structure, capacity and resources.




Another important thing is that the joint security mechanism be quickly put in place, as it will pave the way for joint operations along disputed borders, because the lack of sufficient coordination will provide a margin of maneuver for ISIS, in other words: enhancing operational performance at the The field between the federal forces and the Kurdistan Region forces, although not palatable, but remains necessary.




Madam President,

In the context of national security, I would like to pay tribute to the courage of the Iraqi security forces; following the defeat of ISIS from the territory it occupied, they continue to pursue the remaining ISIS fighters, for example, as part of Operation Will of Victory carried out throughout The return of ISIS fighters, including their family members, from Syria to Iraq remains a major challenge.




 Unfortunately, it is not yet clear to us what numbers will be returned, the start date, identity and security arrangements, and / or the hosting facilities upon their return. As I emphasized earlier, if this issue is not properly addressed, it could affect not only Iraq, but the wider region, and much further. It is also important to note that due process and accountability issues cannot be confined to the courtroom alone. 




A structured dialogue is needed to determine precisely how the Iraqi Government will deal with this process, which in turn will determine the modalities of United Nations assistance. Compliance with human rights obligations will not only demonstrate commitment to justice and accountability, but also a necessary building block for reconciliation and social cohesion. What's more, it will reduce the risk that history will repeat itself.




We are well aware that ISIS has exploited a variety of grievances - including unfair trials and ill-treatment of detainees - to promote its violent agenda. Whether we like it or not: at this moment in time, many components still feel marginalized and this will make many of them vulnerable to extremist messages. For me, this is one of the most important reasons… to establish a permanent presence in Mosul, and I am pleased to inform you that the Mosul office will open in early September.




Madam President,




Unfortunately, as I have discussed before, rampant corruption is not eliminated directly. As I mentioned last time: achieving tangible results is critical. The recent call to lift immunity for members of parliament accused of corruption could be a step in the right direction, but, I repeat, the end result is what ultimately matters. With regard to elections, the Iraqi Council of Representatives recently amended the provincial elections law. I must say that some of the provisions are of great concern and may lead to the exclusion of many voters who would otherwise be eligible to participate. The transparency and accountability of electoral institutions and processes is not sufficiently assured at present.




Decisive elections

While these elections - expected to be held in April 2020 - will be decisive and overdue, they have made it clear that free, fair and credible elections are key to reviving public confidence. In other words, the Mission will continue to highlight the importance of ensuring universal suffrage and the need for transparency and accountability of electoral institutions and processes, all of which are essential to make elections inclusive and credible. 




Now, Madam President, let me now turn to the issue of missing Kuwaitis, nationals of other countries and missing Kuwaiti property, including national archives. I am pleased to report that progress has been made in this dossier in the extraction of some samples from human remains in March from one of the burial sites in Muthanna province, Iraq, which has now been confirmed as belonging to some of the missing Kuwaitis we were looking for.




 DNA analysis continues on other human remains. I can also confirm that, earlier today, the Iraqi Government has handed over more than 40,000 Kuwaiti books pertaining to the Emiri archives and national archives to the Kuwaiti authorities. Now, as always, and in this context, I would like to commend the continued constructive cooperation between Iraq and Kuwait under Sponsored by the International Committee of the Red Cross with invaluable assistance from the Tripartite Commission. 




I really hope that the recent discoveries will finally give some condolences to the families of the missing, to whom we express our deepest sympathy. Madam President, in conclusion, I would like to add a few words, by emphasizing that the enormous challenges facing Iraq did not arise overnight, Nor is it the result of only Iraqi actions. As such, it will not be resolved by tomorrow. In other words, the Iraqis must move forward while they are united and the international community stands by them.







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