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Iraq: Security Council Extends UNAMI Mandate to May 31, 2020 and Head of Mission Calls for Completion of Government Training DinarDailyUpdates?bg=330099&fg=FFFFFF&anim=1

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Iraq: Security Council Extends UNAMI Mandate to May 31, 2020 and Head of Mission Calls for Completion of Government Training

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Iraq: Security Council Extends UNAMI Mandate to May 31, 2020 and Head of Mission Calls for Completion of Government Training Empty Iraq: Security Council Extends UNAMI Mandate to May 31, 2020 and Head of Mission Calls for Completion of Government Training

Post by claud39 on Wed May 22, 2019 1:28 pm

[size=36]Iraq: Security Council Extends UNAMI Mandate to May 31, 2020 and Head of Mission Calls for Completion of Government Training[/size]




MAY 21, 2019







Iraq: Security Council Extends UNAMI Mandate to May 31, 2020 and Head of Mission Calls for Completion of Government Training SC%20slide

















As the country is at a critical juncture in its history, the Security Council decided this afternoon to extend the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) until 31 May 2020 at a meeting also marked by calls to fight the political stalemate, corruption and terrorism.
By unanimously adopting resolution 2470 (2019), the Council also decided, as in previous renewals, that the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and UNAMI will give priority to the provision of "advice, support and assistance "to the Government and people of Iraq to promote inclusive political dialogue and reconciliation at the national and local levels.
UNAMI is also called upon to "continue to advise, support and assist the Government of Iraq" on a number of fronts, including in the context of the implementation of security sector reform, "with priority given to planning, financing and implementation of reintegration programs for former members of armed groups ".
The Mission will also "promote, support and facilitate, in coordination with the Government of Iraq," a number of actions, starting with the coordination and delivery of humanitarian assistance and, "where appropriate", the return of humanitarian assistance. safe, orderly and freely agreed upon refugees and displaced persons.
Other actions focus on the coordination and execution of programs aimed at strengthening Iraq's capacity to provide effective public and social services to the population, as well as efforts in the area of ​​economic reform.
"UNAMI will play a key role as the Iraqi authorities open a new chapter," said the delegation of the United States, the penholder of the text, while recalling the persistence many challenges in the country, starting with the finalization of the formation of the Federal Government and the fight against corruption.
It was also the content of the remarks of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Iraq and Head of UNAMI, who, in reporting on the progress made by the Mission over the last three months, expressed particular concern that one year after the elections, ministerial portfolios remain vacant in key areas such as the interior, defense, justice and education.
"Internal political quarrels are a costly obstacle," warned Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, who lamented that the political parties are not yet open to compromise. But while the attacks continue and the threat of Daesh persists, the Special Representative has emphasized the importance of continued and expanded international support to ensure that Iraq does not re-sink into turmoil.
"To prevent Daesh from getting back on track, a long-term approach is critical," she said. The same is true of the return of Daesh fighters from Syria, the return of thousands of people raising serious security, capacity and humanitarian and human rights concerns. 'man. "And this is not just an Iraqi problem, because if it is poorly managed, the consequences would be felt in the region and beyond, potentially creating fertile ground for the next generation of terrorists," he said. she warned.
On this point, Iraq explained that it had submitted a request to the Counter-Terrorism Bureau to ban the movement of foreign terrorist fighters, citing the challenges of identifying such persons when attempting to enter the territory. Iraqi. The delegation also urged Member States to put in place legal solutions to prosecute foreign terrorist fighters returning to their country of origin.  
Calling for the fight against terrorism to be the first priority, France stressed the importance of the stabilization and reconstruction of the country, especially the areas included in Daesh, an essential step "to ensure a lasting victory and favor the reconciliation of the Iraqi people ". "It should also be realized that it will take time to erase the ideology of Daesh," said the United Kingdom who called for his side to focus, in the short term, on the elimination of causes enabling Daesh to gain a foothold, notably by ensuring the provision of essential services to the population and the return of the displaced.
Convinced that Iraq could be a stabilizing factor in a troubled region, the Special Representative also worried about the challenges facing the country "to prevent its territory from becoming the scene of other competitions".
The Russian Federation has decried attempts to push the country into an "artificial confrontation" with Iran, warning of the negative consequences for Iraq and the region. "The confrontations in the Persian Gulf must stop and the provocations must leave room for dialogue," the delegation asked, which also called for "not to let a new geopolitical experience call into question the progress made in the fight against terrorism ".
Indeed, "the latest developments in the region are particularly worrying" acknowledged France, who hoped for a regional dialogue to peacefully address all sources of legitimate concerns. In the face of growing tensions in the region, Iraq has indicated that it has adopted a "positive neutrality policy" to promote regional stability. 
THE SITUATION CONCERNING IRAQ ( S / 2019/352 and S / 2019/365 )
Text of the draft resolution (S / 2019/416)
The Security Council ,
Recalling all its previous resolutions concerning Iraq, in particular resolutions [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/1500 (2003)]1500 (2003)[/url] , [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/1546 (2004)]1546 (2004)[/url] , [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/1557 (2004)]1557 (2004)[/url] , [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/1619 (2005)]1619 (2005)[/url] , [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/1700 (2006)]1700 (2006)[/url] , [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/1770 (2007)]1770 (2007)[/url] , [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/1830 (2008)]1830 (2008)[/url] , [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/1883 (2009)]1883 (2009)[/url] , [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/1936 (2010)]1936 (2010)[/url] , [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/2001 (2011)]2001 (2011)[/url] , [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/2061 (2012)]2061 (2012)[/url][url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/2110 (2013)]2110 (2013)[/url] , [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/2169 (2014)]2169 (2014)[/url] , [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/2233 (2015)]2233 (2015)[/url] , [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/2299 (2016)]2299 (2016)[/url] , [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/2379 (2017)]2379 (2017)[/url] and [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/2421 (2018)]2421 (2018)[/url] , and reaffirming resolution [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/2107 (2013)]2107 (2013)[/url]on the situation between Iraq and Kuwait, and the values ​​affirmed in resolution [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/2367 (2017)]2367 (2017)[/url] ,
Reaffirming the independence, sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity of Iraq, and emphasizing the importance of the stability, prosperity and security of Iraq for the people of Iraq, the region and the community especially in light of Iraq's victory in its territory against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as Daesh),
Providing support to Iraq to address the challenges it faces as it continues its post-conflict stabilization efforts and is increasingly working on recovery, reconstruction and reconciliation, including the obligation to respond to the needs of all Iraqis, including women, youth, children, internally displaced persons and members of ethnic and religious minorities,
Welcoming the efforts of the Government of Iraq, as part of its national program for the period 2018-2022, to combat corruption and strengthen the viability and effectiveness of public institutions,
Urging the international community to remain firmly committed to Iraq and to support Iraq's humanitarian, stabilization, reconstruction and development efforts,
1.    Decides to extend the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq until 31 May 2020;
2.    Decides that, as requested by the Government of Iraq and in the light of the letter to the Secretary-General from the Iraqi Minister for Foreign Affairs ( S / 2019/414 ), the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and the Assistance Mission United Nations will focus on:
(a) Give priority to providing advice, support and assistance to the Government and people of Iraq in order to promote inclusive political dialogue and reconciliation at the national and local levels;
b) Continue to advise, support and assist:
(i) the Government of Iraq and the Independent High Electoral Commission in the elaboration of procedures for organizing elections and referendums;
(ii) the Government of Iraq and the Chamber of Deputies in the context of the revision of the Constitution, the implementation of its provisions and the development of procedures for the settlement of internal boundary disputes acceptable to the Government of Iraq;
(iii) the Government of Iraq in the implementation of security sector reform, with particular emphasis on the planning, financing and implementation of reintegration programs for former members of armed groups, as appropriate, in coordination with other multinational entities;
(iv) the Government of Iraq in promoting dialogue and cooperation at the regional level, including issues relating to border security, energy, environment, water and refugees;
(c) Promote, support and facilitate, in coordination with the Government of Iraq:
(i) the coordination and delivery of humanitarian assistance and, where appropriate, the voluntary repatriation or on-site integration of refugees and displaced persons, in a safe and orderly manner, including through the United Nations country team;
(ii) the coordination and implementation of programs to strengthen Iraq's capacity to provide the population with effective public and social basic services, including health and education, and continued support to coordination efforts of critical aid and reconstruction programs, which are being actively pursued by Iraq with regional and international donors, including through effective monitoring of international commitments;
(iii) the efforts of, inter alia, Iraq, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund with regard to economic reform, capacity-building and the creation of conditions for sustainable development and recovery; reconstruction, particularly in areas affected by terrorism, including coordinating with national and regional organizations and, where appropriate, civil society, donors and other international institutions;
(iv) the contribution of the specialized agencies, funds and programs of the United Nations to the objectives described in the present resolution, under the central direction of the Secretary-General acting through his Special Representative for Iraq, with the support of the Special Representative deputy they will have appointed;
(d) Promoting the implementation of the principle of accountability, the protection of human rights, and judicial and legal reform, with full respect for the sovereignty of Iraq, to ​​strengthen the rule of law in Iraq, by supporting the activities of the United Nations Team of Investigators to bring Daesh / Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant to account for its crimes, which was established by resolution [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/2379 (2017)]2379 ( 2017 )[/url] ;
(e) Address cross-cutting gender issues in all aspects of their mandates, and advise and assist the Government of Iraq to ensure the contribution, participation and representation of women at all levels ;
(f) Assist the Government of Iraq and the United Nations country team in strengthening child protection activities, including the rehabilitation and reintegration of children;
3.    Recognizes the need for the security of United Nations personnel to enable the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq to work for the people of Iraq, and requests the Government of Iraq to continue to support the security and logistical presence of the United Nations in Iraq;
4.    Expects to review the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq by 31 May 2020, or earlier if requested by the Government of Iraq;
5.    Emphasizes that the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq, the Secretariat, and United Nations agencies, offices, funds and programs must continue to implement the recommendations of the independent external evaluation of the United Nations Mission , to which he asked to proceed in resolution [url=https://undocs.org/S/RES/2367 (2017)]2367 (2017)[/url] ;
6.    Requests the Secretary-General to report to it every three months on the progress made by the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq in carrying out all the tasks entrusted to it;
7.    Decides to remain seized of the matter.
declarations
Mrs. JEANINE HENNIS-PLASSCHAERT, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Iraq and Head of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq ( UNAMI)), said that internal political quarrels are "a costly obstacle", worrying that one year after the national elections, one is still waiting for the remaining vacancies in the Government, namely the ministerial portfolios. keys are interior, defense, justice and education. She regretted that the political parties are not yet open to compromise. According to her, the political compromise is not a sign of weakness, but a sign of "political maturity". On the other hand, she noted that selections are made in parliamentary committees, a critical step to overcome to allow parliamentary work to proceed. The Special Representative then welcomed the fact that after 218 days of negotiations,
Ms. Hennis-Plasschaert then spoke about the scourge of corruption, pervasive at all levels of the country, saying she was encouraged by the "obvious" commitment of the Government on this issue. Corruption, she said, impedes not only the credibility, but also the viability, responsiveness and effectiveness of the country. Achieving tangible results is essential, especially to boost public confidence, a key factor in promoting Iraqi democracy, she said. Turning then to the hydrocarbon sector, "the backbone of the Iraqi economy", the Special Representative stressed that the common good must take precedence over private or partisan interests, in order to enable the country as a whole to benefit from it. .
She stressed the importance of the active participation of women and young people in the political, social and economic spheres and warned against any attempt to make change a mere "façade", deploring, inter alia, that Iraq Always slow to appoint his first woman minister. On the other hand, it welcomed the adoption of the law against domestic violence, welcoming that it provides for the full protection of the legal rights and housing needs of all victims. She then called for the adoption of a law penalizing all forms of violence and abuse within the family.
Pursuing, Mrs. Hennis-Plasschaert said that the city of Baghdad is opening, noting that soon, the Green Zone will no longer exist. The security situation, however, calls for vigilance throughout the country as attacks continue and the threat of Daesh persists. In this context, she emphasized the importance of continued and expanded international support to ensure that Iraq does not re-sink into turmoil. To prevent Daesh from getting back on track, a long-term approach is critical, she said.
The same is true for the return of Daesh fighters from Syria, she said, noting that the return of thousands of people not only raises serious security and capacity concerns, but also urgent concerns in the humanitarian field and human rights. And this is not just an Iraqi issue, she insisted, because if it is poorly managed, the consequences would be felt in the region and beyond, potentially creating fertile ground for the next generation of terrorists.
The Special Representative also drew the Council's attention to the concerns raised by criminal activities and the socio-economic influence of non-State armed actors. She welcomed the closure of "illegal economic offices", but acknowledged that the road will certainly be long, hence the importance of applying the principle of accountability. Notwithstanding the progress made in security sector reform, much remains to be done, including the reconfiguration of the national security architecture, which is of significant importance. In particular, she said, it is important to look into the future positioning of the popular mobilization forces and to reform the Peshmerga into a single regional security force.
Referring to protests last summer due to water scarcity and the floods this winter, Hennis-Plasschaert also pointed out that a strong national water strategy can not depend on rainfall. She called for a comprehensive water collection program, to strengthen the country's infrastructure and to better prepare for the risk of floods. 
Convinced that Iraq could be a stabilizing factor in a troubled region, the Special Representative also worried about the challenges facing the country "to prevent its territory from becoming the scene of other competitions".
She then spoke of the launch of the Humanitarian Response Plan on 29 April, and the many obstacles IDPs face in returning to their homes, starting with the lack of documentation, security instability and lack of services. . As part of its post-Daesh stabilization and recovery efforts, the UNAMI Stabilization Financing Facility marked a milestone by restoring 1,000 of the 15,000 homes identified in the Old City of Mosul, as well as than the University of Mosul and a bridge west of Anbar.
With regard to the missing Kuwaiti property and citizens, Ms. Hennis-Plasschaert said that satellite images provided by member states of the tripartite mechanism, as well as testimonies, had identified the possible location of some remains. She hoped that the recent efforts of the Ministry of Defense, among others, will announce positive results in the near future.
Finally, the Special Representative was concerned that five years after Daesh's abuses in Sinjar, security is still not assured and the creation of a single administration is still slow. The Iraqi leadership in Baghdad and Erbil must act urgently and decisively to remedy this situation, she concluded.
JONATHAN R. COHEN ( United States ) welcomed the unanimous vote by members of the Security Council to extend the mandate of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) until 31 May 2020. UNAMI, he said, will play a vital role as the Iraqi authorities open a new chapter. However, the representative recalled the persistence of many challenges in the country. In particular, he called on the Iraqi authorities to finalize the formation of the Federal Government and to fight against corruption. He also urged the Government to place all armed groups under state control. 
He further recalled that the United States had allocated $ 100 million to the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) stabilization financing mechanism for Iraq. He encouraged other Member States to finance this mechanism as well. Lastly, he called on the authorities to reintegrate former child soldiers of Daesh. "The United Nations can play a positive role in the world, particularly in the Middle East," he concluded.
Mr. VLADIMIR K. SAFRONKOV ( Russian Federation ) spoke about the role of Iraq in ensuring stability in the Middle East. He decried attempts to push the country into an "artificial clash" with Iran, warning of the negative consequences for Iraq and the region. "The confrontations in the Persian Gulf must stop and the provocations must leave room for dialogue," he asked. 
The representative, taking note of the progress made in closing the humanitarian issue, praised Baghdad's good-neighborly policy and the willingness of Iraqis and Kuwaitis to overcome the obstacles of the first Gulf War. He also welcomed the efforts made to ensure the country's economic recovery. He then called for strengthening the country's unity, noting the importance of reconciling the different communities of Iraq. In addition, it is important to consolidate the achievements in Erbil, and "not to let a new geopolitical experience call into question the progress made in the fight against terrorism". Moreover, to effectively fight against terrorism, a real concerted effort is needed, he added.
The Russian representative also recalled the long tradition of military-technical cooperation between his country and Iraq, particularly in the area of ​​counter-terrorism. He referred to the activities of the Bagad Information Center, which involves other countries in the region, as well as recent international conferences and meetings that have strengthened the focus on good-neighborly policies. He said that the Russian initiative for the Persian Gulf remains valid.
Mrs ANNE GUEGUEN ( France) welcomed the progress made by the Iraqi authorities, more than a year after the announcement of the military victory against Daesh. "Iraq has now entered a new phase of stabilization that this Council must encourage to enable it to consolidate these achievements," she said. France hopes that an agreement can be found quickly with regard to ministerial portfolios that remain vacant. Faced with the challenges facing Iraq, three priorities seem to be essential. The first priority is the fight against terrorism because, warned Mrs. Gueguen, "this battle is not over despite the end of the Daesh territorial caliphate". The second priority is the humanitarian response, the stabilization and reconstruction of the country, especially the areas taken over from Daesh. 
The third priority, the delegate continued, is the regional agenda. Indeed, "the latest developments in the region are particularly worrying and France will continue to monitor developments carefully and call for de-escalation." It hopes for a regional dialogue to peacefully address all sources of legitimate concern. France will continue, for its part, to lend its full support to the Iraqi authorities, as President Macron reminded Prime Minister Abdel Mahdi in Paris in early May, not only for the material reconstruction of the country, but also of its state institutions. Finally, 
Mr CHRISTOPH HEUSGEN ( Germany ) commended recent progress in Iraq. He reiterated his country's commitment to Iraq's reconstruction, including the allocation of 1.7 billion euros for the stabilization of the country since 2014. The representative called on the authorities to fill the remaining ministerial portfolios within the country. of the Federal Government. He also called on the Government to strengthen the fight against corruption to win the trust of the people, as well as to redouble efforts to bring perpetrators to justice. These efforts must be made to advance reconciliation, he said, but called on the authorities to comply with international standards in judicial proceedings.
The German representative also welcomed the improvement of relations between Baghdad and Erbil, particularly on customs issues and hoped that the outstanding issues will be solved. He also commended efforts to normalize relations between Iraq and Kuwait, including the return of mortal remains. For reconciliation to be complete, he felt that the missing Kuwaiti property should also be returned. He also commended efforts to include women more in decision-making. He called on the Government to continue its efforts to take care of victims of sexual violence in situations of conflict and to bring the perpetrators of this violence to justice. With regard to children born of sexual violence, he considered it important to include them in Iraqi society. Finally, the representative recalled how much the country was affected by droughts and the effects of climate change. He called on the Government to redouble its efforts to assess and manage risks in this area.
Mr GBOLIÉ DÉSIRÉ WULFRAN IPO ( Ivory Coast) particularly welcomed the gradual improvement of the security situation in Iraq and the defeat of the Islamic State, thanks to the unanimous support of the Security Council. He urged that this "unitary" dynamic be maintained in order to find appropriate collective responses to the residual challenges of peace and security in the country. The efforts of the international community must "resonate" with the will of the Iraqi authorities and it was urgent in that regard, the representative said, that the question of the formation of the Government should be resolved as soon as possible. The progress observed in the normalization of the political situation, he continued, must find their continuation in the resolution of the outstanding issues in relations between Baghdad and Erbil. 
Ivory Coast, said the representative, encouraged the Federal Government and the Kurdistan Regional Government to respect their respective commitments after the adoption of the Finance Act of 2019. After drawing attention to the fate of the 1, With 75 million internally displaced persons, almost 500,000 of whom live in camps, the representative also encouraged cooperation between the Iraqi and Kuwaiti authorities to provide a definitive answer to the question of missing Kuwaiti nationals and seized property, including the national archives. from Kuwait. He concluded by expressing his "full" support for the Investigation into the Crimes committed by the Islamic State of Iraq and encouraged the Iraqi authorities to cooperate in the proper execution of this mission.
Mr. MANSOUR AYYAD SH. A. ALOTAIBI ( Kuwait ) expressed his solidarity with Iraq's fight against the scourge of terrorism. He called on the countries that participated in the Iraq Reconstruction Conference to honor their commitments and called for the establishment of a follow-up mechanism to that end.
With regard to the return of Kuwaiti property and activities related to the repatriation and return of missing Kuwaitis, or the return of their remains, the representative regretted that there were 369 unresolved cases, noting that none of the remains had been exhumed since 2004. He called on Iraq to continue its constructive action within the framework of the tripartite mechanism in order to close this humanitarian issue "as it should be". Kuwait, he added, is ready to provide assistance to accelerate efforts. He also regretted that no information exists on the Kuwaiti archives since 1991.
Mr STEPHEN MAHLABADISHAGO NTSOANE ( South Africa ) called on Iraq to form an open government for all components of Iraqi society. Maintaining national reconciliation and unity in Iraq is essential to avoid the vagaries of "fragmented" government and public policies, he said. The representative further supported the consolidation of control of the Iraqi army throughout the territory. Along with the case of missing Kuwaiti nationals, he also asked for information on South African citizens who disappeared after 2003.
He also welcomed the increased engagement of regional organizations in the political process in Iraq. He also welcomed the normalization of relations between Baghdad and Erbil, and called on the parties to continue this momentum by seeking consensus. Finally, he considered that finalizing the formation of the Government would be an important step towards strengthening Baghdad's relations with neighboring countries, in the direction of greater regional integration.
Despite the positive developments in Iraq, Mr. NARCISO SIPACO RIBALA ( Equatorial Guinea) called on the Iraqi authorities to finalize the formation of the Federal Government. To this end, he called on the parties involved to go beyond the "internal struggles" in order to fill as soon as possible the vacant positions of ministers of the interior, defense, justice and education. On this issue, the representative hoped that women and ethnic minorities will be represented in the future Government. He expressed concern that delays in the formation of the Cabinet had distracted attention from the implementation of the Government of Iraq's 2018-2022 program, which was supposed to address the people's concerns about poor living conditions, lack of basic services, unemployment and reconstruction needs. 
In addition, he called on Baghdad and Erbil to resolve their differences through dialogue and compromise in order to build confidence. He also welcomed the initiatives of the Iraqi authorities to strengthen their relations with neighboring States, in order to promote joint management of political, economic and security issues in the region. He finally called on the international community to support Iraq to cope with the return of many foreign terrorist fighters and their families to the country.
Mrs MADELIN ESTHER LUNA ( Dominican Republic) commended the Iraqi authorities for the successful implementation of the "democratic, transparent and peaceful" electoral process last year, followed by a swift transfer of power. On the political side, she regretted that there was no agreement in Parliament on the election of persons to fill vacant management posts in ministries, which delayed the implementation of of the government program. She called on political actors to reach a consensus to form a government that can rely on institutions that function effectively. This political will should extend to the formation of a government of the Kurdistan Region and the implementation of the Iraq reconstruction plan. The representative, moreover,
The Government of Iraq must continue to develop inclusive policies that enable women to play an important role in decision-making, she said, welcoming the fact that four women were elected presidents and four other vice-presidents of the the Kurdistan Region, also referring to the Plan of Action on Women, Peace and Security in the Middle East. She also called on the Government of Iraq to take concrete steps to end impunity for cases of serious human rights violations, including sexual abuse and violence by EEIL affiliates. It also appreciated the Government's security efforts, but was concerned about the persistence of terrorism and therefore called for
With regard to Kuwait, she welcomed progress in resolving outstanding issues between the two countries, including the return of valuables such as the books of the National Library of Kuwait provided by Iraq. Finally, with regard to the humanitarian situation in Iraq, she called for continuing to help the millions of Iraqis still displaced, and to increase the number of protection mechanisms for those populations.
Mr. STEPHEN HICKEY ( United Kingdom ) said it was important to recognize the progress made by the Iraqi authorities, but also to realize that it will take time to erase the ideology of Daesh. He called for a focus, in the short term, on eliminating the causes that allowed Daech to gain a foothold. In particular, the representative stressed the importance of ensuring the provision of essential services to the population and the return of the displaced and honoring the commitments made at the Kuwaiti conference. Measures are also needed to help displaced children and representative government is also of utmost importance. He then commended the many efforts of UNAMI in a number of policy areas.
The delegate also welcomed the adoption of the law against domestic violence. Iraq's next national plan of action on women peace and security must be implemented effectively and comprehensively, and it should also be possible to hear more women workers, he said.
JOANNA WRONECKA ( Poland ) said it was essential for UNAMI to continue to support the Government of Iraq as it embarked on new programs and strategies to overcome existing obstacles and pave the way for peace and security. sustainable development. The current phase is crucial and demands that the remaining challenges be addressed through electoral, economic and social reforms, as well as the fight against corruption and the strengthening of state institutions. Concerned by the lack of progress on the vacant ministerial posts, Poland calls on the political parties to finalize the Government's formation process quickly. 
Ms. Wronecka encouraged the Iraqi authorities to focus on basic public services and ways to meet the needs of all Iraqis, including women, youth and members of all religious and ethnic groups, through the effective implementation of the 2018-2022 Government Program. She also advocated for inclusive governance and women's equal participation at all levels of decision-making structures. She emphasized the imperative of combating violence against women and girls, demanding the full implementation of Iraq's plan of action on women, peace and security. With regard to children detained because of their affiliation with armed groups, she felt that they should be treated first and foremost as victims. Poland urges the authorities to allow UNAMI access to these detained children, to develop non-judicial solutions as an alternative to their prosecution and detention, and to facilitate their reintegration into society. The stabilization of Iraq must go through its national reconciliation, she said, emphasizing the voluntary, dignified and safe return of displaced persons. Before concluding, she expressed her concern about ongoing tensions in the Gulf that could have a negative impact on the security situation in Iraq and further destabilize the country,
Mr. GUSTAVO MEZA-CUADRA ( Peru) commended the progress made by the Government and the Iraqi political class through dialogue and compromise, especially to increase women's participation. However, he reiterated the need to provide improved services to the population, rebuild basic infrastructure, revive the economy and strengthen the rule of law, including by fighting corruption. The role of the international community in this regard is very important, he said. It must both promote development and investment in Iraq, and contribute to the monitoring of the activities of the Daesh remnants and the application of the principle of accountability, in coordination with UNAMI. He stressed the importance of dialogue with religious communities, Yazidi in Sinjar or Christians in Mosul. Otherwise, 
Mr MARC PECSTEEN DE BUYTSWERVE ( Belgium ) said that Iraq was at "a decisive moment in its history". While much progress has been made, many challenges remain, and this in a still difficult security environment due to the significant threat that Daesh continues to pose. In this context, the representative called on the country to rapidly finalize the formation of a federal government after the parliamentary elections in May 2018. "After the first positive developments in this regard, Iraq is unfortunately not still managed to finalize the formation of his government, "regretted Mr. Pecsteen, encouraging the parties to support a common vision for the country and to show a spirit of compromise.
In addition, he supported the Government of Iraq in its process of construction and economic development and in its reform initiatives, particularly to stimulate private sector participation. He also welcomed his commitment to fighting corruption. "But economic reconstruction alone will not be enough," he warned, praising the efforts of the authorities and the international community for the removal of explosive ordnance to enable stabilization and reconstruction activities to take place. continue, as well as families to return to their communities. After stressing the importance of reconciliation, he encouraged the Government of Iraq to develop, sign and implement a plan of action on children and armed conflict, with the support of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI). Finally, he finally supported Iraq in its efforts to open up to neighboring countries.
Mr. Yao Shaojun ( China ) welcomed the unanimous adoption of the resolution, which he said was the Council's strong support for UNAMI and the Government of Iraq. He also welcomed the close collaboration between the Iraqi authorities and UNAMI. "The renewal of the Mission's mandate for one year is an important event," he insisted. The representative also welcomed the recent victories of the country in the fight against terrorism and Baghdad's efforts to strengthen relations with neighboring States. He also welcomed the adoption of the government program for 2018-2022 and the improvement of relations between Baghdad and Erbil.
However, he called for more support for Iraq's fight against terrorism, including the repatriation and return of foreign terrorist fighters. In addition, he called on the international community to promote economic recovery and reconstruction, in particular by alleviating the humanitarian situation and creating an enabling environment for development. The Chinese delegate finally called on the authorities and Member States to promote reconciliation in the country, in the interests of Iraqis and regional stability.
Mr DIAN TRIANSYAH DJANI ( Indonesia) saw in the formation of a new government within the constitutional deadlines an essential step to obtain the confidence of the population. He welcomed the improved relations between Baghdad and Erbil. The Representative was concerned, however, that despite recent progress, terrorism remains a significant challenge, with Daesh members remaining active in several Iraqi provinces. He called for a comprehensive approach to addressing the security challenges of the country and ensuring lasting peace. Mr. Djani also welcomed the fact that today's resolution improves the mandate of UNAMI. A strong mission able to support the people and the Government of Iraq to face complex challenges is more relevant than ever, he said.
Welcoming the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Ms. Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, whose efforts have been "outstanding" from the start of her term, Mr. MOHAMMED HUSSEIN BAHR ALULOOM ( Iraq ) welcomed the extension of the mandate of the UNAMI until 31 May 2020. He indicated that his Government intended to work closely with UNAMI to meet Iraq's needs in the coming months, particularly in terms of reconstruction and development promotion efforts. 
Despite the vacant positions in the Government, it was formed on the basis of the competence of its members, assured the representative, highlighting the progress already made in terms of security, culture, human rights and openness with neighboring countries and the region. We are committed to preserving the results achieved and moving forward on the road to reconstruction, explained the representative. "When the security situation improves, the political situation is also improving," he added, emphasizing the spirit of consensus and unity in Iraq, as evidenced, he said , unprecedented cooperation between Baghdad and Erbil.
In addition, the Government is investing in agriculture, the industrial sector and employment. Iraq has also adopted a "positive neutrality policy" in the face of growing tensions in the region, with the aim of promoting regional stability. Inside the country, the representative added, the number of IDPs has increased from 4.5 million to 1.8 million in areas controlled by Daesh. On the initiative of Iraqi President Barham Salih, the Chamber of Deputies is working on the drafting of a bill to compensate and guarantee the rehabilitation of the Yazidis. Parliament is also working on another draft law to guarantee compensation for victims of domestic violence, in accordance with the principles of the Iraqi Constitution.
In addition, the country is continuing its cooperation with the United Nations, including the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), with a view to preparing a common plan to protect child victims of terrorist acts. On the climate front, efforts have been made to mitigate the effects of climate change and to ensure people's food and water security, he said.
However, Daesh is still a threat, despite its defeat in Iraq, said the delegate. At the national level, his government strives to fight the ideology of the group by investing in education and bringing terrorists to justice. We also submitted a request to the Counter-Terrorism Bureau to ban the movement of foreign terrorist fighters, he added, noting the challenges of identifying these fighters as they try to enter the country. Iraqi territory. At the same time, he urged Member States to put in place legal solutions to prosecute foreign terrorist fighters returning to their country of origin. Otherwise, Daech may rebuild its strike force around the world,
With regard to relations between Iraq and Kuwait, he welcomed the holding of the seventh session of the Committee on Relations between the Two Countries on 13 May. He said Kuwait and Iraq are collaborating in their "excellent bilateral relations" on the economic front and resolving the outstanding issues. On this point, he welcomed the presidential statement of the Council concerning the return of the dead Kuwaiti remains and property. We wish to identify these remains and property for return to Kuwait, he said, citing the recent discovery of a mass grave in Iraq.

IRAQ







https://www.un.org/press/fr/2019/cs13819.doc.htm
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Iraq: Security Council Extends UNAMI Mandate to May 31, 2020 and Head of Mission Calls for Completion of Government Training Empty UNITAD submits biannual report to the UN Security Council; reports substantial progress

Post by claud39 on Thu May 23, 2019 8:54 am

[size=36]UNITAD submits biannual report to the UN Security Council; reports substantial progress[/size]



Thursday, 23 May 2019 




Iraq: Security Council Extends UNAMI Mandate to May 31, 2020 and Head of Mission Calls for Completion of Government Training UNofficiallogosmall



Baghdad, Iraq, 22 May 2019 - The Second Report to the United Nations Security Council on the activities of UNITAD (the United Nations Investigative Team to Promote Accountability for Crimes Committed by Da’esh/ISIL) was issued today, detailing the progress made by the Investigative Team in the implementation of its mandate in supporting domestic efforts to hold Da’esh/ISIL accountable by collecting evidence of war crimes, crimes against humanity and possible genocide committed by the group in Iraq. The Special Adviser will present the report in person at the Security Council in early June.

Established pursuant to United Nations Security Council resolution 2379 (2017), UNITAD has informed the Council through its Report that its core staffing, facilities and evidence-collection practices are now in place in Iraq, while initial documentary, digital, testimonial and forensic material is being collected in line with its investigative strategy.

During the reporting period, UNITAD launched its initial forensic evidence-gathering activities in the village of Kojo in the Sinjar region. Commencing on 15 March 2019, this process has involved the exhumation of a series of mass graves in the village, with work conducted in close cooperation with Iraqi national authorities, notably the Mass Graves Directorate within the Martyrs’ Foundation, and the Medico-Legal Directorate within the Ministry of Health. Specialised support and guidance has been provided by UNITAD specialists.

Working closely with local community and survivor advocate groups, the exhumation of 12 of the 16 identified grave sites in Kojo has now been completed. The Investigative Team has also worked to ensure that all evidentiary material collected from these sites is stored in line with international standards.

UNITAD also reports that channels for the effective use of gathered evidence have begun to be identified, including through consultations with several States with respect to the use of evidence collected in ongoing domestic proceedings related to the crimes of ISIL.

The Government of Iraq and regional authorities, including the Kurdistan Regional Government, have expressed and demonstrated their support for UNITAD, headed by Special Adviser Karim A. A. Khan QC. The Special Adviser has met with their excellencies the President, Prime Minister, and Secretary-General of the Council of Ministers, as well as the Speaker of Parliament, Chief Justice, and other ministerial figures relevant to UNITAD’s work. The Special Adviser has commended the support and facilitation provided by the Government, which has allowed UNITAD to move forward rapidly with its field-based operations.

This support from authorities has been mirrored by wide support from senior leadership figures from ethnic and religious groups in Iraq, including Sunni, Shi’a, Christian, Yazidi, Kaka’i, Shabak, and Turkmen.

The dynamic implementation of the mandate has also seen diversity and inclusion form a central part of UNITAD’s ethos, where currently 55% of the substantive team are female, along with more than 50% of senior management positions. All geographic regions of the United Nations are represented within the workforce. Moreover, to build a true partnership between the international community and the communities of Iraq for whom UNITAD’s mandate is designed, Iraqi nationals account for more than one third of professional staff members.

On 13 May 2019, the Prime Minister of Iraq and the Special Adviser and Head of the Investigative Team formally announced the appointment by the Special Adviser of Dr Sallama Hasson Al Khafaji as Chief of National Engagement and Support, the most senior national position within the Investigative Team.

Following this appointment, and in consultation with the Government of Iraq, the Investigative Team is now moving forward with the recruitment of all other positions allocated for national experts, which are currently advertised.

UNITAD continues to grow its team and expand its operations in Iraq, working to promote accountability for crimes committed by Da’esh/ISIL.

Note: Pursuant to Security Council resolution 2379 (2017), UNITAD is mandated to support domestic efforts to hold ISIL (Da’esh) accountable by collecting, preserving, and storing evidence in Iraq of acts that may amount to war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide committed by the terrorist group ISIL (Da’esh) in Iraq. In addition, the Special Adviser and Head of the Investigative Team is mandated to promote accountability throughout the world for acts that may amount to war crimes, crimes against humanity, or genocide committed by ISIL (Da’esh). UNITAD also works with survivors, in a manner consistent with relevant national laws, to ensure their interests in achieving accountability for ISIL (Da’esh) are fully recognised.
Contact: william.deathemorris@un.org


http://www.uniraq.org/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=11113:unitad-submits-biannual-report-to-the-un-security-council-reports-substantial-progress&Itemid=605&lang=en
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Iraq: Security Council Extends UNAMI Mandate to May 31, 2020 and Head of Mission Calls for Completion of Government Training Empty Briefing to the UN Security Council by SRSG Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert (As Prepared and Delivered)

Post by claud39 on Thu May 23, 2019 8:59 am

[size=36]Briefing to the UN Security Council by SRSG Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert (As Prepared and Delivered)[/size]



Tuesday, 21 May 2019 23:52


Iraq: Security Council Extends UNAMI Mandate to May 31, 2020 and Head of Mission Calls for Completion of Government Training Bb155e8b7f93e76bd8846420f59ce76d_L




New York, 21 May 2019
Mr. President,
Distinguished members of the Security Council,


I would like to begin by recounting my recent visit to a mass grave in the Samawah desert, alongside President Barham Salih. This burial site is a stark reminder of Saddam Hussein’s horrific crimes against many people, his own people in this case the Kurdish people. It was a deeply moving experience, underlining once again that Iraq’s violent and lawless past still impacts its present. Yet - it also made clear how extraordinary Iraq’s transition is in this twenty-first century: from dictatorship to democracy. And yes, to truly take root democracy needs time, lots of time and lots of hard work.

Mr. President,

We must recognize that the ongoing political infighting is a costly obstacle. A full year after national elections, ministerial appointments have yet to be made to the key posts: Interior, Defence, Justice and Education. Political parties have not yet shown themselves willing to compromise. It should be understood, however, that political compromise is not a sign of weakness. In fact, it is a sign of political maturity – and a requisite for resilience.

Slowly but surely, chairs, deputies and rapporteurs are now being selected for parliamentary committees, a critical hurdle to clear for parliamentary work to get going. We are not there yet. Though, it is high time indeed as critical laws are still pending.

Turning to the KRG-formation negotiations, I am pleased to report recent important progress. After 218 days of negotiations, an agreement on the formation of a new Kurdistan Regional Government was signed on May 5. Barring further problems, the new government could be in place in June.

Mr. President,


It is no secret that the Iraqi authorities, institutions, mechanisms and systems continue to struggle with deep rooted problems, often hampering swift and robust responses from the government to pressing needs, such as reconstruction, development and security. These problems can be schematized, as a range of individual interests and arguments, many of which arise from long-standing grievances and differences between communities, between political entities, between the federal and the Kurdistan Regional Government and all this becomes entrenched in the form of concealed, private networks of power operating independently pursuing narrow objectives and goals. In a way, this also explains why the many opportunities arising from so many reconciliation efforts are yet to be fully embraced.

Mr. President,

With this in mind it is also necessary to touch upon the scourge of corruption, pervasive at all levels in Iraq. Corruption takes money that should be spent on public services, placing it instead in private pockets, but it also deters economic activity, hindering business development which would result in much needed job creation. Now, as I stated last time I briefed the Security Council, I am encouraged by the Government’s obvious engagement on this issue. Prime Minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi made it very clear: “Corruption distorts the image of the State - and its reputation, both locally and on the world stage”. Very true indeed; it hampers not only Iraq’s credibility but also its viability, responsiveness and effectiveness. Change will not come overnight, so it is important to spotlight the issue of corruption again and again. Achieving tangible results will be crucial, in so many ways, most importantly it will revive public trust which is essential for the further development of Iraq’s democracy.

Mr. President,

The hydro-carbon sector is the backbone of Iraq’s economy, with vast oil potential yet to be explored. But to attain this, significant challenges will need to be addressed. Also, here and in short: the common good should trump private or partisan interests, enabling the whole country to benefit. Accordingly, I look forward to renewed engagement on the critical hydrocarbon and revenue sharing laws.

Mr. President, something else,

Iraq can only achieve its full potential with the active political, social and economic participation of women and youth. Recently, we witnessed, organised and participated in a variety of women and youth events throughout the country. While these were meaningful experiences for all those involved, I would like to warn against change as mere window dressing. At the end of the day, it is all about translating excellent intentions into positive action. Regrettably, Iraq is yet to appoint its first female minister.

On a different note, but of great relevance to women and girls: the Anti-Domestic Violence Law. An issue that is both sensitive and important for Iraqis. And I would like to commend Iraq’s leadership for taking important steps towards the enactment of this law. This law would fully protect the legal rights and shelter needs of all victims of domestic violence. And by all victims, I mean all victims: not just women and girls. I sincerely hope that legislators will proceed with a law in line with the Iraqi constitution, which prohibits all forms of violence and abuse within the family.

Mr. President,

On an entirely separate and encouraging note: Baghdad is opening up. Very soon the Green Zone will no longer exist. Prime Minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi has lived up to his promise from day one by removing T-walls and returning the city to its people. However, the security-situation will continue to require close monitoring. Not only in Baghdad, but throughout the country. Attacks continue, as seen with recent blasts and suicide bombings. Also very relevant: the ISIL-threat is still out there. As a Coalition representative recently said: ISIL is resurging. They rested, moved and are active.

Within this context, I am keenly aware of the importance of continued, wide-based international support, support to ensure that Iraq leaves its violent past behind, to ensure that Iraq does not slip back into the turmoil from which it so recently emerged. In other words: to prevent ISIL from regaining a strong foothold in Iraq a long-term approach is critical.

Equally important Mr. President, is the issue of returning ISIL-fighters from Syria to Iraq, along with their families. The return of thousands and thousands of people, Iraqis and non-Iraqis, raises not only significant security and capacity concerns, but also urgent human rights and humanitarian protection concerns. And all this, is not just an Iraqi problem. We know that certain states prefer to maintain a “strategic distance” with regard to their own nationals. But again, to be clear: this is not just an Iraqi problem. If poorly managed, the issue will impact us all in the region and beyond. Moreover, if we do not manage this adequately, we risk creating a new breeding ground for the next generation of terrorists.

Now, another dominant security concern is the issue of armed actors operating outside state control, engaged in illegal or criminal activities and exerting economic and social influence throughout the country. Clearly, the activities of these actors undermine state authority, they affect vulnerable communities, they weaken the national economy and sadly, they also prevent the peaceful return of displaced persons.

In my conversations with the Iraqi government, I welcomed certain actions, such as the closing down of so-called illegal economic offices. But the road will certainly be long. It will therefore prove crucial to hold to account all armed actors involved in criminal enterprise or illegal activity. More broadly, I welcome the Government’s efforts on security sector reform. However, much work remains to be done, and the reconfiguration of the ‘national security architecture’ is particularly important. This notably includes the future positioning of the PMF and the reform of the Peshmerga into a single, regional security force.

Mr. President,

As we saw during last summer’s protests in the South, Iraq’s water shortages have the potential to ignite social unrest which if unchecked can reverse any gains made. Although this past winter saw extensive rainfall - including widespread catastrophic flooding - simple reliance on generous rainfall is not a solid national water strategy. In an era of severe climate change, it is of utmost importance to plan carefully for all weather extremes and thus to develop a comprehensive programme of water collection and management but also to strengthen the country’s infrastructure and better prepare for floods.

Mr. President,

I am pleased to report that Iraq’s leadership continues to reach out to international and regional counterparts, positioning itself as a reliable and capable partner. Indeed, Iraq could well be a stabilizing factor in a turbulent region and instead of an arena for conflict, Iraq could well offer a space for regional reconciliation, preparing the ground for a regional security dialogue. At the same time, we cannot ignore that Iraq faces serious challenges in preventing its territory from becoming the theatre for different competitions. So, to all those feeling challenged: placing a further burden on Iraq is truly, the last thing it needs.

Mr. President,

On April 29, the United Nations launched its 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan, in alignment with the humanitarian plans of Iraq. The humanitarian needs remain substantial. Many displaced citizens continue to face serious obstacles to return to their homes. These include lack of civil documentation, an unstable security situation due to clashes between armed groups and checkpoint harassment, they include damaged and contaminated houses, inadequate basic services, as well as discrimination. In other words: obstacles are varied, complex and interlinked, painfully resulting in stalled returns on the ground.

In addition to our humanitarian efforts, we continue to support post-ISIL stabilisation and rehabilitation efforts in the worst-affected areas. Our Funding Facility for Stabilization (FFS) reached a major milestone by rehabilitating the first 1,000 out of the planned 15,000 houses in Mosul’s Old City. This builds on previous successful housing work in Anbar, where thousands and thousands of houses have already been rehabilitated.
In addition, FFS completed the rehabilitation of several structures, such as Mosul University – which currently hosts more than 20,000 students. Also, a third major bridge in West Anbar has been restored, allowing more than 75,000 people to access essential services, such as hospitals and schools.

Mr. President,

allow me to now turn to the issue of missing Kuwaitis, third-country nationals and missing Kuwaiti property, including the national archives. I would like to thank Member States of the Tripartite mechanism for coming forward with satellite imagery that, in combination with witness testimonies, has been vital in identifying potential locations for missing Kuwaitis. After years of hard work by many, and on this occasion, I would like to flag recent efforts by the Iraqi Ministry of Defence in particular, I sincerely hope that we will be able to announce positive results soon.
Obviously, it is important that Iraq continues its efforts, including the identification of the missing Kuwaiti National Archives and other property. We all recognise their importance as an integral element of Kuwait’s national heritage.

Mr. President,

I would like to end by recalling my recent visit to Sinjar, which brings together many of the points I have just made. In Sinjar, I saw the horrific destruction. The work of ISIL almost five years ago. Unfortunately, little has changed since the liberation of Sinjar. Many people are still living in tents on the mountain to which they fled at the onset of the terror campaign. In August, the world will commemorate the horrific events of five years ago. But a single administration and the provision of security, as the very basis for the reconstruction of Sinjar, are yet to be realised. Frankly, a continued failure to make it happen is a clear injustice. Iraqi leadership, both in Baghdad and Erbil must now act urgently and decisively.

Finally, Mr. President,

yes, the challenges for Iraq are manifold but in all of these challenges I would like to express - once again - our continued and strong commitment to assist and support wherever we can. President Barham Salih very recently stated that the situation in Iraq is not good. Iraqis deserve far better. However, the situation is improving. It will take time but with great determination and concerted, decisive action we will succeed. So he said and how right he is.
Thank you.


http://www.uniraq.org/index.php?option=com_k2&view=item&id=11105:briefing-to-the-un-security-council-by-srsg-jeanine-hennis-plasschaert-as-prepared&Itemid=712&lang=en
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Iraq: Security Council Extends UNAMI Mandate to May 31, 2020 and Head of Mission Calls for Completion of Government Training Empty Parliamentary: UN plans to apply Article 140 of the Iraqi Constitution before 2023

Post by claud39 on Mon Jun 03, 2019 8:50 am

Parliamentary: UN plans to apply Article 140 of the Iraqi Constitution before 2023





2019/06/03





Iraq: Security Council Extends UNAMI Mandate to May 31, 2020 and Head of Mission Calls for Completion of Government Training Yp26-08-2013-578801




The High Representative Naseef on Monday described the recommendations contained in UN Security Council Resolution 2470 on Iraq as "bomb recommendations hidden behind the special agendas will be implemented during the next four years."
Nassif said in a statement today: "The recommendation on providing support and advice to the Government of Iraq and the Electoral Commission on the procedures for the elections and (referenda) is the introduction to a referendum on Kirkuk and the conduct of a census to implement Article 140 of the Constitution, that is, the United Nations plans to resolve the matter a year ago 2023, which ends the Treaty of Lausanne. "
And claimed that "this decision will create a crisis between the components that live in Kirkuk and have serious repercussions on the social ladder, and no one is unaware of the link between the bombings that claimed the lives of innocent people in Kirkuk and the agendas aimed at tampering with the fate of this city and isolate it from Iraq because of its oil wealth, The end of the people of Kirkuk are paying the tax of these conflicts, "as she put it.
"The emphasis on constitutional review, implementation of constitutional provisions and the establishment of procedures for the settlement of the disputed areas would mean the effective implementation of Article 140 of the Constitution on the ground. On the other hand, UNAMI seems to have taken advantage of government and legislative neglect to resolve the land problem To its legitimate owners, which created an opportunity to intervene. "
Naseef called for the convening of a special session of the House of Representatives to discuss the UN resolution, which includes bombardments threatening social peace and warning of a series of problems and crises that began with the bombings that have claimed the lives of innocents in Kirkuk.
The United Nations Security Council passed resolution 2470 on Iraq, which includes many resolutions on Iraq, including the amendment of the constitution, the resolution of the disputed areas between Erbil and Baghdad, and the reform of the security sector.
The Kurdish blocs had submitted earlier in the day an official request to the Presidency of the Iraqi Council of Representatives to establish a temporary committee to monitor the implementation of Article 140 of the Iraqi Constitution.
Article 140 of the constitution dealt with the dispute between Erbil and Baghdad through three stages: "Statistics, Referendum, Normalization", but Iraqi governments and after the vote on the permanent constitution deliberately do not apply, according to Kurdish political leaders.
Since the withdrawal of the Peshmerga and Asayish forces following the referendum held by the Kurdistan Region on 25/9/2017, tensions have been strained in the security situation. The armed organizations have recently resumed their activity in these areas significantly.

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