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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Iraq Sets Up 'Loophole' in US Sanctions to Buy Iranian Power

Post by claud39 on Sat Jul 06, 2019 11:14 am

Iraq Sets Up 'Loophole' in US Sanctions to Buy Iranian Power





 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Bozlar-tower1





By Maya Gebeily
Iraq is establishing a financial "loophole" to continue buying vital gas and electricity from Iran despite US sanctions, AFP has learned, mirroring a European mechanism that came into effect Friday.
The "special purpose vehicle" (SPV) would allow Iraq to pay for imported Iranian energy in Iraqi dinars, which Iran could use to exclusively buy humanitarian goods, three senior Iraqi officials said.
The workaround would allow Baghdad to keep the lights on and avoid shortage-driven protests without triggering US sanctions, as it treads an increasingly precarious tightrope between its two main allies Tehran and Washington.
One senior government official told AFP it was the product of months of talks between Iraqi, Iranian and US officials.
"The Iraqi government will continue to pay Iran for gas by depositing money into a special bank account inside Iraq, in Iraqi dinars," the official said.
"Iran will not be able to withdraw the money, but will be able to use it to purchase goods from outside Iraq."
Iraq has an outstanding bill of around $2 billion for previous gas and electricity purchases, according to Iranian Oil Minister Bijan Zangeneh.
A US official told AFP that Washington was aware of the mechanism's creation.
The US embassy in Baghdad declined to comment, while Iran's embassy did not respond to an AFP request.
Two additional high-level Iraqi officials confirmed Baghdad was establishing such an account with US knowledge, but could not say whether payments into the account had begun.
"How else is Iraq supposed to pay what it owes Iran? We have no other choice," the second official said.
Iran's ATM'
To offset its notorious power shortages, Iraq imports around 1,400 MW of electricity and 28 million cubic meters (988 million cubic feet) of gas for power stations from neighboring Iran, which together make up about a third of Iraq's power supply.
That reliance has angered the US, which slapped tough sanctions on Iran last year but has granted Iraq several temporary waivers to keep purchasing Iranian power until October.
The US insists Iraq wean itself off Iranian energy, but Baghdad has said that could take up to four years, during which it would need to keep purchasing at least Iranian gas.
To do so, the central banks of Iran and Iraq agreed in February to create a payment method that steers clear of US sanctions, Iran's state news agency IRNA said, without providing additional details.
That would mean not dealing in US dollars and purchasing only "humanitarian goods" allowed by the US -- like food and medicine.
"We would become Iran's ATM," another Iraqi official told AFP.
According to two of the senior Iraqi officials, Baghdad's SPV would likely be set up at the Trade Bank of Iraq.
The TBI has handled most of the Iraqi government's international transactions since its establishment in the aftermath of the US-led invasion in 2003.
A senior TBI source told AFP the bank had been involved in the negotiations but the account had not yet been created.
"The US Treasury has confidence in the TBI's processes. We are in discussions to reach an agreement, which would be fully within US exemptions," the source said.
'Like a Ledger'
It would effectively be a "loophole" around sanctions, said Ahmed Tabaqchali, senior fellow at the Sulaymaniyah-based Institute of Regional and International Studies.
"It's like a ledger. You record the money paid, and Iran has that much credit in Iraq," Tabaqchali told AFP.
The system would work much like INSTEX, a mechanism recently activated by Britain, Germany and France to trade legitimately with Iran without falling foul of US sanctions.
Still, the system is fraught with political, financial and practical complexities
Iraq's economy relies almost exclusively on oil revenues, paid in dollars, which leaves Baghdad extremely vulnerable to any punitive measures the US could take in response to a violation.
It also remains unclear what exactly Iran could purchase from Iraq as trade is heavily tilted in the other direction.
"Credit would develop in Iran's favour but how would it actually cash it?" said Tabaqchali.
Importing goods from outside Iraq would require a third party willing to take the political and financial risk of such a transaction, he told AFP.
And, ultimately, much of Iraq's transactions with Iran are cash purchases of commercial goods—something US authorities implementing sanctions are unable to monitor.
"Cash is untraceable," said Tabaqchali.

https://www.bourseandbazaar.com/news-1/2019/7/2/iraq-sets-up-loophole-in-us-sanctions-to-buy-iranian-power

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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Iran to raise enrichment level as EU barter channel stalls

Post by claud39 on Sat Jul 06, 2019 11:16 am

Iran to raise enrichment level as EU barter channel stalls




 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 454787Image1



ERBIL, Kurdistan Region — Europe is yet to designate a bank to handle a proposed barter trade system between Iranian and European firms on the eve of a deadline set by President Hassan Rouhani who has threatened Tehran would increase the enrichment of uranium to any level it desires if the Europeans fail to take adequate actions. 

Despite claims that the European trade channel (known as INSTEX) is operational, the head of Special Trade and Finance Institute (STFI) which is the Iranian equivalent of the system, says that the Europeans have not assigned a bank to handle the trade. 

“Right now, our request for the Europeans side is for them to introduce a bank to become the intermediary between the European and Iranian buyers and sellers,” Ali Asghar Nouri the head of STFI said on Saturday. “We have consulted about this but no bank has been introduced to us officially.” 

Nouri elaborated in an interview with Tasnim News on the complexity of the barter trade system and the pre-conditions including banking requirements for the mechanism before it could be activated. 

“In the first phase, we ask some traders who export directly to Europe to use the STFI as a test…in this regard we have spoken to some renowned and experienced exporters and some of them have promised to assist,” Nouri said.


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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 C08JBfBB_normal

AFP news agency

✔@AFP





[ltr]The Instrument in Support of Trade Exchanges (INSTEX), also known as the Special Purpose Vehicle: a legal mechanism to shield EU firms trading with Iran from US sanctions[/ltr]


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10:45 AM - Feb 1, 2019
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He rejected the idea that the banks are staying away from INSTEX because they are scarred to incur US fines due to the financial and economic sanctions on Iran, instead saying INSTEX is a legal vehicle and if it was not, the Europeans would have floated establishing it.

The liquidity for the deal is another major obstacle as Iranian oil exportation has dwindled to less than 500,000 barrels per day (bpd) since Washington cancelled oil waivers to eight major buyers in May, triggering a strong reaction from Tehran.  

“…in order to provide liquidity, the Europeans must buy our oil so we can deposit the proceeds into this company [STFI] in order to use the proceeds to import,” Nouri detailed. “We emphasized that if Europe cannot buy our oil, there must be a line of credit meaning that Europe will provide [financial] services and in return we pay back the dues from the sale of oil.”

President Hassan Rouhani warned on Wednesday that Tehran would take a dramatic step in suspending its commitment under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Actions (JCPOA) by raising the level of enrichment of uranium which received strong reactions from the Europeans and United States.

“…we will put aside our commitment in relation to the level of enrichment and we will increase to any level that we wish depending on the needs and our requirements” Rouhani said.  “From July 7, we will return the Arak Reactor to the previous level, to the level that you claimed ‘Was dangerous and could produce plutonium,’ unless you fulfill all your commitments in relation to Arak Reactor.”

On Friday, the United States Mission to International Organizations in Vienna requested a special meeting scheduled for Wednesday of the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) Board of Governors to discuss the nuclear watchdog’s "concerning report on the Iranian regime's nuclear program."

Iran’s Arak Reactor is permitted under the guidelines of the nuclear deal to be used for non-weaponized nuclear research and is to be monitored by co-signers, in particular the United Kingdom and China.

Since May 2018 when the US withdrew from the JCPOA and re-imposed severe economic sanctions on Tehran, tensions between the two countries have increased and a series of incidents in recent months have brought the two adversaries to the verge of military conflict.

In the latest incident on Thursday, a unit of British Royal Marines seized a supertanker containing 2 million barrels of Iranian oil allegedly heading to Syria which is under European Union sanctions. Iran threatened to retaliate. On Saturday rumors spread that a British tanker had stopped unexpectedly in the Persian Gulf, but Tehran denied the rumors.

Despite the looming deadline as the tension grows the head of Iran’s Special Trade and Finance Institute (STFI) is not sure when the vehicle would become operational.

“During the two months this company has been set up in Tehran, we have tried to complete the prerequisites required for INSTEX and STFI to work together,” Nouri said. “So until such a time that the financial mechanisms and the nature of the exchanges are defined, it is not possible for definite to say when this special financial mechanism will be operational and when services could be provided to the companies in private sector.”




http://www.rudaw.net/english/middleeast/iran/06072019
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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Pompeo Warns Iran of Fresh Sanctions

Post by claud39 on Sun Jul 07, 2019 4:34 pm

Pompeo Warns Iran of Fresh Sanctions


07/07/2019


 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 7dff237009b07ca60dcde3e3dc86b473_L




[size=19]ERBIL - US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has warned Iran of "further isolation and sanctions," following Tehran's attempt to begin the enrichment of uranium "at any level".[/size]
Pompeo's warnings came after the Iranian authorities said on Sunday that Tehran was beginning the enrichment of uranium at any level and with any amount.
"In a few hours, the technical process will come to an end and the enrichment beyond 3.67% will begin," Reuters quoted Behrouz Kamalvandi, the spokesperson for Iran’s Atomic Energy Organisation.
"And tomorrow early in the morning, when the IAEA (U.N. nuclear watchdog) takes the sample we would have gone beyond 3.67%."
However, the US' senior official claimed that Iran with nuclear weapons would be more dangerous to the world.
"Iran’s latest expansion of its nuclear program will lead to further isolation and sanctions. Nations should restore the longstanding standard of no enrichment for Iran’s nuclear program. Iran’s regime, armed with nuclear weapons, would pose an even greater danger to the world," he said in a statement on Twitter.
Tensions, in this regard, began to rise after US President Donald Trump withdrew from Iran nuclear deal last year.
http://www.basnews.com/index.php/en/news/world/532105
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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Rouhani: We left the door of diplomacy completely open

Post by claud39 on Wed Jul 10, 2019 1:02 pm

Rouhani: We left the door of diplomacy completely open




 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Doc-P-207863-636983787930855575





Follow-up / tomorrow Press:
 
Iranian President Hassan Rowhani stressed that Tehran's goal is the full commitment of all parties to the nuclear agreement and that it has left the door of diplomacy open. 

Rohani said during a meeting with the envoy of the French President, Emmanuel Bonn, on Wednesday, in statements quoted by the agency "Fares", "Iran left the door of diplomacy is fully open and Tehran's goal is to implement all parties to their commitments in the nuclear agreement and to take advantage of the current opportunity to reach what We ask for a nuclear agreement and it is the full implementation of the agreement. "



Today, the United States has again called on Iran to reverse its recent steps to reduce some of its obligations under the agreement on its nuclear program, especially to raise the level of uranium enrichment, and stressed its readiness for dialogue with Tehran without preconditions. 

"There is no reasonable reason for Iran to extend its nuclear program," US Ambassador Jackie Jackie Walcott said in a statement on Wednesday. "There is no other way to read this than a blatant attempt to blackmail the international community to get the money." 

"We call on Iran to abandon its recent nuclear steps and stop any plans for further progress in this matter."



Walcott also called on all IAEA member states to urge Iran to enter into negotiations. "All the members of this organization should urge Iran to enter immediately negotiations for a peaceful and diplomatic solution to the crisis. We will remain ready and waiting for such diplomatic negotiations," she said. 

"We will also remain committed to preventing Iran from obtaining the benefits it sought from its recent provocations," he added. 

Iran announced on Sunday new steps to reduce its commitments to the nuclear agreement of 2015, noting that the doors of diplomacy are still open. 

"We announce that the rate of uranium enrichment has increased to more than 3.6 percent to as much as 5 percent," said Iran's Atomic Energy Organization spokesman Behruz Kamalundi. According to the agency "Fars" Iran.

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said in a report last Monday that Iran had exceeded the 3.67 percent set by the agreement on uranium enrichment.





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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Trump: sanctions on Iran will double dramatically soon

Post by claud39 on Wed Jul 10, 2019 1:03 pm

Trump: sanctions on Iran will double dramatically soon




 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Doc-P-207861-636983781658841083





Follow-up / tomorrow Press:
 
WASHINGTON (Reuters) - US President Donald Trump has accused Iran of secretly enriching uranium for a long time, warning that US sanctions "will soon increase," coinciding with an emergency UN meeting on Tehran's violation of the nuclear deal.


"Iran has long been secretly enriching uranium, in complete violation of the $ 150 billion deal struck by former Secretary of State John Kerry and the administration of former President Barack Obama," Trump said on Twitter. 

"Remember that this agreement would have passed in a few years," he said. 

Trump's comments came after the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) announced on Wednesday that Iran was enriching uranium 4.5 percent purity despite its nuclear deal with world powers. 

The International Atomic Energy Agency, the United Nations, has previously said that Iran exceeded the permissible purity of 3.67 percent.

The IAEA, which monitors the implementation of the nuclear deal, said Wednesday that Iran's stockpile of enriched uranium currently stands at 213.5 kg, meaning that it exceeds the limit of 202.8 kg, as well as the IAEA's July 1, 205 Kg. 

For its part, Iran said it would not "back down" its decision to increase uranium enrichment beyond the provisions of the nuclear agreement, on the pretext that it wants to get "full rights" under the agreement, which withdrew from US President Donald Trump last year, The Associated Press.





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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Will America launch a war similar to Iraq on Iran? Washington will resolve the debate!

Post by claud39 on Fri Jul 12, 2019 9:00 am

[size=36]Will America launch a war similar to Iraq on Iran? Washington will resolve the debate![/size]




12/07/2019








 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 51272019_20160320134228





Mawazine News 



The prospects for an American war against Iran such as the ones it launched on Iraq in 2003 are continuing . The candidate for the post of chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Mark Millie, said that the US administration is not considering the idea of ​​launching a war against Iran like the one it launched on Iraq. 2003. 

He denied Millie, who was nominated by US President, Donald Trump, during a hearing conducted in the armed Services Committee Affairs of the Senate of the Congress to consider his candidacy, that his administration is considering the idea of sending 150 thousand soldiers to Iran, as happened during the war on Iraq.
 
"I prefer not to discuss emergency operations in open meetings, but no, I do not think anyone (in the US administration) is seriously considering anything similar to what you have just described," Milley said in response to a question from Republican Senator Thomas Coton.

"I do not know whether the war with Iran will happen, but its outbreak will undoubtedly have a significant impact on the distribution of the forces responsible for our defense priorities," he said. 

The US military said that Iran had intensified its activities in the recent period, but did not confirm that there is a need for the United States to take additional measures against the Islamic Republic, and said: "I think the time will show whether it is necessary or not. In recent months "





https://www.mawazin.net/Details.aspx?jimare=55032
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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Congress approves legal amendment to prevent Trump from any military action against Iran

Post by claud39 on Fri Jul 12, 2019 1:58 pm

Congress approves legal amendment to prevent Trump from any military action against 




2019/07/122019/07/12


Iran


 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 1-1249987








The US House of Representatives on Friday approved a legal amendment aimed at preventing US President Donald Trump from taking any military action against Iran without congressional approval.
The legal amendment prohibits the financing of any military operations against Iran without Congress declaring or issuing a war resolution.


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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Britain to deploy second warship to the Gulf amid tensions with Iran

Post by claud39 on Fri Jul 12, 2019 5:43 pm

[size=37]Britain to deploy second warship to the Gulf amid tensions with Iran[/size]


Friday .  July 12, 2019


 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 1663816-303969127
British warship HMS Duncan’s rotation into the Gulf was moved forward by a number of days as tensions with Iran mounted. (AFP)


LONDON: Britain said on Friday it would deploy the destroyer HMS Duncan warship to the Gulf to replace HMS Montrose, maintaining a continuous presence there during a time of heightened tension in the region.
Relations between Tehran and the West have been increasingly strained after Britain seized an Iranian tanker in Gibraltar and London said HMS Montrose had to fend off Iranian vessels which sought to block a British-owned tanker passing through the Strait of Hormuz.
“As part of our long-standing presence in the Gulf, HMS Duncan is deploying to the region to ensure we maintain a continuous maritime security presence while HMS Montrose comes off task for pre-planned maintenance and crew change over,” the government said.
“This will ensure that the UK alongside international partners can continue to support freedom of navigation for vessels transiting through this vital shipping.”
Discussions between Britain and the United States on building up their military presence in the Gulf are ongoing, Prime Minister Theresa May’s spokeswoman said on Friday amid tensions with Iran.
Britain is not seeking to escalate the situation with Iran, foreign minister Jeremy Hunt said on Friday, as tensions continue between London and Tehran over a seized Iranian tanker and the passage of vessels through the Strait of Hormuz.
"We are reacting to what is happening in a measured and careful way and we are being clear to Iran that we are not seeking to escalate this situation," Jeremy Hunt told Sky News.

Bahrain said on Friday it "strongly condemned" what it called an Iranian attempt to intercept a British tanker in the Gulf, according to a statement from its foreign ministry.
"This hostile action embodies Iran's insistence on threatening security and peace, and harming maritime navigation," the statement said.

Relations between Tehran and the West have been increasingly strained after Britain seized an Iranian tanker in Gibraltar and London said the British Heritage, operated by oil company BP, had been approached in the strait between Iran and the Arabian peninsula.
“We are talking to the US about building on our presence in the face of recent threats to shipping in the area,” May’s spokeswoman said on Friday.


http://www.arabnews.com/node/1524646/middle-east
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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Iran calls on Britain to immediately release its seized supertanker

Post by claud39 on Fri Jul 12, 2019 5:45 pm

[size=37]Iran calls on Britain to immediately release its seized supertanker[/size]




Friday .  July 12, 2019







 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 1663436-988626011



Abbas Mousavi, spokesman for Iran's Foreign Ministry, gives a press conference in the capital Tehran. (AFP)









DUBAI:: Iran called on Britain on Friday to immediately release its oil tanker which British Royal Marines seized last week on suspicion that it was breaking European sanctions by taking oil to Syria, a foreign ministry spokesman told state news agency IRNA.


Britain said on Thursday that three Iranian vessels tried to block a British-owned tanker passing through the Strait of Hormuz, which controls the flow of Middle East oil to the world, but backed off when confronted by a Royal Navy warship. Iran denied that its vessels had done any such thing.
Tension between Iran and the West has increased a week after Britain seized the tanker and London said the British Heritage, operated by oil company BP, had been approached in the strait between Iran and the Arabian peninsula.

“Foreign powers should leave the region because Iran and other regional countries are capable of securing the regional security,” Mousavi said.







http://www.arabnews.com/node/1524546/middle-east
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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty France criticizes Tehran's decision to reduce its nuclear commitments

Post by claud39 on Sun Jul 14, 2019 8:51 am

France criticizes Tehran's decision to reduce its nuclear commitments




 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Doc-P-208326-636987144517131148





Follow - up / Tomorrow 's Press: 

criticized the French Foreign Minister, Jean - Yves Odrian, Tehran 's decision to reduce its nuclear agreement. 

Lordian said the move was a reaction to Washington's decision to withdraw from the nuclear deal a year ago.



It's a bad decision, a bad reaction to another bad decision, I mean the US withdrawal from the nuclear deal last year, "he said on the sidelines of the French National Day celebrations. 

Responding to reporters' questions about the risk of a major war in the Middle East, Ludrian said that "the situation is serious and increasing tension could lead to accidents." 

The French minister said that "no one wants war, I have noticed that everyone says they do not want to escalate, not President Rohani, neither President Trump nor the other leaders in the Gulf, but there are signs of escalation that are worrying." 

He continued,





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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Faik Zidane heads a judicial delegation to Iran

Post by claud39 on Mon Jul 15, 2019 1:27 pm

Faik Zidane heads a judicial delegation to Iran


15/07/2019


 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 WhatsApp-Image-2019-07-15-at-9.42.15-AM




The head of the Supreme Judicial Council, Judge Faik Zaidan, arrived in Iran at the head of a high-level judicial delegation.


According to a press statement received by "Kalkamesh Press" a copy of it, "was received by the President of the Supreme Judicial Council, Dr. Mossadeq, aide to the President of the judiciary in Iran."


"The head of Iran's judicial authority, Ayatollah Ibrahim, is chief," the statement said. Has invited the President of the Supreme Judicial Council to visit the Islamic Republic to promote judicial cooperation between the two countries. "


The delegation includes members of the Federal Court of Cassation, the head of judicial supervision, a number of heads of the appellate areas, judicial supervisors, the official spokesman of the Higher Judicial Council and the Director General of the General Judicial Guard Department.


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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty The European Union calls on Iran to comply fully with the nuclear agreement

Post by claud39 on Mon Jul 15, 2019 1:58 pm

[size=36]The European Union calls on Iran to comply fully with the nuclear agreement[/size]



15/07/2019





 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 161572019_6546496849









BAGHDAD ( 
Reuters) - EU foreign policy chief Federica Mujerini on Monday called on Iran to comply fully with the nuclear deal and all steps taken outside the nuclear deal could be reversed in the future. 
 "The nuclear deal with Iran is not in good shape, but it is still alive and can not be determined if it is in its final hours," Mugereini told a news conference after a meeting of EU foreign ministers. 
"The financial mechanism between the European Union (EU) will be available for the participation of other countries later, and it called on Iran to return to full compliance with the agreement." 
"The nuclear agreement is not healthy but it is alive," the European Union's foreign policy chief said.
"We hope that the Iranian authorities will understand that we are committed to the full implementation of the nuclear agreement, because it is in the interest of global security, and hope that it will be in its interest to return to full compliance with the agreement," she said.





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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Iran attacks Iraq in warning shot to world 'this is a red line'

Post by claud39 on Mon Jul 15, 2019 10:57 pm

Iran attacks Iraq in warning shot to world 'this is a red line'


Tuesday، 16 July 2019
 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 720191611157814271839

Iran has launched a devastating attack on Iraq as tensions between Tehran and Washington reach crisis point, according to Express.

The country’s Revolutionary Guard announced on Friday that they had conducted attacks against anti-Iran insurgents operating in Kurdistan, on the Iraqi border. Following Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu's warning that its weapons could strike anywhere, Iran’s elite troops have hit back by announcing that they would defend the country’s border. In a statement released Tasnim News Agency, the Revolutionary Guard announced that it would defend Iran’s national security at all costs.

The statement read: “As asserted several times, the national security and preserving the Iranian nation's calm and peace of mind, particularly for the dear and gallant people of the border provinces, is the red line of the country's Armed Forces, particularly the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps Ground Force.”

After the attack on the Kurdistan region, mayor of the northeastern Erbil village of Choman, Ahmed Qadir denounced the attack calling on Iran to “stop the shelling as soon as possible”.

Iran’s attack on its neighbour comes following a series of events in the region which have threatened to spark conflict.

Last week, Iranian ships attempted to seize a British tanker passing through the Strait of Hormuz.

The ship was ordered to change course before the alleged Revolutionary Guard ships tried to seize the tanker.

British navy ship, the HMS Montrose had been escorting the ship through the region where it ordered the Iranian ship to stand own.

One of the officials said: "The Royal Navy HMS Montrose, which was also there, pointed its guns at the boats and warned them over radio, at which point they dispersed."

Another official said: "It was harassment and an attempt to interfere with the passage."






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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Trump announces significant progress on Iran issue

Post by claud39 on Tue Jul 16, 2019 3:13 pm

Trump announces significant progress on Iran issue





2019/07/16







 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 5d029620d43750e5748b462c










[rtl]US President Donald Trump has said that significant progress has been made in the Iran issue, noting that the United States is not seeking regime change in Tehran.[/rtl]
[rtl]"Significant progress has been made on Iran," Trump said at a meeting of the US government on Tuesday, without elaborating.[/rtl]
[rtl]"We want to help Iran and work with it, and we do not seek to change the regime there," Trump said.[/rtl]
[rtl]In a related context, the US president stressed that Iran must "get out of Yemen," which is going through a continuous war between the Iranian-backed Huthis and the internationally recognized government supported by the Arab alliance led by Saudi Arabia.[/rtl]
[rtl]The US president announced on May 8, 2018, the withdrawal of his country from the nuclear agreement with Iran, which was concluded in 2015 between the Islamic Republic on the one hand and the United States, Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany on the other hand, and repeatedly described the deal as a huge, The Iranian side and implemented new restrictive measures, which caused great tension between the two countries increased with the intensity of their military rhetoric and exchanged accusations of terrorism.[/rtl]
[rtl]The situation in the region has been on the rise since May 2019, when the Trump administration announced that the Iranian authorities are planning attacks on US forces and interests in the Gulf region and began sending additional military units to the region because of what it called the Iranian threats, in conjunction with several attacks on oil tankers in the strait Hormuz Washington accused Tehran of being behind it.[/rtl]






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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Washington drops an Iranian aircraft march in the Strait of Hormuz

Post by claud39 on Fri Jul 19, 2019 7:12 am

[size=32]Washington drops an Iranian aircraft march in the Strait of Hormuz[/size]








 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 %D9%87%D8%B1%D9%85%D8%B2-1-300x186



WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The United States dropped an Iranian aircraft on a march near an American ship in the Strait of Hormuz, the latest of its kind in a region where tensions have been rising for more than two months.
The announcement of the downing of the Iranian aircraft by US President Donald Trump, who said the plane approached the USS Boxer less than 1,000 meters, prompted the warship to carry out "defensive action" now".
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Jawad Zarif said he had no information about the loss of an Iranian aircraft.
"We have no information about the loss of a plane today," Zarif said on arrival at the UN headquarters in New York to meet UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterich.
The Iranian armed forces also denied that the United States had dropped one of its aircraft and said all its aircraft "returned safely" to their bases, according to the news agency "Tasnim".
Trump confirmed that the Iranian plane "endangered the safety of the ship and its crew." "This is the latest in a long series of provocative and hostile acts by Iran against ships operating in international waters," he said.
"The United States reserves the right to defend its installations, personnel and interests, and calls on all countries to condemn Iran's attempts to obstruct the freedom of navigation and world trade," Trump said. He called on the rest of the countries to work to protect their vessels as they passed through the Strait of Hormuz and coordination with Washington.
Pentagon spokesman Jonathan Hoffman said the incident occurred while the USS Boxer was preparing to enter the Strait of Hormuz.
It is noteworthy that Iran has already dropped a US aircraft march, asserting that it violated its airspace, which was denied by Washington strongly. Two days later, Trump announced that at the last minute he had canceled strikes on Iran to avoid heavy casualties, but continued to threaten to retaliate against Tehran after the American aircraft dropped.
As Washington seeks to create an international alliance to keep up with merchant ships in the Gulf, US Central Command chief Kenneth Mackenzie said during a visit to Saudi Arabia that the United States would work "aggressively" with its partners to enhance security of navigation in the waters of the region.
Hours before the United States announced the downing of the Iranian aircraft, the Iranian Revolutionary Guard confirmed on Thursday that it had detained a "foreign oil tanker" and crew, while he was carrying a cargo "smuggled" of fuel.
The Gulf region and the Strait of Hormuz, a gateway to one-third of the world's sea-borne crude oil, are witnessing a surge in tension over a US-Iranian confrontation.
Trump's administration strengthened its military presence in the region, citing Iran's "threats" against its interests, without providing any explanation.
This tension is directly caused by the withdrawal of the Trump administration from the nuclear agreement signed with Iran in 2015, culminating on June 20 after Tehran dropped the US Marines.
The United States accuses Iran of being behind attacks and sabotage on four ships in the Strait of Hormuz in May and behind two other attacks on two ships in the Sea of ​​Oman.
Since coming to power, Trump has taken a firm stand on Iran and the hostile policies of the region.
After Washington withdrew from the 2015 agreement, it re-imposed economic sanctions against Tehran that had negative effects on its economy and led to the loss of most of its oil buyers.
The US administration is pursuing a policy of tightening sanctions on the regime of the Wilayat al-Faqih in Iran, which poses a threat to US interests and the security of its allies in the region.
Washington is seeking through these pressures to force Tehran to sit on the table again under US conditions in line with developments in the region.
The Arabs


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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Zarif: Trump's practice The maximum penalties against us will not qualify for the award of negotiations with us

Post by claud39 on Fri Jul 19, 2019 7:46 am

Zarif: Trump's practice The maximum penalties against us will not qualify for the award of negotiations with us




 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Doc-P-208907-636991323934344429





Follow-up / tomorrow Press:


Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said US President Donald Trump's exertion of maximum pressure would not make him win the negotiating prize with Tehran. 

Zarif said in a statement to the National Instance newspaper that Trump was exerting the maximum pressure on his country because of the wrong advice given to him.



On the confirmation of the Americans dropped by an Iranian aircraft march in the Strait of Hormuz, Zarif said he had no information about the loss of a plane march. 

"So far, we do not know what happened. The US president says they have targeted an Iranian marlin aircraft, while we do not know who is returning.





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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Merkel is worried about growing tension in the Gulf and is keen to seize opportunities to avoid escalation

Post by claud39 on Fri Jul 19, 2019 7:48 am

Merkel is worried about growing tension in the Gulf and is keen to seize opportunities to avoid escalation




 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Doc-P-208932-636991401494557365



Follow-up / tomorrow Press:

German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Friday stressed the need to seize all possible opportunities for diplomatic engagement in order to avoid escalation with Iran. 

Merkel stressed at a news conference that she was concerned about the situation in the Gulf, as quoted by the agency "Reuters".



"Of course I am worried. You can not look at that region without worrying at this moment ... All diplomatic opportunities should be seized to avoid any escalation. 

Tensions have risen in the Gulf, especially between Iran and the United States, after Washington accused Tehran of responsibility for an attack on six oil tankers in May and June, which Tehran denies.





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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty The United States has announced its intention to impose sanctions on two armed factions in Iraq

Post by claud39 on Sat Jul 20, 2019 9:42 am

The United States has announced its intention to impose sanctions on two armed factions in Iraq






 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Doc-P-208855-636990733667085326





BAGHDAD (Reuters) -
 
The United States announced on Thursday its intention to impose economic sanctions on leaders of two armed factions in Iraq. 
"The sanctions will include leaders of two factions directly linked to Iran," US Vice President Mike Pines said, according to Agence France-Presse correspondent Firas Press.



"We will not stand idly by as Iran spreads terror in the region through its militias," he said. 
It is noteworthy that Al-Gharab Press received a document containing the names of four senior leaders who were included on the list of sanctions, including Ahmed al-Jubouri, known as Abu Mazen, and Rayyan al-Chaldani. 

 

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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Jubouri in response to the US Treasury: the decision is unfair and Iraq has sovereignty and the courts are the separator

Post by claud39 on Sat Jul 20, 2019 9:44 am

Jubouri in response to the US Treasury: the decision is unfair and Iraq has sovereignty and the courts are the separator


 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Doc-P-209094-636992350293077457





BAGHDAD (Reuters) - 


MP Ahmed Abdullah al-Jubouri, head of the parliamentary bloc, responded Saturday to a US decision to include sanctions, stressing that the resolution is unjust. We have the rule of Iraq and we comply with all laws, especially the Iraqi constitution and law.



Al-Jubouri told a news conference attended by Al-Ghad Press that the decision issued by the US Treasury to MP Ahmad al-Jubouri Abu Mazen is unjust and we have the sovereignty of Iraq is a red line and comply with all laws, especially the law and the Iraqi constitution. I went to the courts several times because of the targeting and accusations against us by the political partners and the losers. Two or three of the Rusafa courts have received cases of integrity and we have initiated a request to amend the decision by the Court of Cassation, which approved the discrimination. The case was referred to the Court of Cassation, And we have obtained a decision in favor of our case, which denied the charges and ended the case in favor of MP Ahmed Jubouri, who stopped for two months because of those charges.


"When we talk, we present evidence and this testimony is not judgmental and is dealt with in Iraq and the countries of the world. When a decision from Iraq is ratified, it is inviolable and all countries must hear this talk. We are the project we carry, we do not care about these decisions. " 


He pointed out that "we will go to any courts asking Ahmed al-Jubouri and we have submitted more than once requests to lift immunity from us because we do not concern immunity and does not advance or delay us, stressing that" will continue to make sacrifices to maintain the unity of Iraq, "stressing that" And we will work to prove that victory will be the ally of our project as we have in previous targets. "


"We are not dependent on America or any other, but on the policy here that killed the Iraqi people and continue to do so shamelessly and the situation has reached us to go to neighboring countries to fight each other is a disgraceful thing and Wendy's forehead," stressing that " Elective polishing of the defeated and the poor are our national project. "





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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Zarif: America resorted to economic terrorism in order to achieve its objectives

Post by claud39 on Sun Jul 21, 2019 10:53 pm

[size=36]Zarif: America resorted to economic terrorism in order to achieve its objectives[/size]




21/07/2019








 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 62172019_1042331794





Mawazine News 

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif on Sunday condemned the unilateralism of the United States and its economic terrorism today. 
"The US government is resorting to one of the forms of pressure we call economic terrorism," Zarif said. 
"Both Cuba, Syria, Venezuela and Iran are suffering from this economic terrorism, especially through sanctions," Zarif said. 
Iran's Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, the country's highest authority, has expressed opposition to negotiations with the United States. "We have no credibility with the United States and we will not negotiate with them," he said.
Iran has recently suspended some of its obligations in the nuclear deal, and has threatened that if European countries fail to meet their interests by agreement, additional steps will be taken. This is a subject that has been strongly criticized by France, Britain and Germany as European members. The United States, which withdrew last year from this, Agreement, the Iranian move as "blackmail"





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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Iran reassures Iraq by ensuring free shipping in the Strait of Hormuz

Post by claud39 on Tue Jul 23, 2019 12:05 pm

Iran reassures Iraq by ensuring free shipping in the Strait of Hormuz


07/23/2019





 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 16393







Economy News - Baghdad




Oil Minister Thamir al-Ghadhban revealed on Tuesday Iranian assurances regarding the guarantee of free shipping in the Strait of Hormuz, pointing out that all parties emphasize the lack of escalation and stalemate, which is reflected negatively on the region.


The Ministry of Oil said in a statement, "Economy News" that "Deputy Prime Minister for Energy and Minister of Oil Thamer Ghadhban, announced the Iranian assurances provided by Iranian President Hassan Rowhani to the Iraqi delegation headed by Adel Abdul Mahdi on ensuring the free movement of safe navigation in the Arabian Gulf and Strait of Hormuz The Gulf of Oman and respect for international law guaranteeing the freedom of international navigation . "


"We have seen a convergence of views on the need to ensure the free movement of oil tankers and commercial vessels in the waters of the Arabian Gulf and the Strait of Hormuz and respect for international law, which guarantees freedom of navigation for all countries in the world, especially the countries of the region," the ministry quoted Ghadhban as saying .


Al-Ghadhban added that "all parties emphasize the lack of escalation and the
 
stalemate of positions, which is reflected negatively on the region, and resort instead to solve the outstanding problems in the dialogue of constructive and constructive, and this is a step and a positive indicator," stressing "the role played by Iraq to bring the views closer And defuse the crisis in the region . "


He stressed the importance of the Strait of Hormuz in the movement and traffic of oil tankers to countries of the region and the world, which are at daily rates to more than 18 million barrels per day adding that" Iraq exports through the Strait of Hormuz crude oil at rates between 3,400-3,500 Million barrels per day as well as the export of liquid gas and gas condensates. "




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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Finance Minister: Closing the Straits of Hormuz is a disaster for Iraq

Post by claud39 on Tue Jul 23, 2019 12:17 pm

[size=35]Finance Minister: Closing the Straits of Hormuz is a disaster for Iraq[/size]




23/07/2019


 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Doc-P-312506-636994717460569387




The Iraqi Finance Minister Fuad Hussein, that the closure of the Strait of Hormuz is a "disaster" for Iraq, stressing the government's efforts to spare the region.


"The Iraqi government is concerned about the tension and escalation in the region," the newspaper said, quoting Hussein as saying that "turning this tension into an armed conflict, may cause great problems in the Gulf region, which could lead to the closure of the Strait of Hormuz" .






"If the Strait of Hormuz is closed, it will be very difficult for Iraq to export its oil through the base port of Basra, which is a disaster for Iraq," he said, stressing that the government sought to "spare the region that fate." 

Attacks on tankers near the Strait of Hormuz, blamed by the United States for Iran, have disrupted vital navigation routes linking oil producers in the Middle East to markets in Asia, Europe, North America and elsewhere.


Iran denies involvement in the attacks but has threatened to retaliate against US sanctions following President Donald Trump's decision to withdraw from the 2015 nuclear deal, under which Iran agreed to curb its nuclear work in return for lifting sanctions. 

The Iranian Revolutionary Guard has announced the detention of a British tanker in the Strait of Hormuz, in response to Britain's seizure last week of an Iranian oil tanker.


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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Iran Reassures Iraq over Strait of Hormuz

Post by claud39 on Wed Jul 24, 2019 8:21 am

Iran Reassures Iraq over Strait of Hormuz
24th July 2019 



 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Iranian-President-Hassan-Rouhani-2


24th July 2019 in Iraq Industry & Trade NewsIraq Oil & Gas NewsIraq Transportation NewsSecurity

By John Lee.
Iran has reportedly reassured Iraq that there will be freedom of international maritime navigation in the Strait of Hormuz.
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani (pictured) gave the reassurances to an Iraqi delegation visiting Tehran.
(Source: Reuters)



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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Iraqi oil: an Iranian pledge of maritime navigation in the Arabian Gulf and Strait of Hormuz

Post by claud39 on Wed Jul 24, 2019 8:34 am

Iraqi oil: an Iranian pledge of maritime navigation in the Arabian Gulf and Strait of Hormuz




24 July 2019 01:54 PM





 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 1024










The Iranian Deputy Prime Minister for Energy Affairs and Oil Minister expressed Iranian assurances provided by Iranian President Hassan Rowhani to the Iraqi delegation headed by Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi on ensuring the free movement of safe navigation in the Arabian Gulf, Strait of Hormuz and the Gulf of Oman.

According to a statement by the Ministry of Oil, the Iranian President assured the Iraqi delegation respect for international law, which guarantees the freedom of international navigation.

Al-Ghadhban, who accompanied the prime minister on his visit to Tehran, said: "We have seen a convergence of views on the need to guarantee the freedom of movement of oil tankers, commercial vessels in the waters of the Arabian Gulf and the Strait of Hormuz, and respect for international law.

The minister pointed out that all parties emphasize the lack of escalation and the stalemate, which is reflected negatively on the region, and instead resort to resolving the outstanding problems in the dialogue of constructive and constructive, and this is a step and a positive indicator.

He pointed to the role played by Iraq to bring the views closer and defuse the crisis in the region.

He stressed the importance of the Strait of Hormuz in the movement and movement of oil tankers to countries of the region and the world, which have a daily rate to more than 18 million barrels per day.

Iraq exports through the Strait of Hormuz crude oil at rates of between 3.4 and 3.5 million barrels per day, as well as the export of liquid gas and condensate gas, according to the Minister of Oil.

During the regular meeting of the Council of Ministers, the Iraqi Prime Minister affirmed the commitment to the sovereignty of safe and free navigation of water and international waterways , including in the Gulf, the Strait of Hormuz and the Sea of ​​Oman in accordance with international law and conventions .

Nominations :




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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Saudi Arabia renews its call to protect the Strait of Hormuz ... and Kuwait to Gulf Arab coordination

Post by claud39 on Fri Jul 26, 2019 7:17 am

Saudi Arabia renews its call to protect the Strait of Hormuz ... and Kuwait to Gulf Arab coordination




26/07/2019





 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Rc_156412045371_23





Saudi Arabia reiterated yesterday its call for the necessity of securing maritime navigation to secure the flow of oil to its purchaser across the Strait of Hormuz, while Kuwait called for ensuring the safety of the movement of ships in Gulf waters through Gulf Arab coordination. 

Saudi Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih said Saudi Arabia, the world's largest oil exporter, is calling on global oil buyers to secure energy shipments through the Strait of Hormuz. 

"We, of course, call on the international community and we have discussions with my counterpart Minister Pradhan today on the need for India to also play its role in securing free navigation of maritime links that transmit energy to the rest of the world," Faleh said after meeting with Indian Oil Minister Darmendra Pradhan. According to «Reuters». 

This came at a time when the Kuwait News Agency quoted the Director General of the Kuwait Ports Authority and the President of the Arab Ports Union as saying that there is coordination «Gulf - Arab» to ensure the safety of movement of ships in the waters of the Gulf.

Fears of disruptions in supplies in the Strait of Hormuz, through which about 20 percent of the world's crude supplies are daily, have been heightened after Iran's Revolutionary Guards seized British oil tanker Stina Emprio in the waterway on Friday in what appeared to be a response to Britain's seizure of an Iranian tanker two weeks ago. 

The British navy will escort the country's flagged vessels through the Strait of Hormuz to defend the freedom of navigation after Iran has seized a ship, the British Defense Ministry said yesterday. 

For his part, Dr. Ahmed Al-Faraj said by telephone to «Middle East», that the Straits of Hormuz already in urgent need of protection, to secure the delivery of oil from its exporters from the region to a buyer around the world, at a time when Iran has crossed all red lines and has become practiced A clear violation of international laws that call for the securing and protection of maritime navigation, through its sabotage and its recent seizure of oil tankers.

"We are coming to an international alliance to protect the Strait of Hormuz, which will include all oil importers from this region," Farraj said, calling for the creation of a prohibited air and sea zone so as not to try to tamper with the safety and security of the region. 

Al-Farraj stressed that the statements made by US President Donald Trump come from pressure on oil buyers to contribute and push towards an international coalition to protect navigation in this region, both financially and logistically, stressing that it is not at all that the United States will leave the region and leave it to its major competitors in the world, Noting that if Russia sought to find a foothold in Syria it is more necessary to seek a foothold in the region and replace America.

With the Saudi emphasis, Kuwait announced the existence of Gulf-Arab coordination to ensure the safety of movement of ships in the Gulf. Sheikh Yusuf Abdullah Al-Sabah, Director General of the Kuwait Ports Foundation and Chairman of the Arab Ports Union, said in a press statement on the sidelines of a conference held by the foundation yesterday, The latter in the region, especially Iran's detention of a British oil tanker, «was a slight on the movement of Kuwaiti ports», pointing to «the existence of alternative plans for any developments in the region». 

He added that the Kuwait Ports Corporation and within the comprehensive security plan in the country, based on coordination between the various stakeholders, namely the Ministry of Defense represented by the Navy and the Ministry of Interior and port security and security facilities.

Saudi Energy Minister Khalid Al-Falih said talks by Saudi state-run oil giant Saudi Aramco with Reliance Industries to buy a minority stake in the Indian group's refining assets had not stopped. "The two companies, Aramco and Reliance, are holding a lot of good offices and good intentions," Faleh told Reuters. 

Reliance Industries, controlled by Mukesh Ambani, the richest man in Asia, manages the world's largest refinery, with a capacity of 1.4 million barrels per day (bpd) in Jamnagar, western India. 

State-owned Aramco, the world's biggest oil producer, plans to boost investment in refining and petrochemicals to reach new crude oil markets as oil demand slows recently.

Reuters reported on Tuesday that talks between the two companies had stalled as Reliance wanted to get a higher rating. But al-Faleh, who met with Indian Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan in New Delhi yesterday, said he was "optimistic" about the two companies' success in reaching an agreement. "We will announce the terms of the agreement when they are finalized," he said. 

Last year, Aramco and Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) merged with state-run Indian refineries into a plan to build a 1.2 million bpd refinery. 

However, the plan faces delays because farmers refuse to give up their land, forcing the Maharashtra government to find a new location. 

"We have called on Saudi Arabia to help build its strategic oil reserves," Pradhan said in a tweet on Twitter after meeting with Faleh.

Al-Falih said the kingdom would supply more oil to India if necessary. After New Delhi suspended purchases of Iranian oil since May under pressure from US sanctions aimed at Tehran's nuclear program.







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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Iran to start construction of second nuclear plant in Bushehr

Post by claud39 on Fri Jul 26, 2019 7:42 am

[size=35]Iran to start construction of second nuclear plant in Bushehr[/size]


2019-07-26 



[size=35] Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Doc-P-312946-636997360928368813
[/size]




Iran's Atomic Energy Organization (IAEA) chief Ali Akbar Salehi announced on Friday the start of a second nuclear plant in Bushehr in two weeks.


Salehi pointed out that the construction of this plant "Bushehr II" will be completed in six years, while the work will finish from the third station in eight years. 

Salehi revealed that the construction of the reactor "Arak" is moving quickly, after it was slowly in the previous period, pointing out that the establishment of the reactor is in cooperation with Britain and China, and Tehran is satisfied with this cooperation.






"The design of different aspects of reactor modernization, including conceptual, detailed and partial designs and maps, has been completed," Salhi said. "Currently, the order for supplying the equipment is being prepared by defining its dimensions."


https://www.alsumaria.tv/news/%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%A9/312946/%D8%A7%D9%8A%D8%B1%D9%86-%D8%AA%D8%B9%D9%84%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%A1-%D8%A8%D8%A5%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D9%85%D8%AD%D8%B7%D8%A9-%D9%86%D9%88%D9%88%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%AB%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%A8%D9%88%D8%B4%D9%87%D8%B1

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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Former US Ambassador: What worries us is to attack the armed factions of our forces in Iraq

Post by claud39 on Fri Jul 26, 2019 7:49 am

Former US Ambassador: What worries us is to attack the armed factions of our forces in Iraq

 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 %D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%81%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%B1%D9%83%D9%8A-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%82-%D8%AF%D9%88%D8%BA%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%B3-%D8%B3%D9%8A%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86-768x502

Former US ambassador to Iraq Douglas Seelman has described the armed factions in Iraq as a "pillar of US troops", a matter that worries Washington very much.


Sulliman said the United States had large combat forces in Iraq and that the presence of different armed factions in it increased fears that they might attack US bases, adding that Iraq was one of the potential tension centers in the region.

He stressed that any attack on US bases would result in material or human losses on the American side, adding that the current crisis in the Gulf, where US and Iranian forces are located nearby, will also be the focus of a possible escalation.


https://altaghier.tv/2019/07/26/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%81%D9%8A%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A3%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%B1%D9%83%D9%8A-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%82-%D9%85%D8%A7-%D9%8A%D9%82%D9%84%D9%82%D9%86%D8%A7-%D9%87%D9%88-%D9%85%D9%87/
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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty The Washington Post: Trump claims Iran's change on his hands and the latter continues to fund its followers

Post by claud39 on Tue Jul 30, 2019 7:29 pm

The Washington Post: Trump claims Iran's change on his hands and the latter continues to fund its followers



 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Doc-P-210454-637001215624474454




BAGHDAD /

The Washington Post on Tuesday criticized President Donald Trump's policy on Iran.


"Trump's policy to change Iran's behavior radically is now far from achieving what it claims, as it has become more hostile than before," the newspaper said in a report, quoting its earlier statements on Iranian activity.





"The policy of strong pressure exerted by the US administration against Iran has greatly affected its economy, but a clear signal that it continues to support its external collaborators."

 



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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty United Nations: tensions between Iran and America in Hormuz seriously affect Iraq

Post by claud39 on Wed Jul 31, 2019 9:00 am

United Nations: tensions between Iran and America in Hormuz seriously affect Iraq

31/07/2019


 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 %D9%85%D8%B6%D9%8A%D9%82-%D9%87%D8%B1%D9%85%D8%B2-696x435


Information / Translation ...

UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan's special representative in Iraq , Jean-Heinz Blachert, said Wednesday that tensions between Iran and the United States in the Strait of Hormuz not onlyhave a negative impact on Iraq but also on the entire Middle East.

"What is happening now in the Strait of Hormuz, and if things get out of control, will not only be an issue between the United States and Iran but will affect the region as a whole, especially Iraq, "Sputnik said in a statement .

"The impact of a possible escalation of tensions between the United States and Iran could undermine Iraq's progress in post-war recovery over recent years," she said in response to a question about how it affected Iraq .

"As for the Russian security concept of the Gulf region, which is likely to be an option for the stability of the situation, Hennes Plachart said," Every call from anyone for regional stability and security is welcome. "

Tensions have risen dramatically between Iran and the United States as the latter withdraws from the nuclear deal and sends troops to the region. Ending / 25 z

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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Pompeo threatens Iran with more diplomatic isolation and economic pressure

Post by claud39 on Thu Aug 01, 2019 1:08 pm

[size=36]Pompeo threatens Iran with more diplomatic isolation and economic pressure[/size]



01/08/2019





 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 5182019_580




Mawazine News - 

After hours of sanctions against Iran's foreign minister, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo confirmed his country's determination to strengthen diplomatic isolation and economic pressure on Tehran on the pretext of expanding its nuclear program. 
The State Department said in a statement published on its website on Thursday: "The foreign minister extended today the restrictions on the Iranian nuclear program, and today's measures will help secure control over Iran's civilian nuclear program and reduce proliferation risks and restrict Iran's ability to reduce (at the time of its penetration) Nuclear weapons and prevent them from recovering installations for proliferation-related purposes (nuclear technology) ". 
The statement called Iran "the world's leading state sponsor of terrorism" and said it continued to use its nuclear program "to blackmail the international community and threaten regional security."
"The United States strongly supports preventing Iran from any path leading to nuclear weapons, and we will use a full range of our diplomatic and economic tools to curb Iran's nuclear activities." As long as the Iranian regime continues to reject diplomacy and expand its nuclear program, " on him. 
The White House national security adviser John Bolton said earlier that his country would renew exemptions from sanctions on Iran's nuclear programs, which allow Russia, China and European countries to continue civil nuclear cooperation with Tehran. 
"I think the idea here is that we are watching these nuclear activities closely, so Washington will extend the exemptions related to Iran's nuclear program by 90 days," Bolton told Fox Business.




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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Rowhani: Iran is ready for the worst and expects a tough battle in the file of the nuclear agreement

Post by claud39 on Thu Aug 01, 2019 1:10 pm

[size=36]Rowhani: Iran is ready for the worst and expects a tough battle in the file of the nuclear agreement[/size]






01/08/2019








 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 15182019__106574102_081c0421-da57-4dbc-ba9d-138d2c79b704







BAGHDAD (Reuters)


 - Iranian President Hassan Rowhani said on Thursday that his country was prepared for the worst scenarios in its efforts to salvage the nuclear deal, threatening a third step to reduce its obligations under the agreement and resort to "other options." 

"If the parties to the nuclear agreement do not implement their commitments, Iran has other options that they may not like," Rowhani said in a speech. "We will take the third step by narrowing our commitments in the nuclear agreement firmly if we do not get good results in the negotiations." 

He added: "It is true that we continue negotiations with the remaining parties in the agreement, but we run the country on the basis of failure to reach a result of these negotiations .. We have a difficult battle, but we will certainly win." 

"The Iranian government is capable of defending the national economy and the country with all its capabilities," Rouhani said.


"The Iranian government has steps to ease the burden on the Iranian people and will implement them gradually and in stages."







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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Official Iranian Agency: The vessel held by the Iraqi Revolutionary Guards

Post by claud39 on Sun Aug 04, 2019 1:34 pm

[size=36]Official Iranian Agency: The vessel held by the Iraqi Revolutionary Guards[/size]



 04/08/2019





 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 17482019_4324423




BAGHDAD - 

The official Iranian news agency IRNA confirmed that the ship, which was held by the Revolutionary Guards earlier today, was an Iraqi named "Hita". 
The detention was carried out 18 nautical miles from the Persian island of Iran in the Gulf, the agency said. 
The Iranian Revolutionary Guard announced the arrest of a foreign vessel said that it was smuggling Iranian fuel to the Arab Gulf states, and stressed that it will not back down on the restriction of continuing to monitor the waters of the Gulf and to address any operations that destabilize the security. 




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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty BERLIN: We do not think about taking part in a mission led by Washington in the Strait of Hormuz

Post by claud39 on Mon Aug 05, 2019 8:55 am

[size=36]BERLIN: We do not think about taking part in a mission led by Washington in the Strait of Hormuz[/size]



 05/08/2019


 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 12582019_5d481c08d43750c62b8b4588




BAGHDAD - 

Germany announced on Monday that there was no intention at the moment to participate in a US-led naval mission in the Strait of Hormuz. 

"Chancellor Merkel does not think of participating in a US-led mission in the current situation and the present time," said German government spokeswoman Ulrich Dummer at a news conference today. 

The US embassy in Berlin announced on Tuesday that the United States asked Germany to join France and Britain to a mission to protect cross-strait navigation and "to counter the Iranian aggression." 



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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Britain joins an international maritime security mission in the Gulf

Post by claud39 on Mon Aug 05, 2019 12:39 pm

Britain joins an international maritime security mission in the Gulf


05-08-2019 



 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Image


Agency of the orbit -


Baghdad


Britain announced Monday it had joined an international mission to secure commercial navigation in the Gulf, led by the United States.




"We look forward to working with the United States and others to reach an international solution to the problems in the Strait of Hormuz," New British Defense Secretary Ben Wallace told reporters.
British Foreign Secretary Dominique Rapp pledged that the United Kingdom would remain committed to its cooperation with Iran to support a nuclear deal between Iran and the 5 + 1 group in 2015.
Reuters quoted a British security source as saying that the new international mission would focus on securing navigation, and London would not join Washington's sanctions against Tehran.
Tension was raised in the Gulf after Iran's Revolutionary Guards last month detained the British ship Stena Impero for violating navigation laws after the authorities of Gibraltar and the United Kingdom banned the Iranian carrier Grace 1 for allegedly exporting oil to Syria in violation of European sanctions.
In recent weeks, the British government has made parallel efforts to Washington's similar plans to form a European mission to secure navigation across the Strait of Hormuz.


http://www.almadarnews.org/index.php?page=article&id=62427
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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty The Iraqi government will fall within weeks if it takes any action against Iran

Post by claud39 on Mon Aug 05, 2019 4:38 pm

[size=36]The Iraqi government will fall within weeks if it takes any action against Iran[/size]



05/08/2019





 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 17582019_156005c5baf40ff51a327f1c34f2975b_602







Torgomh- balances News 

spokesman confirmed nujaba movement Nasr al - Shammari, Monday, that the government of Adel Abdul - Mahdi will fall within weeks if it has taken any step against Iran, while noting that his movement rejects the intervention of the US embassy in Iraq. 

"The ties are close between Iraq and Iran, and the Americans know that if any Iraqi government takes a step against Iran, it will be dropped within a few weeks," Najjar told the news agency ABNA in an interview published by Mawazine News.
 
Al-Shammari described Iran's victories as a source of honor for the Muslims of the world. "The Islamic Republic of Iran has achieved these victories over arrogant force," he said. 

 He noted that "the United States include some Sunni figures on the list of sanctions because of its support for the resistance factions."

Shammari condemned the intervention of the US Embassy in Iraq's internal affairs, saying: "The US consulate intervened and directed the protests in Basra towards the headquarters of the Iranian Consulate." 

"The US Embassy organized some media activists in Iraq. In response, the intelligence officers also trained a group of media activists to thwart the soft war and negative propaganda of the enemy, even though our equipment and facilities do not resemble those of the enemy" . 

according to the agency, the Shammari leader met with a representative of the Supreme leader of the Supreme Council for National security on the third day of his visit to Aaran.anthy 29 / h





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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Iran atomic agency informs EU it will reduce commitment to nuclear deal

Post by claud39 on Mon Aug 05, 2019 5:31 pm

Iran atomic agency informs EU it will reduce commitment to nuclear deal



Monday، 05 August 2019
 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 820195181343266205646


Iran's atomic agency on Monday told European signatories to the 2015[url=https://www.thebaghdadpost.com/en/Story/t/5073/nuclear deal]nuclear deal [/url]it would further reduce its compliance in about a month's time if they failed to uphold their commitments.

Iran has already reduced its commitments to the deal by having more than 130 tons of heavy water and more than 300 kilograms of enriched uranium, the Atomic Energy Organization's Behrouz Kamalvandi, said, according to the IRIB news agency.


https://www.thebaghdadpost.com/en/Story/43292/Iran-atomic-agency-informs-EU-it-will-reduce-commitment-to-nuclear-deal
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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Washington warns of Iranian penetration of "GPS" in the Gulf

Post by claud39 on Thu Aug 08, 2019 6:20 pm

Washington warns of Iranian penetration of "GPS" in the Gulf


08-08-2019



 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Image





Orbit Agency -
Baghdad




The US Department of Transportation's maritime administration has warned commercial cargo ships of Iranian threats in the Strait of Hormuz and the Gulf, after ships reported a breakthrough in their GPS.




The administration reported other reports of 'unknown entities claiming to be US warships or belonging to the coalition led by the United States to secure traffic'.
The US Central Command, which oversees military operations in the region, issued a statement on Wednesday, saying the ships 'reported interference in the global positioning system GPS ... and interference with other communications'.
"The United States remains committed to working with allies and regional partners to protect the freedom of navigation and free flow of trade and to protect US ships and personnel in this region," the statement said.
A US defense official told CNN Iran had placed GPS jammers on the island of Abu Musa, near the entrance to the Strait of Hormuz.
He explained that Iran has placed these devices at this site in order to jam the civil aircraft and navigation systems, hoping that ships or aircraft accidentally roam in Iranian waters or airspace, giving the Iranian forces a pretext to seize it.
The official concluded by stressing that the Iranian jamming has no impact on US warships and military aircraft.


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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Sumar Mandali border crossing with Iran closed

Post by claud39 on Fri Aug 09, 2019 8:44 pm

[size=36]Sumar Mandali border crossing with Iran closed[/size]



09/08/2019





 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 16982019_68248111_2355095714598412_8612100162300411904_n







BAGHDAD - 

A government source in the province of Diyala, on Friday, the issuance of an official decision to close the Mandali border crossing with Iran for unknown reasons. 

The source said in an interview with (Mawazine News), that "the Prime Minister issued a formal decision to close the border crossing Sumar-Mandali border with Iran within the borders of Diyala province for unknown reasons." 

The source added, "The decision is to transfer the staff of the crossing and its services to the Muntheriyah border crossing" 







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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Australia is preparing to join US - British military operations in the Gulf

Post by claud39 on Sun Aug 11, 2019 9:19 am

Australia is preparing to join US - British military operations in the Gulf


11/08/2019





 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 20161215_122936-768x481








Information / Translation…



Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison has said he is in talks with his counterparts from the United States and Britain on the start of Australian military patrols in the Gulf of Oman in the Middle East.



"The United States and Britain have urged Australia to support military operations," Morrison said.As he put it.



"This is a signal from Morrison that Australia will intervene in the strategic Strait of Hormuz, saying it was in discussions with allies," the report said.



"I spoke with British Prime Minister Boris Johnson last night and told him that we are looking very carefully at our participation in this initiative, which we will see as an international multinational initiative."



"Morrison's insistence that this was not a unilateral US mission was a deliberate attempt to keep this process directed against  Iran from the controversial wars in Afghanistan and Iraq - where the United States led Australia to both," the report said.



He explained that "the clear support provided by Morrison for military patrols was not surprising a few days after the visit of US Secretary of State Mike Bombo to Australia to support this process."



Tensions have been running high between the United States and Iran in the Gulf region after the US president withdrew from the nuclear deal unilaterally and sent US and British troops to the Gulf. Finished / 25 z



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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Iranian Navy: able to detain any ship at any time, even if accompanied by British and American ships

Post by claud39 on Mon Aug 12, 2019 7:30 am

Iranian Navy: able to detain any ship at any time, even if accompanied by British and American ships


11-08-2019 



 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Image





Orbit Agency -

Follow - up 


confirmed the naval commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard, Maj . Gen. Ali Reza Tngsiri on Sunday that his forces are able to detain any vessel at any time , even if they were accompanied by British and American ships. 
In an interview with Al-Mayadeen TV, Reda Tungsiri warned of any illegal interference in the Gulf waters. 

The commander of the navy in the Iranian Revolutionary Guard sent a message to the countries of the region and the world in which he said that 'Tehran will continue to secure the Strait of Hormuz until it is able to export oil'. 

He said that the United States and Britain are seeking to impose a new scenario in the region, to legitimize their presence in the waters of the Gulf, and plan to loot the countries of the region and the exploitation of the countries of Europe and West Asia, which needs Iran's oil.

The commander of the naval forces said that Washington and London plan an Israeli presence in the Gulf waters, adding that any illegal Israeli presence in the Gulf waters could ignite a battle, and they should take responsibility for its presence, warning of any illegal presence in the Gulf waters and the Strait of Hormuz. 

He stressed in the context that the United States carried out attacks against the two oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman near Iranian waters in order to accuse Iran of the attack, pointing out that several maritime collisions occurred because of the Americans. 

The tanker crisis 

With regard to the tanker crisis, he said that 'it is unfair to release the British tanker who violated international law and not release our tanker'. 

The commander of the naval forces that the security of the Gulf of the most important elements of Iran, saying that the international maritime route must remain international, and that his country has provided for the security of the Strait of Hormuz. 

He stressed that the presence of countries outside the region violated their security.

On the 'Grace 1' tanker, Tungsiri said she was heading to Europe but mimicked a scenario for her going to Syria, and the British had dealt badly with the sailors who were still imprisoned inside. 

The Iranian military official also talked about the process of Iran's detention of former US and British soldiers, stressing that 'if they were able to protect the ships they would have protected themselves'.





http://www.almadarnews.org/index.php?page=article&id=62919
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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Iraq declares its rejection of the participation of the Zionist forces to secure the passage of ships in the Arabian Gulf

Post by claud39 on Mon Aug 12, 2019 7:32 am

Iraq declares its rejection of the participation of the Zionist forces to secure the passage of ships in the Arabian Gulf


12-08-2019



 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Image





Orbit Agency -

[size=21]Baghdad[/size]


Iraqi Foreign Minister Mohammed Ali al-Hakim said on Monday that Iraq refused to participate in the Zionist forces to secure the passage of ships in the Arabian Gulf.
 
Hakim said in a tweet on his site in the 'Twitter' and seen it (orbit) that 'Iraq rejects the participation of the Zionist entity in any military force to secure the passage of ships in the Arabian Gulf'.
 
He added that 'the Gulf states combined are able to secure the passage of ships in the Gulf and Iraq seeks to reduce tension in our region through calm negotiations and the presence of Western forces in the region will increase tension'.




http://www.almadarnews.org/index.php?page=article&id=62959
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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Iraqi proposal to secure navigation in the Gulf

Post by claud39 on Wed Aug 14, 2019 7:46 am

[size=36]Iraqi proposal to secure navigation in the Gulf[/size]





14/08/2019





 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 71482019_20190711115048



Baghdad - Mawazine News
 
revealed a political source, that Iraq is about to submit a proposal to a number of countries on navigation in the Gulf, indicating that the proposal aims to secure navigation and prevent the entry of any other parties. 
The source said that "Iraq is currently working on the maturity of a proposal to be submitted to the countries concerned with the file of navigation in the Arabian Gulf, based on the participation of the Arab countries overlooking the Gulf force to ensure navigation and coordination among them on navigation in the Gulf, particularly the Strait of Hormuz." 
He added that "Iraq is making efforts to contain the crisis that any stop will reflect significantly and negatively on all countries bordering the Gulf, including Iraq," pointing out that "there are countries welcome the proposal of Iraq, but other countries are not known its position." 
 He stressed that "Baghdad will approach several parties to this proposal soon after maturing all the details."
 The Israeli Foreign Minister, Yisrael Katz, announced that his country is participating in the US plan to secure navigation in the waters of the Arabian Gulf from Iranian threats, according to the "Times of Israel" and "Yediot Aharonot", Israeli, while Foreign Minister Mohammed Ali al-Hakim, the day before yesterday Monday, Iraq refused Israel's participation in any force to secure the passage of ships in the Arabian Gulf




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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty The Iranian navy calls on world powers to leave the Gulf before they leave humiliations

Post by claud39 on Thu Aug 15, 2019 8:13 am

The Iranian navy calls on world powers to leave the Gulf before they leave humiliations

 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 %D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A8%D8%AD%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%8A%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A9-1

The head of Iran's naval force, Hossein Khanzadi, has called on world powers in the Gulf region to leave quickly before humiliating them.
Khanzadi said that the United States, Britain, the Zionist entity and their tails should know that the maritime Islamic Resistance Front is now in a state of crystallization and cohesion and that the era of looting the region's wealth is over.
He pointed to the need to maintain security and peace in the region, saying that peace and collective security at sea needs friendship, cooperation and common understanding of the maritime environment, while the arrogant powers are unable to realize this as they exploit the sea for arrogance and impose illegal security arrangements.


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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty After a US request to detain… the release of the Iranian tanker in Gibraltar

Post by claud39 on Fri Aug 16, 2019 12:15 pm

After a US request to detain… the release of the Iranian tanker in Gibraltar


16/08/2019



 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Gg









Kalkamsh Press / Baghdad 




TEHRAN (Reuters) - Iran's oil tanker is flying a new flag and preparing to sail to the Mediterranean after Gibraltar decided to release it, state television reported on Friday.


"At the request of the owner, the oil tanker Grace 1 will head towards the Mediterranean after re-registering under the Iranian flag and renaming it to Adrian Daria following the preparation of the trip," Jalil Islami, assistant director of Iran's Ports and Maritime Organization, was quoted as saying.


Britain's Mediterranean region of Gibraltar decided on Thursday to release the Panama-flagged tanker, but did not immediately say when or if it would sail after the United States last minute asked for the tanker.


"The 25-member crew will start their journey after equipment including refueling," said Islami.


The television report did not identify the owner of the tanker.


The British Royal Marines seized the tanker off the coast at the western entrance of the Mediterranean Sea on July 4 on suspicion of violating EU sanctions by transporting oil to Iran's close ally Syria.


Two weeks later, Iran seized a British-flagged tanker in the Strait of Hormuz leading to the Gulf.


The two carriers have become pressure cards in the midst of the standoff between Iran and the West and their fate has been linked to diplomatic differences between major powers of the European Union and the United States.


Iran said the tanker would sail soon, and Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif described the US attempt to prevent the tanker from sailing as "piracy."




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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Abdul Mahdi adviser: Iraq played a key role in the release of the Iranian tanker

Post by claud39 on Fri Aug 16, 2019 12:18 pm

Abdul Mahdi adviser: Iraq played a key role in the release of the Iranian tanker



16/08/2019


 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 9998984128






Kalkamsh Press / Baghdad


Iraq has played a role in the release of the Iranian tanker Grace 1, which was being held by Britain in Gibraltar, an adviser to Prime Minister Hussein al-Hanin said Friday.


"Iraq has been a key player in solving this crisis, being a friend of all, which has made it a positive and reliable counterbalance factor in international relations," Al-Hanin said in a statement received by Gilgamesh Press.


"The issue of the tanker was the focus of discussion between Prime Minister Adel Abdul Mahdi and Iranian President Hassan Rouhani during his surprise visit to Tehran."




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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Interior Minister arrives in Tehran

Post by claud39 on Sat Aug 17, 2019 8:45 am

[size=36]Interior Minister arrives in Tehran[/size]



17/08/2019




 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 121782019_13980526000901_Test_PhotoI


BAGHDAD balances News 

arrived Interior Minister Yassin Yasiri on Saturday, the Iranian capital Tehran. 
He was received at the airport by Iran's Interior Ministry Assistant for Economic Affairs and Regional Development Babik Dean Brest. 

Dean Brest welcomed the arrival of the Iraqi Minister of Interior, expressing his hope that the visit will provide the ground for further strengthening relations between the two countries in various fields, including providing the necessary preparations for the participation of millions of visitors in the ceremony of Imam Hussein (p). 

The Iraqi interior minister will meet this afternoon with his Iranian counterpart Abdul Reza Rahmani Fazli




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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Security Council: Tensions in the Persian Gulf mobilize debate on the Middle East

Post by claud39 on Fri Aug 23, 2019 9:47 am

[size=36]Security Council: Tensions in the Persian Gulf mobilize debate on the Middle East[/size]




AUGUST 20, 2019









 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 SC%20slide





In a Security Council debate on threats to peace and security in the Middle East, recent developments in the Persian Gulf, amid the disintegration of the Iran nuclear deal, have The Russian Federation even called on the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran to restrain and settle their dispute diplomatically. 
Ms. Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti, Chief of Staff of the Secretary-General, reaffirmed that the Joint Global Action Plan "remains the only internationally recognized framework for addressing the Iranian nuclear program", despite the fact that The United States withdrew from this agreement in 2018. The deep disagreement over the Iranian nuclear program only exacerbates the Gulf dispute, she acknowledged, deploring the series of incidents in recent weeks in the Straits. 'Ormuz and adjacent sea lanes. 
US Secretary of State Michael Pompeo also worried about the difficulties of ensuring security in the Straits, castigating the role of Iran, which he said "continues to sow the terror and unrest in Syria, Iraq and Yemen with dire consequences for the people ". Since July, he added, Iran has flouted its nuclear commitments and continued enriching its uranium, while continuing its attacks on Saudi Arabia and confiscating several oil tankers. 
For the head of the American diplomacy, it is now time to promote innovative processes to solve old problems. That is why, he said, the United States and Poland launched the Warsaw Process and its workshops in February to address all relevant issues in the Middle East, including the issue of safety at sea. . 
The response of the Russian Federation was not long in coming. Reproaching Mr Pompeo for "the coalition against Iran, but never for dialogue" and to present this country as "a sort of evil empire", the Russian representative reiterated Moscow's opposition to the Warsaw, whose format was, according to him, decided "too hastily". In his opinion, a collective strategy would be preferable to a "recipe based on narrow geopolitical interests". 
Calling for dialogue, with confidence-building and control measures, the Russian representative stressed that talks can only succeed if the parties are willing to show mutual respect based on the principles of diplomacy. It is therefore "not logical that in defiance of resolution 2231, the United States calls on Iran to engage in talks without preconditions," he said, adding that his country would continue to try to convince the United States and Iran to dialogue "in a civilized way". 
The United Kingdom felt it would be relevant to begin this exchange on the Strait of Hormuz, referring to the arrest of one of its tankers by the Iranian Revolutionary Guards. While recognizing Iran's right to self-defense, the British representative noted that Iran's protection of its national interests was contributing to problems in the region and recalled the importance of preventing that country to acquire nuclear weapons that would pose a threat to the Middle East and beyond. 
Like France, France reaffirmed its commitment to the Comprehensive Global Action Plan, arguing that "there is no alternative today to prevent nuclear proliferation in Iran". An opinion shared by German Foreign Minister Andreas Michaelis. However, he stressed, "we are not naïve: the joint Global Action Plan is just one piece of the puzzle" and Iran's threats in the region must be countered. The European Union, for its part, regretted the imposition of sanctions by the United States, while expressing its concerns about Iranian ballistic missile activities and the transfer of such missiles to state and non-state actors.
The first to be concerned by this debate, Iran assured not to seek confrontation, warning however that he could not remain indifferent to the violation of his sovereignty. As the country with the longest coastline in the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea, it has expressed its determination to continue to ensure the safety and security of shipping in this area, particularly in the Strait of Hormuz. . He also blamed instability and insecurity in the region on the US military presence and the influx of US weapons, which are turning the Middle East into a "real powder keg". 
In the face of Iranian determination, Saudi Arabia has declared itself an advocate for the rights of peoples to live in peace, "far from the interference and violence committed by militia like Houthi and Hezbollah," close to Iran. The Kingdom also refuted the thesis that Shi'ism of Islam is at the root of disagreements between Iran and other Muslim countries, saying that differences between Sunnis and Shiites did not appear until after the Iranian Revolution. , the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran stipulates that the country must spread its revolution abroad.
"Behind the closed doors, many of the region's leaders agree that Iran is the main threat to peace in the Middle East," added the representative of Israel, who argued that Tehran's actions had helped bring Israel closer to its Arab neighbors.
The latter, moreover, accused the Palestinian Authority of extremism and refused to participate in direct bilateral negotiations, remarks strongly criticized by the Permanent Observer of Palestine who accused the delegate of Israel of "liar" and stressed that it represents the "most extremist Government that Israel has known". The Palestinian delegation called for real political will to implement Security Council resolutions on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, predicting in the process that the "deal of the century" that the United States is preparing will fail. 







SUIT...


https://www.un.org/press/fr/2019/cs13923.doc.htm


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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Re: Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic

Post by claud39 on Fri Aug 23, 2019 9:51 am

MAINTAINING INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND SECURITY
Challenges for peace and security in the Middle East ( S / 2019/643 )
declarations
Ms MARIA LUIZA RIBEIRO VIOTTI, Chief of Staff of the Secretary-General, began his presentation by noting that the situation in the Middle East remains complex, characterized by long-term conflicts, geopolitical tensions at the regional level, governance issues as well as socio-economic development issues in several countries. In recent weeks, challenges to this aspiration have emerged. The series of incidents in the Strait of Hormuz and adjacent sea lanes led to a sharp rise in tension. It is essential that the rights and duties related to navigation are respected, in accordance with international law, stressed Ribeiro Viotti, calling for restraint and genuine dialogue in order to prevent a minor miscalculation from leading to confrontation. major, with disastrous consequences far beyond the region. Furthermore, deep disagreements over Iran's nuclear program only exacerbate disputes in the Gulf. However, the Joint Global Action Plan remains the only internationally recognized framework for addressing the Iranian nuclear issue, she said. 
In Syria, Special Envoy Geir Pedersen spares no effort to finalize the establishment of the constitutional committee to pave the way for a UN-supervised political process, in accordance with resolution 2254 and the implementation of confidence-building measures, continued Ribeiro Viotti. However, she said, the United Nations is concerned about continuing fighting in the north-west of the country, which may undermine efforts to revive the political process. 
In Yemen, the United Nations continues to provide desperately needed humanitarian assistance to the population, while Special Envoy Martin Griffiths remains committed to the implementation of the Hodeida Agreement. We hope that this will lead to broader and more inclusive discussions on how to end the conflict, she said, also referring to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which remains the oldest issue on the agenda. of the United Nations for peace and security. A fair and acceptable solution for both sides is essential for the future of the entire region, said the Chef de Cabinet. The United Nations remains ready to support efforts to enable Palestinians and Israelis to live side by side and in peace, 
As in other regions, fulfilling the promise of full respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms and international humanitarian law requires commitment and daring, if we are to end conflict, address the root causes of violence and maintain the peace. In the same vein, she said, dealing with the threat of terrorism and violent extremism must be accompanied by a response to security concerns and compliance with human rights obligations. man. Similarly, accelerating the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is intrinsically linked to conflict resolution and prevention. In this context, greater participation of women in governance and economic activities would not only increase family incomes and national economies but also reduce vulnerabilities to socio-economic shocks while unleashing enormous potential, she said. Yet, there is still a long way to go to amend discriminatory laws and ensure greater political participation of women. While the rights of women and girls are being trampled by terrorists and extremists, Ribeiro Viotti also believes that the focus should be on strengthening gender equality in the work of the Council. Likewise, she added, the power of young people is essential, as acknowledged by the Council in its landmark resolution on youth, peace and security. In particular, job creation is imperative, as is investment in education and training.
But the first priority, she stressed, must be to prevent the most acute crisis outbreaks from overflowing. Maintaining communication channels should be the first priority, followed by confidence building measures to move parties away from confrontation and into dialogue.
Mr JACEK CZAPUTOWICZ, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Poland, said we need a positive approach to restore peace and economic growth in the Middle East. He said the promotion of youth entrepreneurship, the fight against corruption and access to education were key to unlocking the economic potential of the region, noting the uncertainty surrounding the dynamics there. are underway, keeping the Middle East in the spotlight. While the war is not over in Syria, we are witnessing the worst humanitarian crisis in the world in Yemen where 13 million people are suffering from hunger. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict persists and we risk a military confrontation in the Persian Gulf, he added before focusing on the risks posed by terrorism and radicalization.
Noting that security in the Middle East is inseparable from the world order, the Polish Minister stressed that all crises in the Middle East have consequences for the global economic and social order. "If the defeat of ISIL in Syria and Iraq is a step in the right direction, we are still far from eradicating this evil in the world," he insisted, noting that the return of the fighters aliens poses a threat to their country of origin. 
Czaputowicz also worried about the proliferation of missiles capable of carrying weapons of mass destruction, noting that the tragic consequences of the deficiencies in the control systems are repeatedly manifested during the Houthi attacks in Yemen. He then urged all countries to adopt national control standards for technologies and vectors. The Minister also worried about Iran's announcement that it will not honor all the provisions of the Global Joint Action Plan.
In addition, the Minister considered that attacks and confiscations of ships pose a threat to the freedom of navigation in waters that play a key role in the global supply of energy. He called for strengthening the security of critical energy infrastructure in order to minimize the fluctuation in the price of crude oil and enhance stock security. In addition, the responsible behavior of Middle Eastern states in cyberspace would enhance regional cyberberstability.
Recalling that Poland has organized a debate on international humanitarian law on the occasion of the seventieth anniversary of the Geneva Conventions, Czaputowicz stressed that resolving tensions in the Middle East requires multilateral approaches. That is why he called on States to join the Warsaw process, whose working groups seek to address horizontal issues in the Middle East. 
Mr. MICHAEL R. POMPEO, Secretary of State of the United States of America , said that the Trump Administration is "reviving" US leadership in the Middle East. "We are concerned with issues, not actions," he said, citing the achievements of the past six months, beginning with the dismantling of Daesh.
He expressed his country's willingness to build coalitions and support effective multilateral efforts to address common challenges: the conflict in Libya is raging, more than 1.5 million Syrian refugees still do not have to return to their homes and Islamist terrorist groups are searching for loopholes to exploit them. He was particularly concerned about the difficulties of securing high-seas security in the Strait of Hormuz and blasted the role of Iran, which he said was "continuing to spread terror and unrest in Syria, Iraq and Somalia. in Yemen with terrible consequences for the populations ". Since July, Iran has flouted its nuclear commitments and continued enriching its uranium. Iran also continued to carry out attacks on Saudi Arabia and confiscated several oil tankers, he accused, before denouncing a missile strike. The US Secretary of State has said that there is little time left to prevent Iran from possessing nuclear weapons. 
"From Aleppo to Aden and from Tripoli to Tehran, there needs to be greater cooperation," stressed Pompeo. We need innovative processes to solve old problems, which is why we, together with Poland, launched in February the Warsaw Process and its workshops to deal with all relevant issues in the Middle East. Mr Pompeo notably mentioned cybersecurity, human rights, the fight against terrorism, and safety at sea. He thanked the countries that joined the Warsaw process and welcomed the will of Romania and Bahrain. welcome some of its workshops. 
Mr ANDREAS MICHAELIS, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Germany, found that the Middle East has always been considered an unstable region. "It's even commonplace to say that this region can be easily destabilized," he said. But today, the Middle East is changing. Admittedly, the Minister noted, it is not yet the prosperous region that was hoped for or even hatched in the 90s. On the contrary, it is ravaged by conflict and has fallen prey to terrorist groups. In fact, he said, the combination of all these factors makes the situation more volatile than ever. We must change this situation and strive for long-term stability, he argued, saying that it is also incumbent on the countries of the region to create a favorable political climate that would allow the Syrian people to no longer fear violence. or hunger. And while states in the region need to make a difference, this task also falls to other actors. Only if all external actors exceed their narrow short-term interests can we move towards a Middle East living in peace and security. For this, the Minister continued, it is important to fully respect international law, including international humanitarian law that is now trampled on in Syria. De-escalation strategies must also be devised, he added, saying that finding solutions is an absolute necessity when international law is undermined. It was, in fact, pronounced for the collaboration of all the external actors and the decision making multilateral. this task is also the responsibility of other actors. Only if all external actors exceed their narrow short-term interests can we move towards a Middle East living in peace and security. For this, the Minister continued, it is important to fully respect international law, including international humanitarian law that is now trampled on in Syria. De-escalation strategies must also be devised, he added, saying that finding solutions is an absolute necessity when international law is undermined. It was, in fact, pronounced for the collaboration of all the external actors and the decision making multilateral. this task is also the responsibility of other actors. Only if all external actors exceed their narrow short-term interests can we move towards a Middle East living in peace and security. For this, the Minister continued, it is important to fully respect international law, including international humanitarian law that is now trampled on in Syria. De-escalation strategies must also be devised, he added, saying that finding solutions is an absolute necessity when international law is undermined. It was, in fact, pronounced for the collaboration of all the external actors and the decision making multilateral. Only if all external actors exceed their narrow short-term interests can we move towards a Middle East living in peace and security. For this, the Minister continued, it is important to fully respect international law, including international humanitarian law that is now trampled on in Syria. De-escalation strategies must also be devised, he added, saying that finding solutions is an absolute necessity when international law is undermined. It was, in fact, pronounced for the collaboration of all the external actors and the decision making multilateral. Only if all external actors exceed their narrow short-term interests can we move towards a Middle East living in peace and security. For this, the Minister continued, it is important to fully respect international law, including international humanitarian law that is now trampled on in Syria. De-escalation strategies must also be devised, he added, saying that finding solutions is an absolute necessity when international law is undermined. It was, in fact, pronounced for the collaboration of all the external actors and the decision making multilateral. De-escalation strategies must also be devised, he added, saying that finding solutions is an absolute necessity when international law is undermined. It was, in fact, pronounced for the collaboration of all the external actors and the decision making multilateral. De-escalation strategies must also be devised, he added, saying that finding solutions is an absolute necessity when international law is undermined. It was, in fact, pronounced for the collaboration of all the external actors and the decision making multilateral. 
With regard to Syria, the Minister said that the bloodshed should stop. To this end, he called for the creation of bridges between the various processes in progress. With regard to Iran, he recalled that the country must respect the strictest verification regime possible under the auspices of the IAEA. This is the good guarantee for a nuclear-free Iran, he said. However, he said, we are not naive: the Joint Global Action Plan "is just one piece of the puzzle" and Iran's threats in the region must be countered, pleaded the Minister. In this regard, he said that France, the United Kingdom and Germany are looking at ways to promote cooperation in regional navigation. Evoking Israel and the conflict with the Palestinians, he felt that the United States has a role of stability factor to play. We hope they will continue to help both sides move towards a two-state solution, he said. The Middle East is a complex web and a fascinating region whose people deserve to live in peace and stability, he said. 
Mr. ZHAOXU MA ( China ) said that the ramifications of the situation in the Middle East extend well beyond the borders of the affected countries, thus undermining regional peace and security. He called for renewed efforts to deal with the situation in the region, which is also decisive for respecting the sovereignty and national integrity of all countries. He denounced the deliberate use or threat of use of force. "Defending the rights of Palestinians is the responsibility of the international community," stressed the representative of China, recalling the relevance of the two-State solution.
Noting that one of the causes of the crises in the Middle East is poverty, he considered it advisable to promote sustainable development and youth education in order to offer the societies concerned better social and economic prospects. He called for regional cooperation partnerships and the need to fight corruption, crime and radicalization. With regard to the fight against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, he stressed the relevance of the overall Joint Action Plan, before calling for its full implementation. 
Mr JOSÉ SINGER WEISINGER ( Dominican Republic) deplored the deep divisions in the Middle East region as well as the "tragic losses" in its religious, ethnic and cultural diversity. He expressed concern over the territorial integrity of Syria, Yemen and Libya, as well as the hardships faced by millions of people in the region. He called for investment in education, a key factor for peace and development, and for the protection of institutions and educational infrastructure in times of conflict. The representative also raised the issue of lack of freedom of peaceful assembly and expression, as well as those of early or forced marriage, sexual and gender-based violence, lack of opportunities for women and youth to participate in the decision-making process.
Mr Singer Weisinger also worried about the destabilizing effects of climate change, calling for a collective fight against this phenomenon. The UN must also continue its efforts to address food insecurity, he said, pointing out that these problems exacerbate social, economic and institutional vulnerabilities, which are potential causes of renewed clashes. Climate change is a "multiplier of conflicts," he said. He also called for the Security Council to give priority to the control of weapons of mass destruction and chemical weapons, with special emphasis on the fight against illicit arms trafficking.
Ms KAREN PIERCE ( United Kingdom) noted that the conflicts in the region have their roots in the First World War and the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. Since the end of the League of Nations and the creation of the United Nations, the trajectory of the region is worrying and littered with risks of confrontation. We have seen the difficulty of managing this situation, she commented, adding that "our efforts have not always been successful but the alternative would be worse". Even if it is not perfect, de-escalation is, according to her, the best way to restore peace and stability. That is why the United Kingdom remains a strong supporter of United Nations efforts to uphold international law. In this regard, she observed, several members of the Security Council have mentioned in recent weeks ways of jointly addressing the underlying challenges. Perhaps the time has not come yet, but it would be important to look for what is possible, she pleaded. One possibility would be to start with the Strait of Hormuz and start a dialogue with all actors in this region. She said Iran has a role to play in the Middle East and has the right to self-defense. But defending her national interests is creating problems in the region, she said, recalling the importance of preventing her from developing nuclear weapons that would pose a threat to the region and beyond. she pleaded. One possibility would be to start with the Strait of Hormuz and start a dialogue with all actors in this region. She said Iran has a role to play in the Middle East and has the right to self-defense. But defending her national interests is creating problems in the region, she said, recalling the importance of preventing her from developing nuclear weapons that would pose a threat to the region and beyond. she pleaded. One possibility would be to start with the Strait of Hormuz and start a dialogue with all actors in this region. She said Iran has a role to play in the Middle East and has the right to self-defense. But defending her national interests is creating problems in the region, she said, recalling the importance of preventing her from developing nuclear weapons that would pose a threat to the region and beyond. 
This will only be possible if we maintain the agreement that is part of the global non-proliferation architecture, she said. "There is no better solution, there is no other solution," she said. However, she added, we remain fully committed to the existing mechanism and continued trade with Iran. We also welcome the efforts of President Emmanuel Macron to bring views closer together. On the other hand, she regretted that instead of supporting a political settlement in Syria, in accordance with resolution 2254, Iran had chosen to support the Assad regime and a military solution through militias. This behavior represents a threat to regional peace and stability, denounced the delegate, recalling that in July, 
In Syria, she said, there can be no reconstruction without a political process, in accordance with resolution 2254. However, the situation in Edleb remains dramatic and we need answers, she said. . "Why is international humanitarian law being trampled by the regime and its allies? "Crime is the responsibility of the perpetrators," said the representative, also arguing for de-escalation while Daesh continues to pose a threat. She went on to say that the United Kingdom will continue to support the Government of Iraq so that the conditions that allowed Daesh to emerge do not stand. With regard to Lebanon, she welcomed the role of UNIFIL while considering it unacceptable that the UN force still does not have access to Hezbollah tunnels. Finally, referring to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, she called on the United States Government to provide a viable plan for political progress to be made by both parties. As long as there is no political progress, steps must be taken to support the Palestinian economy, she said, adding as a conclusion that lasting peace will only be possible with Israel. living side by side with a Palestinian state within the 1967 borders. 
Mrs KAREN VAN VLIERBERGE ( Belgium) considered it crucial to develop a regional and multidimensional approach on issues related to peace and security in the Middle East. For Belgium, such a regional approach makes it possible to take into account the root causes of tensions and conflicts, regional dynamics and the common security challenges that underpin them. She noted that this regional approach can be based on political and security aspects, with a view to defining and building a common area of ​​peace and security and economic and financial aspects, with a view to building a zone of shared prosperity. . Finally, the social, cultural and human aspects with a view to fostering new inclusive social contracts based on education, economic opportunities for young people, equality for women, 
Returning to security issues, Vlierberge said that weapons of mass destruction, especially chemical and nuclear weapons, remain a central point of attention. Thus, disarmament, non-proliferation and the fight against impunity for the use of chemical weapons are priorities. Similarly, it is essential that accountability for chemical attacks in Syria be established. In the same vein, she argued, resolution 2231 (2015) remains the best multilateral basis available to engage Iran on nuclear non-proliferation issues and their impact on regional stability and security. international. The overall Joint Action Plan must therefore be preserved and the challenges it currently faces must be overcome. 
The delegate also recalled that during the Arab Spring of 2011, people mobilized to demand more rights, freedom, equality, democracy and economic opportunities. And some of these expectations remained in pain. It will therefore be necessary that any lasting solution in the region rests on the appropriation of it by societies and populations. 
Mrs ANNE GUEGUEN ( France ) welcomed the holding of this debate which, she noted, makes it possible to tackle all the issues relating to the North Africa and Middle East zone. Highlighting the magnitude of the challenges facing the region, she was concerned about the persistence of the terrorist threat and warned that the challenge of violent radicalization would not be resolved without inclusive political solutions and increased efforts for stabilization. liberated territories and for reconstruction, where the political conditions are met. France will continue, she said, to mobilize in order to dry up the sources of financing of terrorism, in accordance with resolution 2462 adopted in March. 
Ms. Gueguen cited another threat that deserves collective responses, namely the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery to state and non-state actors. She expressed France's vigilance with respect to the prohibition of the use of chemical weapons, "while the Syrian regime, but also Daesh, used them". France also reaffirms its full commitment to the Joint Global Action Plan, she said, saying that "there is no alternative today to prevent nuclear proliferation in Iran". She said she regretted the US withdrawal from the agreement and expressed her concern about Iran's recent moves in contradiction with its obligations under the agreement. She called on the international community to work to preserve this agreement and to build a long-term strategy for the management of this crisis, which can not be reduced to a policy of pressure. A comprehensive approach is needed to resolve the various outstanding issues on nuclear power, ballistics and regional stability, she recommended.
Coming to political challenges, she mentioned the cases of Syria and Yemen, where violations of international humanitarian law are daily. It was particularly concerned about the intensification of bombing by the Syrian regime and its Russian ally at Edleb, before calling for an immediate cessation of hostilities and the full implementation of the Stockholm Agreement. In Yemen, she called for rapid, comprehensive and unimpeded humanitarian access to all populations and called for the implementation of the Stockholm Accords, with the hope of resuming political dialogue without preconditions.
Beyond the emergency response to crises, she called for pluralistic and inclusive political solutions for the long-term stability of the region. It prioritized the prevention of further conflict and de-escalation through dialogue, inviting work to build an inclusive and balanced dialogue with the region's front-line States, with international partners. and within the framework of the multilateral organizations concerned. In the longer term, it wanted confidence-building measures, which in particular guarantee freedom of navigation in the straits. Ms. Gueguen also called for promoting inclusive political solutions under the auspices of the United Nations, including efforts to strengthen state institutions. It encouraged the Iraqi authorities in this regard to continue their efforts for the reconstruction of the liberated areas of Daesh and the reconciliation of all Iraqis. In Syria, she added, only a credible political solution can reduce the destabilizing potential of the crisis and allow lasting peace. Ms. Gueguen also reiterated the imperative need to involve women in the peace process.
Finally, she reiterated France's commitment to multilateralism and the role of the United Nations, as well as respect for international law. She advocated a fair and balanced solution to achieve lasting peace between Israelis and Palestinians and reiterated her support for UNRWA. It also called on the Security Council to play its role of "the first guarantor of respect for international law": among other things, it is responsible for calling all belligerents into conflict with the applicable law.
Mr. JERRY MATTHEWS MATJILA ( South Africa ) stressed that there is no single solution that would apply to all facets of the Middle East question, especially given the diversity of challenges in each country of the region. He called for an end to the destruction of physical and social infrastructure in the region, expressing concern also at the rise of radical groups that are causing damage beyond the region. The representative said that the Israeli-Palestinian issue is the basis of all others, saying that its resolution would have a positive impact throughout the region. 
The representative then challenged the international community to the crisis in Yemen, which remains the worst humanitarian crisis in the world. Mr. Matjila also lamented the withdrawal of the United States from the Common Global Action Plan, urging the United States to reconsider its position on the "most important diplomatic agreement in the field of nuclear non-proliferation for a very long time". To address the root causes of security challenges in the Middle East, he called on the Security Council to demonstrate political will and good faith in resolving long-standing conflicts such as the Palestinian question. He finally insisted on respect for the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and on achieving a nuclear-free Middle East. 





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Mr. MANSOUR AYYAD SH. A. ALOTAIBI ( Kuwait) noted that the Middle East continues to be at the forefront of Security Council topics. Today, the representative noted, the United Nations is addressing eight issues in the Middle East: the Israeli-Palestinian issue for decades, and more recently those of Syria and Libya. In this context, five Arab countries have their territory occupied. The region is also experiencing six internal conflicts and one third of the world's refugees come from the Arab region, he said. In his eyes, the common point in these conflicts is the occupation and the presence of terrorist elements that fuel the conflicts. On the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the delegate lamented that since Israel's entry into the United Nations, the policy of this country has been to not respect the UN Charter and Security Council resolutions. For the representative, the Israeli occupation of Palestine, the Syrian Golan and Lebanese territories is the root cause of the conflicts in the Middle East. 
"We have been trying for years to curb these conflicts, we must now work to prevent them and the UN Charter is the first tool to do this," he said, adding that Kuwait had tried creating the Gulf Cooperation Council and mediating disputes in the region. "We even helped open dialogues with the Islamic Republic of Iran, based on the principles of impartiality and non-interference," he said. While the number of Arab refugees is 24 million worldwide, political solutions to the region's problems remain our priority, he said. In addition to the occupation, it is about taking education and culture into account by investing in the future, which Kuwait is trying to do by helping friendly countries. 
Mr DMITRY A. POLYANSKIY ( Russian Federation) felt that in order to find solutions, one must look to the future but also look backwards to avoid repeating the mistakes of the past. He stressed that unilateral actions do not come close to solving problems, and that this becomes all the more difficult when some Member States place themselves above the law. He called for a union of regional and international efforts, which he said should be the starting point for any initiative in the Middle East. Noting that interference in the internal affairs of other countries has resulted in the deaths of hundreds of thousands of people in the region, he observed that states have become hostages to opportunistic goals and outside actors who are waging war vicarious. 
He said he took note of the statement by Mr. Michael Pompeo, adding that "a lot" depends on his words. "You used a lot of negative words. You spoke once more of the coalition against Iran, but never of dialogue, "he said. "This notion is at the very heart of any diplomatic action," he said, reproaching the US Secretary of State for portraying Iran as "a sort of evil empire." The delegate expressed concern about the tensions in the Persian Gulf. On persistent charges, there are military threats that could lead to a conflict, he said, calling on the parties to show restraint and resolve their problems diplomatically, without resorting to ultimatums and to threats. 
Russia, the representative said, presented to the United Nations a concept of collective security in the Persian Gulf, accompanied by confidence-building and control measures. This mechanism must be inclusive, universal and comprehensive, open to all states in the region, he said, seeing it as a prelude to a post-crisis mechanism in the Middle East. He then reiterated his opposition to the Warsaw process, the format of which he said was decided too hastily. A collective strategy would be better than a recipe based on too narrow geopolitical interests, he said. The Russian proposal must, for its part, be realized through constructive dialogue. In this regard, he said, Russia will hold a round table of experts on this issue on 18 and 19 September. 
He emphasized that, in general, talks can only succeed if the parties are willing to show mutual respect based on the principles of diplomacy. It is therefore not possible, in his view, to invite Iran to discussions while imposing sanctions. "It is not logical that in defiance of resolution 2231, the United States calls on Iran to engage in talks without preconditions," he said, saying his country would continue to to try to convince the United States and Iran to engage in a civilized dialogue. 
Referring to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, he noted that the situation in the West Bank does not improve more than in East Jerusalem. Israel's actions are illegal under international law and constitute one of the most serious obstacles to the establishment of a comprehensive peace in the Middle East, denounced the delegate. For Russia, he reaffirmed, the fundamental principle of the creation of two States for two peoples remains the only possible one and must be promoted, in accordance with Security Council resolutions. Finally, with regard to Syria, he continued, the Russian Air Force anti-terrorist operation made progress. "We never said or decided that Syria should be a safe haven," he said. 
Mr. GUSTAVO MEZA-CUADRA ( Peru) praised the rich cultural, ethnic and religious diversity of the Middle East, deploring the fact that the region remains the scene of numerous confrontations with terrible ravages among the populations. He deplored the hundreds of thousands of deaths in Syria, the successive epidemics in Yemen and the lack of hope for the Palestinian population. The rule of law must be strengthened to foster economic development in line with the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, he insisted. He called on the Security Council to demand full compliance with its resolutions to ensure full respect for international law and international humanitarian law in the Middle East. The non-proliferation regimes for weapons of mass destruction must also be respected, he added. 
He also said it was urgent to resolve the Palestinian issue in order to reach a two-state solution. He also denounced the attacks on ships in the Strait of Hormuz warning of the risk of conflicts that may arise.
Mr. DIAN TRIANSYAH DJANI ( Indonesia ) said that respect for the principles of multilateralism and international law was the starting point for resolving the crises in the Middle East. "Investing in peace is about building the capacity of local communities to resolve their differences," he insisted. The representative noted that the Palestinian conflict is at the heart of all the other crises and stressed the urgent need to resolve the Palestinian crisis, including securing Palestine's independence within its 1967 borders. 
Mr. ANATOLIO NDONG MBA ( Equatorial Guinea ) expressed concern about recent statements and decisions following events in the Persian Gulf that could plunge the Middle East into uncertainty. He considered it necessary to deploy a joint global strategy to build confidence and peace among the peoples of the Middle East. "It goes through national cohesion policies to harmonize coexistence between religions and cultures," he insisted. He considered urgent the resolution of the Palestinian question by implementing the relevant resolutions of the Security Council. The representative of Equatorial Guinea was also concerned about a trend towards regime changes through external interference. 
Mr KACOU HOUADJA LÉON ADOM ( Côte d'Ivoire ) noted that the complexity of the issues related to the Middle East and the multifaceted threats they raise require the search for innovative solutions, through concerted action by the United Nations and international organizations. as well as enhanced cooperation between all countries in the region. Côte d'Ivoire has therefore advocated dialogue as a solution to enhance mutual understanding and create the confidence necessary for a comprehensive settlement of these crises. He said that these negotiations should be inclusive and also take into account issues such as the dialogue of cultures and religions, the rights of minorities, the participation of women and youth in peace and development processes. 
With regard to the Iranian nuclear issue, he reiterated that the Comprehensive Comprehensive Plan of Action is a strong guarantee for the implementation of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. On the subject of the Israeli-Palestinian crisis, he called on the protagonists to renounce violence and unilateral actions in order to promote the two-State solution. It is also the dialogue he said he favors in the context of the Syrian crisis, before calling for a political settlement of the crisis in Yemen. 
Mr. JAMAL FARES ALROWAIEI ( Bahrain ) said that peace and stability rely on the fluidity of trade. He added that achieving peace and sustainable development in the region is a shared responsibility. He said that one of the biggest challenges in the region is the catastrophic repercussion of terrorism that threatens the stability of states. He underlined the importance of the work of the eleventh meeting of the group in charge of fighting Daesh held in Bahrain on 16 and 17 April. He stressed the importance of drying up the financial flows that feed terrorist groups. 
Moreover, with regard to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, he stressed the importance of reaching a two-state solution and of allowing Palestine to find its independence within the borders of 4 June 1967. The representative then lashed out Iran-backed militias continue to destroy Yemen and threaten Saudi Arabia. He announced that his country will host, at the end of the year, a conference on air and maritime security to address in particular the serious dangers posed by Iran on shipping in the region. 
Mr BASHAR JA'AFARI ( Syrian Arab Republic)) reported that the Middle East has experienced horrendous tragedies since the early twentieth century due to abuses by colonial powers. He said the main source of the Middle East crises is Israel's occupation of several Arab territories including the Syrian Golan. He also demanded that the Turkish forces put an end to their illegal presence in Syrian territory. He said Turkey is using mercenaries to support terrorist groups that have been dubbed the "Syrian Free Army". He called for addressing the threat of weapons of mass destruction before calling on Israel to place its facilities under the control of the IAEA in accordance with Security Council resolution 487. 
Mr. FERIDUN HADI SINIRLIOĞLU ( Turkey ) recalled that for centuries, the peoples of the Middle East of North Africa had lived in peace and harmony, a reality that is quite different today. He noted that, at present, the main challenge for the region is to keep the prospects for resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict alive. He regretted that the vision of the two-State solution was deliberately weakened by unilateral and illegal practices in the occupied Palestinian territories. He pleaded for a peace plan that would allow an independent, sovereign, contiguous and viable Palestinian State with East Jerusalem as its capital, living side by side with Israel.
With regard to Syria, the representative denounced the horrifying crimes of the "Asad brutal regime" and other threats to the population, as well as the well-established crimes of terrorist organizations such as Da'esh, Al-Qaida and other affiliated groups. , as well as the PKK and its Syrian branch the PYD-YPG. He recalled that there could only be one political solution based on resolution 2254 to end the civil war in Syria.
The representative also expressed concern about the deterioration of the situation in Yemen, ensuring that he continues to support international efforts to promote the security and stability of the country while protecting its unity and integrity. Regarding Libya, he said that there can be no military solution, only a political dialogue to achieve peace and stability. He called on regional and international actors to play their part in helping to end this conflict. It is urgent to return to a process facilitated by the United Nations, he recommended. Finally, he called on the international community, and in particular the Security Council, to play a more constructive role in resolving conflicts in the Middle East. 
Mr SILVIO GONZATO, Observer for the European Union (EU ), identified as a major challenge to peace and security in the Middle East the scourge of terrorism which is exacerbated by radicalization and violent extremism. He noted that one of the challenges in the Middle East is the lack of trust between the parties and the lack of a political horizon for many citizens. 
The EU then expressed concern about the measures taken by Iran last July, which run counter to its commitments under the Joint Global Action Plan. The Observer called on Iran to reconsider these decisions immediately and to refrain from further escalation while meeting its obligations again. He recalled the EU's promise to honor its commitments under the agreement, including the lifting of sanctions for the good of the people of Iran. The EU therefore regrets the new imposition of such sanctions by the United States and has assured its willingness to preserve the Joint Global Action Plan, "a key element of the nuclear non-proliferation regime" which is in the interest of the United States. all. Mr. Gonzato also expressed the EU's concern over Iran's ballistic missile activities and the transfer of such missiles to state and non-state actors. He also deplored the impediments to navigation in the Gulf, recalling the obligations of some and others under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. 
Mr. Gonzato also called for respect for international humanitarian law in Yemen and Syria, while stressing the importance of political processes to achieve peace in both crises. He said that the EU stands ready to participate in the reconstruction of Syria when a real and inclusive political transition will be negotiated by the Syrian parties, on the basis of Security Council Resolution 2254 (2015) and the UN Security Council Press Release. Geneva. 
With regard to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the European Union remains committed to a resolution through the two-State solution that will end the occupation that has lasted since 1967. The EU is also ready to work towards the resumption of talks on the outstanding issues and to achieve lasting peace. He said Israeli settlements threaten prospects for peace and the possibility of a two-state solution. 
The European Union has also pledged to work with all partners in the region to fight terrorism. The Observer noted that the lack of confidence prevailing in the region is one of the major challenges, before stressing that solutions to the conflicts in the Middle East can only be found through multilateral cooperation. The lack of implementation of the agreed policies and the failure to respect international law are real challenges for peace in the Middle East, he said. The international community must therefore strive to make the adopted policies applicable, and ensure that international law is fully respected. 
Mr. ABDALLAH Y. AL-MOUALLIMI ( Saudi Arabia) took note of the scoping memorandum of the Polish presidency of the Security Council on this debate and its desire to investigate the root causes of conflicts in the Middle East. Some claim that these conflicts have ethnic and religious origins that go back centuries, he said. "This is false, especially with regard to the two main entities that threaten regional peace, namely Israel and Iran," he said. According to him, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has never been religious. The coexistence between the two peoples really began to change only when the Zionist movement took over the Palestinian homes. "There is no revenge between Palestinians and Jews in Palestine," he said. Deploring the fact that the United Nations has devoted many of its resolutions to Israel, 
Regarding Iran, the representative also refuted the thesis that Shi'ism of Islam is at the root of disagreements between Iran and other Muslim countries. Sunni-Shia disputes are not an incarnation of the conflict with Iran, he said. The differences only emerged after the Iranian revolution, with the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran stipulating that the country must spread its revolution abroad, the delegate said. He assured that Saudi Arabia is campaigning for the rights of peoples to live in peace, far from the interference and violence committed by militias like the Houthi and Hezbollah. 


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Mr MOHAMMED HUSSEIN BAHR ALULOOM ( Iraq ) said that the region needed security based on a collective security system. He said the Israeli occupation is the cause of many crises in the region. He called for justice for the Palestinian people by creating a viable independent state with East Jerusalem as the capital. To promote sustainable development and stability in the Middle East region, the representative of Iraq called for fighting corruption, promoting women's rights, providing professional opportunities for young people, promoting good governance, combating money laundering and terrorist financing. 
Mr. MAJID TAKHT-RAVANCHI ( Islamic Republic of Iran ) said that all the efforts so far to resolve the question of Palestine had ignored the principle that only the end of the occupation could make it possible to stop the dispute. The so-called "deal of the century" will also probably fail because of that, he predicted. According to him, the United States, by supporting the occupation, is responsible for the prolongation of the conflict, as for almost all other conflicts in the region. He has taken United States involvement in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria and Yemen as evidence of his support for terrorist groups and illicit actions such as cyber-attacks in the Middle East.
Yesterday, continued the representative, marked the sixty-sixth anniversary of the coup orchestrated by the United States and the United Kingdom against the democratically elected Government of Iran. He listed the American interferences that followed in Iran as "the support for Saddam during the aggression of Iran" or the attack on an Iranian commercial flight that killed 290 people. According to the representative, one of the main causes of instability and insecurity in the region is the United States military presence, which has deployed more than 70,000 men in the Middle East, while the number of military installations in the The region has grown from 4 in 1990 to 41 in 2018, most of which are US facilities. 
Another destabilizing factor, the representative continued, is the influx of American weapons into the region, which has become a "real powder keg". He also cited the consequences of the American strategy of "divide and conquer", denouncing in particular the "Iranophobic" statements of US officials. He accused them of spreading false information against Iran to justify their policies in the region, "in order to prevent Iran from playing its role in the region", while the country has existed for millennia . 
We are not seeking confrontation, assured the representative while saying that we can not remain indifferent to the violation of the sovereignty of Iran. "To preserve our borders and our interests, we will vigorously exercise our right to self-defense," he said. As the country with the longest coastline in the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea, Iran is determined to continue to ensure the safety and security of shipping in this area, particularly in the Strait of Hormuz. said the representative, warning that any attempt to mount an artificial coalition to secure navigation in this area would fail. Coastal countries are responsible for the security of the Persian Gulf,
Mr MOHAMED FOUAD AHMED ( Egypt) recalled that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is one of the oldest in the region and denounced a situation of injustice that harms the Palestinian cause. He stressed that this conflict is one of the causes of insecurity in the region and called for the resumption of the Arab Peace Initiative. He called for reforms to maintain nation-states, instead of destroying them through foreign interference and ending sectarian tensions. He also called for condemning those countries that train, finance and send terrorists to the countries of the Middle East. He also stressed the importance of achieving a nuclear-free Middle East, calling on all parties to support the organization of the nuclear-related Middle East conference next November in Jordan. 
Mr. DANNY BEN YOSEF DANON ( Israel ) said that the recent terrorist attack on Israel last week demonstrates the nature of the main evil in the Middle East. Illustrating his remarks, he said that two young Palestinians attacked Israeli policemen with a knife in Jerusalem, while elsewhere another Palestinian driver was trying to crush two young Israelis who were at a bus stop. He also said that the Israeli army intercepted Saturday night terrorists who planned an attack. 
Hamas holds two Israeli civilians hostage and the remains of two soldiers he refuses to return.
"We are living in a historic era when 70 years ago the world witnessed the reestablishment of the Jewish state in the Middle East," said the Israeli representative. "And 40 years ago, the handshake between Sadat and Begin was an opportunity to prove to the Arab world that we could live in peace and security. "
Today, he continued, an unprecedented wave of normalization is sweeping the region while Israel improves relations with its Arab neighbors. We have the right to be in the Middle East, "said the representative of Israel, while regretting that Palestinian leaders continue to refute the historical connection of the Jews to their land and hinder the normalization of relations in the Middle East. East. "Hear my message, Israel is not your enemy," said the Israeli representative to the Arab countries.
Mr. Danon then said that the main threat to us is that of Iran and its desire to acquire nuclear weapons. He denounced the firing of a 1,000-kilometer long-range ballistic missile last month and Iran's $ 7 billion support for terrorist groups, including recent support of $ 6 million to $ 30 million. dollars per month to Hamas. Tehran's goal is to export the Iranian revolution, he accused, but he has only succeeded in bringing Israel closer to its Arab neighbors. Behind the closed doors, he said, many of the region's leaders agree that Iran is the main threat to peace in the Middle East.
He asserted that his Arab neighbors know that Israel is a driving force in the fight against radicalization and is surprised that Iran wants to destroy Israel while extremism, he said, is present in the Palestinian Authority. Danon said that last week, following the publication of a report on racism in the Palestinian Authority, his representative quoted an "anti-Semitic and revoked" UN resolution, saying that Zionism is a form of racism. The extremism of Tehran and Ramallah is contrary to the feeling of the majority of Arabs who believe that Israel is part of the solution.
"Despite all this, Israel wants dialogue through direct bilateral negotiations," he said, but the Palestinian side refuses this path. He called on Arab peoples to understand that Israel is not the problem but part of the solution to create a better future for the region. Speaking later in Arabic, the representative of Israel called on Arabs throughout the region to "realize what Egypt and Jordan already know, that Israel is not your enemy". 
Standardization is in our mutual interest and therefore we are ready to participate in direct negotiations. But will Palestine sit at the negotiating table? launched the representative. Israel, he said, is looking forward to the emergence of a Palestinian Sadat to join our bold steps. 
Mr. SAUD HAMAD GHANEM HAMAD ALSHAMSI ( United Arab Emirates ), speaking on behalf of the Arab Group "except Iraq" , recalled that all the problems in the region had led Arab leaders to hold an emergency session in Mecca at the end of May 2019. He also recalled that the Declaration of the Thirtieth Annual Arab Summit held in Tunis on March 31, 2019 called for the implementation of five measures to achieve regional security and stability. 
The first is the intensification of efforts to put an end to all forms of tension and conflict, in a unified vision aimed at strengthening Arab solidarity in order to secure and stabilize the Arab countries and improve their ability to cope political, security, economic and cultural challenges. In this regard, the Group emphasized the need for a just and comprehensive settlement of the Palestinian crisis and the entire Arab-Israeli conflict in order to achieve peace, security and stability in the Middle East. demands the withdrawal of Israel from all the territories occupied by it since June 1967, the establishment of an independent Palestinian state having East Jerusalem as its capital, and the end of all forms of religious extremism exercised by the occupying Power in the holy places of Jerusalem. The Arab Group is determined to continue its efforts to re-launch meaningful and effective negotiations to resolve the final status issues, he said. It will also continue to work to end the crises and problems facing Libya, Syria, Yemen, Sudan and Somalia, as well as to support reconstruction efforts in Iraq. 
As a second step, Arab leaders called for the protection of the region from foreign interference and to ensure that all States in the region respect the principles of good neighborliness and refrain from the use of force or the threat of violence. strength. The Arab group has therefore reaffirmed its rejection and condemnation of the targeting of Saudi cities and territories by ballistic missiles. He also condemned the Iranian Government's policy and its ongoing interventions in Arab affairs "that fuel religious and sectarian conflicts." Iran, said the representative, must not support the groups that fuel these conflicts, particularly in the Arab States of the Gulf, nor the militias and armed groups in the Arab States, including stopping his interventions in Yemen. "We also call on Iran to stop supporting or supplying anti-government militias in Yemen, and to refrain from turning Yemen into a missile launching platform against Yemen's neighboring states or threaten maritime navigation in the Straits of Baab al-Mandab and the Red Sea. "
Thirdly, he said, there is a need to strengthen security coordination among Arab States and to intensify international efforts to combat all forms of extremism and terrorism, including the elimination of their sources of funding. Fourthly, concrete steps must be taken to implement the international resolutions on the establishment of a zone free of weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East, including by supporting the major United Nations conference on this issue. Finally, the fifth measure advocated by the Arab Group: 
Ms NASRIA FLITTI, Observer for the League of Arab States , stressed that the Arab States are aware of the need to resolve the crises in the Middle East and to alleviate the suffering of civilians, especially women and children. She noted that while some parties help solve crises, others are trying to make things worse. In particular, it denounced the Iranian interference in the internal affairs of Arab countries. 
The delegate noted that the Palestinian conflict is worsening, pointing in particular to the continuation of Israeli settlement activities and that undermine the possibility of the two-State solution and any prospect of peace in the region. She called on the Security Council to hold Israel accountable for the constant violation of its resolutions. She called for an end to the occupation of Palestinian lands and the establishment of an independent Palestinian state on the borders of 4 June 1967. She recalled that the Arab Summit in Tunis, held last March, reiterated that the Arab Peace Initiative is the most appropriate plan for resolving the Palestinian issue. On this occasion, Arab leaders also declared that East Jerusalem should be the capital of an independent Palestinian state, 
Mr. RIYAD H. MANSOUR, Permanent Observer of Palestine, considered that it is impossible to examine, understand and solve the root causes of the situation prevailing in the Middle East without mentioning the Palestinian question. Thus, to avoid talking about this injustice experienced by the Palestinians would be to ignore the depths of the distrust, anger and desperation sown in the region by the issue, he said, noting that people no longer believe in the law. international law and the equity of the international system. It also continues to feed toxic stories of double standards, including among the youth who constitute the majority of the populations of the Arab-Muslim world. He noted that the failure to hold Israel accountable has led to the development of a culture of impunity, which in turn fed a climate favorable to the proliferation of conflicts in the region. And these conflicts have created fertile ground for the spread of extremism and terrorism, as well as religious conflicts, he said. He warned against provoking religious conflict in Palestine, notably pointing to Israeli "provocations" in East Jerusalem, especially on the esplanade of the Mosques. 
Mr. Mansour also spoke of the human cost of this impunity with forced displacement of millions of civilians, including five and a half million Palestinians. According to him, those who do not recognize these facts undermine the real efforts to solve the root causes of the conflict, and thus the stabilization of the region. He called for a different path that can ensure justice, human rights, security and dignity for all. Thus, resolving the crises in the Middle East requires a just solution to the Palestinian question, in accordance with international law and the relevant United Nations resolutions. We all know the solution, he insisted, but some ambassadors who come here live in a fantasy world and persist in turning a deaf ear.
For the Observer, the problem is not that Security Council resolutions are unrealistic, but that no attempt has ever been made to implement them. Thus a permanent member uses his right of veto to undermine the actions of the Council, and this aggravates the situation and blocks any attempt to curb the occupation and peaceful resolution of the conflict, he denounced. In the same way, to impose unfair solutions will lead to failures, with serious political, security, social and human consequences. He therefore called for real political will to implement Security Council resolutions on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The "deal of the century" will not achieve peace and will fail, he predicted. What's needed,
The observer then reacted to the statement by the representative of Israel, denouncing allegations that the Palestinians would never have made historic compromises and do not want a solution to the conflict. This delegate represents the most extremist government that Israel has known. So who is destroying the prospects of the two-state solution, the Palestinian side or the extremist occupation government? he started. He labeled Israel's delegate as "a liar", saying that he has chosen not to accept the implementation of Security Council resolutions, nor the promises of Arab countries to work for peace.
Mr. JASSIM SAYAR AJ AL-MAAWDA ( Qatar ) said that a just and comprehensive settlement of the Palestinian question is a key issue for achieving peace in the Middle East. This requires respect for the two-State principle and the recognition of Palestine as an independent state within its 1967 borders, with East Jerusalem as its capital. Therefore, he asked for the cessation of all settlement activities. The representative of Qatar called for urgent action by the international community to achieve peace in Syria, Libya and Yemen. He praised the contribution of the Gulf Cooperation Council, which has contributed greatly to international peace and security in the Middle East and around the world.
The delegate also denounced the imposition of the illegal blockade on Qatar for three years, which he said constituted "a serious precedent in international relations". Illustrating his country's contributions, he said Qatar is a major contributor to the UN Counter-Terrorism Office. "We have also supported the education of 10 million children in 50 countries," he insisted. 
Ms. AMAL MUDALLALI ( Lebanon) noted that the Council had already held 11 meetings on Middle East issues this August, while we are still on the 20th of the month, reflecting the deteriorating security situation. and humanitarian. After identifying the multiple problems in the occupied Palestinian territories, in political, economic, humanitarian and international law, as well as the lack of hope, she accused the Israeli policy of always creating facts on the ground. This deprives the Palestinians of an independent and sovereign future and the chance to live in peace and dignity, she said. Citing "glaring examples", such as the expansion of Israeli settlements, she also spoke of Israeli violations relating to the Al-Aqsa Mosque, "the third sacred site of Islam". The sacred sites must be respected, she demanded. In that regard, she called on the United Nations and the Security Council to ensure the implementation of the resolutions, the Geneva Conventions and international law.
Noting also the existential crisis in UNRWA, Ms. Mudallali expressed concern, as a representative of a country hosting refugees, about the impact of this crisis on Palestinian refugees and host communities. She called on the international community to find a lasting solution to this financial situation of the agency. It has also, on the political level, reiterated that the Israeli-Palestinian question will be solved only by a just and comprehensive peace, based on UN resolutions, the right to self-determination, the 1967 borders, the Arab peace initiative, and a two-state solution that gives birth to the Palestinian state with East Jerusalem as the capital.
Turning to the situation in her country, she said that Lebanon had set itself on the path of economic recovery and that the Government was making progress in crucial initiatives, such as the CEDRE Conference. On the security front, the Government, she said, is doing its best to maintain stability, particularly at the southern border, with the help of the international community and the United Nations. But the situation remains fragile, she acknowledged. Prime Minister Harriri confirmed last week to the United States Secretary of State Lebanon's commitment to continue the process of negotiations on land and sea borders. The Prime Minister also reaffirmed Lebanon's commitment to implement resolution 1701 (2006) and assured that it was ready to move from a cessation of hostilities to a ceasefire under a UN mechanism, provided that Israel is doing its part to implement the resolution. Ms. Mudallali, in this regard, noted the daily violations of Israel on Lebanese sovereignty with impunity. Violations that take a dangerous turn as Israel continues to use Lebanese airspace to conduct its military operations against Syria, she noted. 
On the renewal of the mandate of UNIFIL, to be decided in a few days, the representative quoted a letter from the Lebanese Minister of Foreign Affairs expressing Lebanon's strong support for the current mandate of the Mission and its full commitment to implement resolution 1701, including the immediate withdrawal of Israeli forces from the occupied Lebanese territories. She concluded by welcoming the "tremendous work" of the Mission and the "professionalism" of its staff.
Mr. ALOMOUSH ( Jordan ) said that the Middle East was hostage to various political interests. He noted that the Palestinian issue remains at the heart of the challenges of the region. That is why the country has always supported a peaceful solution aimed at reaching a two-state solution, including the advent of an independent Palestinian state, whose capital is East Jerusalem, and installed on the 1967 borders. Jordan has always called for fraternity among peoples, said the representative, explaining that "the city of peace", Jerusalem, is at the center of the priorities for this country which is guardian of the holy city. The delegate denounced any attempt to change the historic status of the city, calling on Israel to cease its practices. 
He also advocated for the proper functioning of UNRWA, which must receive the necessary support to avoid being on the long list of the consequences of the inaction of the international community to reach a lasting solution. 
Jordan is also one of the first states to receive Syrian refugees, he said. He said UNICEF estimates there are 15 million out-of-school children in the North Africa and Middle East area. According to the representative, this is a dangerous situation that can serve as fertile ground for terrorism. Finally, the delegate promised that Jordan would continue its political and diplomatic role in order to achieve lasting peace, until the occupied Arab territories are returned, and until the independence of Palestine is made possible. . 

MIDDLE EAST




https://www.un.org/press/fr/2019/cs13923.doc.htm
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 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 Empty Trump caught off guard as Iranian foreign minister Zarif flies in to G7 summit

Post by claud39 on Sun Aug 25, 2019 8:17 pm

[size=37]Trump caught off guard as Iranian foreign minister Zarif flies in to G7 summit[/size]









 Ministry of Oil: Any measure to increase oil production will not be monolithic - Page 3 1727046-1231196589

Emmanuel Macron and President Donald Trump at the Biarritz lighthouse, southwestern France, ahead of a working dinner on August 24, 2019, on the first day of the annual G7 Summit. (AFP)








BIARRITZ, France: Iran’s foreign minister paid a visit to a G7 summit in France on Sunday, an unexpected twist to a meeting already troubled by differences between US President Donald Trump and Western allies over a raft of issues, including Iran.
A White House official said France’s invitation to Mohammad Javad Zarif for talks on the sidelines of the gathering in the southwestern beachside town of Biarritz was “a surprise.”
Zarif met his French counterpart to assess what conditions could lead to a de-escalation of tensions between Tehran and Washington, a French official said.
Zarif also saw French President Emmanuel Macron during his brief stay, but the White House official said the Iranian minister did not meet any US officials before he flew out of Biarritz airport.
European leaders have struggled to calm a deepening confrontation between Iran and the United States since Trump pulled his country out of Iran’s internationally brokered 2015 nuclear deal last year and reimposed sanctions on the Iranian economy.
Earlier on Sunday, Trump appeared to brush aside French efforts to mediate with Iran, saying that while he was happy for Paris to reach out to Tehran he would carry on with his own initiatives.
Macron has taken the lead in trying to defuse tensions, fearing that a collapse of the nuclear deal could set the Middle East ablaze. He met Zarif on Friday ahead of the G7 summit to discuss ways of easing the crisis, including reducing some US sanctions or providing Iran with a compensation mechanism.
Iran wants to export a minimum of 700,000 barrels per day of its oil and ideally up to 1.5 million bpd if the West wants to negotiate with Tehran to save the 2015 deal, two Iranian officials and one diplomat told Reuters on Sunday.
However, Trump’s fellow G7 leaders failed on Saturday to persuade the US president to reissue oil sanction waivers that were granted last year to some buyers, but which came to end in May, a European diplomat familiar with the discussion said.
Trump, a turbulent presence at last year’s G7 gathering, insisted on Sunday that he was getting along well with other leaders of a group that also includes Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy and Japan.
But rifts emerged on issues from his intensifying trade war with China to the nuclear ambitions of both Iran and North Korea, and the question of whether Russian President Vladimir Putin should be readmitted to the group.
Russia was excluded from what used to be the G8 in 2014 after it annexed Ukraine’s Crimea and then backed an anti-Kiev rebellion in the industrial region of Donbas in eastern Ukraine.
A European official who declined to be named said Russia was the thorniest issue discussed over dinner on Saturday.
“(The conversation) became a bit tense over this idea of the G7 being a club of liberal democracies ... that point was clearly not shared by the US president,” the official said.
Trump’s argument was that on a number of issues, like Iran and Syria, it made more sense to have Putin involved in the talks given that Russia is a key player there.
New British Prime Minister Boris Johnson on Sunday congratulated Macron for hosting a difficult encounter.
“You’re doing well,” Johnson said on the sidelines of the summit. “You did very well last night, my God, that was a difficult one, you did really, you did really well.”
The G7 gathering is taking place against a backdrop of worries that a global economic downturn could be exacerbated by the escalating tariff war between Washington and Beijing.
Britain’s Johnson voiced concern on Saturday about creeping protectionism and said those who support tariffs “are at risk of incurring the blame for the downturn in the global economy.” Sitting across from Trump on Sunday, he said: “We’re in favor of trade peace on the whole, and dialling it down if we can.”
Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte warned other leaders of the dangers of protectionism and urged Washington not to carry through on its threat to impose tariffs on German autos.
However, the White House doubled down on its aggressive stance toward trade with China.
White House spokeswoman Stephanie Grisham, explaining what Trump meant when he said earlier on Sunday that he had had second thoughts after announcing more tariff raises on Chinese goods last week, said that he simply regretted not hiking them higher.
Looking to broaden the gathering, Macron invited several African leaders to discuss problems facing their continent, while leaders from India, Australia, Chile and Spain joined the group for dinner on Sunday where the focus was on the environment and other issues.
However, senior US officials accused Macron of looking “to fracture the G7” by focusing on “niche issues” rather than major global concerns.
France denied this, pointing to Sunday’s initial session covering the economy, trade and security — areas that used to draw easy consensus but are now sources of great friction.
Trump up-ended last year’s G7 meeting in Canada, walking out early and disassociating himself from the final communique.
Amid the wrangling this time around, some potential positives emerged, with Trump and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe agreeing in principle to core elements of a trade deal.
“It’s billions and billions of dollars. Tremendous for the farmers,” Trump said.
However, the two men appeared at odds over North Korea’s series of short-range missile launches.
Trump, who prizes his relationship with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, said the launches did not violate an agreement and were in line with what others were doing. Abe, sitting across from him, said they breached UN resolutions.
At the start of the day, Trump said Britain would have a major trade deal with Washington after it leaves the European Union. Asked what his advice on Brexit was for Johnson, he replied: “He needs no advice, he is the right man for the job.”
While the transatlantic rift is the most stark, there are also deep divisions within the European camp, with Johnson making his G7 debut at a time when he is struggling to persuade EU capitals to renegotiate Britain’s exit from the bloc, which Johnson has said will happen on Oct. 31 come what may.





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