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China's foreign trade with the belt and road up to 298.2 billion Empty China's foreign trade with the belt and road up to 298.2 billion

Post by claud39 on Tue Apr 16, 2019 7:45 am

[size=36][rtl]China's foreign trade with the belt and road up to 298.2 billion[/rtl][/size]

Monday, 15 April 2019

China's foreign trade with the belt and road up to 298.2 billion Alsabaah-10360

Beijing / follow-up 
The official figures from the General Administration of Customs showed that China's foreign trade with the countries along the belt and road reached 2 trillion yuan, about 298.2 billion US dollars in the first quarter of 2019, up 7.8 percent year-on-year. (China Import & Export) which is also known as (Canton Fair), Monday in Guangzhou, southern China. 
The increase was 4.1 percentage points higher than that of China's foreign trade, accounting for 28.6 percent of China's total foreign trade in this period.


China's exports and imports with Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Russia grew by 33.8 percent, 18.3 percent and 9.8 percent, respectively, indicating that these countries have become a new driving force in China's trade growth.

Chinese Foreign Ministry

On 11 April, the Government of Jamaica signed a memorandum of understanding on the construction of the economic belt of the Silk Road and the 21st Silk Road with its Chinese counterpart, raising the number of countries involved in the Belt and Road Initiative to 125 countries, said Lu Kang, spokesman for the Chinese Foreign Ministry On Friday
For the past.

Belt and Road

The 125th edition of the China Import and Export Fair, also known as the Canton Fair, opened Monday in Guangzhou, capital of south China's Guangdong Province, with more than half of the exhibitors coming from countries and regions along the belt and road.
The spring session of the exhibition, which is held every six months, hosts import exhibitions in its first and third phases, with more than 1,000 booths being held by 650 companies from 38 countries and regions.

383 companies

These companies include 383 companies from 21 countries and regions along the belt and road, including Russia, Poland and the Philippines, said Xu Bing,

Senior buyers such as VIB, a Chinese retail and online discount company, as well as international retailers such as Carrefour and Wal-Mart, will also take part in the fair. The exhibition, which runs from April 15 to May 5, is widely seen as an indicator of China's foreign trade.

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China's foreign trade with the belt and road up to 298.2 billion Empty THE "NEW SILK ROADS" AND THE (GREATER) MIDDLE EAST: ISSUES AND OBJECTIVES

Post by claud39 on Tue Apr 16, 2019 8:01 am


[size=12]ARTICLE PUBLISHED ON 13/11/2018

By Christian Vicenty[/size]

Christian Vicenty is responsible for China, Russia, Ukraine, New Economic Silk Roads to the Strategic Mission and Economic Studies of the Directorate General of Enterprises (DGE) / Ministry of Economy and Finance. 
He previously benefited from professional (diplomatic) expatriation in the former USSR (1985-1988), South Korea (1988-1990), Kazakhstan (1994-1998), Saudi Arabia (1998-2000), more various stays or shorter missions in Turkey, Japan, Central Asia, Eastern and Northern Europe ...
This article presents the activity scope of the Keys of the Middle East (1) which corresponds at least to the Fertile Crescent (Iran, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, Lebanon), to the Arabian Peninsula (Saudi Arabia , Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait) and the Nile Valley (Egypt). It can include Pakistan and Afghanistan (legacy of inherited definition of the British Empire), Maghreb states (Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya), Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, as well as to show the original American concept of "  Greater Middle East  " knowing that China takes it back from near and far on its own and in its own waythrough its massive investments in its  Belt and Road Initiative  . This is the link between this overused ideological concept and the economic and geopolitical argument that China painstakingly draws from its nearly thirty-five-year (2013-2049) quasi-global project.
This article presents the scope of activities of the United States of America at the Fertile Crescent (Iran, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, Lebanon), to the Arabian Peninsula (Saudi Arabia , Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait) and the Nile Valley (Egypt). One can include Pakistan and Afghanistan, Maghreb States (Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya), Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia, American concept of Greater Middle East ", knowing that China takes it back, on its own and in its way through the massive investments it makes under its project"Belt and Road Initiative . "Here is the link between this over-worked ideological concept and the economic and geopolitical argument that China's almost thirty-five-year (2013-2049) quasi-global project.

1) The "Great Middle East", a vulnerable but essential "whole" of "intermediate countries" between Asia and Europe

This overused concept of "  Greater Middle East  " (2) coincides in large part with Muslim states, without understanding those of Central Asia, Southeast Asia (including Indonesia, Malaysia ...), the Caucasus South (Azerbaijan) and the North Caucasus (part of the Russian Federation). 
Even if it is overused, this concept nevertheless describes a reality that China and its " Belt and Road Initiative " project has skilfully taken up with.
a) The  Greater Middle East As set out in 27 States, Pakistan (3) (see statistical table below) has an area almost as large as the States of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) (4), Central and South America, sub-Saharan Africa. It represents more than half (27 out of 49 in total) of the 49 countries in the world where Muslims make up more than 50% of the local population of each country. Its population has increased by nearly 16% between 2012 and 2017, rising during this period from 728 to 844 million inhabitants, including 190 million in North Africa, including Egypt (more than 97% Muslim region of the world); 46% of the world's Muslim population (1.830 billion, or 24.1% of the world's population in 2017),
The difference between 10-11% (from 728 to 844 million inhabitants) and 24.1% of the world population (Muslim world) comes from the non-integration in the "  Greater Middle East  " of the countries with the most of Muslims worldwide (an additional one billion Muslims - see table below), meaning that only about 20% of Muslims (366 million) live in Arab countries:

China's foreign trade with the belt and road up to 298.2 billion Tableau_article_vicenty_1
Population densities are in the average of those at the global level (about 50 inhabitants per km²), but with high concentrations in Turkey, Pakistan, the Gulf and Levant countries.
b) The GDP of the "  Greater Middle East  " configured in 27 states represents a maximum of 6% of global GDP, three times more in nominal volume than sub-Saharan Africa with comparable population area and level, twice as much as in the world. CIS countries, slightly less than in Central and Latin America; but about four times less than the respective GDP of the EU and the United States, which has 1.5 to 4 times smaller surface areas and population levels. In relation to China, the reports are more complex: the "  Greater Middle East  " is twice as big as China, almost half as populous, with a GDP nearly three times smaller.
c) Such differences in the apparent productivity of wealth are partly reflected in the evolution of GDP per capita between 2012 and 2017: GDP per capita in the "  Greater Middle East  " is about half that of the world. And Latin America, CIS countries (catching up on this area in 2017), six times less than that of the EU, up to nearly ten times better than the United States, but four times larger that of sub-Saharan Africa and almost equal to that of China in 2012 ( 1.6 times less than the latter in 2017 ).
d) It is above all the evolution of nominal GDP (-1.4% between 2012 and 2017) and GDP per capita (-14.9% during the same period) of the "  Greater Middle East  " which is the most Of particular concern: notably because of the fall in energy revenues and the strong geopolitical instabilities, its regression is the worst result of all those recorded by the main geopolitical aggregates mentioned in the table below, while the latter have indicators often in positive evolution (except to a low degree in the EU and in the world in 2017); highest regression recorded, except for the even more marked decline of the CIS countries(Nominal GDP at -29.2% between 2012 and 2017, GDP per capita at -30.5% during the same period, especially due to the recession in Russia [fall in energy revenues, effective and in-depth sanctions against sub-Saharan Africa and Central and Latin America at roughly comparable levels.

Such results in terms of the few main macroeconomic aggregates reveal an "  intermediate region  " (5) between Europe and Asia that is particularly vulnerable, as well as at least that of the CIS countries which constitutes the other weak zone within Eurasia (plus Ukraine, Georgia, Turkmenistan - bottom of page 4 ). 
Vulnerable region but also important, because unavoidable for the passage of Asia (China) towards Africa and Latin America, with the approach of the United States to better envelop them, by the South (route described with the maps following pages) and from the North (via the future maritime services rendered by the Arctic Sea in progressive thaw) ...
Hence the major importance of Chinese projects in this region, under the " Belt and Road Initiative ".

China's foreign trade with the belt and road up to 298.2 billion Tableau_pour_publication

Sources: http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/population-by-country/ , http://www.translationdirectory.com/articles/article2416.php , https://knoema.com/tbocwag/gdp -by-country-statistics-from-imf-1980-2023? country = Afghanistan ...

2) The "Great Middle East", an unavoidable but dangerous "bloc" of "intermediate countries" between Asia and Europe

a) China is one of the major countries of the past and present world having the distinction of having a constant historical and geopolitical memory for more than five thousand years (6) in terms of calligraphic recordings related to travel, discoveries, external projections of the time, various events internal and external to the country ...
The result is an unparalleled capacity for Chinese testimonies recorded in terms of unplanned, successful or failed encounters and / or civilizational confrontations (7), which make China an essential pivotal actor of understanding and planned or " relayed  " actions  on the "  Great Middle East ", the latter acting from this point of view as a "  Fertile Crescent  ", thus immensely rich in projections and civilizational crossings (8):

China's foreign trade with the belt and road up to 298.2 billion Vicenty_2

Historical movement circulating knowledge and know-how between Europe and Asia - ©️ Christian VICENTY

Thus, the silk, initially Chinese monopoly punishing death any attempt of export out of China, spread in Eurasia to Rome and beyond via the Orient, because of Sogdian polyglot traders (in Samarkand, Bukhara , in present-day Uzbekistan) having contributed to its exchange conceded by the Chinese Emperor Wu Di (Han Dynasty, having reigned from 141 to 87 BC) against a race of long-legged horses , the "  heavenly horses  " of the valley of Ferghana (on the borders of present-day Uzbekistan), necessary for the Chinese army to overcome the armies of the nomadic Xiongnu Empire (in present-day Mongolia).
Thus also, the process of making paper (9), which was transmitted out of China (around 751 in Samarkand, and from 794 in Baghdad Abbasid) by Chinese prisoners of war, following their battle lost in Talas (10). The technology of paper making was then revolutionized by the Islamic world, in particular to give even more force to the diffusion of the Koran, as well as the abundant works of science and literature in the framework of the Islamic golden age. from the 8th-14th centuries. It was later transmitted by the expansion of Islam to Europe, arriving there for the first time in Muslim Andalusia in 1056, in Sicily in 1102, in Valencia (Spain) in 1150, in Marseille and near Ancona ( Italy) in 1246-1276, towards Troyes in the middle of the 14th century and then to Germany, Holland ... (11).
b) In spite of its current economic and technological vulnerability, the recorded memory of such a crossroads of civilizational proliferation in the "  Greater Middle East  " (at least until the 15th century) is that China takes (and has caught) the risk ( -pays) to revive the passages of the Historical Silk Roads, in order to simultaneously and peacefully resolve the "  Chinese dilemma of the straits  " (of Malacca, Ormuz ...), affirmed "from" on November 29, 2003 by a speech in Beijing by President HU Jintao (12).
This translates concretely into massive (re-) constructions of multimodal infrastructures, interconnected and of various logistic supports by 2049, resulting from a long preparatory phase (13) of pinpointing in economic intelligence points of land, maritime locations , virtual, punctuating the multiple transversal paths over the Eurasian, African and South American continents ...
These projections are all the more facilitated in time and space as China turns out to be the only supplier or almost supplier of equipment and services to countries crossed by the BIS area, thus taking significant risks ( countries) (14), by also making the states concerned (see the substantial increase in their public debt), which often have no other choice (15), in addition to a West remaining "  prudential  " with rare exceptions (16), thereby contributing, and until further notice, to worsening the trade imbalances between Asia and the West.
c) Thus, even in a non-exhaustive way, the map below shows the scale of the number and amounts of projects planned by China through the "  Greater Middle East  " States, the most important after those devoted to Asia as a whole, in order to be able to link Europe, Africa and even Latin America in a multimodal way by alternative routes in relation to the maritime routes of the Silk Roads and the  terrestrial "  tryptique " (railway) Kazakhstan-Russia-Belarus.
The eastern route of the new Silk Roads is perilous in the current highly turbulent geopolitical context, involving crossing several states and borders to ensure, often with difficulty, transport from China to Africa or Europe via the "  Great Middle East". Orient  .
This does not prevent China from multiplying the trials and constructions of transversal and multimodal infrastructures across Turkey, Iran and Pakistan, as well as ensuring the construction or takeover of port and airport logistics. , industrial, military (in Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, Oman, Djibouti, Egypt, Israel [Haifa port], Saudi Arabia, Morocco ...), in order to fluidify and secure its trade.
Moreover, with the sharpness of the Sino-US commercial dispute and the multiplicity of US sanctions in various parts of the world, it turns out that "  Belt and Road Initiative  " is also used to increase geopolitical solidarities between states of the United States. BRI area in difficulty (a clear case of the relationship between China and Iran) (17) and, incidentally, to facilitate the  multimodal and interconnected "  shortcuts " between continents (in the form of "T" in the top example of the map below) (18).

China's foreign trade with the belt and road up to 298.2 billion Vicenty_3
©️ Christian VICENTY

As a provisional conclusion and in spite of the recurring skepticism or the difficulties inevitably encountered in the realization of projects, it seems unlikely that China will stop in such a broad way from its external projection (passing by the "Great Middle East"). Orient "), the latter being an essential component of its full geopolitical renaissance in the process of achievement (19).
(1) Countries covered by "Middle East Keys": Algeria, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Egypt, United Arab Emirates, Iraq, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestine , Qatar, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Yemen.
(2) The enumeration of the different regions included in the "Great Middle East" formula shows the difficulty of reducing them to a single expression and amalgamating them into a "block of civilization", thus fueling the hypothesis of 'a clash of civilizations'. Because these different regions are united neither by religion, nor by the ethnic origin of the populations, nor even by a common history. If Islam is the majority, there are other religions present in these countries, particularly in Israel, Lebanon, Turkey ... The expression does not cover the Muslim world, which extends to Asia, especially in Indonesia. The "Greater Middle East" does not cover the Arab-Muslim world either, since it includes Iran, Turkey, Israel, Afghanistan and the Caucasian and Central Asian populations who have nothing Arab and Lebanon which is not a Muslim country. Also, the relevance of this concept is called into question by many observers from these different parts of the world, and seems to be more the fruit of an ideological vision of the American era "Bush son". It represented a geopolitical impasse to the extent that it did not allow to grasp the internal divisions in this set of territories. Various fratricidal conflicts and the rise of radical Islamist movements proved the inoperability of the American project. It represented a geopolitical impasse to the extent that it did not allow to grasp the internal divisions in this set of territories. Various fratricidal conflicts and the rise of radical Islamist movements proved the inoperability of the American project. It represented a geopolitical impasse to the extent that it did not allow to grasp the internal divisions in this set of territories. Various fratricidal conflicts and the rise of radical Islamist movements proved the inoperability of the American project.
(3) Pakistan: 11.2% of Muslims in the world live there, 205.3 million out of 213 million inhabitants in Pakistan.
(4) CIS: an intergovernmental entity made up of 9 of the 15 former Soviet republics (thus excluding the three Baltic countries [integrated into the EU], Georgia, Ukraine, Turkmenistan [the latter being an Associated State]). In accordance with its constituent instruments, the Minsk and Alma-Ata Agreements of 8 and 21 December 1991, the IEC has no international legal personality. For this reason, this community of former Soviet republics is not an international organization in the strict sense. The CIS also includes, in its framework, the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and the Eurasian Economic Union (UEEA or Eurasec). These two organizations tend to become independent from the CIS, although the links are still strong (the granting of a legal personality to the CSTO, allowing the independence of the latter from the CIS, and the development of an identical project for the Eurasian Economic Union). The objective of these two organizations is to resume the process of economic and politico-military integration within the post-Soviet space, an objective not achieved by the IEC
(5) "Intermediate region" in the geopolitical sense of the term: a geopolitical model recognized by the scientific community since the 1970s, in particular by the Royal Society of Canada. According to this model, established by Dimitri Kitsikis, a professor at the University of Ottawa, Eurasia presents, not two regions of civilization, namely the West (or Western Europe) and the East (or Far Eastern civilization) ), but also a third civilization, placed between them, called Intermediate Region.
(6) Other countries have this permanent memory privilege, but often to a lesser extent, of age and accessibility calligraphic variables and / or discontinuous over time: India, Israel, Armenia, Georgia, Iran (Persia) , Iraq (Mesopotamia), Egypt ...
(7) Unexpected encounters and / or civilizational confrontations, successes or failures - among unexpected encounters: the example of the projection of the historic and empirical Silk Roads, following the confrontation of the Han with the nomadic Xiongnu Empire, between 133 before JC and the year 89 AD (see links https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Han-Xiongnu , https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhang_Qian , https: / /en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Route_de_la_soie , https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QkkIBUFaYaQ , https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CRVAmN6dZw8 , https://www.youtube .com / watch? v = 974ymU6GaVQ); among the successful encounters: the example of Chinese spiritual projections to Buddhist India ( https://www.persee.fr/doc/befeo_0336-1519_1904_num_4_1_1299 , https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faxian , https: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kumārajīva , https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xuanzang , https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Expansion_of_Buddhism_via_the_route_of_the_soil ); Among the failed encounters: the example of the Battle of Talas (in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, near the city of Taraz, former Djambul, 751 AD), lost by the Chinese of the Tang Dynasty against the conquering Arabs of Caliphate abbasside ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bataille_de_Talas ).
(8) Knowing that historically, China has not been the only country, far from it, to take a close interest in the "Great Middle East" and beyond, to Africa: also Antiquity Egyptian, Mesopotamian and Greco-Roman, Persia-Iran, Byzantium, India, Islamic and then European civilizations ...; This is because the "Greater Middle East was one of the major global hubs of the technologies available at the time, the exchange of goods and ideas, especially over the 30th Parallèle Nord, a fertile seismic fracture zone, also by chance. initial axis of the Silk Historic Routes and the main civilizations of the South of the "known world" (Eurasia).
(9) Process for making paper from pulp made from tree bark (especially mulberry paper), flax and hemp (no rice initially); Chinese process codified in the year 105 AD by Cai Lun, high imperial official in charge of agriculture.
(10) As with silk, papermaking techniques were initially a state secret in China, and only certain Buddhist workshops and monks mastered the necessary technology.
(11) The "time differentials" in the "technology transfers" of the time between China and Europe via the "Greater Middle East" are impressive, like that of paper: Chinese protection of the monopoly of manufacturing 105 to 751 (3,800 km from Xi'an-Chang'an to Samarkand); then a meteoric and motivated acceleration of the spread by the Islamic Golden Age of the "Great Middle East" between 751 and 794 (43 years), from Samarkand to Baghdad (2,800 km); then about five centuries in half from Baghdad to be spread across Europe (4,900 km, from 794 in the middle of the 14th century) ...; in total, for the process of making paper: more than twelve centuries of journey between China from the 2nd century AD and the 14th century European ...
(12) See links https://major-prepa.com/geopolitique/le-collier-de-perles-chinois/ , https://www.cairn.info/revue-geoeconomie-2013-4-page-123 .htm - article by Nathalie FAU: "The economic and geostrategic stakes of the Strait of Malacca", https://portail-ie.fr/analysis/1842/the-kra-channel-symbol-of-expansionist-ambitions- Chinese-the-new-silk-roads-12 , http://decryptnewsonline.over-blog.com/2017/01/the-port-of-gwadar-china-solution-to-dilemma-of- malacca.html ...
(13) Identification of precise terrestrial, maritime, virtual locations in economic intelligence carried out probably over at least twenty years before the officializations of OBOR / BRI by XI Jinping's speeches in Djakarta and Astana in 2013 (the Chinese Prime Minister LI PENG thought of it "as early as 1994", at the same time as the initial concept of "Eurasia" of Nursultan NAZARBAYEV, current President of the Republic of Kazakhstan); geopolitical acts that in themselves contradict in large part the recurrent assertion that the "Belt and Road Initiative" project is "fuzzy, catch-all, falling in the dust" ...) - cf. links https://www.lettrevigie.com/blog/2018/05/02/nouvelle-route-de-la-soie-de-la-poudre-aux-eyeux/,https://www.ifri.org/sites/default/files/atoms/files/ekman_ifri_france_routes_soie_2018.pdf .
(14) Chinese companies are losing a lot of money in the immediate future on some major corridors under construction *, thus accepting that the return on investment will be deferred over the long or very long term; sustainable attitude simply because of the massive, liquid and constant economic and financial intervention of the Chinese public authorities, all elements that Western management standards have difficulty admitting (mandatory tenders and transparency, more related loans, prudential management of country risks ...). 
* "Frankly, Chinese officials (...) have also received 80% in Pakistan, 50% in Myanmar and 30% in Central Asia, according to news reports." - cf. connectionshttps://realmoney.thestreet.com/articles/11/24/2017/follow-chinese-money-along-one-belt-one-road-initiative , https://www.ft.com/content/e83ced94- 0bd8-11e6-9456-444ab5211a2f . But we often forget to say that these same Chinese companies also earn a lot of money on these same major under construction ...
(15) No other choice in practice than to accept the Chinese conditions for the execution of the works (including the long-term territorial concessions attached to the contracts and guarantees ...) or "to exclude from the History" while remaining in the gap in infrastructure interconnections for a long time ...
(16) It is not at this stage that the "Indo-Pacific" Western project-concept ($ 133 million, presented on July 30, 2018 by Mike POMPEO, US Secretary of State, and its associated agency "BUILD $ 60 billion in "Better Use of Investment Leading to Development" - https://www.opic.gov/press-releases/2018/opic-president-and-ceo-washburne-statement-build-act -heads-presidents-desk , https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-congress-development/congress-eying-china-votes-to-overhaul-development-finance-idUSKCN1MD2HJ...) able to meet the long-term challenge (by 2049) launched since 2013 by the Chinese "Belt and Road Initiative" project, particularly with regard to the periphery of the Indian Ocean "pre-empted" by investments and constructions Chinese since at least 2010 to the tune of more than 700 billion dollars, through the projects captured and cross-checked by various sites and links of economic intelligence ( https://reconnectingasia.csis.org/database/initiatives/one-belt- one-road / fb5c5a09-2dba-48b9-9c2d-4434511893c8 / , https://www.aiddata.org/data/chinese-global-official-finance-dataset ) ...
(17) See links https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2018/05/11/561397/China-launches-new-Iran-train-route , https://www.railfreight.com/beltandroad/ 2018/05/14 / new-iran-china-rail-freight-connection / .
(18) Obvious case of the T-shaped interconnected multimodal link between the sea-rail going back to Egypt by the Suez Canal, crossing Israel (Haifa port, Red-Med railway line between Eilat and Ashdod, in course of construction or takeover by China), then the Mediterranean to reach the Greek port of Piraeus (managed by Chinese operators), from which it is possible to enter the Balkans (Belgrade-Budapest railway line, in progress by China), to get closer to the horizontal (rail) horizontal flows of North-Central Europe from or to Belarus, Russia, Kazakhstan and China ...
(19) It should be recalled in this connection that China is historically customary for the long-term and repetitive pharaonic enterprises (regular rehabilitations until the present-day Chinese era): outside the Great Wall or the dam Three Gorges (more questionable), the example of the Grand Canal of China (Beijing-Hangzhou, 1,794 km) symbolizes the largest ancient canal or artificial river in the world, the oldest parts dating back to the fifth century before J. -An essential part among others of the unification of China, the Grand Canal connects five rivers (including the Yellow River) and was essential for the supply of cereals to Beijing.


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China's foreign trade with the belt and road up to 298.2 billion Empty Syria box missing from the Silk Road

Post by claud39 on Tue Apr 16, 2019 8:26 am

[size=48]Syria box missing from the Silk Road[/size]

Sun Apr 14, 2019 5:16 PM

[*]Middle East


China's foreign trade with the belt and road up to 298.2 billion 54d663d4-6a24-4695-9615-477887b97651
Iran-Iraq-Syria Liaison: China supports the project. (Photo illustration)

The more Iran, Iraq and Syria deepen their relations and cooperation, the more Washington and its Israeli ally are disappointed and disappointed to see their plots to divide them into the water. Flagship project of these tripartite cooperation: establish a rail link between Iran, Iraq and Syria, a project that is also interested in China, which considers it parallel to that of the New Silk Roads.     
Iran, Syria, and Iraq must continue their plans to connect their rail systems to a single network, the Syrian daily Al-Watan reported .
"Now, Syria, Iran and Iraq are working on the resumption of the project linking the railways of these three countries and they are determining the date of the meetings in which their representatives will take part in developing their points of view," he said. an anonymous source at the Syrian Ministry of Transport at al-Watan newspaper .  
A date was set for a trilateral meeting, the project being an important strategic point that was stopped during the war in Syria.
The purpose of the project was to provide Iraq and Iran with access to Syrian ports. Before the outbreak of the war in 2011, Syria had completed 97 percent of the project, but much of the rail system was destroyed in the clashes.
In addition, an ongoing project to connect Iran and Iraq via Basra and Syria should also be on the forefront.

China's foreign trade with the belt and road up to 298.2 billion 6abe063c-805b-4df9-9147-29e5dede44f9
Syria: this road that worries!
Iran, Iraq and Syria will link their rail networks.

There is already an agreement between Syria and Iraq to link the railways between the two countries through al-Tanf and the two countries are now seeking to advance the project through meetings. Once the project is clarified, a final decision can be made. The project could also take up to four years.
Al-Watan also said that there had been agreements with the Chinese side that wanted to be part of this project, parallel to that of the New Silk Roads, which should be completed for the benefit of several countries, including Syria. Iraq and Iran, China and Pakistan among others.
In the context of the Iraqi Ministry of Transport, discussions will be held on the re-establishment of a link between Iran, Iraq and Syria.
In a statement issued after a meeting of the Iraqi-Syrian joint committee in Damascus, the Director-General of the Iraqi Railways Company Talab al-Husseini said that, in the light of Minister of Transport Abdullah Louabi, on the importance of rail links between the two countries, a tripartite meeting between Iran, Iraq and Syria will be held to discuss the possibility of establishing a rail link between the three to complement what had been agreed at the bilateral meeting held on 5 July 2014.
As a sign of normalization, Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi discussed with a Syrian delegation on February 7 the opening of the al-Qaim border crossing.
On 12 February, Iraqi Interior Minister Qassem al-Araji confirmed that Haider al-Abadi had given the go-ahead for the reopening of the border crossing .

China's foreign trade with the belt and road up to 298.2 billion D64affa7-5573-4e78-b05c-d88a10a15895
Iran will connect the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean
Iran's first vice-president said the Islamic Republic of Iran would connect the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean via Iraq and Syria.

The improvement of relations between Syria, Iran and Iraq and the continuation and strengthening of their cooperation are a kind of nightmarish scenario for Israel and the United States.
It is very likely that there will be a strong negative response, because all the efforts of the United States and Israel to divide Iran, Iraq and Syria, with sanctions, threats and even strikes. targets in Syria have failed. Even US troops deployed on the al-Tanf military base proved ineffective in discouraging the restoration of logistical and military links between friendly countries.

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