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 Why Investors Keep Flocking To Dinar

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Join date : 2011-10-23
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PostSubject: Why Investors Keep Flocking To Dinar   Thu Apr 25, 2013 8:58 am

Iraqi Dinar Speculation

Why Investors Keep Flocking to Dinar
By Joseph Cafariello Tuesday, February 12th, 2013

A nation’s currency is much like a company’s stock. In the simplest of
terms, the value of a company’s stock is derived by cutting up the
company’s total worth by the number of shares in circulation.

This same simplistic principle can be applied to the valuation of a
nation’s currency, where cutting up the nation’s wealth by the number
of units of currency in circulation gives you the value of each unit of

But there arise circumstances that can temporarily see a
company’s stock—or country’s currency—trade below its ‘calculated’
value. Entire investment funds are based on such disparities; value
funds, for example, focus on buying stocks that are trading below their
companies’ book value.

Extend this idea to currency trading, and you can see why there is so
much excitement around Iraq’s currency, the dinar. Investors consider
the Iraqi dinar grossly undervalued, given the tremendous potential of
Iraq’s oil-based economy, and are thus buying the dinar with great

Just how tremendous is the potential of Iraq’s
economy? The International Energy Agency summarized Iraq’s promising
prospects, as reported by the Wall Street Journal not long ago:

oil output is on track to more than double in the next decade,
supplying almost half the growth in world oil supply and making the
country a driver of future crude prices, the International Energy
Agency said.”

Citing an IEA forecast, the article noted,
“Iraq's oil production could hit 6.1 million barrels a day by 2020 and
8.3 million barrels a day by 2035, compared with just over 3 million
barrels a day now, … [which would] make Iraq ‘by far the largest
contributor to global supply growth’ over the next 20 years, taking the
place of Russia as the world's second-largest oil exporter.”

The same article quoted Fatih Birol, chief economist at the IEA, in an
interview: "Production growth in oil and even in natural gas will
provide the chance to transform Iraq's economy.” “Oil revenues can
provide solid foundations for a prosperous country."

And isn’t
that what every value investor is counting on? The opportunity to buy a
stock or currency while it is still cheap, before the company or
country reaches its full economic potential?

Indeed, it is going
to happen eventually for Iraq. Many war-torn nations of the past
emerged as economic power-houses after those initial rebuilding years;
Japan and Germany among the best known. But how long does it take?

Time is certainly one very important factor any investor needs to
consider. Sure, Iraq’s oil revenues will likely double over the next
decade. But what will the U.S. stock market do over the same period?

How will a well-diversified portfolio of dividend stocks, growth
stocks, and some precious metals perform? Is the dinar really worth
such risk when there are so many safer choices right here at home?

And even with a great appreciation in the value of the dinar over the
coming years, the costs associated with jumping in and out of the trade
are not of little consequence.

A recent Reuters
article noted that “buying the dinar is a task in and of itself. The
currency is only traded in Iraq, so it can only be purchased by U.S.
customers through a handful of dealers around the U.S. who get their
dinars from Iraqi banks. If a customer wants to sell his dinars, the
dealer will only buy it back at a 30 percent discount - so no quick
trades here.”

The safety of the transaction is also a concern, given the dinar’s small and illiquid market. Writing for Forbes,
John Wasik cautions, “When there’s exclusively a private market for
any security or vehicle, valuations can be highly speculative. If
there’s no open system with transparent pricing and clearing systems,
the investor safeguards are minimal.”

Essentially, the quote you are getting could be highly skewed in your disfavor.

Yet there is another very critical factor at play in trying to
determine the soundness of the dinar as an investment, or of any
currency for that matter: political uncertainty.

A highly
recommended read on the effects of political uncertainty on currency
stability is the 2005 paper Politically Generated Uncertainty and
Currency Crises by David Leblang of the University of Colorado and
Shanker Satyanath of New York University.

Of particular interest
to our discussion here is their paper’s first section, “Causal
relationship between political variables and currency crises”, where
the pair examines two hypotheses, the first of which is that a new
government increases the likelihood of a currency crisis.

walking us through a number of theories, the duo reasons “that an
increase in the range of beliefs across speculators about the state of
economic fundamentals, raises the probability of a currency crisis.”

They go on to explain why there would be a “range of beliefs across
speculators” in the first place, saying, “When a government has already
been in office for an extended period, speculators have a relatively
common basis for forecasting the government’s likely response to a
given set of statistics; the government’s recent track record. When
there has recently been turnover in government, the government does not
have a recent track record…”

“Recent turnover in government,” they conclude, “increases the probability of a currency crisis.”

and Satyanath, also in the first section of their paper, go on to
consider a second risk to the stability of a currency. “Another
comparative static result from the Morris and Shin model,” they
address, “yields a testable hypothesis that associates the presence of
divided government … with a greater probability of a currency crisis.”

Referencing other models, they elaborate:

well-known papers including those by Alesina and Drazen (1991),
Spolaore (1993), Alt and Lowry (1994), and Alesina and Perotti (1994)
have argued that divided/coalition governments, thanks to delays in
decision making induced by uncertainty over preferences, incur
exceptionally high costs when responding to shocks. Given that a
speculative attack constitutes a shock to the economy, the implication
from this perspective on the consequences of divided government is that
divided government is likely to be positively associated with currency

By “positively associated”, of course, they mean “directly associated”, not “beneficially associated”.

Their conclusion here? “Our second working hypothesis, based on the
predominant view, is … divided government raises the probability of a
currency crisis.”

It has long been observed that the make up of
the Iraqi governing institutions is much like a quilt made from
fragments of a number of older quilts sewn together. Just how durable
can that new quit be?

Now, isn’t this so very similar to the
reason why an undervalued stock can remain undervalued for so long
despite optimistic future prospects for its company? Often times it
comes down to leadership, sometimes due to dysfunction, sometimes due
to outright incompetence. Whichever the case, just because something
is cheap does not necessarily make it a good deal.

Yet given
that the world’s dependence on oil is continually rising year after
year, and that Iraq does have the world’s second largest underground
oil reserves, the Iraqi dinar may well be the best way for foreigners
to invest in what could turn out to be the biggest turn-around story
since the second world war.

It is up to each investor to weigh
this future potential against the current costs and safety of currency
transactions, as well as the ability or inability of their government
to keep their currency strong.

Joseph Cafariello http://www.wealthdaily.com/articles/iraqi-dinar-speculation/3977

Greatness lies, not in being strong, but in the right using of strength; and strength is not used rightly when it serves only to carry a man above his fellows for his own solitary glory. He is the greatest whose strength carries up the most hearts by the attraction of his own -- Bryant

“When you judge another, you do not define them, you define yourself.” ― Wayne W. Dyer

To be persuasive, one must be believable;
To be believable, one must be credible;
To be credible, one must be truthful.

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PostSubject: Re: Why Investors Keep Flocking To Dinar   Thu Apr 25, 2013 12:53 pm

Another good one, a good summary IMO of where we stand today.

Quote :
Yet given
that the world’s dependence on oil is continually rising year after
year, and that Iraq does have the world’s second largest underground
oil reserves, the Iraqi dinar may well be the best way for foreigners
to invest in what could turn out to be the biggest turn-around story
since the second world war

Trust but Verify --- R Reagan Suspect

"Rejoice always, pray without ceasing, in everything give thanks; for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus for you."1 Thessalonians 5:14–18

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PostSubject: Re: Why Investors Keep Flocking To Dinar   Thu Apr 25, 2013 12:55 pm

Great info thanks !

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